Lecture 14 peer review


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Lecture 14 peer review

  1. 1. Peer Review Pamela A. Bentley PhD Student February 10, 2012
  2. 2. Lecture Outline <ul><li>What is peer review? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to identify a peer reviewed article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of peer reviewed articles vs. popular press </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Morey, A., A. Garner, F. Faruque, and G. Yang. 2011Evolutionary trends in peer review. J Allied Health 40(3):156-160.
  4. 4. Peer Reviewed Article vs A Review Article……..Yikes! <ul><li>Yes! They are different </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Reviewed Article: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original Research Article (graphs, figures, tables) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review is a process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Review Article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A paper which summarizes many other articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No original research done by the authors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also undergoes Peer Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TONS of references! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Footnotes and references </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams, charts, tables </li></ul><ul><li>Written by a scholar or specialist in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Articles report on original research or experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Published by professional associations </li></ul><ul><li>Use terminology associated with the discipline </li></ul>Peer Reviewed Articles http://www.ryerson.ca/library/ref/peer.html
  6. 6. Peer Review vs. Popular Press <ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More technical jargon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed at a specific audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular Press </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More approachable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold in stores </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Examples: Peer reviewed
  8. 9. Examples: Popular Press
  9. 10. How to Find a Peer Reviewed Journal?
  10. 11. What they look like
  11. 13. Peer Review (scholarly or refereed) <ul><li>Evaluation of a document by experts in the field before it is published </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of quality of research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did they conduct the correct experiments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use appropriate techniques/technologies , controls, models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is this research novel to the field </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validity of results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did the authors over interpret </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggestions for improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional experiments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of data (for clarity) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammatical/stylistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hopefully NOT! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriateness for the Journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level of knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Who Does the Reviewing? <ul><li>Reviewer selection: This process is journal specific </li></ul><ul><li>May included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors who publish in that journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on field of Expertise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific reputation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific recommendations/or people who you would prefer not to review your article </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The reviews are ALWAYS anonymous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this important? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most professors review for 2-3 journals (at least) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This, however, is not part of their job description and they receive no compensation for it. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Is every paper published? <ul><li>Accept, with or without editorial revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Invite the authors to revise their manuscript </li></ul><ul><li>Reject, but indicate to the authors that further work might justify a resubmission </li></ul><ul><li>Reject outright </li></ul>NO!
  14. 16. Morey, A., A. Garner, F. Faruque, and G. Yang. 2011Evolutionary trends in peer review. J Allied Health 40(3):156-160.
  15. 17. Are there Ethical Concerns to the Peer Review Process?
  16. 18. Why is Peer Review Important? <ul><li>Quality Control </li></ul><ul><li>Continual Improvement of the field </li></ul><ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul>Improving the improvement process
  17. 19. How will YOU use this info? <ul><li>Know how to identify a peer reviewed journal/paper </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that publication is a collective / rigorous process </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to see that information in popular press ≠ scientific findings </li></ul>
  18. 20. Activity <ul><li>Tweet your thoughts on Peer Review. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the popular press to find research finding of interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: Vitamin D deficiency in cancer patients </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find a peer reviewed article on the same topic. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Resources/Images Used <ul><li>http://graphics217b.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/best-magazine-covers101.jpeg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.scientificamerican.com/media/cover/cover_2008-08.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://a903.phobos.apple.com/us/r30/Newsstand/v4/39/e9/8a/39e98ab1-bc96-0b78-9523-bd71e66db72b/seo_cw_product.png </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v478/n7368/images/cover_nature.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://undsci.berkeley.edu/images/us101/peerreview.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://i181.photobucket.com/albums/x176/weirdscience_photos/PeerReviewCartoon.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR4jz1Eg2dsCvMi-mrQJ9RCOXVMrkRYgFhqmdxHCDFok2O0f6za </li></ul>