Holbeck Urban Design Strategy & Building Proposal

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As an edited collection of research and development work from the two years studying my Masters of Architecture, this document was intended as an aid to the final studio portfolio. Although impossible to cover all development work, it summarises the main development stages of both the Urban Strategy and Building proposal with the aim to clarify decisions made and my inspirations and thought processes.
To be continued......

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Holbeck Urban Design Strategy & Building Proposal

  1. 1. >>> Holbeck Urban Design Strategy & Building Proposal Urban Studio Presented by Jenine Ragab
  2. 2. Revitalising Holbeck.....
  3. 3. ContentsIntroduction 001Context 002Statistics 003History 004Site Analysis 005Strategic Vision 006Masterplan 007Construction Centre 008Building 009Sustainability 010Appendix 011 000
  4. 4. Introduction 001
  5. 5. This document summarizes a set of design principles, proposed for the regeneration ofHolbeck, a district 15 minutes from Leeds City Centre. The masterplan takes inspiration fromand makes reference to its surroundings, seeking to transform Holbeck, physically,socially, economically and environmentally into a sustainable and viable community.While the world changes at an ever more rapid pace, the people within it need somethingfamiliar to hang on to if they are to accept new place making on a large scale. They wantto be able to recognise it and feel a degree of ownership, just as they did a century ago,prior to its deterioration and neglect.With it once being the industrial powerhouse to the city of Leeds, the time has come forHolbeck to reclaim its status; providing the community with the knowledge they need for amore positive and sustainable lifestyle.The community of Holbeck needs an educational facility with a difference, where peoplewho feel isolated can belong and those that need the support to better themselves canfind that helping hand.The college will focus primarily on teaching construction and technology skills- providing ahands on experience rather than the common monotonous blackboard approach, whichoften lacks the inspiration and creativity that is needed to stimulate the mind.With the proposal of a new residential development to be sited adjacent to the college, itwill be here that the newly acquired skills of the community are put into practice- firstlearning and then applying their skills in the construction of these new flexible dwellings.The college will constantly draw inspiration from the belief that.....If you tell me Ill forget,If you show me I may remember, butIf you involve me Ill understand.The college itself will be a new model with the idea that it belongs to all the people ofHolbeck, not matter what their background. The college will become a hub, bringingpeople together......Jenine Ragab REGENERATION>>> HOLBECK
  6. 6. Holbeck was chosen as the focus of our studio based design work due to its economicdownturn in recent years and the current regeneration in Leeds that has split Holbeck intotwo very distinct areas, Holbeck Urban Village, and ‘Old’ Holbeck. Holbeck Urban Villagethrives with new creative businesses, apartments, retail and restaurants, whilst ‘Old’Holbeck struggles with a lack of work, run down, vacant, derelict buildings and has a realneed for a regeneration plan of its own.Whilst some residents feel that crime and anti social behaviour has began to dampen thecommunity spirit, many believe the strong community base is still there and are workingtogether with Leeds City Council to design and implement a strategy to get the area backon its feet.It is with this strong community foundation forefront in my mind on which the proposedUrban Strategy and Building design began to develop. It was clear that to return Holbeckto its strong, successful and established routes the strategy was to focus first of all oncreating a place that residents took pride in and to provide them with spaces and facilitiesthat they could take ownership of. To put Holbeck back into the hands of the community.The vision is that by implementing community strategies to improve relationships,encourage interaction, provide education and offer the services that Holbeck currentlyrequires, the end product will be a healthier environment. A healthier, sustainable, green,dense, safe and friendly environment then has a huge impact on the health of the peoplethat live there, physically and mentally, and from this, the proposition of a ConstructionCollege and Community Centre was derived, to support this change and to ensure itslongevity.The contents of this book explain the processes, facts and figures that influenced the finalscheme. It is an extended version of the studio portfolio, and highlights key elements ofthe design process, from the statistics that made clear what Holbeck needs, to the detailedstrategies that will make it happen.In order to ensure that all aspects of the overall strategy are discussed and incorporatedinto the final design, each page maintains a relationship with one of four aspects to.....IDENTIFYDEFINESUPPOSEPROPOSE. REGENERATION>>> HOLBECK
