SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 2
Download to read offline
1
Multidimensional Poverty Index 2023
Unstacking global poverty:
data for high impact action
Briefing note for countries on the 2023 Multidimensional Poverty Index
Ghana
What is the global Multidimensional Poverty Index?
Sustainable Development Goal 1 aims to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. The global
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) measures acute multidimensional poverty across more than 100
developing countries. It does so by measuring each person’s overlapping deprivations across 10 indicators
in three equally weighted dimensions: health, education and standard of living (see figure). The health and
education dimensions are based on two indicators each, while standard of living is based on six indicators.
All the indicators needed to construct the MPI for a country are taken from the same household survey.
Each indicator is equally weighted within its dimension, so the health and education indicators are weighted
1/6 each, and the standard of living indicators are weighted 1/18 each. The MPI is the product of the
headcount or incidence of multidimensional poverty (proportion of people who are multidimensionally poor)
and the intensity of multidimensional poverty (average share of weighted deprivations, or average
deprivation score,1 among multidimensionally poor people) and is therefore sensitive to changes in both
components. A deprivation score of 1/3 (one-third of the weighted indicators) is used to distinguish between
the multidimensionally poor and nonpoor. If the deprivation score is 1/3 or greater, the household (and
everyone in it) is classified as multidimensionally poor. Individuals with a deprivation score greater than or
equal to 1/5 but less than 1/3 are classified as vulnerable to multidimensional poverty. Finally, individuals
with a deprivation score greater than or equal to 1/2 live in severe multidimensional poverty. The MPI ranges
from 0 to 1, and higher values imply higher multidimensional poverty. The MPI complements the
international $2.15 a day poverty rate by identifying who is multidimensionally poor and also shows the
composition of multidimensional poverty.
Structure of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index
Source: HDRO and OPHI.
Multidimensional Poverty Index for Angola
1 The deprivation score of a multidimensionally poor person is the sum of the weights associated with each indicator in
which the person is deprived.
2
The 2010 Human Development Report introduced the MPI and since 2018 the Human Development Report
Office (HDRO) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative jointly produce and publish the
MPI estimates. The latest release from July 2023 covers 110 developing countries (countries that lack
survey data that allow for the calculation of the MPI are not included): ‘Unstacking global poverty: data for
high impact action’. The full table with MPI estimates is available at https://hdr.undp.org/content/2023-
global-multidimensional-poverty-index-mpi. Definitions of deprivations in each indicator, as well as the full
methodology are given in the MPI Technical note. Continuing with the practice from the previous years,
HDRO is making public the statistical programs used in the calculation of the 2023 MPI in Stata format for
a large selection of countries (see https://hdr.undp.org/mpi-statistical-programmes). Finally, a set of MPI
frequently asked questions is available at https://hdr.undp.org/mpi-2023-faqs.
The most recent survey data that were publicly available for Ghana’s MPI estimation refer to 2017/2018.
Based on these estimates, 24.6 percent of the population in Ghana (8,089 thousand people in 2021) is
multidimensionally poor while an additional 20.1 percent is classified as vulnerable to multidimensional
poverty (6,598 thousand people in 2021). The intensity of deprivations in Ghana, which is the average
deprivation score among people living in multidimensional poverty, is 45.1 percent. The MPI value, which
is the share of the population that is multidimensionally poor adjusted by the intensity of the deprivations,
is 0.111. In comparison, Cameroon and Kenya have MPI values of 0.232 and 0.171, respectively.
Table A compares multidimensional poverty with monetary poverty measured by the percentage of the
population living below 2017 PPP US$2.15 per day. It shows that monetary poverty only tells part of the
story. The headcount or incidence of multidimensional poverty is 0.6 percentage points lower than the
incidence of monetary poverty. This implies that individuals living below the monetary poverty line may have
access to non-income resources. Table A also shows the percentage of Ghana’s population that lives in
severe multidimensional poverty. The contributions of deprivations in each dimension to overall poverty
complete a comprehensive picture of people living in multidimensional poverty. Figures for Cameroon and
Kenya are also shown in the table for comparison.
Table A: The most recent MPI for Angola relative to selected countries and region
Survey
year
MPI
value
Head-
count
(%)
Intensity of
deprivations
(%)
Population share (%)
Contribution of deprivation in
dimension to overall
multidimensional poverty (%)
Vulnera-
ble to
multidim
ensional
poverty
In
severe
multidim
ensional
poverty
Below
income
poverty
line
Health Education
Standard
of living
Ghana 2017/2018 0.111 24.6 45.1 20.1 8.4 25.2 23.6 30.5 45.9
Cameroon 2018 0.232 43.6 53.2 17.6 24.6 25.7 25.2 27.6 47.1
Kenya 2014 0.171 37.5 45.6 35.8 12.4 29.4 23.5 15.0 61.5
Sub-Saharan
Africa
- 0.262 49.5 52.9 18.6 27.9 37.4 20.6 29.6 49.8

