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VIOLENT INCIDENTS IN GHANA
A MEDIA MONITORING REPORT
November-December 2022
By: Foundation for Security and Development in Africa (FOSDA)
Executive Summary
From FOSDA’s November-December 2022 monitoring of violent incidents in Ghana, the number of
violent incidents tracked amounted to Forty-two (42). This is a drastic reduction by 83 cases compared
to the August-October 2022 monitoring. The overall breakdown for the November-December
monitoring includes;
1. Physical Violence - 24 cases, representing 57%
2. Gun Violence - 18 cases, representing 43%
3. Sexual Violence - 0 cases
4. Psychological Violence – 0 cases
5. Social Violence – 0 cases
6. Economic Violence – 0 cases
7. Political Violence – 0 cases.
Central Region recorded 16 incidents which contributed 38% of total incidents whiles Ashanti region
(10) incidents contributed 24%. Greater Accra (3) incidents contributed 7%. Northern Region and
Bono Region also recorded 3 incidents each representing 7% for each. Upper East Region recorded 2
incidents representing 5%. Five regions that is, Eastern, Western, North East, North East, Western
North and Volta regions recorded 1 incident each which represents 2.4% for each. There was no violent
incident recorded in the Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East Regions.
This is the second time in a row within a period of 5 months i.e., August-December that the Bono East
region has record zero incidents of violence.
A total of 36 injuries and 51 deaths occurred during the period under review. Overall, forty-nine (49)
men were impacted compared to 15 women and 3 children. Relatively, more men 64% suffered from
violent related injuries, compared to women 14% and children 3%. A similar observation is also
observed in the number of death where 51% of the victims were men, women constituted 20% and
children 4%.
VIOLENT INCIDENTS IN GHANA
A MEDIA MONITORING REPORT
1.1 General Overview
This media monitoring report covers a period of 2months i.e., November and December 2022, a total
of forty-two (42) violent incidents were reported by ten (10) 1
media houses including online and print
media sources. The monitoring focused on seven (7) three major categories of violence; Economic,
Physical, Gun, Sexual and Psychological, Political and Social violence. Only two categories of
violence were recorded in this specific monitoring, i.e. Physical Violence with 24 cases, representing
57%. Eighteen (18) of the incidents representing 43% of the total incidents were gun related. The
remaining categories did not record any incident.
Between November to December 2022. reports of violent incidents by the selected media source
declined significantly from a total of 26 violent incidents in the month of November 2022 to 16
incidents in December 2022 resulting in a 38% decline in the rate of violent incidents for the period.
During the period under review, the breakdown of the 42 incidents is represented in the table 1 below:
1
There were 10 main monitoring sources including 1 print media i.e., Daily Graphic
Table 1
Category of violence Number of reported incidents Percentage
Physical Violence 24 57%,
Gun Violence 18 43%
Sexual Violence 0 0%
Psychological Violence 0 0%
Social Violence 0 0%
Economic Violence 0 0%
Political Violence 0 0%
Total 42 100%
1.2 Regional Distribution of Violent Incidents Monitored
Central Region recorded 16 incidents which contributed 38% of total incidents whiles Ashanti region
(10) incidents contributed 24%. Greater Accra (3) incidents contributed 7%. Northern Region and
Bono Region also recorded 3 incidents each representing 7% for each. Upper East Region recorded 2
incidents representing 5%. Five regions that is, Eastern, Western, North East, North East, Western
North and Volta regions recorded 1 incident each which represents 2.4% for each. There was no violent
incident recorded in the Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East Regions.
This is the second time in a row within a period of 5 months i.e., August-December that the Bono East
region has record zero incidents of violence.
Regional Breakdown of the total reported violent incidents are as represented in the table 2 below.
