Setting And Characterization


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setting and characterization

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Setting And Characterization

  1. 1. Section Two Literary Elements Setting and Characterization
  2. 2. Setting <ul><li>Definition #1  the time and place of the action of a short story, novel, play, narrative poem, or nonfiction narrative. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition #2  in addition to time and place, setting may include the larger historical and cultural contexts that form the background. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Setting <ul><li>You learned in elementary and middle school that setting is the place and time of a literary piece, however, there is also something called cultural setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Setting reflects beliefs, opinions, and religious aspects of a certain location. Definition #2 on the previous slide targets cultural setting. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cultural Setting in Oedipus <ul><li>Throughout the entire play there is evidence of cultural setting. Some examples are… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when Creon goes to Delphi to speak with an oracle (section one) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when the priests bring a sacrifice of branches bound in wool to the alter of Apollo (section one) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oedipus accuses Creon of plotting against him. Creon denies this and says, “let me die and be damned if I’ve done you any wrong”. This shows the great moral and religious values the people of Greece hold. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Cultural Setting Helps Us.. <ul><li>to understand the Greek life during this time period. </li></ul><ul><li>to understand the motives of the characters. </li></ul><ul><li>to let our imaginations create a more detailed stage set up. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characterization <ul><li>Definition  a technique used by writers to develop characters </li></ul><ul><li>There are four formats that writers typically use </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Four Formats <ul><li>The writer may describe the physical appearance of a character </li></ul><ul><li>The writer may reveal a character’s nature through his or her own speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions </li></ul><ul><li>A character’s nature may be revealed through the speech, thoughts, feelings, and actions of other characters </li></ul><ul><li>The narrator may make direct comments about the character’s nature. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Four Formats of Characterization in Oedipus <ul><li>Sophocles uses formats two and three. </li></ul><ul><li>Format Two: Oedipus’ nature is revealed through his own speech and actions throughout the entire play. For example, in section two (lines 841- 918) Oedipus and Jocasta have an in-depth talk about what is bothering him. The way he talks to his wife reveals that he is very close to her and wants to confide in her. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Four Formats of Characterization in Oedipus <ul><li>Format Three: Oedipus’ nature is revealed through the thoughts and speeches of other characters. Throughout the entire play the chorus shares their opinions of Oedipus and this helps us to understand more about Oedipus’ character traits. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>All of the characters in the play: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can use the four formats to learn about all of the characters (not just the main character) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is important to understand every aspect of the characters, because they reveal many aspects of the play, like theme and cultural perspectives </li></ul></ul></ul>The Four Formats of Characterization in Oedipus