More Related Content

Similar to MPI 2023 Report Highlights Poverty in Ghana

Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC Countries
Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC CountriesNepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC Countries
Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC CountriesSabindraMaharjan5
 
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptx
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptxPOVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptx
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptxintisar24
 
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptx
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptxName sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptx
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptxWMEmraanElahi
 
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou Assignment
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou AssignmentMec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou Assignment
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou AssignmentRahul Singh
 
Progress in MDGs
Progress in MDGsProgress in MDGs
Progress in MDGsEman Refaat
 
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...AJHSSR Journal
 
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...Debre Tabor University Ethiopia
 
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty   wikipedia, the free encyclopediaQuestion no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty   wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty wikipedia, the free encyclopediasanjeev kumar chaswal
 
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisis
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisispopulation-growth-global-health-workforce-crisis
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisisSara Pacque-Margolis
 
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UNLausanne Montreux Congress
 
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016Peerasak C.
 
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016Richard Hong
 
The sustainable development goals report 2016
The sustainable development goals report 2016The sustainable development goals report 2016
The sustainable development goals report 2016Global Citizen Network
 
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development Progress
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development ProgressMultidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development Progress
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development ProgressUNDP Eurasia
 
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...StatsCommunications
 

Similar to MPI 2023 Report Highlights Poverty in Ghana (20)

Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC Countries
Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC CountriesNepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC Countries
Nepal and its Economic Comparision with Other SAARC Countries
 
poverty
povertypoverty
poverty
 
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptx
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptxPOVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptx
POVERTY & DEPRIVATION123.pptx
 
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptx
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptxName sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptx
Name sharaf ud din sameer suleman.pptx
 
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou Assignment
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou AssignmentMec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou Assignment
Mec-105 2015-16 Free Ignou Assignment
 
Progress in MDGs
Progress in MDGsProgress in MDGs
Progress in MDGs
 
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...
Analysis of Relationshipbetween Socio-Economic Factors and the Level of Pover...
 
Empirical Appraisal of Poverty-Unemployment Relationship in Nigeria
Empirical Appraisal of Poverty-Unemployment Relationship in NigeriaEmpirical Appraisal of Poverty-Unemployment Relationship in Nigeria
Empirical Appraisal of Poverty-Unemployment Relationship in Nigeria
 
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...
EXTREME & MODERATE POVERTY - GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AF...
 
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty   wikipedia, the free encyclopediaQuestion no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty   wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Question no 7 maec 105 measuring poverty wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisis
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisispopulation-growth-global-health-workforce-crisis
population-growth-global-health-workforce-crisis
 
Examination of the Impact of National Economic Empowerment and Development St...
Examination of the Impact of National Economic Empowerment and Development St...Examination of the Impact of National Economic Empowerment and Development St...
Examination of the Impact of National Economic Empowerment and Development St...
 