  7. 7. Context 002
  8. 8. Leeds in a European ContextBritish Isles-Leeds in Context Easel-Harehills/ Gipton/Seacroft Wets Leeds Gateway Aire Valley Beeston Hill Holbeck South LeedsLeeds City Centre & Rimof disconnection IN CONTEXT>>> IDENTIFY
  9. 9. LOCATION WITHIN LEEDS POTTERNEWTON WOODHOUSE HAREHILLS MOOR BURLEY SHEEPSCAR KIRKSTALL LEEDS UNIVERSITY LITTLE LONDON CITY CENTRE RICHMOND HILL HOLBECKWORTLEY BEESTON HOLBECK MOOR HUNSLET>>>THE RIM IN CONTEXT>>> IDENTIFY
  10. 10. Massive inequalities persist in our cities. Competition for space pushes up prices forI housing, making access for lower income households much harder. Social housing supply is too low. The Barker Report, released in 2004, estimated that an extra £1.2bn would beD required each year to subsidise 17,000 additional social housing units!E The Governments Barker Report focuses on getting more houses built inN Britain. The reports proposals for how to do this blatantly ignore theT environment, sustainable development and the idea that people should have a proper stake in decisions about their area.I The Barker Report has recommended a new and complex way ofF boosting housing levels based on the demands of the housing market.Y The reports simplistic solution to a complex problem is to increase the amount of housing provided in the hope that this will stabilise or bring down the price of housing.D Growing housing demand is a big challenge. How can we build compact, well-designed, sustainable neighbourhoods which makeE best use of Brownfield sites, are well served by public transport,F hospitals, schools and other amenities, and do not weaken existing urban areas?I Opportunities to create sustainable, environmentallyN friendly communities are being missed because transportE provision and funding is still too dislocated from the overall planning process.SUPPOSEPROPOSE
  11. 11. During the last decade Leeds City Centre has seen arenaissance - the skyline has dramatically changed. However,in stark contrast, the Rim around the centreof Leeds has looked on, stagnant. Is this fair?At one time, Holbeck was the industrial powerhouse ofthe city evidenced by the legacy of Matthew Murray inthe area.Over the recent years, the town has suffered seriousdecline. The area suffers from some of the most severedeprivation in the City and also features on some ofthe worst indicators according to the Government’s Index ofDeprivation released in 2004.Holbeck has been vacated in preparation for theregeneration of the area and in turn the district hasin large parts suffered from a populationexodus. In addition to this, the industry has largely leftdue to economic restructuring and the area is nowthe focus of regeneration interest. THE CHALLENGES>>> DEFINE
  12. 12. INITIAL OBSERVATIONS>>> IDENTIFY
  13. 13. THE REALITY>>> IDENTIFY
  14. 14. It is important to take any feedback, whether positive or negative, as a sign of recognition and opportunity for development. In order to gain a better understanding of the current situation within the Holbeck area, I carried out a public consultation, asking the local residents what exactly do they think about where they live?LW ISTENGREEN E WANT TO BE HEARD WELL BEINGLINK ! IMAGE A PLACE TO MEET BE PROUD OF TO THE CITY INVOLVEMENT SPACECOMMUNITY PRIDE TRANSPORT FACILITIES SAFETY ENCOURAGE ENGAGE OUR WE WANT A R EPLENISH BETTER LIFESTYLEOUR YOUNGER HOUSING GENERATION FUTURE REVITALISE INTEGRATIONA key aspect of my regeneration proposal for Holbeck, after genuine communityengagement, is enhancing social inclusion thus enabling disadvantaged people toconnect with employment opportunities, key local services, social networks and goods,through improved accessibility, availability of housing, amenities and services,affordability and acceptability. A REALISTIC STRATEGY>>> DEFINE
  15. 15. A visual representation of how connection can createa stronger unity within Holbeck MAKING A CONNECTION>>> DEFINE
  16. 16. ANALYSING THE SITUATION>>> DEFINE What the community needs...
