20110120 system integration project 2, final progress meeting

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Progress presentation of the initial study for my graduation (named System Integration Project II).

Graduation theme is “Electrical and thermal energy balance analysis for an off-grid campground site”. The graduation research is performed at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the research group of prof.dr.ir Jan Hensen. Each month all the graduate students have to present their progress of the last month.

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20110120 system integration project 2, final progress meeting

  1. 1. Electrical and thermal energy balance analysis for an off-grid campground site<br />January 20, 2010<br />Supervisors<br />Prof. dr. ir. J.L.M. Hensen<br />Dr. dipl.-ing M. Trcka<br />B. Lee MSc<br />ing. Jeroen van Hellenberg Hubar<br />SIP II progress<br />Jan 2011<br />Sep 2010<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Progress of last month<br />Results<br />Next month<br />/ Building Physics & Systems<br />PAGE 1<br />20-1-2011<br />
  3. 3. Progress of the last month<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 2<br />20-1-2011<br />Today<br />22/12/11<br />23/12/11<br />07/01/11<br />18/01/11<br />28/01/11<br />
  4. 4. Results<br />Electrical energy storage<br />Ni-Cd batteries<br />Lead-Acid batteries<br />Fuel cells<br />Flow batteries<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 3<br />20-1-2011<br />Thermal energy storage<br /><ul><li>Sensible heat storage
  5. 5. Latent heat storage </li></ul> Phase Change Materials (PCM’s)<br /><ul><li>Thermo-chemical heat storage</li></ul>Energy storage<br />
  6. 6. Results<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 4<br />20-1-2011<br />Source:<br /><ul><li>J.K. Kaldellis, D. Zafirakis, K. Kavadias, “Techno-economic comparison of energy storage systems for island autonomous networks” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2009) 378-392</li></li></ul><li>Results<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 5<br />20-1-2011<br />Source:<br /><ul><li>Marc Beaudin, HamidrezaZareipour, Anthony Schellenberglabe and William Rosehart. “Energy storage for mitigating the variability of renewable energy sources: an updates review” Energy for sustainable development 14 (2010) 302-314</li></li></ul><li>Results<br />Energy Storage<br />Each type of energy storage has its own <br />specific function<br />temperature range<br />capacity<br />Dependent on the demand profile (time)<br />Dependent on the supply profile (time)<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 6<br />20-1-2011<br />
  7. 7. Results<br />Energy profile<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 7<br />20-1-2011<br />Wind energy<br /><ul><li>Wind speed [m/s]
  8. 8. Wind direction [o]</li></ul>Solar energy<br /><ul><li>Global radiation [Kj/h m2]
  9. 9. Temperature [oC]</li></ul>0o = North<br />90o = East<br />180o = South <br />270o = West<br />360o = North<br />
  10. 10. Results<br />Computer tools<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 8<br />20-1-2011<br />Useful<br /><ul><li>EnergyPLAN
  11. 11. ENPEP – BALANCE
  12. 12. HOMER
  13. 13. TRNSYS</li></ul>Available<br /><ul><li>BALMOREL
  14. 14. EnergyPLAN
  15. 15. ENPEP – BALANCE
  16. 16. HOMER
  17. 17. LEAP
  18. 18. MESSAGE
  19. 19. MiniCAM
  20. 20. NEMS
  21. 21. ORCED
  22. 22. STREAM
  23. 23. TRNSYS</li></ul>TRNSYS is a simulation tool with the main purpose to simulate modular structured models for community energy-systems. <br />As well as demand side as supply side can be modeled and simulated. <br />
  24. 24. Results<br />Research Question SIP II<br />“Which renewable energy technologies are the most suitable to supply the electrical and thermal energy balance of an off-grid campground, and in which way will these renewable energy technologies be integrated in the off-grid energy supply system?” <br />Not a clear answer, depend on the demand / supply profiles<br />Each renewable energy technology has parameters which are not yet set (time, location, technology)<br />To prevent a high use of energy storage, different renewable energy technologies will be used<br />System integration strategy; Always use the supply systems (renewable energy technologies, when these are not sufficient generation technologies will be used (heat pump, CHP), for problematic situations an diesel power generator can be used as backup. The overall goal is to supply the energy demand of the campground with 100% renewable energy.<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 9<br />20-1-2011<br />
  25. 25. Plan for the next month<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 10/<br />20-1-2011<br />
  26. 26. Next month<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 11<br />20-1-2011<br />Graduation proposal<br /><ul><li>Develop a methodology to evaluate different renewable energy technologies for off-grid campgrounds</li></ul>Model and simulation in TRNSYS<br /><ul><li>The demand of the different campground buildings and facilities within time;
  27. 27. The energy profile of each individual renewable energy technology;
  28. 28. The supplied energy from the renewable energy technologies;
  29. 29. The need of energy storage
  30. 30. The final penetration of the renewable energy technologies.</li></li></ul><li>Questions<br />/ Physics of the Built Environment<br />PAGE 12<br />20-1-2011<br />

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