Dr. Connie Dyer and Wendy VanDerNoorda Illinois State University “The Interior Design Studio Environment: Value vs. Reality” Research Questions:“Are faculty satisfied with design instruction spaces in state funded facilities?” “Do our spaces communicate our value of design to students, parents, recruits, etc.?” 2010 IDEC National Conference
“DESIGNING FOR DESIGNERS”YEAR: 200716 SCHOOL EVALUATED___________________________________________LESSONS LEARNEDPROGRAMMING & DESIGN:Use research and a participatory process throughout theplanning and design process to gain the benefit of thewisdom of the crowdProgram comprehensively and with the involvement of allusersProgram for the adaptable and changing needs of teachingand learning over time.Design for sustainability. To the extent possible, adhere toLEED standards for an energy efficient building.Design to give users a lot of latitude to modify their workand learning spaces Lit Review
LESSONS LEARNEDDAYLIGHTING & NATURE:Provide access to nature through windows, gardens, andcourtyards.To enhance the academic experience, provide naturallylit, socially supportive spaces.Offer views to the outside and natural lightProvide livable outdoor public spaces, withseating, trees, water, and other features to enliven the areaand attract outdoor use.CRITIQUE SPACES:Enclose each studio and crit space for acoustic privacy. Thecrit spaces with glass doors work better than thosewithout.For crit spaces, privacy and acoustic control should takepriority, and such space should have adequate tackingareas.“Open design may aid communication and work flow andmake for easier supervision. It also has manydisadvantages: producing tension, irritability, a dislikedsense of supervision, and need for visual and auditoryprivacy.” Lit Review
LESSONS LEARNEDCONTROL & COMFORT:Make sure the design has an excellent HVAC system toinsure a comfortable environment.Design studios should have well planned acoustics,temperature controls, and illumination. Most of the studiossuffered from problems with illumination, glare, noise, andtemperature.WAYFINDING:Simplify wayfinding. Design for clear wayfinding as it yieldsgreater user satisfaction with a place. Lit Review
LESSONS LEARNEDSOCIALIZATION:The interior should have a central, large-scale socialgathering feature in the design….serves as the spatialorganizer.Have a central gathering place to help create a sense ofcommunity.Maintain adequate privacy, territory, or personalization tohelp strengthen a sense of community.Include a cafe or eatery (preferably linked to the atrium orspecial event area) to enliven the building.Provide natural gathering places for informal interactionand socializing. A cafe serves this purpose, as dotransparent stairways with wide landings.PROVIDE A HEARTH“Occupants liked the large open public spaces and futuredesigns would do well to have such spaces, particularly atpoints of convergence. Furnish these spaces with featuresthat will attract of seating, with a variety of seatingoptions including movable seats, connection and views toheavily used circulation routes, food service facilities…. Inwarm climates, places can be outdoor courtyards” Lit Review
OVERRIDING PROBLEMS FOUND IN RESEARCH (and anticipated in our future)No visual access to outside of studios; Minimal natural lightSeparation of student and faculty areas; Few opportunities for informal interactionNo provisions for eating & socializingPoor interaction of studentsPoor climate controlToo many hard surfaces; NoiseNo sufficient informal meeting areasBuilding materials constrain pin-upNo opportunity to personalizeVisitors often wanderNo gathering spaces within the studio Lit Review
INTERIOR DESIGN: PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FORTEACHING AND LEARNINGYEAR: 2008___________________________“The appearance and functionality of learningenvironments have much to say about theperception of credibility, capability, and currency ofacademic programs of study, both for the learners(recruits!) and the institution’s accrediting bodies.”“… the concept of learning is leaking beyond thewalls of dedicated classrooms into shared in-between spaces that foster collaboration andcommunity. Previous barriers erected between offtime and time on task are breaking down, coupledwith expectations of instant information access.”“Echo Boomers both work and socialize at all timesof the day. Just as the concept of classroom andlounge are being rethought, so is the concept of thetraditional workday.” Lit Review
“Learners are expecting more natural, stimulatingenvironments that increase their comfort andthereby maintain positive motivation. Natural lightand wireless connectivity can assist in achieving thisgoal. Giving learners a measure of control overfactors such as air and light levels can increasesatisfaction.”“Research suggests that a classroom’s indoorenvironmental quality can in fact impact studenthealth, performance and attendance.”What do these spaces need??? • Lockers and shelves within the spaces for personal storage • Ability to move frequently from sitting to standing • Table heights that are more appropriate for laptop use • Tables and chairs on casters • Furnishings that respond to collaborative activities • Wayfinding and “sculpted forms” help give sense of place Lit Review
“Learners observed that seeing lights on and activityoutside of the building was a motivating influence.“Close proximity for learner to instructorinteractions”“Access 24/7 was similarly noted as important forfeeling kinship and the privilege of being acceptedinto the academic program.”“Lounge areas needed for impromptu meetings andbrainstorming”“Learners remarked positively on the ability tocontrol ventilation, temperature, and light.” Lit Review