  17. 17. Statistics Holbeck Vs Leeds 003
  18. 18. Legend Beeston & Holbeck WardIndices of Deprivation 2010IMD National Ranking Lowest 10% 10-20% 20-30% 30-40% 40-50% 50-60% 60-70% 70-80% 80-100%Since 2007 the Beeston &Holbeck Ward has moved intothe 10% most deprived areas tolive Nationally.The ward continues toexperience high levels ofdeprivation, with half of itsSOAs (super output areas) in theworst 20% nationally in the IMD,the Health Deprivation andDisability domains.Almost two-thirds of the areafall into the worst 20% forEducation, Skills & Training andCrime& Disorder, with analarming 86% in the worst 20%for Living EnvironmentDeprivation.In this day an age there is no reason for anycommunity to suffer in such a way. By observingthese initial statistics it is already evidential thatHolbeck is in dire need. THE STARK REALITY>>> IDENTIFYPRODUCED BY THE BUSINESS TRANFORMATIONTEAM, LEEDS CITY COUNCIL
  19. 19. The economic climate has had devastating affect on the country as a whole, with Yorkshire and the Humber seeing the distress. With job opportunities, as well as support for those seeking work at a minimum, workless households are inevitable. Fortunately Leeds falls in the top three areas of employment, however there still remains 54,000 people out of work- almost 20% of the entire cities population. A year on and time has not been a healer with UK unemployment total rising to an alarming 2.51 million. 27.9 → 31.9 The true detriment of unemployment 23.9 → 27.8 often goes unnoticed. Beyond 19.9 → 23.8 the loss of a 15.9 → 19.8 financial income, lifestyle, health 11.9 → 15.8 and well being 7.9 → 11.8 begin to suffer. By enriching the community of Holbeck, an area which as we have seen suffers severely with deprivation, we will not only see a radical change in the appearance of the area, but a complete transformation in the way in which people live and the positive affect this has on their lifestyle. % workless households THE REALITY OF IT ALL>>> IDENTIFYPercentage of workless households in Yorkshire and the Humber, Jan-Dec 2010,Source: ONS
  20. 20. Much of the housing developed from the late 19th century YEAR POPUALTION NO. OF was to serve the industrial areas of South Leeds and HOUSEHOLDS includes a concentration of older through-terrace and 2009 23193 10734 back-to-backs, mostly privately owned or rented to private tenants. There are also significant numbers 2010 23337 10786 of council or housing association owned terrace 2011 23482 10838 properties and large areas of purpose built council housing. 2012 23627 10890 In order to anticipate what the future may hold I 2013 23771 10942 determined the percentage increase each year, of both Estimated projection figures the areas population and number of households, taking an average of these percentages which spanned from 2001-2008 and so projecting these figures for a further 5 years by 0.62% & 0.48% respectively. Assuming that an 2008 →23,050 increase in population remains constant, then by 2013, the population for this PEOPLE area of Leeds will reach 23,771, to only 10,942 homes. As is visible, there is a lack of housing in relation to the number of people. The proposed clearance of unsustainable and low demand properties, refurbishment of existing properties and construction of new housing will greatly improve the quality of housing, help meet future housing needs and bring uplift to an area currently with high levels of deprivation. 2001 →21,007 PEOPLE 2008 → 10.683 HOUSEHOLDS 2001 → 10,136 HOUSEHOLDS THE CHALLENGES>>> DEFINENumber of households in relation to the population of the Beeston & Holbeck Ward-Source ONS
  21. 21. Holbeck Vs Leeds The most significant different between the comparison of Holbeck with Leeds as a whole was found when looking at Housing Tenure. In Holbeck the majority of housing is Local Authority owned, with only 10% being owned outright. In Leeds as whole the statistics are drastically different. With the majority of houses being owned with a mortgage, and 24% being owned outright. Holbeck is in the lowest 10% of the indices of multiple deprivation, and with many residents being out of work due to health issues and a lack of employment in the area, it is not surprising that they have to rely on the Local Authority for help with housing. These statistics show how Holbeck has been cut off from Leeds, not only geographically and through the lack of development, but on an economic scale too.HOME SWEET HOME>>> IDENTIFY
  22. 22. Holbeck Vs LeedsHOME SWEET HOME>>> IDENTIFY
