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The classroom interactions

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teachers and students

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The classroom interactions

  1. 1.  Discourse analysis is used to provide a linguistic description of the interaction which goes on in EFL classrooms.
  2. 2.  It was used for many reasons: - Using authentic and naturally-occurring data as a source - It establishes in the process new insights into the sequencing of patterns of interaction.
  3. 3.  What are the predominant patterns of classroom interaction between teachers and students in EFL classrooms?  Are the interactions teacher-dominated or student –dominated?  How are such patterns affected by genders?
  4. 4.  The Participants The classes were single-gender, boys being taught by male teachers and girls by female ones.
  5. 5.  Data Collection The classes were observed and audio-taped using a MP3 player. The data collector was present in the classroom as a non-participant observer.
  6. 6. Each class period involved:  Covering homework material  Teaching grammatical points, a reading passage, vocabulary items or a conversation  Listening to a text either as a whole-class activity or as a pair work
  7. 7.  Data Analysis Procedure - In the teacher talk were such utterances as ‘you’, ‘yes?’ - Some categories were too general to depict subtle distinctions in the patterns of classroom interaction between teachers and students
  8. 8. - During the analyzing the interaction between the teachers and the students some utterances were run into which were not analyzable using the framework proposed
  9. 9.  A large number of discourse acts were present in Teacher-Student Talk.  Some discourse acts have been added to Student-Teacher Talk.  The interaction between the students reflected the use of variety of discourse acts.
  10. 10.  There was not much difference between male and female teachers regarding their patterns of interaction with their students.
  11. 11.  There is difference in ‘Criticism’ because it was present in female teachers’ talk and absent in male teachers’ talk.
  12. 12.  Both male and female students made use of the same discourse acts in their interaction with their teachers.
  13. 13.  The interaction patterns between the participants in all three types of talk showed variation.  These interactions sharing some commonalities with the interaction taking place in natural contexts occurring outside the classroom
  14. 14.  The teachers sould take up the major portion of all talk occurring in the classroom  There is not much difference between male and female teachers.
  15. 15.  Female teachers were more supportive and encouraging, providing the students with a positive evaluation more often than male teachers.

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