• A basic social unit consisting of parents and
their children, considered as a group, whether
dwelling together or not.
- While this definition is a good starting point, there are
several modern family structures that are excluded by this
definition, such as childless couples or other variations on the
• Two or more people who share goals and values,
have long-term commitments to one another and
reside usually in the same dwelling.
• Filipino family is a family of Philippine
origin. Philippine families exhibit
Filipino cultures, customs, traits and
values, of which the most important value
is family closeness.
Structure of Filipino Family
• The typical Filipino family consists
of a husband, wife and children,
extending to include grandparents,
aunts, uncles and cousins. This circle
is often enlarged with the selection of
a child's godparents.
The Filipino Family: Nuclear Family
Consist of father, mother, and children
• The father is acknowledged head of the
• The father commands full authority in the
• The mother on the hand is considered be
the light of the house (“ilaw ng tahanan”).
• She is responsible in all housekeeping
activities, taking care of the children,
planning of meals, and budgeting the
income of the family.
• The role of the child may depend on whether he is
the eldest, middle, the youngest or the only child.
• The eldest takes charge in helping mothers take care
of his siblings.
• The middle child may assume the role of the eldest
• The youngest is often the most loved although he is
also expected to have his own share in doing some
household chores. The youngest always gets the
special treatment from his parents.
The Filipino Family: Extended Family
consists of parents, children, and other close
relatives, often living in close proximity
The Filipino Family: Joint Family
composed of parents, their children, and the
children's spouses and offspring in one
• BLOOD KINSHIP is
very important in the
• Family alliance is
further extended by
• The Filipino family is said to be
patriarchal in authority.
• However, studies by other sociologists
reveal that the Filipino family is not
"patriarchal" but is egalitarian.
The Filipino Family
• The Filipinos practice endogamy, the custom of
marrying only within the limits of a local
community, clan, or tribe.
Same tribe Same religion
• In marriage,
monogamy is the
• Right from childhood Filipino child is made to
believe that he belongs to the family.
• Since childhood, a Filipino is encouraged to tell
all of his thoughts to his parents and submit to
his parents’ direction, counsel and advice.
• He is advised to be good because any disgrace
that he commits is a disgrace to the family. In
times of misfortune he is assured of his family’s
support, sympathy and love.
• Even after finishing school, Filipino children are
not obliged to get out of their homes unless they
• In fact, most of them keep their close relationship
to their parents by staying at least before they get
• Filipino Families are Hospitable.
• Traditional Filipino families often consult
each other about when making important
decisions such as Going to college, taking a
job overseas, and getting married may
sometimes be individual decisions, but quite
often they are family decisions.
• Actual family involvement in personal
decision making has decreased for most of
The Filipino Family Values
All happy families resemble one another, but
each unhappy family is unhappy in its own
way. - Leo Tolstoy
• Values formation which is vital to the
socialization skills of an individual can be
developed and nurtured in the family,
school and environment.
• Values may include obtaining knowledge,
wisdom and necessary skills, using them in
your home and living out the values you
acquired within the family.
• The Filipino family
has values that have
been treasured and
passed on for many
These values are
believed to be
beneficial as it fulfil
some of the basic
needs of people.
Filipino Family Values: Paggalang
• It means being respectful or giving due respect
for a person. Filipinos are accustomed to using
the words “po,” “opo,” and “ho” when they are
conversing with older people or sometimes to
people with higher position or status in the
• Using these words is customary in the
Philippines and it shows sign of
respect. Paggalang can also be given to the
elders by virtue of kissing their hands before
leaving and upon arrival. Younger member of
the family gives due respect to older siblings
by calling them kuya (older brother)
or ate (older sister).
Filipino Family Values: Pakikisama
• “Pakikisama” or Getting along well with people
– The yearning of the Filipinos to be accepted and
well liked by his friends, colleagues, boss and
even relatives steers them perform pakikisama.
• The word pakikisama means helping others. This
trait usually fosters cooperation and doing good
deeds which are favorable to other people.
Filipino Family Values: Utang na Loob
• “Utang na Loob” or Debt of Gratitude –
Usually a system of obligation, when applied it
gives duty and responsibility on the part of the
young siblings to serve and repay the favors
done to them sooner or later.
Filipino Family Values: Pagpapahalaga sa
• “Pagpapahalaga sa Pamilya” or Putting
importance to family - This implies that a
person will put a high regards and concerns
over the family before anything else.
• This is one of the reasons why a father or a
mother in a Filipino family will seek
employment abroad just to earn decent
earnings for their family, to meet the family’s
basic needs and want.
Filipino Family Values: Hiya
• “Hiya” or Shame – This controls the
social behaviour of Filipino. It is a value
that makes a Filipino be obedient and be
respectful to parents, older siblings and
authorities. It is also a key ingredient to
the loyalty of one’s family.
Filipino Family : Customs and Traditions
• The Filipino family are very traditional people.
They believe in many different kinds of customs
and follow lots of various traditions.
• The Filipino people are known to have
close family ties. This is why you may
notice that the people in a vicinity most of
the time know each other. Actually, they
are likely related to each other. Whether
short or long and distant, the Filipino
family will choose to live close to each
• If they would have to move out to a new house,
the homeowner will be asked to throw some
coins when he opens the front door. This is said
to bring good luck and prosperity to the
• The first things one should carry into a new
home on the day they will transfer are rice and
• The number of people sleeping in a new house
the first night should be the same for nine
consecutive days. Otherwise, death will occur in
• When doves and pigeons leave a house, it
is a sign that there is no harmony there,
because its owners quarrel all the time.
• If you wish to rid your home of unwanted
visitors, secretly sprinkle salt around the
house and they will soon depart.
The Filipino people are very religious as well.
Therefore, there are quite a lot of Filipino
culture, customs and traditions for the home and
family that is based on religious beliefs.
• During the morning, it is also customary for
Filipino people to open their east window. This
is said to bring God’s grace inside the house
through the sun.
• It is also very important to make sure that there
are statues of Jesus or Mary in the house. It is also
important that they are facing the direction of the
front door. This is because they will be greeting
the visitors of the house and anyone who comes
• When building a house with stairs, make sure to
count them that they are not 13. It is said that 13
is the number of Judas and this will bring bad
luck to the household and the people who will