  23. 23. Holbeck Vs Leeds The statistics regarding the incapacity benefit claimants in Holbeck are interesting as the amount of claimants, especially in the working age bracket, is very high. 53.3% of the claimants are of the age 25 - 49, which could be due to a lack of education and the social problems that come with it. The biggest medical reason for claiming is mental and behavioural illnesses which includes illnesses such as depression and anxiety which are often caused by a persons environment and their day to day life, such as the stress associated with being jobless and struggling with money, which the economic statistics show is a problem for many residents in holbeck.‘BENEFITS’>>> IDENTIFY
  24. 24. Holbeck Vs Leeds‘BENEFITS’>>> IDENTIFY
  25. 25. Holbeck Vs Leeds The most striking statistic shown here are the figures for the general population health within Holbeck. Almost half of the residents are considered to be in ill health, with 26% of those having a lifelong limiting illness. These figures show that there is an underlying cause behind the health issues in holbeck and it needs to be addressed by making a healthier all round environment for the residents. The other upsetting figures are those regarding child health. Holbeck has almost double the amount of child deaths as Leeds, and a higher rate of children underweight at birth. The reason for low birth weight is usually due to the mother smoking or having a bad diet during pregnancy which starves the child of the essential nutrients etc that it needs. This may be due to unhealthy habits that the mother could not stop or it could be due to a lack of education about what can harm the child.HEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  26. 26. Holbeck Vs LeedsHEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  27. 27. Holbeck OtleyChapeltown BurleyGarforth Middleton A representation of the health of the populations of six areas from within Leeds. The data shown, is from a self diagnosis survey, often resulting in a broader range of =50 people responses compared to those carried out within the medical profession. =Good Health =Fair Health =Poor Health HEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  28. 28. Holbeck OtleyChapeltown BurleyGarforth Middleton =50 people =Without Lifelong Limiting Illness =With Lifelong Limiting Illness HEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  29. 29. Age Structure This is to show the structure of the population according to age. The age structure has not really shown a relationship to the health of an area. The only relationship in this sense is that Burley, where a largeHolbeck amount of the population are of working age, there are less peopleOtley with limiting illnesses. However, when the figures are looked at closer the majority are aged between 20-24. This could be due to the largeChapeltown amount of students in the area.BurleyGarforthMiddleton HEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  30. 30. Healthy Lifestyle BehavioursThese set of graphs explores how the health of those living within these areas can beaffected by their lifestyle. As is visible from the results, Holbeck residents are consistentlyfalling the wrong side of the average for Leeds.It also shows that the lifestyle of those living in Middleton is not as healthy as it shouldbe. HEALTH>>> IDENTIFY
  31. 31. HolbeckOtleyChapeltownBurley AbsenceGarforthMiddleton EDUCATING THE PEOPLE >>> IDENTIFY
  32. 32. HolbeckOtleyChapeltown No QualificationsBurley Ages 16-74GarforthMiddleton EDUCATING THE PEOPLE >>> IDENTIFY
  33. 33. History 004
  34. 34. This artists impression of Holbeck in the 1880sshows just how important this place was duringthe industrial revolution in Leeds. This has changeddramatically over the past years.The area may be becoming more ‘upmarket’ withnew businesss, cafes, and bars opening, but youdont need to scratch far under the surface to seeevidence of the thriving Industrial history that oncewas........ Holbeck-An artists impression>>>“Like its heritage, it is a key proposal and ambition“Cradle of the Industrial Revolution”to make the town of Holbeck a memorable place asa whole; a part of Leeds that the community isproud of and that puts it on the map....” DEFINE>>> HERITAGE
  35. 35. “ Like its heritage, it is a key proposal and ambition to make the town of Holbeck a memorable place as a whole; a part of Leeds that the community is proud of ” and that puts it on the map. Leeds from Beeston Hall - illustrated in the London News, Sept 11, 1858Beeston Hall is south of Leeds so this image is looking to the north across Holbeck to Leeds. Print collection of Maggie Land Blanck HERITAGE>>> DEFINE
