HISTORY OF THE JEWS FROM THE ARAB WORLD

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detailed history of the Jews who lived in the Arab world and what happened to them following the creation of Israel, also how they live currently in Israel.

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HISTORY OF THE JEWS FROM THE ARAB WORLD

  1. 1. ORIENTAL JEWS By: Jeremy Dery 01/22/2012
  2. 2. INFO <ul><li>SEPHARDIM </li></ul><ul><li>MIZRAHIT </li></ul><ul><li>DHIMMI </li></ul><ul><li>MAGHREB </li></ul><ul><li>Before 1948 an estimated 900,000 Jews lived in Arab countries.  </li></ul><ul><li>YALLA –LETS START </li></ul>
  3. 3. BRIEF HISTORY <ul><li>FIRST/SECOND TEMPLE- KING SOLOMON/KING HEROD- 957 BCE/ 19 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>BEFORE/ DURING TIME OF JESUS </li></ul><ul><li>TRADERS </li></ul><ul><li>SLAVES </li></ul><ul><li>BABYLONIA + ROMANS- EXILES </li></ul><ul><li>PERSIA- ANCIENT JEWISH COMMUNITY </li></ul><ul><li>BERBERS </li></ul><ul><li>BEFORE ISLAM/ CHRISTIANITY- SUMERIAN/ ZOROASTRIAN </li></ul>
  4. 4. DURING 2 ND EXILE <ul><li>ROMANS DESTROY ANCIENT ISRAEL </li></ul><ul><li>JEWS SCATTER ALL OVER THE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>JEWS OF MEDINA- PROPHET MOHAMMAD/ ISLAM-570- 632 </li></ul><ul><li>UMMA AND SHARIAH- DHIMMI </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAM SPREADS TO NORTH AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST </li></ul>
  5. 5. SPAIN, OTTOMAN, EUROPE <ul><li>SPANISH INQUISITION </li></ul><ul><li>RAMBAM-MAIMONIDES </li></ul><ul><li>OTTOMAN- TURKS </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH/ BRITISH COLONIAL EMPIRE </li></ul><ul><li>NORTH AFRICA-FRENCH- MIDDLE EAST MOSTLY BRITISH EXCEPT SYRIA AND LEBANON </li></ul>
  6. 6. NAZI, ISRAEL, PAN ARABISM <ul><li>VICHY AND NAZIS- TUNISIA </li></ul><ul><li>MOROCCAN KING- NO JEWS ONLY MOROCCANS </li></ul><ul><li>MAY 14, 1948-ISRAEL CREATED </li></ul><ul><li>NASSER + PAN ARABISM </li></ul>
  7. 7. EXODUS AND FORGOTTEN REFUGEES <ul><li>1948-1970 -ARAB PERSECUTION </li></ul><ul><li>MABAROT- TRANSIT CAMPS- SALAH SHABATI </li></ul><ul><li>RACISM- ASHKENAZ/ORIENTAL </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jlWg49z8Xc </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATION MAGIC CARPET, YACHIN, NEHEMIAH </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM- ARAB GOVT’S MUST RECOGNIZE AND RECOMPENSATE JEWS </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.justiceforjews.com/pop_chart.pdf- CHART </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recently <ul><li>The official position of the Israeli government is that Jews from Arab countries are considered refugees, and it considers their rights to property left in countries of origin as valid and existent. [125] http://www.justice.gov.il/MOJEng/Rights+of+Jews+from+Arab+Lands/ </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, the Orthodox Sephardi party,  Shas , announced its intention to seek compensation for Jewish refugees from Arab states. [126]  In 2009, Israeli lawmakers introduced a bill into the  Knesset  to make compensation for Jewish refugees an integral part of any future peace negotiations by requiring compensation on behalf of current Jewish Israeli citizens, who were expelled from Arab countries after Israel was established in 1948 and leaving behind a significant amount of valuable property. In February 2010, the bill passed its first reading. The bill was sponsored by MK  Nissim Ze'ev  (Shas) and follows a resolution passed in the  United States House of Representatives  in 2008, calling for refugee recognition to be extended to Jews and Christians similar to that extended to Palestinians in the course of Middle East peace talks. [127] </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust restitution  expert Sidney Zabludoff has published a calculation that the losses sustained by the Jews who fled Arab countries since  1947  amounts to $6 billion, in contrast to the losses of the Palestinian Arab refugees which he estimates at $3.9 billion (both sums in 2007 dollars). [131] </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jewish refugee advocacy <ul><li>Justice for Jews from Arab Countries  seeks to secure rights and redress for Jews from Arab countries who suffered as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>JIMENA  (Jews Indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa) publicizes the history and plight of the 900,000 Jews indigenous to the  Middle East  and  North Africa  who were forced to leave their homes and abandon their property, who were stripped of their citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Society of the Jews from Egypt  and  International Association of Jews from Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center </li></ul><ul><li>World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries  (WOJAC) . </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRESENT DAY - ISRAEL
  11. 11. FOOD AND CULTURE <ul><li>Ladino- hebrew and spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Different prayers and tunes for wedding and prayers- </li></ul><ul><li>Henna- protection against evil eye and children </li></ul><ul><li>Djellaba and tarboush </li></ul><ul><li>Kiss on each cheek </li></ul>
  12. 12. MAASLAMA V LEHITRAOT

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