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Comparative and
Superlative Adjectives
Comparative and Superlative
Adjectives
 Comparative adjectives
 Superlative adjectives
Comparative adjectives
 When do we use them?
 We use them to compare TWO objects, people,
places…
 How do we use them?
 There are 5 rules:
g Rule 1
g Rule 2
g Rule 3
g Rule 4
g Rule 5
g Summary
Comparative adjectives
g Rule 1
Adjectives with 1 syllable or adjectives
ending in –w / -le add –er.
Comparative adjectives
Adj. + -er + than
Example:
Bart is taller thanMaggie.
Magie is gentler than Bart
Comparative adjectives
g Rule 2
Adjectives ending –Y change it into -IER.
Adj.(-y) Adj.(-ier) + than
Example:
lazy lazier than
Homer is lazier thanLisa.
Comparative adjectives
g Rule 3
One syllable adjectives ending with
CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT double
the last consonant and add –er.
Example:
fat fatter than
C V C
Homer is fatter than Marge
x2 consonants
Comparative adjectives
g Rule 4
Adjectives with 2 or more syllables add
MORE before the adjective.
more + adj. (2 or more syllables) + than
Example:
beautiful more beautiful than
Maggie is more beautiful than Mr. Burns.
Comparative adjectives
g Rule 5
Irregular adjectives to memorize.
good
bad
far
much
better than
worse than
farther than / further than
more
Comparative adjectives
g Summary
Rule…
1. add -er
2. drop –y, add -er
3.C+V+C = doubles last
consonant
4. 2 or + syllables add MORE
5. Irregular forms (memorize)
adjective
tall
small
lazy
happy
fat
big
beautiful
dangerous
good
bad
comparative
taller than
smaller than
lazier than
happier than
fatter than
bigger than
more beautiful than
more dangerous than
better than
worse than
Superlative adjectives
 When do we use them?
 We use them to compare ONE object, person,
place… in a GROUP.
 How do we use them?
 There are 5 rules:
g Rule 1
g Rule 2
g Rule 3
g Rule 4
g Rule 5
g Summary
Superlative adjectives
g Rule 1
Adjectives with 1 syllable add “the… –est”.
Superlative adjectives
the + adj. + -est
Example:
Mr. Burns is the richest in Springfield.
Superlative adjectives
g Rule 2
Adjectives ending –Y change it into -IEST.
Adj.(-y) the + adj.(-iest)
Example:
funny the funniest
Krusty is the funniest clown in Springfield.
Superlative adjectives
g Rule 3
One syllable adjectives ending with
CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT double
the last consonant and add –est.
Example:
fat the fattest
C V C
Homer is the fattest in the Simpson’s family.
x2 consonants
Superlative adjectives
g Rule 4
Adjectives with 2 or more syllables add
THE MOST before the adjective.
the most + adj. (2 or more syllables)
Example:
dangerous the most dangerous
Fat Tony is the most dangerous gangster of the Springfield mafia.
Superlative adjectives
g Rule 5
Irregular adjectives to memorize.
good
bad
far
much
the best
the worst
the farthest / the furthest
the most
Comparatives vs Superlatives
COMPARATIVOS:
-ER / MORE + THAN
She is taller than Mike
This city is more dangerous than Popayan
Colombia is better than your country
VS
SUPERLATIVOS (Comparar 1 persona/objeto/lugar con UN GRUPO de
personas, objetos / lugares)
THE + -EST /MOST
Tony is the most dangerous gangster in Springfield
Maria is the funniest girl I’ve ever met
Medellin is the most beautiful city in Colombia
Colombia is the best country in the world
Superlative adjectives
g Summary
Rule…
1. add “the –est”
2. Drop –y, add “the –iest”
3.C+V+C = doubles last
consonant
4.2 or + syllables add THE
MOST
5. Irregular forms (memorize)
adjective
rich
long
funny
crazy
fat
big
beautiful
dangerous
good
bad
superlative
the richest
the longest
the funniest
the craziest
the fattest
the biggest
the most beautiful
the most dangerous
the best
the worst

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Comparatives and Superlatives.pptx

  • 2. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives  Comparative adjectives  Superlative adjectives
  • 3. Comparative adjectives  When do we use them?  We use them to compare TWO objects, people, places…
  • 4.  How do we use them?  There are 5 rules: g Rule 1 g Rule 2 g Rule 3 g Rule 4 g Rule 5 g Summary Comparative adjectives
  • 5. g Rule 1 Adjectives with 1 syllable or adjectives ending in –w / -le add –er. Comparative adjectives Adj. + -er + than Example: Bart is taller thanMaggie. Magie is gentler than Bart
  • 6. Comparative adjectives g Rule 2 Adjectives ending –Y change it into -IER. Adj.(-y) Adj.(-ier) + than Example: lazy lazier than Homer is lazier thanLisa.