  36. 36. Holbeck in the 18th and However, from the late 1800’s, Holbeck’s world importance in19th centuries was the manufacturing and engineering steadily declined leavingcradle of the behind landmark buildings that today form an impressive monument to a bygone age.industrialrevolution in Leeds, There are 33 listed buildings in the area, including one Grade I,home to trend-setting and two Grade II* buildings, and now there is theentrepreneurs ahead of opportunity to revitalise this rich history and putthe curve who Holbeck back on the map............bequeathed a legacy offascinating buildingsand legends.During this timeHolbeck’s foundriesand mills manufacturedmachinery, steamengines, cloth andequipment forcompanies across theworld. The area washome to three of thegreatest innovators ofthe time: ColonelThomas Harding, JohnMarshall and MathewMurray. These men leftbehind a richarchitectural legacy,including Italianatetowers and an Egyptiantemple, alongside mills,foundries and some ofthegreatest featsof engineeringstill dominating thecity’s skyline. LEGACY>>> IDENTIFY
  37. 37. Village name from ‘Hol Beck’ (Hol is Map shows the navigation of the River Airearchaic word for low). The Beck is a with a Ford and Wear to assist in relieving thenatural watercourse that drains via a flooding problem.culvert into the River Aire. Rapid expansion due to the rise of steam powerHolbeck has medieval origins but led to Marshall Mills being built in 1792.none of these buildings remain in theconservation area. Holbeck Lodge (Steam Hall) built in 1804, was the first house in the area to be centrally heated.Holbeck was originally known for itsSpa Water, resembling that of The Round Foundry (Textile Mill) built in 1802 wasHarrogate and Bath. The supply also used to build steam engines utilising thediminished when numerous wells were nearby Hol Beck.sunk to supply the mills.Water lane is one of the oldesthighways in Leeds linking Holbeckdirectly into the City Centre. 1815>>> IDENTIFY
  38. 38. Train Stations were built, including Marshalls Street is built by the mills to improve theirHolbeck Junction. transport.Holbeck begins to expand south towards Victoria Road is built as a connector to NevilleHolbeck Moor. Street, the principle arterial route into the city centre.More mills are built, strategically There are clear connectors into the city, includingpositioned near the Beck and River Aire. pedestrian access.In 1834 Holbeck was crowned most Temple Works was built in 1840 inspired by anfilthy/unhealthy village in the country. Egyptian temple. It was an extension of Marshalls Mills and was the largest single room in the world atRailway line begins to divide growing that time.Holbeck into Industrial & Residential areas. The Hol Beck was canalised with setted floor and stone in the 1840’s. 1854>>> IDENTIFY
  39. 39. New Station was built in 1869 Similar to when the railway lines were built, the viaduct haswhich also altered the River had the same effect separating the Industrial and ResidentialAire as the existing weir was area.removed and a new one wasbuilt under the station. More factories and mills are built closer to the city centre next to the River Aire. The repositioning of the River Aire was to aidVictoria Bridge becomes a the servicing of Sovereign Street.pinch point for the dirtiest riverin Europe. The lack of connection to the City centre is becoming more apparent.Holbeck Viaduct wascompleted in 1882 (thought to be Mill Green Goit (a 50 yard tunnel that carried a watercourseone of the engineering marvels from the beck) was built to power the nearby corn mill.of the Victorian Age) andHolbeck High & Low Stationshave been built. The Holbeck Brook had been culverted by this pointTower Works was built in 1919.Holbeck’s back to backhouses had been builtpredominately next to HolbeckMoor with the school and churchin the centre. 1932>>> IDENTIFY
  40. 40. In 1967 Leeds City Station was built The A642 is now used as a shortcut to the M1, makingfollowing which the Central Station was it difficult for the resident of Holbeck to cross todemolished. Holbeck Moor.A part of the Hol Beck is buried and built The historic Marshall’s Mill was redeveloped in theover in the 1970’s follow by another part in late 1990s and is now used as office space.the 1980’s and now the only visible part ofit is along Water lane. Holbeck Urban Village development commenced in 2004. The residents of Holbeck feel it is tooThe M621 and A643 were built in the 1970’s commercialised and is not thought to be part ofproviding links to the M1, however this Holbeck.has cut off a large area of green spaceand has isolated Holbeck. Tower Works regeneration project as a sustainable mixed use development has started. 2010>>> IDENTIFY