CHARACTERISTICS AND EQUIPMENT FOR ACADEMIC SPACESInterior design program facilities requirements vary greatly. Use to brainstorm specific needs.1. Lecture and other non-studio learner spaces• Stadium seating or flat floor with moveable tables/chairs• Exit placed so as not to disrupt presentations• Pinup space for class exercises• Technology-smart equipment; Opaque projector and LCD projector• Smart board2. Studio learning spaces ***• Multimodal to support digital and traditional presentations, computer-based work, team collaboration, 3D model building, printing, and project assembly3. Critique and exhibition spaces• Can be secured and surveilled• Public access• No conflict with proximity to or circulation for scheduled classes• Large lockable cases for 2D and 3D work• Access to kitchenette for catered events• Technology support for variety of digital exhibits and presentations• Daylight control4. Learner support spaces: Learning center ***• Team collaboration space• Lounge space• Food/refreshments• Ample digital ports in different seating modes• Print center• Table access for quiet study• Dedicated lockers and private space Lit Review
Continued……5. Learner support spaces: Other• Materials library with computer access• Color copier with swipe/payment access• Design periodical/book library with copier access• Mat cutter6. Learner cold desks, either as supplementary or in-class work areas7. Seminar room for small conference-room based classes and faculty meetings8. Storage• Student work retained for accreditation purposes• Teaching materials• Gallery display pedestals and easels• Paper and administration files and archives• Software and hardware equipment9. Instructor spaces• Offices for full-time and part-time faculty• Lounge with kitchenette• Support spaces• Copy/collate area; Mailboxes• Research space• Staging space (lockable) for grading large projects• Restroom for faculty Lit Review
What is your program of study?BFA in Art - Interior Design 51.50% 17BFA in Visual Communication: Illustration 39.40% 13BA in Art History 3.00% 1BFA in Art - Photography (Commercial) 6.10% 2What year are you?First (Freshman or 1st year in Art or Design program) 42.40% 14Second (Sophomore or 2nd year in Art or Design program) 18.20% 6Third (Junior or 3rd year in Art or Design program) 6.10% 2Fourth (Senior or 4th year in Art or Design program) 33.30% 11Where do you live?On campus (South End or Central...near Rutledge) 30.30% 10On campus (North End ... near Cherry Rd) 24.20% 8Off campus 45.50% 15
How often do you work later in studio than local dining/lounge establishments are open (including DIGS)?One night per week 36.40% 12Two nights per week 18.20% 6Three nights per week 24.20% 8Four nights per week 6.10% 2Five nights per week 15.20% 5If you dont, tell us why!I try to finish most of my work in classI work in the Mnance lab MUCH more to get away from studioSix nights a week.Id rather work in my room, Rutledge stresses me out.I dont. Meal plan requirements. I work around meals.Do you often leave studio during long work sessions (day or night)?Yes - Just to give my body a break 51.50% 17Yes - To socialize and have some interaction 27.30% 9Yes - To take a break from my classmates 21.20% 7Yes - To work on other homework 18.20% 6Yes - To make phone calls or check email 24.20% 8Yes - Only to get food or use the restroom 48.50% 16No - I like to get things done as quickly as possible 21.20% 7No - I dont feel safe leaving 3.00% 1Other (please specify)I dont stay in the studio after classes , Yes - also to get food and/or use the restroom.
If Rutledge or McLaurin had a lounge dedicated to our students, what activities or amenities would you like to see?(select your top 7-8 answers)Grab and Go food 90.90% 30Vending 45.50% 15Microwave 72.70% 24Dining space 63.60% 21Printers/Copiers 75.80% 25Study/Writing areas 39.40% 13Quiet personal lounge spaces 81.80% 27Flexible group lounge spaces 69.70% 23Connection to the outdoors 48.50% 16Mobile charging stations 45.50% 15Televisions 48.50% 16Telephone 0.00% 0Projector/Screen 18.20% 6Recreational items 39.40% 13Other (please specify) - tv area, newspaper
How strong is the sense of community within your major?Extremely strong 21.20% 7Very strong 42.40% 14Moderately strong 27.30% 9Slightly strong 3.00% 1Not at all strong 6.10% 2How strong is the sense of community within your department?Extremely strong 3.00% 1Very strong 30.30% 10Moderately strong 33.30% 11Slightly strong 33.30% 11Not at all strong 0.00% 0How strong is the sense of community in CVPA (particularly between Fine Art and Design students)?Extremely strong 3.00% 1Very strong 6.10% 2Moderately strong 18.20% 6Slightly strong 30.30% 10Not at all strong 42.40% 14
What types of activities would you participate in if they were available in an Artand Design Lounge? What could this space provide what you dont have now?Do you have any concerns about this type of space?This would provide a place to go after hours once everything on campus is basicallyclose. One concern about the space is that it may be misused, mainly by the first yearstudents.Eating and catching a break from work. We also would like to have a room for napsHonestly, I would just like a place to escape to that is not a studio and not as far awayas Digs. I would be up for anything right now but overall I think the idea is awesome!!1. Documentaries and slideshows shown on a projector screen. 2. Provides food onoff hours. COFFEE would be amazing. 3. No concerns about the space.Fun and laid backkk art activities. Food. COFFEEI think it would be a great idea to get the fine art and VCOM students in the sameplace. Right now theres kind of an invisible wall between the two, partially because ofthe department split, but also because we just dont have that many classes together(read: none). Itd be neat to have a space to be able to run into and makeconnections with the fine arts student, speaking as a VCOM major.