Poverty
PovertyPoverty
Poverty
 
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN
2016 the-sustainable-development-goals-report-2016 from the UN
 
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
 
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016
 
The sustainable development goals report 2016
The sustainable development goals report 2016The sustainable development goals report 2016
The sustainable development goals report 2016
 
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development Progress
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development ProgressMultidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development Progress
Multidimensional Poverty For Monitoring Development Progress
 
Poverty 121128061211-phpapp01
Poverty 121128061211-phpapp01Poverty 121128061211-phpapp01
Poverty 121128061211-phpapp01
 
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...
HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa...
 

More from JeorgeWilsonKingson1

Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdf
Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdfPress Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdf
Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi Fiti
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi FitiAflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi Fiti
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi FitiJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdf
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdfISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdf
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdf
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdfLetter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdf
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdf
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdfJudgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdf
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdf
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdfFOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdf
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdf
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdfNana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdf
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...JeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdf
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdfThe State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdf
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdfJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State Land
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State LandMcDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State Land
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State LandJeorgeWilsonKingson1
 

More from JeorgeWilsonKingson1 (20)

Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdf
Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdfPress Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdf
Press Release New Burial and Funeral Arrangement for Some Traditional Area.pdf
 
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi Fiti
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi FitiAflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi Fiti
Aflao Traditional Council Reacts to Group’s Allegations Against Torgbi Fiti
 
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdf
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdfISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdf
ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE IN AFLAO_112441.pdf
 
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...
Somé Traditional Council wants Akufo-Addo to halt Reallocation of Adafienu Co...
 
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...
Somé Traditional Council Objects To Gazette Notification In Favor Of Elite Mi...
 
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...
Stop Holding Yourself As Paramount Chief of Ave-Dakpa Traditional Area Warms ...
 
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...
Over 200 CSOs and Trade Unions support UN Draft Resolution for Inclusive Tax ...
 
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdf
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdfLetter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdf
Letter to Sanwolu Acknowledged.pdf
 
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdf
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdfJudgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdf
Judgment - Elorm Kwami Gorni vs Attorney General.pdf
 
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...
RE-EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF JUNE 4TH UPRISING COMMEMORATION; DISPELLING ...
 
Nogokpo Shrine press release
Nogokpo Shrine press release Nogokpo Shrine press release
Nogokpo Shrine press release
 
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index
ONLINE Transparency and Accountability Index
 
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdf
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdfFOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdf
FOSDA ViolentIncidentsMonitoring_qtr1-1.pdf
 
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...
Galamsey Report: Capt. Koda has no hand in releasing my excavators – Asene Ak...
 
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdf
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdfNana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdf
Nana Adu Kwame's Press Statement_20230427_0002.pdf
 
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...
Urgent PABF letter to France President on Sudan Paris Truce Summit 23 April 2...
 
KON REPLIES PFB.pdf
KON REPLIES PFB.pdfKON REPLIES PFB.pdf
KON REPLIES PFB.pdf
 
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...
Prof. Frimpong-Boateng's Report on the Work of the IMCIM so far and the Way F...
 
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdf
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdfThe State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdf
The State of the Ghanaian Media Report_2023-1.pdf
 
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State Land
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State LandMcDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State Land
McDan and Wife fingered in the Grabbing of East Legon Reserved State Land
 

Recently uploaded

Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptUsmanKaran
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxdigiyvbmrkt
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)ssuser583c35
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptNandinituteja1
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...The Lifesciences Magazine
 

Recently uploaded (12)

World Economic Forum : The Global Risks Report 2024
World Economic Forum : The Global Risks Report 2024World Economic Forum : The Global Risks Report 2024
World Economic Forum : The Global Risks Report 2024
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
 