  41. 41. Site AnalysisSite analysis for Holbeck and the adjoining area ofBeeston focuses upon vehicular movement, Greenspaces and vegetation and topography.Understanding how people and vehicles use thearea is essential to understand where diversions andimprovements can be made. Also thoughts must gointo the noise and air pollution that is associatedwith heavy traffic and how to protect people andbuildings from this.Analysing the green spaces and vegetation meansensuring that developments don’t damage theseareas and take away greenery that is essentialwithin a high density area. Analysing the amount ofuse these areas get and the quality of the spacesmeans that areas can be improved or left alonewhere necessary.The topography of a site effects factors such asaccess to light, views, wind protection and access.Utilising the topography can reduce the impact andcost of a building as elements such as artificiallighting and bracing to protect from the wind can bereduced or removed from the design. Access to goodlight is essential for landscaped and built areas andso ensuring the proposal doesn’t have a detrimentaleffect on light to existing buildings and public spacesis essential.The overall Urban Identity, allows us to identify thebuilding typography of the area. This elucidates 005Holbecks existing architectural language, from whichprovisions can be made to improve how the areacan be best utilised.
  42. 42. Current movement around and throughthe site is mainly heavy traffic due to them621 and a643. Many drivers also use theroads in Holbeck as a shortcut to thesemajor roads. Pedestrian only routes are Heavy Vehicle useshort and either intersected by these Medium Vehicle usemajor roads or run alongside them, Light Vehicle usecreating routes that are unsafe or heavilypolluted meaning they aren’t enjoyable Pedestrian Onlyfor the users. MOVEMENT>>> IDENTIFY
  43. 43. Holbeck currently has a range of green spaces, themain green space being that of Holbeck Moor. Theother Green Spaces line the Viaduct and edges ofthe motorway.Green spaces around the motorway are currentlyinaccessible and heavily polluted by the trafficcutting through them. Around the Viaduct thegreenery runs along pedestrian routes but needsimprovements due to littering and overgrownareas. HOW GREEN?>>> IDENTIFY
  44. 44. Topography - clearly shown on the topographymap, there is a significant change of levels acrossthe site from the north to the south in beeston.Across the centre of Holbeck, the levels climbaround 2 to 6 metres in height. When developing Lowest point to thethe proposal these level changes are key and North - 28mproposed routes and buildings must account for Highest point to thethem to ensure all spaces are accessible for all South - 80mmodes of travel and abilities of the users. TOPOGRAPHY>>> IDENTIFY
  45. 45. TRANSPORT LINKS>>> IDENTIFY
  46. 46. PEDESTRIAN CITY LINKS>>> IDENTIFY
  47. 47. WATERWAYS>>> IDENTIFY
  48. 48. FLOODING>>> IDENTIFY
  49. 49. LAND USE>>> IDENTIFY
  50. 50. Urban Identity Key Proposed Back to Back Housing Buildings of Heritage demolition sites Stock Restoration Required: Industrial Poor Industrial-In State/Derelict Use -Low priority -Medium priority Public buildings Housing-mixed -High priority development- good condition LAND USE>>> IDENTIFY
  51. 51. Opportunities >>> Challenges >>>OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES>>> IDENTIFY
  52. 52. OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES>>> IDENTIFY
  53. 53. From my analysis, I have discovered many good and bad aspects of Holbeck. Theregeneration of the area is challenged by various physical and other constraints. Acomplex network of railway structure, including the abandoned viaduct, the M621 and theA643, have disconnected Holbeck from the city centre and prevented it from developinginto a thriving mixed use community.As a result, the area has become severely deprived and has lost the sense of community itonce had. History has shown that Holbeck was once a vibrant busy working place withinnovative technology for its time. Now Holbeck is a rundown, unsafe, poor residentialarea. The centre of Holbeck was previously much further north than it is today and thebuilding of the viaduct has created not only a physical barrier but also a mental barrier.Now the majority of the industrial premises are North of the viaduct and the majority of theresidential is to the South. There is no cohesion between the two.Despite the surprising amount of green space in the area, almost all of it is isolated andunder used and even the main green space (Holbeck Moor) is deserted and extremelydifficult and dangerous to get to. However, with minimal effort, these green