comfortable lounge space, coffee/dining services, interaction with other majorsSpace for breaks between classes and long studios. Also a study space wherewe could work on Revit/ Auto Cad and print without interrupting classes.Pictionary nights, scrabble/chessId love to be able to grab food in a lounge space, and I think Rutledge needs ahappy environment that isnt the sterile design studios. Theyre filled with badthoughts about class and stress!Depends on what you mean exactly by activities. Lets assume anything underthe sun. I vote for one or two really old arcade, free-standing video games. Howawesome would that be? Like Pacman or TMNT. Super awesome, yep yep.You know, it would be nice to have showers or something. Then, if I have tostay all night, I can actually have a shower before my 8:00 class the nextmorning. *grins wryly*Im concerned students would misuse and abuse the space. Im alsolegitimately not comfortable with the idea that students that dont use Rutledgeor McLaurin would come in and take advantage of space that isnt theirs.
activities= break room, eating, socializing, separated time. concerns= only artrelated majors should be the only people in the space... how do you keepeveryone else out?ping pongcalm/relaxing atmosphere to clear my mind away from working on projects formany hoursmeetings, drafting, light table; Microwave and refrigerator!!!!! Also, a place to sitquietly and eat and do homework....other than the hallway like we have to do nowMainly food! The biggest reason I leave the studio is to run to digs and getsomething to eat. Space to hang out with other students during a break. Lots ofplug-ins for laptops/cell phones. Wi-fi in the common area. Easier access to food.Activity related events for fun weekend options/ parties. Paint throwing parties,finger painting day activity, pottery building for valentines, pumpkin carvingcontests for all art students, costume parties, free all kinds of dance lessons,graffiti wall for all art students divided up by classes so we can sign the wall beforegraduation, painting and drinking wine night, etc. More social fun day activities andspicy fun night activities.
equip spec cap served which use Instruc Locatio classes Days served actual Cap Act Time Subj Title Crse tor n ARTS 102 Three- MW 12:30 pm-03:15 pm 16 11 James P. Deibel (P) RUTL 026G DimensionalF Design I (3:7). ARTS 102 Three- MW 06:30 pm-09:15 pm 16 12 Elizabeth C. Melton RUTL 026G Dimensional (P)F Design I (3:7). ARTS 102 Three- TR 12:30 pm-03:15 pm 16 14 Jonathan P. Prichard RUTL 026G Dimensional (P)F Design I (3:7). 48 37 3 TS ARTS 102 Three- MW 03:30 pm-06:15 pm 16 16 Michael W. Lavine (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalS Design I (3:7). ARTS 202 Three TR 12:30 pm-03:15 pm 16 15 Michael W. Lavine (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalS Design II (3:7). ARTS 202 Three MW 09:30 am-12:15 pm 16 14 James P. Deibel (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalS Design II (3:7). ARTS 202 Three MW 12:30 pm-03:15 pm 16 16 James P. Deibel (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalS Design II (3:7). ARTS 483 Special Topics in TR 03:30 pm-06:15 pm 0 0 Michael W. Lavine (P) RUTL 031G Art: ConceptualS Art (3) 64 61 4 TS ARTS 102 Three- TR 08:00 am-10:45 am 16 14 Michael W. Lavine (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalF Design I (3:7). ARTS 202 Three TR 03:30 pm-06:15 pm 16 10 Michael W. Lavine (P) RUTL 031G DimensionalF Design II (3:7). ARTS 483 Installations MW 09:30 am-12:15 pm 10 9 Jonathan P. Prichard RUTL 031GF (P) 42 33 3 TS
To Do:•Programming to be determined•Space to be field verified and put into CAD•Technology items to be researched: Healthy vending choices (and coffee!) Security and surveillance systems Networked printer/scanner Charging station???For Monday:•Group defined programming document (including SWOT)•Research on technology items•3 plus photo examples of “practical” lounge environments