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BODIES & 
BUILDINGS 
NYU ITP LECTURE COURSE FALL 2014 
OCTOBER 6, 2013 
JEN VAN DER MEER @JENVANDERMEER WWW.JENVANDERMEER....
ASSIGNMENT: 
Ebola Crisis 
What can you learn? 
What could be done by a student with ITP skills? 
October 7, 2014 
2
PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 
12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards) 
11. The sizes of buffe...
5. The rules of the system 
Incentives 
Punishments 
Constraints 
4 
October 7, 2014
Know the rules: 
Thou shalt not kill 
Treat your neighbor as you would treat yourself 
Take care of ourselves, each other,...
Let’s map out ITP rules 
6 
October 7, 2014
Rules are HIGH LEVERAGE POINTS 
Power over rules is real power 
If you want to understand the deepest 
malfunctions of sys...
Let’s change the rules 
Now assume you’re not just an ITP student. 
You run the WHO. 
The UN. 
What rules would you change...
Sick building syndrome 
The power to change the power dynamics – look 
for where change begins 
9 
October 7, 2014
Sick building syndrome 
10 
October 7, 2014
Sick building syndrome 
The term "Sick Building Syndrome" was coined 
by WHO in 1986, when they also estimated that 
10-30...
Health of buildings 
1. Sick building: high toxic or health threat 
affecting the majority of building occupants 
2. Aggra...
ARCHITECTS SPEAK OUT 
Sick building syndrome made a rapid journey from media to 
courtroom where professional engineers an...
Sick building syndrome 
14 
October 7, 2014
Outdoor Sources of Chemical 
Contaminants 
15 
October 7, 2014
Outdoor Sources of Chemical 
Contaminants 
Pollutants from motor vehicle exhaust, plumbing vents 
and building exhausts (b...
Outdoor Sources of Chemical 
Contaminants 
17 
October 7, 2014
Indoor: VOCs: Volatile Organic 
Compounds 
18 
October 7, 2014
Indoor: VOCs: Volatile Organic 
Compounds 
VOCs = airborne chemical contaminants 
originating from either outdoors or indo...
Other sources of Sick Building Syndrome 
Biological contaminants 
Inadequate ventilation 
Electromagnetic radiation (TVs, ...
Mapping out buildings and health 
21 
 
October 7, 2014
Building code standards 
American Society of Heating Refrigerating and 
Air Conditioning Engineers – Standard 62-1989. 
HV...
SPEAR IN THE CHEST MOMENT 
23 
October 7, 2014
What are the rules? 
What rules govern this building? 
The building where you were born (if you were 
born in a building)?...
BODIES > 
BUILDINGS 
BODIES & BUILDINGS 
25
MIDTERM PREP: 
October 7, 2014 
26 
What is an OPED?
OPED: THE LEDE 
1) Be timely. Editors want commentaries to be reflective of 
the real world of news and news cycles. 
Octo...
OPED: PERSONAL 
2) Begin personally. Often the best way to get your op-ed 
published is to show how a larger issue affects...
OPED: EXPERTISE 
3) Think of your expertise. It’s better to leverage your own 
expertise—as a parent, a lawyer, a pipefitt...
OPED: PURPOSE 
4) Have a purpose. 
Is the goal of your commentary to enlighten? To get us to go 
to the polls and vote? To...
OPED: UNIQUE 
5) Be unique. 
Remember, editors of op-ed pages receive hundreds of 
submissions a week (and in the case of ...
MIDTERM 
BODIES & BUILDINGS 
32
ASSIGNMENT: 
Prepare a written and spoken argument (2 pages, 5 minutes) clearly outlining your 
position on the topic of m...
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Bodies and Buildings 5 NYU ITP 10 6 2014

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The power to change the rules of the game.

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Bodies and Buildings 5 NYU ITP 10 6 2014