Table 2
Region of violence Number of reported incidents Percentage
1. Central Region 16 38%,
2. Ashanti Region 10 24%
3. Greater Accra Region 3 7%
4. Northern Region 3 7%
5. Bono Region 3 7%
6. Upper East Region 2 5%
7. Eastern Region 1 2.4%
8. Western Region 1 2.4%
9. North East Region 1 2.4%
10. Western North Region 1 2.4%
11. Volta Region 1 2.4%
12. Upper West Region 0 0%
13. Ahafo Region 0 0%
14. Volta Region 0 0%
15. Western North Region 0 0%
16. Bono East Region 0 0%
Total 125 100%
The zonal breakdown also shows that the Coastal regions (Greater Accra, Central, Western and Volta)
recorded the highest with 21 incidents representing 50%. The middle zone (Ashanti, Eastern, Oti,
Western North, Bono and Ahafo) followed with 15 incidents representing 36%. The Northern regions
(Upper East, Upper West, North East, Savannah and Northern) contributed only 6 incidents
representing 14%.
From this point of view, it can be observed that violence in the country is densely concentrated in the
coastal zone. Comparatively, the northern zone is relatively low on violent incidents.
CASUALTIES RECORDED
A total of 36 injuries and 51 deaths occurred during the period under review. Overall, forty-nine (49)
men were impacted compared to 15 women and 3 children. Relatively, more men 64% suffered from
violent related injuries, compared to women 14% and children 3%. A similar observation is also
observed in the number of death where 51% of the victims were men, women constituted 20% and
children 4%. The monitoring shows that, the direct impact of violent incidents on men is higher
compared to women and children. Details of 7 cases of injures and 13 cases of deaths reported were
not provided.
1. Gun Violence
There was a total of 18-gun related violence during the monitoring period. Ten (10) of these gun
incidents occurred in the month of November and eight (8) in the month of December. A total of nine
(9) out of 16 regions experienced gun related violence. They include Ashanti region (5), Central (4),
Northern (2), Upper East (2), Greater Accra (1), Bono region (1), Western (1) and Western North (1).
The outcome of the monitoring shows a reduction in gun violence. In the month of December, a total
of 10-gun related events were reported in the media. This, reduced to 8 in the month of December.
2. Physical Violence
Physical violence recorded 24 out of a total 42 cases. The physical violent incidents occurred in 7 out
of 16 regions. Central region leads with 12 cases representing 50%, followed by Ashanti region with
5 cases (21%), Greater Accra region with 2 cases and Bono region also with 2 cases contributed 8%
each. Northern region recorded 1 case, Eastern region and North East region recorded 1 each
representing 4.2% each. There were no physical violence incidents in 9 regions i.e., Upper East,
Western, Western North, Volta, Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East regions. The figure
below shows the count and share of physical violence from a regional point of view.
3. Conclusions
Violent incidents continue to decline since August 2022. From 52 in August to 44 in September, and
29 in October 2022. The current monitoring period shows further decline from 26 in November to 16
in December 2022.
Additionally, out of the 7 types of violence that were being monitored in the current period only 2 i.e.,
Physical and Gun violence recorded cases.
Worryingly, the total deaths recorded i.e., 51 was more than the total number of violent incidents.
APPENDIX
Table 1: Gun related violence tracked during monitoring period
Month of
Gun Incident
Region of Gun
Incident
Description of Gun Violent Incident
November Ashanti Region New Patriotic Party polling station chairman, allegedly shot his
second in the presence of other family members over piece of
land.
November Ashanti Region An armed robber shot dead by a police officer during a robbery
attempt on a bus with four others.
November Ashanti Region Armed robbers attacked and shot three residents of
Teacherkrom leaving one victim in critical condition
November Ashanti Region A Police Constable shot by armed men suspected to be robbers.
December Ashanti Region Police is pursuing a gang of robbers who attacked a household
and shot two people during a struggle.
December Bono Region 40-year-old physically challenged farmer shot dead by
suspected armed robbers.
November Central Region 31-year-old man, shot dead with six others injured in a cutlass
and gun battle following a land dispute between two
communities.
November Central Region 62-year-old Farmer, who doubles as a fetish priest kills friend,
in a cocoa farm over fight on Cocoa farm. Autopsy reveal
gunshot as cause of death.
December Central Region A mobile money vendor in Gomoa Akots has sustained
gunshot wound on his thigh and head injuries after being
robbed at gunpoint
December Central Region A Mobile Money (MoMo) vendor in Bigtown robbed and shot
December Greater Accra
Region
Two suspected armed robbers shot dead with one being
arrested in connection with the robbery attack on December 9
November Northern Region A young man allegedly shot in the head in a swoop led by the
Northern Regional Police Command as part of the steps of
fighting criminal activities in the Tamale Metropolis and its
environs.