  • 7. Comparative adjectives g Rule 3 One syllable adjectives ending with CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT double the last consonant and add –er. Example: fat fatter than C V C Homer is fatter than Marge x2 consonants
  • 8. Comparative adjectives g Rule 4 Adjectives with 2 or more syllables add MORE before the adjective. more + adj. (2 or more syllables) + than Example: beautiful more beautiful than Maggie is more beautiful than Mr. Burns.
  • 9. Comparative adjectives g Rule 5 Irregular adjectives to memorize. good bad far much better than worse than farther than / further than more
  • 10. Comparative adjectives g Summary Rule… 1. add -er 2. drop –y, add -er 3.C+V+C = doubles last consonant 4. 2 or + syllables add MORE 5. Irregular forms (memorize) adjective tall small lazy happy fat big beautiful dangerous good bad comparative taller than smaller than lazier than happier than fatter than bigger than more beautiful than more dangerous than better than worse than
  • 11. Superlative adjectives  When do we use them?  We use them to compare ONE object, person, place… in a GROUP.
  • 12.  How do we use them?  There are 5 rules: g Rule 1 g Rule 2 g Rule 3 g Rule 4 g Rule 5 g Summary Superlative adjectives
  • 13. g Rule 1 Adjectives with 1 syllable add “the… –est”. Superlative adjectives the + adj. + -est Example: Mr. Burns is the richest in Springfield.
  • 14. Superlative adjectives g Rule 2 Adjectives ending –Y change it into -IEST. Adj.(-y) the + adj.(-iest) Example: funny the funniest Krusty is the funniest clown in Springfield.
  • 15. Superlative adjectives g Rule 3 One syllable adjectives ending with CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT double the last consonant and add –est. Example: fat the fattest C V C Homer is the fattest in the Simpson’s family. x2 consonants
  • 16. Superlative adjectives g Rule 4 Adjectives with 2 or more syllables add THE MOST before the adjective. the most + adj. (2 or more syllables) Example: dangerous the most dangerous Fat Tony is the most dangerous gangster of the Springfield mafia.
  • 17. Superlative adjectives g Rule 5 Irregular adjectives to memorize. good bad far much the best the worst the farthest / the furthest the most
  • 18. Comparatives vs Superlatives COMPARATIVOS: -ER / MORE + THAN She is taller than Mike This city is more dangerous than Popayan Colombia is better than your country VS SUPERLATIVOS (Comparar 1 persona/objeto/lugar con UN GRUPO de personas, objetos / lugares) THE + -EST /MOST Tony is the most dangerous gangster in Springfield Maria is the funniest girl I’ve ever met Medellin is the most beautiful city in Colombia Colombia is the best country in the world
  • 19. Superlative adjectives g Summary Rule… 1. add “the –est” 2. Drop –y, add “the –iest” 3.C+V+C = doubles last consonant 4.2 or + syllables add THE MOST 5. Irregular forms (memorize) adjective rich long funny crazy fat big beautiful dangerous good bad superlative the richest the longest the funniest the craziest the fattest the biggest the most beautiful the most dangerous the best the worst