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Mineral Resources and Initial Development Corridor Analyses in Afghanistan, Jerry Garry, 2011

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Preliminary scanning results - There is a prima facie case for a Development Corridor (DC) running from the border with Turkmenistan (Sheberghan) to Kabul (Hajigak & Aynak), to Kandahar, to Saindak & Reko Diq in Pakistan and on to the port of Gwadar.

This DC could impact on the majority of the population of Afghanistan and if the spatial & sectoral linkages are optimised, it could make a significant contribution to broad-based growth & development in the country and have a major impact on poverty alleviation. This DC could also enhance intra-regional trade & development and could facilitate greater regional economic and political integration.


Jerry Garry, Deputy Team Leader, GIZIS CBAGS. Afghanistan Resource Corridor Workshop – Sponsored by the World Bank August 3-4, 2011

Published in: Technology, Travel
  • Great work Jerry Garry !
    Bright work on slides, just wondering when looking of development corridor suggestions. I think this might be a good opportunity to linkage Central Asia with south and to the rest of the world through Gawar. Port of Pakistan !
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Mineral Resources and Initial Development Corridor Analyses in Afghanistan, Jerry Garry, 2011

  1. 1. Mineral Resources and Initial Development Corridor Analyses Afghanistan Jerry Garry  Deputy Team Leader, GIZIS CBAGS, SDNRP Phase 1 Afghanistan Resource Corridor Workshop – Sponsored by the World Bank  August 3‐4, 2011Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 1
  2. 2. PROJECT IN BRIEF World Bank Initiative  • Concept Paper  Initiated by World Bank • GIZIS‐Projeckt Consult engaged Raw Materials to provide some initial analyses • June 2011 , Delivery of concept by World Bank, GIZ June Extractive Industries  Workshop Paper “The Case for an Afghanistan Development Corridor” • Preliminary assessment of  mineral resources Preliminary assessment of mineral resources • Options for Infrastructure • Possible integration of development • Using Hajigak as anchor for  bulk transportation Using Hajigak as anchor for bulk transportation Enhancement and Promotion of the Concept • Preliminary analyses of phased mineral resources development within the  corridors • Ongoing analyses of the corridor – collection of geodata and other  data/information. d /i f iCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 2
  3. 3. Stages in Mineral Assessment • Mineral endowments can be ONLY be  converted to ASSETS through systematic  and rigorous work. • Mineral resources follow stringent global  Mi l f ll i l b l classification system 10 YearsCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 3
  4. 4. Geology and Minerals Data and information  y mainly from Soviet and  previous geological  surveys ‐‐‐ Some 30 years  old .  Application of new  concepts and techniquesCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 4
  5. 5. Minerals by Commodity Type Afghan’s rich and diverse  mineral endowment KabulCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 5
  6. 6. Minerals by Resources Approx. 7% of all mineral occurrences Kabul have some inferred resource Mineral occurrences and deposits with insufficient dataCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 6
  7. 7. Mineral Resources by IRR Ranking Only 1% of all deposits have p adequate data Kabul Mineral occurrences and deposits with insufficient data Mineral resources with sufficient data (17 out of 1030)Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 7
  8. 8. Significant Mineral Deposits Samti l S ti placer Sherberghan Oil & Gas (≈250,800oz Au) Balkhab VMS Cu (15.68TCF gas, 2.9MMton oil) Hajigak Iron Ore Vedakur vein (1.1bt Fe) (1 1bt F ) (≈30,800oz Au) Sangilyan (1.48mt barite) REE Pegmatite ≈19,000t Lithium 19,000t Shaida Cu Aynak sedimentary (5.5mt Cu) Bakud sedimentary Logar Chromite (4.2mt fluorspar) (≈84,000t Cr203) Zarkashan skarn Dara I Nur skarn (≈250,000 oz Au) (≈0.8mt Zn & Pb) Kudalyan skarn Kalay Asad skarn (≈140t Cu, 907oz Au) ( 140t C 907 A ) (≈0.48mt Zn & 0.1mt Pb)Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 8
  9. 9. Prospective Mineral Belts Seberghan Oil & gas fields fi ld Hindu Kush Copper-gold & Iron Belt Iron ore Belts Iron and Rare Earths Hajigak Iron ore Base Metals Aynak Copper Tethyan Extension Copper-gold, lead-zinc and ironCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 9
  10. 10. Mineral Resource Corridors Infrastructural Alignment Possible Hajigak  – Herat Corridor Sherbeghan – Sherbeghan Hajigak ‐Aynak  Corridor Aynak─Tethyan  Aynak─Tethyan Mineral Belt  Corridor 25.08.2011Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 10
  11. 11. Kabul DC Indicative "Kabul Kabul SDI/DC : Sherberghan-Kabul- g Kandahar-Reko Diq - Gwadar Port (100km buffer) b ff )Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 11
  12. 12. Corridor 1 Sherberghan‐Hajigak‐Aynak (Mineral Resources & Prospectivity) Copper Coal Lead Zinc Iron cluster of  copper  occurrences  + 2  significant  deposits,  chromite Significant limestone, marble and granite resourcesCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 12
  13. 13. Mineral Corridor 2 (1) Access to (1) Access to  seaport (2) Extension of  Tethyan porphyry  Tethyan porphyry copper‐gold belt 13Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 13
  14. 14. Prospectivity of Afghanistan Tethyan  Mineral  Belt ‐ porphyry Cu‐AuCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 14
  15. 15. Tethyan Mineral Belt Confirmed extension of highly prolific copper‐gold belt in Afghanistan From Leaman, BHPCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 15
  16. 16. Economic significance Mine since 1906 (105  years) Bingham Cu Mine, SC, USA Mining since 1906 (104 years) 4 km wide by 1.2 km deep pit US$1.8 US$1 8 billion metals mined in Corridor 2 and other parts of Afghan has  C id 2 d th t f Af h h 2006 production potential for such large porphyry resourceCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 16
  17. 17. Linkages - Example Temporal and spatial Analyses Population The development of the Kabul DC would open up a corridor of opportunity for the p p pp y population residing within the footprintCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 17
  18. 18. Linkages - Example Agriculture :  g Estimates pre Soviet invasion  place agriculture responsible for  50% of GDP. Copyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 18
  19. 19. Linkages - Example General Land useCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 19
  20. 20. Future Work Collection and Spatial / temporal analysis of: Collection of new data Collection of new data Collection of basic geodata by Afghanistan Geological Survey Exploration by private sector  +10 years Known mineral deposits – and associated resource rents K i ld it d i t d t The high potential areas for more deposits Existing infrastructure Existing infrastructure Options for proposed infrastructure Land‐use, other (existing or potential) land uses such as agriculture, and  Land‐use other (existing or potential) land uses such as agriculture and business parks, tourism,  parks, protected areas Cultural layers such as population density, livelihoods,  Cultural layers such as population density, livelihoods, Flora , fauna, water resourcesCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 20
  21. 21. Conclusion There is a prima facie case for a Development Corridor (DC) running from the border with Turkmenistan (Sheberghan) to Kabul (Hajigak & Aynak), to Kandahar, to Saindak & Reko Diq in Pakistan and on to the port of Gwadar. This DC could impact on the majority of the population of Afghanistan and if the spatial & sectoral linkages are optimised, it could make a p g p , significant contribution to broad-based growth & development in the country and have a major impact on poverty alleviation. This DC could also enhance intra-regional trade & development and could facilitate greater regional economic and political integration. However, this conclusion is predicated on a normalisation of the security situationCopyright GIZ 2011 25.08.2011 Page 21

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