November Northern Region Unknown gunman shot and killed a 22-year-old lady, when the
deceased was visiting her fiancée house
December Upper East
Region
The alleged killing of an old man at Sing-Naatin resulted in
sporadic gunshots leaving five persons dead. The spillover of
gunshots resulted in the death of two other persons and one
injured bringing the death toll to seven.
December Upper East
Region
Six persons have been killed by unknown gunmen men in
renewed ethnic disturbances while three others have been
injured.
December Volta Region Police have arrested 15 suspects in connection to a chieftaincy
violence that resulted in the death of five people and injury to
others. Police retrieve locally manufactured guns and
ammunitions.
November Western North
Region
Exchange of gunfire between two parties in Enchi community
over attack on paramount chief of Enchi Traditional council
November Western Region Chinese miners mining illegally in a forest at Dompim close to
the Bonsa River have allegedly gunned down a Ghanaian.
Media Portals where Monitoring was Conducted
# Nature Source
1 Online www.adomonline.com
2 Online www.citinewsroom.com
3 Online www.peacefmonline
4 Online www.myjoyonline.com
5 Online www.3news.com
6 Print & online www.graphic.com.gh | Daily Graphic
7 Online www.starrfm.com
8 Online www.dailyguidenetwork.com
9 Online www.gna.com/
10 Online www.ghanaweb.com
About the FOSDA Violent Incidents Monitoring
The FOSDA Violent Incidents Monitoring is a media-based monitoring that focuses on 7 types of
broad-based violence i.e., Physical (including gun violence), Political Violence, Social Violence,
Economic Violence, Sexual Violence and Psychological Violence and places where they occur. The
target sources of monitoring are mainly the most sought-after online media news outlets. This is
completed by reportage in the print media. The monitoring offers an opportunity for analysis, mapping
and policy options on these incidents as they impact human security. A call on key stakeholders to act
is the ultimate intent.

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FOSDA Violent Incidents Monitoring Report Nov-Dec 2022 FINAL.pdf

  • 1. VIOLENT INCIDENTS IN GHANA A MEDIA MONITORING REPORT November-December 2022 By: Foundation for Security and Development in Africa (FOSDA)
  • 2. Executive Summary From FOSDA’s November-December 2022 monitoring of violent incidents in Ghana, the number of violent incidents tracked amounted to Forty-two (42). This is a drastic reduction by 83 cases compared to the August-October 2022 monitoring. The overall breakdown for the November-December monitoring includes; 1. Physical Violence - 24 cases, representing 57% 2. Gun Violence - 18 cases, representing 43% 3. Sexual Violence - 0 cases 4. Psychological Violence – 0 cases 5. Social Violence – 0 cases 6. Economic Violence – 0 cases 7. Political Violence – 0 cases. Central Region recorded 16 incidents which contributed 38% of total incidents whiles Ashanti region (10) incidents contributed 24%. Greater Accra (3) incidents contributed 7%. Northern Region and Bono Region also recorded 3 incidents each representing 7% for each. Upper East Region recorded 2 incidents representing 5%. Five regions that is, Eastern, Western, North East, North East, Western North and Volta regions recorded 1 incident each which represents 2.4% for each. There was no violent incident recorded in the Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East Regions. This is the second time in a row within a period of 5 months i.e., August-December that the Bono East region has record zero incidents of violence. A total of 36 injuries and 51 deaths occurred during the period under review. Overall, forty-nine (49) men were impacted compared to 15 women and 3 children. Relatively, more men 64% suffered from violent related injuries, compared to women 14% and children 3%. A similar observation is also observed in the number of death where 51% of the victims were men, women constituted 20% and children 4%.
