2. TLE- Elementary Agriculture – Grade 6
Quarter 1 – Module 6: Caring for Seedlings
First Edition, 2020
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Published by the Department of Education - Schools Division of Pasig City
Printed in the Philippines by Department of Education – Schools Division of
Development Team of the Self-Learning Module
Writer: Peter F. Bautista
Editor: Bonifacio A. Matondo Jr.
Reviewer: Rona C. Almazan
Layout Artist: Edison P. Clet, Arnel R. Ganados
Management Team: Ma. Evalou Concepcion A. Agustin
OIC-Schools Division Superintendent
Aurelio G. Alfonso EdD
OIC-Assistant Schools Division Superintendent
Victor M. Javeña EdD
Chief, School Governance and Operations Division and
OIC-Chief, Curriculum Implementation Division
Education Program Supervisors
Librada L. Agon EdD (EPP/TLE/TVL/TVE)
Liza A. Alvarez (Science/STEM/SSP)
Bernard R. Balitao (AP/HUMSS)
Joselito E. Calios (English/SPFL/GAS)
Norlyn D. Conde EdD (MAPEH/SPA/SPS/HOPE/A&D/Sports)
Wilma Q. Del Rosario (LRMS/ADM)
Ma. Teresita E. Herrera EdD (Filipino/GAS/Piling Larang)
Perlita M. Ignacio PhD (EsP)
Dulce O. Santos PhD (Kindergarten/MTB-MLE)
Teresita P. Tagulao EdD (Mathematics/ABM)
4. Introductory Message
For the Facilitator:
Welcome to the TLE 6- Elementary Agriculture Self-Learning Module on Caring
This Self-Learning Module was collaboratively designed, developed and
reviewed by educators from the Schools Division Office of Pasig City headed by its
Officer-in-Charge Schools Division Superintendent, Ma. Evalou Concepcion A.
Agustin, in partnership with the City Government of Pasig through its mayor,
Honorable Victor Ma. Regis N. Sotto. The writers utilized the standards set by the K
to 12 Curriculum using the Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELC) in
developing this instructional resource.
This learning material hopes to engage the learners in guided and independent
learning activities at their own pace and time. Further, this also aims to help learners
acquire the needed 21st century skills especially the 5 Cs, namely: Communication,
Collaboration, Creativity, Critical Thinking, and Character while taking into
consideration their needs and circumstances.
In addition to the material in the main text, you will also see this box in the
body of the module:
As a facilitator you are expected to orient the learners on how to use this
module. You also need to keep track of the learners' progress while allowing them to
manage their own learning. Moreover, you are expected to encourage and assist the
learners as they do the tasks included in the module.
Notes to the Teacher
This contains helpful tips or strategies that
will help you in guiding the learners.
5. For the Learner:
Welcome to the TLE 6- Elementary Agriculture Self-Learning Module on
Caring for Seedlings!
This module was designed to provide you with fun and meaningful
opportunities for guided and independent learning at your own pace and time. You
will be enabled to process the contents of the learning material while being an active
This module has the following parts and corresponding icons:
Expectations - This points to the set of knowledge and skills
that you will learn after completing the module.
Pretest - This measures your prior knowledge about the lesson
Recap - This part of the module provides a review of concepts
and skills that you already know about a previous lesson.
Lesson - This section discusses the topic in the module.
Activities - This is a set of activities that you need to perform.
Wrap-Up - This section summarizes the concepts and
application of the lesson.
Valuing - This part integrates a desirable moral value in the
Posttest - This measure how much you have learned from the
6. This is your self-instructional module in TLE 6- Agriculture. All the
activities provided in this lesson will help you learn and understand:
proper care for seedlings;
practice systematic care of seedlings.
Draw a happy ( ) if you agree and sad face ( ) if you disagree.
____1. Use commercial fertilizer instead of the organic fertilizer.
____2. Always observe health and safety practices in planting.
____3. Follow steps in preparing the seed plot for planting.
____4. Use a hand trowel for loosening soil when cultivating the soil
around the seedling.
____5. Plant your seedlings in the afternoon when sunlight is no longer
hot to avoid withering.