MPI 2023 Report Highlights Poverty in Ghana

  • 1. 1 Multidimensional Poverty Index 2023 Unstacking global poverty: data for high impact action Briefing note for countries on the 2023 Multidimensional Poverty Index Ghana What is the global Multidimensional Poverty Index? Sustainable Development Goal 1 aims to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) measures acute multidimensional poverty across more than 100 developing countries. It does so by measuring each person’s overlapping deprivations across 10 indicators in three equally weighted dimensions: health, education and standard of living (see figure). The health and education dimensions are based on two indicators each, while standard of living is based on six indicators. All the indicators needed to construct the MPI for a country are taken from the same household survey. Each indicator is equally weighted within its dimension, so the health and education indicators are weighted 1/6 each, and the standard of living indicators are weighted 1/18 each. The MPI is the product of the headcount or incidence of multidimensional poverty (proportion of people who are multidimensionally poor) and the intensity of multidimensional poverty (average share of weighted deprivations, or average deprivation score,1 among multidimensionally poor people) and is therefore sensitive to changes in both components. A deprivation score of 1/3 (one-third of the weighted indicators) is used to distinguish between the multidimensionally poor and nonpoor. If the deprivation score is 1/3 or greater, the household (and everyone in it) is classified as multidimensionally poor. Individuals with a deprivation score greater than or equal to 1/5 but less than 1/3 are classified as vulnerable to multidimensional poverty. Finally, individuals with a deprivation score greater than or equal to 1/2 live in severe multidimensional poverty. The MPI ranges from 0 to 1, and higher values imply higher multidimensional poverty. The MPI complements the international $2.15 a day poverty rate by identifying who is multidimensionally poor and also shows the composition of multidimensional poverty. Structure of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index Source: HDRO and OPHI. Multidimensional Poverty Index for Angola 1 The deprivation score of a multidimensionally poor person is the sum of the weights associated with each indicator in which the person is deprived.
  • 2. 2 The 2010 Human Development Report introduced the MPI and since 2018 the Human Development Report Office (HDRO) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative jointly produce and publish the MPI estimates. The latest release from July 2023 covers 110 developing countries (countries that lack survey data that allow for the calculation of the MPI are not included): ‘Unstacking global poverty: data for high impact action’. The full table with MPI estimates is available at https://hdr.undp.org/content/2023- global-multidimensional-poverty-index-mpi. Definitions of deprivations in each indicator, as well as the full methodology are given in the MPI Technical note. Continuing with the practice from the previous years, HDRO is making public the statistical programs used in the calculation of the 2023 MPI in Stata format for a large selection of countries (see https://hdr.undp.org/mpi-statistical-programmes). Finally, a set of MPI frequently asked questions is available at https://hdr.undp.org/mpi-2023-faqs. The most recent survey data that were publicly available for Ghana’s MPI estimation refer to 2017/2018. Based on these estimates, 24.6 percent of the population in Ghana (8,089 thousand people in 2021) is multidimensionally poor while an additional 20.1 percent is classified as vulnerable to multidimensional poverty (6,598 thousand people in 2021). The intensity of deprivations in Ghana, which is the average deprivation score among people living in multidimensional poverty, is 45.1 percent. The MPI value, which is the share of the population that is multidimensionally poor adjusted by the intensity of the deprivations, is 0.111. In comparison, Cameroon and Kenya have MPI values of 0.232 and 0.171, respectively. Table A compares multidimensional poverty with monetary poverty measured by the percentage of the population living below 2017 PPP US$2.15 per day. It shows that monetary poverty only tells part of the story. The headcount or incidence of multidimensional poverty is 0.6 percentage points lower than the incidence of monetary poverty. This implies that individuals living below the monetary poverty line may have access to non-income resources. Table A also shows the percentage of Ghana’s population that lives in severe multidimensional poverty. The contributions of deprivations in each dimension to overall poverty complete a comprehensive picture of people living in multidimensional poverty. Figures for Cameroon and Kenya are also shown in the table for comparison. Table A: The most recent MPI for Angola relative to selected countries and region Survey year MPI value Head- count (%) Intensity of deprivations (%) Population share (%) Contribution of deprivation in dimension to overall multidimensional poverty (%) Vulnera- ble to multidim ensional poverty In severe multidim ensional poverty Below income poverty line Health Education Standard of living Ghana 2017/2018 0.111 24.6 45.1 20.1 8.4 25.2 23.6 30.5 45.9 Cameroon 2018 0.232 43.6 53.2 17.6 24.6 25.7 25.2 27.6 47.1 Kenya 2014 0.171 37.5 45.6 35.8 12.4 29.4 23.5 15.0 61.5 Sub-Saharan Africa - 0.262 49.5 52.9 18.6 27.9 37.4 20.6 29.6 49.8