spacestogether with a revitalised viaduct, could link simultaneously, creating an almostunobstructed pedestrian green link to the city; breaking down people’s perceptions ofHolbeck being far away from the city because really it is a stones throw away.The back to back housing which the council are now starting to pull down are part ofHolbeck’s history. They are in there own way an old fashioned sustainable house type andalthough thought to be a challenge and hindrance, should really be seen as a greatopportunity. It is vital that such aspects of Holbeck are embraced and that the strongsense of community which underlies this neglected place is brought back to the forefrontof this once indestructible neighbourhood.The overall strategy for the town of Holbeck, will in turn address these issues; a responseand solution to the findings, as well as the need s of the local people.With this in mind, it is apparent that there is not merely one solution to mending thisbroken community. In-depth research and analysis, illustrates that the area is extremelydeprived, and with this comes a lack of work skills and qualifications, an unbalancedlifestyle, as well as poor social skills, health and available facilities.It is here that I propose a development that encompasses all that the people of Holbeckneed; creating a place that is by the people, for the people. Holbeck Construction Collegeand Community Centre will become the heart of the community; providing people with thetools that they need to not only rebuild there lives, but also to rebuild there belovedcommunity. IN CONCLUSION>>> ANALYSIS
  54. 54. "Transform" Hoardings, Water Lane, Leeds next to Tower Works in the Holbeck Urban Village Picture taken 1-03-11 By Jenine Ragab
  55. 55. “Human beings are certainly notnormative, for we celebrate ourINDIVIDUALITY. We each perceiveour environment quite differently and wehave decidedly different interests. As suchwe, as architects, are charged with creatingappropriate environments; promotingDIVERSITY. It follows that buildingscannot be prescriptive and that we shouldpursue strategies that allow the individual toADAPT and PERSONALISE theirimmediate environment to suit their ownrequirements.” Behnisch Architekten
  56. 56. Strategic Vision 006
  57. 57. >>>THE MAIN ‘COMPONENTS’ •Restoration RIVER AIRE •Demolition HOLBECK •Redevelopment L &L VIADUCT A643 CANAL •Green Space M621 •The ‘Core’ →Maintaining access.... Utilising the Linking the City.... Key amenities: natural beauty... school, library, supermarket PHASE 3 •New Development → Housing link RIVER AIRE to ‘core’ & HUV, Sports ‘hub’ → sports centre, health zone L & L CANAL •Commercial & PHASE 2 Retail •New A643 ‘Riverside Plaza’ → Luxury apartments & HOLBECK MOOR amenities ROAD HOLBECK MOORPHASE 1 •Existing new BROWN LANE riverside TOP apartments MOOR SIDE M621 •Holbeck Urban Village & historical landmarks >>>THE ‘TRAFFIC LIGHT’ SCHEME INITIAL STRATEGY>>> SUPPOSE
  58. 58. >>>THE BIGGER PICTURE...With the motorway being such a apparent division between ‘North’ and ‘South’ Holbeck, itis important to consider a more radical way in which the distinct areas could be united...Viaduct leading to Beeston & South Holbeck → utilising the structure as a ‘floating footpath’Possibility of linking the residential area-back to back housing, to the south of themotorway-landscaping the area & ‘diverting’ the road below ground level. # INITIAL STRATEGY>>> SUPPOSE
  59. 59. “The dramatic speed at which life expectancy is changing means that we need to radically rethink our perceptions about our later lives … We simply cant look to our grandparents experience of retirement as a model for our own. We will live longer and we will have to save more.” Pensions Minister Steve Webb The Department for Work and Pensions has released a report detailing life expectancy in 2011 and comparing the generations at 20, 50 and 80 years old. The data sees 20-year-olds three times more likely to reach 100 than their grandparents, and twice as likely as their parents. Experts call for radical rethink of pensions and work-life balance to tackle problems of increased life expectancy. In consensus with this is the need to rethink the way of living in a society which is forecast to subsist beyond current means. It is proposed that a more flexible, life-time way of living be the way forward...... HAPPY 100TH 1 in 4 BIRTHDAY 16 year olds predicted to reach 100 LIVE TO 100?>>> IDENTIFYThe most commonly used measure of life expectancy is period life expectancy at birth. This is an average number ofyears people would live if mortality rates at the time of their birth remain constant throughout their lifetime.