Before we study the lesson, let’s recall the previous discussion we had,
about the different ways of planting trees and propagating trees and fruit-
A. What are the proper ways of planting trees and fruit-bearing trees?
1. __________________ 4. _____________________
2. __________________ 5. _____________________
3. __________________ 6. _____________________
B. Identify the following.
_________ 7. The process by which the hard stems of plants are peeled and
wrapped with wet soil and plastic in order to grow roots.
_________ 8. A plant propagation method that involves inserting a scion into
a stock so that they will form a union and grow together.
_________ 9. Is a section of a plant stem or branch with three or four leaf
buds joined to a stock in grafting. The upper part of grafting.
_________10. Is a part of a tree which becomes the root system of the grafted
tree. This is the lower part of grafting.
7. Caring for Seedlings
The beginning growth of a seed is called germination or sprouting
wherein a root is grown to establish itself to the ground, produce its food, then
continue to grow and develop organs. In order for seeds to grow, they need
proper temperature air, and moisture. Others need light or darkness to grow.
The use of high-quality seeds produces high quality fruits. Such as
quality seeds have high percentage of germination, correct moisture content,
and free from pests, weeds, and diseases. Caring for the seeds should begin
from its selection up to storing them.
1. Proper Selection of Seeds.
The used of good quality seeds ensure quality and high yield so it means
big income for the growers’ best source of seeds are the healthy, good
crops. The following are some ways to properly select seeds:
a. Seeds must come only from mature fruits.
b. Seeds must have good germinating capacity
c. Seeds should have been free from mixture of weed seeds.
d. Seeds must be free from damage or diseases.
e. Seeds covered with pulp or with fruit juice must be washed.
2. Testing of Seeds
Plant growers can determine the germinating ability of the seed’s by
testing them. Testing the seeds before planting also prevents wastage
of good seeds or avoid the need to plant again.
Seeds may be tested in any of the following ways:
a. Visual inspection method
Scoop a handful of seeds. Check the composition of the
seeds. Remove the immature broken and infested seeds
8. b. Dish Method
Line the dish with moist tissue paper and some seeds.
Cover it with another sheet of moist tissue paper for
germination and count the seeds.
c. Rag-doll method
Place the seeds in a damp cloth with spaces.
Roll the cloth on a piece of stick to circulate air.
Count the number of seeds that germinated after 3 days.
d. Seed box method
Place a number of seeds in a seed box and sprinkle
with water. Count the seeds that germinated after several
Compute for the percentage of germination.
Number of seeds sown x 100 = Percentage of
Number of seeds sown Germination
3. Storing of Seeds
The life of the seed must be ensured when storing it.
Humidity is the most important factors causing deterioration of the
vitality of the seeds when stored at room temperature.
In case the seeds are stored at room temperature, it should be stored
in sealed container except when the moisture content is reduced.
If seeds are stored in thick bags, desiccants such as dry charcoal,
dry ash, or toasted white rice are placed or chemicals that absorb
the moist from the materials are added.
The following points are reminders in storing seeds:
a. In using desiccants, remember to use a container with a tight
cover. Place only the desiccants at the bottom part with a
punched-holed cardboard on top. Place the seeds on top of the
cardboard or in an envelope with paper labeling.
b. In cold temperature storing, put dry seeds in a bottle or jar
with tight cover and store only in the low or cold temperature
part of the refrigerator.
c. Label the bottles properly with the name of the seed sand the
date of storage.
d. Examine the bottled seeds without the opening once a month
and check for possible fungi or insect’s infestation.
9. Taking Care of the Fruit Tree Seedlings
1. Choose seeds that came from the fruit-bearing trees with good form and
free bruises, diseases, and insects’ bites.
2. Sow seeds in the seedbeds with good soil consisting of compost, garden
soil and sandy soil mixed in equal proportions.
3. Plant seeds horizontally about 3 centimeters depth. Cover fine soil and
4. Water the sown seeds thoroughly.
5. Grow the seedlings preferably in a shed or partially shaded place.
6. Apply fungicides to avoid infestation.
7. Potting may start when 3 or four leaves have sprouted and the height
of 10 centimeters or more has been attained.