  • 3. VIOLENT INCIDENTS IN GHANA A MEDIA MONITORING REPORT 1.1 General Overview This media monitoring report covers a period of 2months i.e., November and December 2022, a total of forty-two (42) violent incidents were reported by ten (10) 1 media houses including online and print media sources. The monitoring focused on seven (7) three major categories of violence; Economic, Physical, Gun, Sexual and Psychological, Political and Social violence. Only two categories of violence were recorded in this specific monitoring, i.e. Physical Violence with 24 cases, representing 57%. Eighteen (18) of the incidents representing 43% of the total incidents were gun related. The remaining categories did not record any incident. Between November to December 2022. reports of violent incidents by the selected media source declined significantly from a total of 26 violent incidents in the month of November 2022 to 16 incidents in December 2022 resulting in a 38% decline in the rate of violent incidents for the period. During the period under review, the breakdown of the 42 incidents is represented in the table 1 below: 1 There were 10 main monitoring sources including 1 print media i.e., Daily Graphic
  • 4. Table 1 Category of violence Number of reported incidents Percentage Physical Violence 24 57%, Gun Violence 18 43% Sexual Violence 0 0% Psychological Violence 0 0% Social Violence 0 0% Economic Violence 0 0% Political Violence 0 0% Total 42 100%
  • 5. 1.2 Regional Distribution of Violent Incidents Monitored Central Region recorded 16 incidents which contributed 38% of total incidents whiles Ashanti region (10) incidents contributed 24%. Greater Accra (3) incidents contributed 7%. Northern Region and Bono Region also recorded 3 incidents each representing 7% for each. Upper East Region recorded 2 incidents representing 5%. Five regions that is, Eastern, Western, North East, North East, Western North and Volta regions recorded 1 incident each which represents 2.4% for each. There was no violent incident recorded in the Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East Regions. This is the second time in a row within a period of 5 months i.e., August-December that the Bono East region has record zero incidents of violence. Regional Breakdown of the total reported violent incidents are as represented in the table 2 below. Table 2 Region of violence Number of reported incidents Percentage 1. Central Region 16 38%, 2. Ashanti Region 10 24% 3. Greater Accra Region 3 7% 4. Northern Region 3 7% 5. Bono Region 3 7% 6. Upper East Region 2 5% 7. Eastern Region 1 2.4% 8. Western Region 1 2.4% 9. North East Region 1 2.4% 10. Western North Region 1 2.4% 11. Volta Region 1 2.4% 12. Upper West Region 0 0%
  • 6. 13. Ahafo Region 0 0% 14. Volta Region 0 0% 15. Western North Region 0 0% 16. Bono East Region 0 0% Total 125 100% The zonal breakdown also shows that the Coastal regions (Greater Accra, Central, Western and Volta) recorded the highest with 21 incidents representing 50%. The middle zone (Ashanti, Eastern, Oti, Western North, Bono and Ahafo) followed with 15 incidents representing 36%. The Northern regions (Upper East, Upper West, North East, Savannah and Northern) contributed only 6 incidents representing 14%. From this point of view, it can be observed that violence in the country is densely concentrated in the coastal zone. Comparatively, the northern zone is relatively low on violent incidents.
  • 7. CASUALTIES RECORDED A total of 36 injuries and 51 deaths occurred during the period under review. Overall, forty-nine (49) men were impacted compared to 15 women and 3 children. Relatively, more men 64% suffered from violent related injuries, compared to women 14% and children 3%. A similar observation is also
  • 8. observed in the number of death where 51% of the victims were men, women constituted 20% and children 4%. The monitoring shows that, the direct impact of violent incidents on men is higher compared to women and children. Details of 7 cases of injures and 13 cases of deaths reported were not provided. 1. Gun Violence There was a total of 18-gun related violence during the monitoring period. Ten (10) of these gun incidents occurred in the month of November and eight (8) in the month of December. A total of nine (9) out of 16 regions experienced gun related violence. They include Ashanti region (5), Central (4), Northern (2), Upper East (2), Greater Accra (1), Bono region (1), Western (1) and Western North (1).
