the              Past Perfect                  tenseWhat is this tense . . .. . . and when do we use it in English?
Meaning:Use 1:   Completed Action Before Something in the Past•The Past Perfect expresses the idea thatsomething occurred...
Examples:~Use 1:    Completed Action Before   Something in the Past1. She only understood the   movie because she had   re...
Meaning of Past Perfect:~Use 2:   Duration Before Something in the Past•We can also use the Past Perfect to showthat somet...
Examples:~Use 2:Duration Before Something in the Past1. We had owned our car  for 10 years before it  finally died.2. They...
Meaning of Past Perfect:~Important Note:Specific Times with the Past Perfect•Unlike with the Present Perfect Tense, it isp...
Examples:• The class had started  before I arrived.• By the time I got to  the station, the train  had left.• After I had ...
Often, you can use thesimple past OR the pastperfect.1.She had visited the U.S.once in 2000 before shemoved here in 2005.2...
Past Perfect tenseHow do we make thepresent perfect tensein English?Can you think of thegrammar rule?
He had left when she called
Form:This grammar has   2 parts:
Negative Form:had not + verb (past participle)ORhadn’t + verb (past participle)Example:The teacher hadn’t finishedcorrecti...
Karen ____________ (finish)making dinner by the time herhusband came home.When I arrived at the store, it_________________...
The End
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Past perfect (1)

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Past perfect (1)

  1. 1. the Past Perfect tenseWhat is this tense . . .. . . and when do we use it in English?
  2. 2. Meaning:Use 1: Completed Action Before Something in the Past•The Past Perfect expresses the idea thatsomething occurred before another action inthe past.•It can also show that something happenedbefore a specific time in the past
  3. 3. Examples:~Use 1: Completed Action Before Something in the Past1. She only understood the movie because she had read the book.2. I had never seen such a beautiful sunset before I went to Hawaii.
  4. 4. Meaning of Past Perfect:~Use 2: Duration Before Something in the Past•We can also use the Past Perfect to showthat something started in the past andcontinued up until another action in the past.
  5. 5. Examples:~Use 2:Duration Before Something in the Past1. We had owned our car for 10 years before it finally died.2. They had been married for 5 years when they had their first child.
  6. 6. Meaning of Past Perfect:~Important Note:Specific Times with the Past Perfect•Unlike with the Present Perfect Tense, it ispossible to use specific time words or phraseswith the Past Perfect.•Although this is possible, it is usually notnecessary.
  7. 7. Examples:• The class had started before I arrived.• By the time I got to the station, the train had left.• After I had read the book, I saw the movie.
  8. 8. Often, you can use thesimple past OR the pastperfect.1.She had visited the U.S.once in 2000 before shemoved here in 2005.2. She visited the U.S.once in 2000 before shemoved here in 2005.
  9. 9. Past Perfect tenseHow do we make thepresent perfect tensein English?Can you think of thegrammar rule?
  10. 10. He had left when she called
  11. 11. Form:This grammar has 2 parts:
  12. 12. Negative Form:had not + verb (past participle)ORhadn’t + verb (past participle)Example:The teacher hadn’t finishedcorrecting papers when thestudents started to arrive.
  13. 13. Karen ____________ (finish)making dinner by the time herhusband came home.When I arrived at the store, it_________________ (close /already).
  14. 14. The End

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