8. Place the pots or bags in partially shaded area.
9. Transplanting is done best during late afternoons or when the sun has
10. Put more amounts of fertilizer to young trees that older tress.
Good fertilizers include elements such as nitrogen and minerals like
11. Apply fertilizers around the trees. Sprinkler small amount quantities
for your trees, for old trees, small holes 2 to 3 inches deep may be dug
around the base of the tree.
12. Remove grass or weeds around the base and cultivate around the
base to encourage rapid growth in young trees.
10. Activity 1
Direction: Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. Choose your answer
on the box.
1. __________ is the time of the day when planting is ideal.
2. __________ is the depth of the soil when planting seeds.
3. __________ such as dry charcoal, dry ash, or toasted white rice are
placed or chemicals that absorb the moist from the seeds.
4. __________ is done best during late afternoons or when the sun has
5. __________ are the most important factors causing deterioration of
the vitality of the seeds when stored at room temperature,
in case the seeds are stored at room.
Direction: Write a check mark (/) on the line if the statement is true. If not,
write across mark (X).
_____ 1. Monitoring the growth of seedlings is important in taking care
of the fruit seedlings.
_____ 2. Expose the seedlings to direct sunlight.
_____ 3. It is important to keep the soil moist to speed the germination
process of the seedlings.
_____ 4. In taking care of the seedlings, we must place the pots or bags
in a partially shaded area.
_____ 5. Select seeds that come from fruit-bearing trees with good form
and free from diseases and insects’ bites.
_____ 6. Cut off dried stems or leaves of the fruit tree seedling.
_____ 7. Remove weeds that surround the plants.
_____ 8. Water the seedlings regularly.
_____ 9. Put more fertilizer on seedlings to make them grow faster.
_____ 10. Use good soil in planting.
3 Centimeters Afternoon Desiccants
11. To wrap up everything that we have discussed in this lesson. Please fill in the
empty shapes that would describe the proper ways caring of seedlings.
Now, you are ready to apply the skills you learned in this lesson. Kindly
answer the given situations.
1. You see the children destroying the growing seedlings in the Gulayan
sa Paaralan (GPP). How will you stop them?
2. Pielle Margaux observed her vegetable plants in the garden. She noticed
that all her plants withered because of too much heat from the sun.
What should she do?
Caring for Seeds
3. Testing of Seeds 1.
Caring for Fruit-tree
Caring for Seedlings
12. A. Direction: Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.
1. _____ is the testing of testing seeds by removing the immature,
broken, undersized and infested seeds
2. In a seed box method, you place the number of seeds in a
and sprinkle with water
3. A _________ is a method of testing the seeds that you place the
seeds in a damp cloth with spaces.
4. Line the dish with moist tissue paper and seed cover with
another sheet of moist tissue paper for germination is a
procedure in ___________ method.
5. The first step in caring a seed is ___________ selection of seed.
B. Direction: Write TRUE if the sentence is correct and FALSE if not
____ 1. Seedling do not need care because they will grow better when
____ 2. Cultivating the land is necessary to help promote the growth of
roots and absorption of nutrients.
____ 3. Any substance can be added to the soil to promote the healthy
growth of plants
____ 4. Organic fertilizers take long to prepare but these are effective for
the growth of healthy plants.
____ 5. Using organic pesticides is more advisable because they are not
harmful to humans and other animals.
14. R E F E R E N C E S
Josephine C. Bernardo, Esttifinia,Gloria L. Lee et.al. 2016. Home Economics and
Livelihood Education Grade 6. pp. 79-82. 927 Quezon Ave., Quezon City.
Phoenix Publishing House Inc.
Susana V. Guinea, Ma. Gilmina G. Sotoya and Randy R. Emen. Gloria A. Peralta,
EdD, Ruth A. Arsenue, et al… 2016. Technology and Livelihood Education 6. pp.84-
86. 776 Aurora Blvd., cor. Boston St., Cubao, Quezon City
Adriana Publishing Co.,Inc.
Gloria A Peralta EdD, Ruth A. Arsenue, Catalina R. Ipolan, Yolanda L Quiambao,
Helenay Ann C. Ariola. 2016. Life Skills Through TLE 6, pp. 76-78. 0290 Vivel Hills,
Lahug Cebu City and Kalamansi St. cor. 1st Ave., Juna Subdivision, Matina, Davao
City. Vival Group, Inc.