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Semantics and teaching vocabulary

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relationship between semantics and teaching vocabulary

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Semantics and teaching vocabulary

  1. 1.  It is based on a characterization of the unique learning conditions adult L2 learners face.  Adults already possess a well-established conceptual and lexical system.  Adult L2 vocabulary acquisition is accompanied by little conceptual or semantic development.
  2. 2. Word association stage The use of L2 word relies on and is mediated by their L1 transtation. L1 Lemma Mediation stage Help develop new, L2-specific meanings and L2 lemma may contain both L1 and L2 specification Full integration Stage L2 word can be used with not only more automaticity, but also more idiomaticity, with little influence form its L2 translation
  3. 3.  Empirical investigation for at least two reasons: - Form-meaning mapping that has remained the focus of attention in the study of child vocabulary acquisition. - The semantic transfer clain represents a view of form-meaning mappling that is often in contrast to the assumption held by many L2 researchers.
  4. 4.  Active relation A semantic relation between two concepts  Antonymy The opposite of a word. Ex: cold vs warm
  5. 5.  Associative relation A relation which is defined psychologically  Causal relation Something is the cause of other something Example: scurvy is caused by lack of vitamin C
  6. 6.  Homonym Two concepts are expressed by the same symbol. Example: both a financial institution and a edge of a river are expressed by the word bank which has two senses
  7. 7.  Hyponymous relationship It is a generic relation
  8. 8.  Instance-of relation Designates the semantic relations between a general concept and individual instances of that concept  Locative relation A semantic relation in which a concept indicates a location of a thing designated by another concept.
  9. 9.  Meronymy, partitive relation A relationship between the whole and it parts  Passive relation A semantic relation between two concepts, one of which is affected by or subjected to an operation or process expressed by the other.
  10. 10.  Paradigmatic relation A semantic relation between two concepts, that is considered to be either fixed by nature, self- evident, or established by convention.  Polysemy A polysemous word is a word that has severañ sub-senses which are related with one another
  11. 11.  Possessive A relation between a possessor and what is possessed  Related term A term that is semantically related to another term.
  12. 12.  Synonymy Some word denotes the same as other word
  13. 13.  Temporal relation A semantic relation in which a concept indicates a time or period of an event designated by another concept  Troponymy It is the semantic relation of being a manner of does something
  14. 14.  Semantics has relation with the teaching vocabulary because it is the study of meaning and for understanding vocabulary, we need to know the meaning of the words.
  15. 15.  Paper attached  http://www.iva.dk/bh/lifeboat_ko/CONCEPTS /semantic_relations.htm  Meaning and discourse

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