  • 9. The outcome of the monitoring shows a reduction in gun violence. In the month of December, a total of 10-gun related events were reported in the media. This, reduced to 8 in the month of December. 2. Physical Violence Physical violence recorded 24 out of a total 42 cases. The physical violent incidents occurred in 7 out of 16 regions. Central region leads with 12 cases representing 50%, followed by Ashanti region with 5 cases (21%), Greater Accra region with 2 cases and Bono region also with 2 cases contributed 8% each. Northern region recorded 1 case, Eastern region and North East region recorded 1 each representing 4.2% each. There were no physical violence incidents in 9 regions i.e., Upper East,
  • 10. Western, Western North, Volta, Savannah, Upper West, Oti, Ahafo and Bono East regions. The figure below shows the count and share of physical violence from a regional point of view. 3. Conclusions Violent incidents continue to decline since August 2022. From 52 in August to 44 in September, and 29 in October 2022. The current monitoring period shows further decline from 26 in November to 16 in December 2022. Additionally, out of the 7 types of violence that were being monitored in the current period only 2 i.e., Physical and Gun violence recorded cases. Worryingly, the total deaths recorded i.e., 51 was more than the total number of violent incidents.
  • 11. APPENDIX Table 1: Gun related violence tracked during monitoring period Month of Gun Incident Region of Gun Incident Description of Gun Violent Incident November Ashanti Region New Patriotic Party polling station chairman, allegedly shot his second in the presence of other family members over piece of land. November Ashanti Region An armed robber shot dead by a police officer during a robbery attempt on a bus with four others. November Ashanti Region Armed robbers attacked and shot three residents of Teacherkrom leaving one victim in critical condition November Ashanti Region A Police Constable shot by armed men suspected to be robbers. December Ashanti Region Police is pursuing a gang of robbers who attacked a household and shot two people during a struggle. December Bono Region 40-year-old physically challenged farmer shot dead by suspected armed robbers. November Central Region 31-year-old man, shot dead with six others injured in a cutlass and gun battle following a land dispute between two communities. November Central Region 62-year-old Farmer, who doubles as a fetish priest kills friend, in a cocoa farm over fight on Cocoa farm. Autopsy reveal gunshot as cause of death. December Central Region A mobile money vendor in Gomoa Akots has sustained gunshot wound on his thigh and head injuries after being robbed at gunpoint December Central Region A Mobile Money (MoMo) vendor in Bigtown robbed and shot December Greater Accra Region Two suspected armed robbers shot dead with one being arrested in connection with the robbery attack on December 9 November Northern Region A young man allegedly shot in the head in a swoop led by the Northern Regional Police Command as part of the steps of fighting criminal activities in the Tamale Metropolis and its environs. November Northern Region Unknown gunman shot and killed a 22-year-old lady, when the deceased was visiting her fiancée house December Upper East Region The alleged killing of an old man at Sing-Naatin resulted in sporadic gunshots leaving five persons dead. The spillover of gunshots resulted in the death of two other persons and one injured bringing the death toll to seven. December Upper East Region Six persons have been killed by unknown gunmen men in renewed ethnic disturbances while three others have been injured. December Volta Region Police have arrested 15 suspects in connection to a chieftaincy violence that resulted in the death of five people and injury to
  • 12. others. Police retrieve locally manufactured guns and ammunitions. November Western North Region Exchange of gunfire between two parties in Enchi community over attack on paramount chief of Enchi Traditional council November Western Region Chinese miners mining illegally in a forest at Dompim close to the Bonsa River have allegedly gunned down a Ghanaian. Media Portals where Monitoring was Conducted # Nature Source 1 Online www.adomonline.com 2 Online www.citinewsroom.com 3 Online www.peacefmonline 4 Online www.myjoyonline.com 5 Online www.3news.com 6 Print & online www.graphic.com.gh | Daily Graphic 7 Online www.starrfm.com 8 Online www.dailyguidenetwork.com 9 Online www.gna.com/ 10 Online www.ghanaweb.com About the FOSDA Violent Incidents Monitoring The FOSDA Violent Incidents Monitoring is a media-based monitoring that focuses on 7 types of broad-based violence i.e., Physical (including gun violence), Political Violence, Social Violence, Economic Violence, Sexual Violence and Psychological Violence and places where they occur. The target sources of monitoring are mainly the most sought-after online media news outlets. This is completed by reportage in the print media. The monitoring offers an opportunity for analysis, mapping and policy options on these incidents as they impact human security. A call on key stakeholders to act is the ultimate intent.