  1. 1. BODIES & BUILDINGS NYU ITP LECTURE COURSE FALL 2014 OCTOBER 6, 2013 JEN VAN DER MEER @JENVANDERMEER WWW.JENVANDERMEER.COM
  2. 2. ASSIGNMENT: Ebola Crisis What can you learn? What could be done by a student with ITP skills? October 7, 2014 2
  3. 3. PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards) 11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows 10. The structure of material stocks and flows (transport networks, population age structures) 9. Length of delays, relative to the rate of system change 8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against 7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops 6. The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information) 5. The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints) 4. The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure 3. The goals of the system 2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arises 1. The power to transcend paradigms 3 October 7, 2014
  4. 4. 5. The rules of the system Incentives Punishments Constraints 4 October 7, 2014
  5. 5. Know the rules: Thou shalt not kill Treat your neighbor as you would treat yourself Take care of ourselves, each other, this place What are the rules at ITP? How have the rules changed vs. your undergrad? 5 October 7, 2014
  6. 6. Let’s map out ITP rules 6 October 7, 2014
  7. 7. Rules are HIGH LEVERAGE POINTS Power over rules is real power If you want to understand the deepest malfunctions of systems, pay attention to the rules, and who has power over them. 7 October 7, 2014
  8. 8. Let’s change the rules Now assume you’re not just an ITP student. You run the WHO. The UN. What rules would you change? 8 October 7, 2014
  9. 9. Sick building syndrome The power to change the power dynamics – look for where change begins 9 October 7, 2014
  10. 10. Sick building syndrome 10 October 7, 2014
  11. 11. Sick building syndrome The term "Sick Building Syndrome" was coined by WHO in 1986, when they also estimated that 10-30% of newly built office buildings in the West had indoor air problems. Early Danish and British studies reported symptoms. 11 October 7, 2014
  12. 12. Health of buildings 1. Sick building: high toxic or health threat affecting the majority of building occupants 2. Aggravated Building: above levels of toxic air causing increased problems of lethargy, allergic or asthma problems and above average sick days 3. Average building: within acceptable levels 4. Green building: conducive to good health 12 October 7, 2014
  13. 13. ARCHITECTS SPEAK OUT Sick building syndrome made a rapid journey from media to courtroom where professional engineers and architects became named defendants and were represented by their respective professional practice insurers. Proceedings invariably relied on expert witnesses, medical and technical experts along with building managers, contractors and manufacturers of finishes and furnishings, testifying as to cause and effect. October 7, 2014 13
  14. 14. Sick building syndrome 14 October 7, 2014
  15. 15. Outdoor Sources of Chemical Contaminants 15 October 7, 2014
  16. 16. Outdoor Sources of Chemical Contaminants Pollutants from motor vehicle exhaust, plumbing vents and building exhausts (bathrooms and kitchens) can enter the building through poorly located air intake vents, windows and other openings. Combustion byproducts can enter a building from a nearby garage. Radon, formaldehyde, asbestos, dust and lead paint can enter through poorly located air intake vents and other openings. 16 October 7, 2014
  17. 17. Outdoor Sources of Chemical Contaminants 17 October 7, 2014
  18. 18. Indoor: VOCs: Volatile Organic Compounds 18 October 7, 2014
  19. 19. Indoor: VOCs: Volatile Organic Compounds VOCs = airborne chemical contaminants originating from either outdoors or indoors, or from biological contaminants such as bacteria, molds, or pollen Air quality inside worse than air quality outside 19 October 7, 2014
  20. 20. Other sources of Sick Building Syndrome Biological contaminants Inadequate ventilation Electromagnetic radiation (TVs, computers, microwaves w/out grounding) Psychological factors (work stress) Poor lighting 20 October 7, 2014
  21. 21. Mapping out buildings and health 21 October 7, 2014
  22. 22. Building code standards American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers – Standard 62-1989. HVAC systems designed to meet ventilation standards in local building codes. Remove pollution sources. Air cleaning. The insurers needed a defense based upon Standards of Professional Practice to meet a court decision that declared—that in a modern, essentially sealed building, the HVAC systems must produce breathing air for suitable human consumption. ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers, currently with over 50,000 international members) undertook the task of codifying its IAQ (Indoor Air Quality) standard 22 October 7, 2014
  23. 23. SPEAR IN THE CHEST MOMENT 23 October 7, 2014
  24. 24. What are the rules? What rules govern this building? The building where you were born (if you were born in a building)? Your first school? Your apartment? How do people learn about buildings? How do they care for buildings? 24 October 7, 2014
  25. 25. BODIES > BUILDINGS BODIES & BUILDINGS 25
  26. 26. MIDTERM PREP: October 7, 2014 26 What is an OPED?
  27. 27. OPED: THE LEDE 1) Be timely. Editors want commentaries to be reflective of the real world of news and news cycles. October 7, 2014 27
  28. 28. OPED: PERSONAL 2) Begin personally. Often the best way to get your op-ed published is to show how a larger issue affects a single person. October 7, 2014 28
  29. 29. OPED: EXPERTISE 3) Think of your expertise. It’s better to leverage your own expertise—as a parent, a lawyer, a pipefitter, an amputee— than to try to solve the world’s socio-economic troubles. That's what politicians and think tanks are for. Pick topics for your op-eds that are closer to home. October 7, 2014 29
  30. 30. OPED: PURPOSE 4) Have a purpose. Is the goal of your commentary to enlighten? To get us to go to the polls and vote? To argue against someone else’s view? Have the goal of your op-ed in your mind as you draft it, and go back through during revision to hone your point of view. Thinking of who your audience is—and op-ed pages are usually for general audiences—should help you sort this out. October 7, 2014 30
  31. 31. OPED: UNIQUE 5) Be unique. Remember, editors of op-ed pages receive hundreds of submissions a week (and in the case of the New York Times, probably hundreds per day). Your core idea needs to be something unusual. Be controversial, be counter-intuitive, be candid. October 7, 2014 31
  32. 32. MIDTERM BODIES & BUILDINGS 32
  33. 33. ASSIGNMENT: Prepare a written and spoken argument (2 pages, 5 minutes) clearly outlining your position on the topic of mobile health innovation. Prepare for the midterm: a written and spoken argument (2 pages, 5 minutes) clearly outlining your position on one of two viewpoints: Topic Options: a) Propose a way to contain the spread of Ebola virus b) Propose a way to improve the quality of life for people with chronic conditions c) Your choice This is taken from the Op-Ed structure. (From the Op-Ed Project) Format: 1. Introduce from the context of the current discussion (LEDE) 2. State your thesis argument – what do you believe 3. Provide three relevant examples proving your point (evidence point one, evidence point two, then conclusion) 4. “To be sure” Provide the counterpoint, then argue against the counterpoint. 5. Conclude with a recommended action. October 7, 2014 33

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