  60. 60. By identifying the need for housing within the Holbeck area, it is now important torecognize our ‘target market’-who is it that will benefit from this and what is it that theyrequire?There are two main groups that I feel need to be addressed in this situation:1. The needs of the existing community-revitalising the existing back to back housing stock, a most predominant feature in Holbeck, and providing them with a more self sufficient and suitable living environment. A large percentage of Holbecks housing stock comprises of back- to back houses. Originally inspired by the large working class labourers within the area, these have become neglected due to a severe decline in the industrial community.2. Replenishing the housing stock within Holbeck-creating a new residential area that incorporates mixed development as well as a sustainable way of living. There is also the opportunity to take advantage of Holbecks close proximity to Leeds City Centre, with the prospect of broadening the areas potential and elucidating the area to the City commuter. WHAT ARE THE NEEDS?>>> SUPPOSE
  61. 61. >>>Chimney Pot Park, Salford We’re taking the downstairs up and moving the upstairs down. Literally turning these houses upside-down.>>>Wales Eco TerraceSustainable refurbishment standard of a row of sixsingle skin brick walled Victorian terraced miners housesto Ecohomes. PHASE 1 PRECEDENT>>> IDENTIFY
  62. 62. >>>VAN ELSANDER CARTER ARCHITECTS INCORPORATED >Peyton Lane Terrace, Toronto The proposal provides 6 compact, affordably priced homes sensitive to their context, and actively helps to form and improve the lane-scape. The proposed building is subordinate in height, mass and scale, to the surrounding street houses but with unit widths similar to the abutting street houses in order to maintain the rhythm of land division.  The building section has been developed to lower the overall height of the mass. The garden façade is stepped back and inclined to provide greater access to sunlight. The rear garden introduces greenery and minimizes overlook and intrusion of privacy. >Curzon Lane - Toronto 2007 This project proposes 3 detached sustainable The laneway façade is articulated vertically and horizontally. It is scaled to homes on a laneway. The site is currently the width of the lane and the existing occupied by storage buildings. buildings on the lane. Vertical greenery, on trellis work, enriches Sustainable design objectives are achieved the lane-scape and shades the interior. through a variety of complimentary strategies. At the urban design scale building on an underused laneway property intensifies the city and increases density without incurring additional infrastructural cost or triggering a larger urban footprint. The homes are highly insulated and incorporate passive solar heating thermal storage and solar domestic hot water systems.  The double height living spaces set up natural convection cooling.  Trellises and screens block summer sun and help to keep the interior cool during the summer. The low winter sun is allowed in under these sun breaks to provide a natural radiant heat source for capture by the thermal mass of the floor and to offset heating requirements. PHASE 1 PRECEDENT>>> IDENTIFY
  63. 63. >>>VAN ELSANDER CARTER ARCHITECTS INCORPORATED>Pangman Residence, TorontoThis project transforms an existing 300 sq ft 1910cottage; located in a Toronto laneway, into aspacious, compact two-story dwelling.The lateral and gravity loads of the secondstorey addition are supported on a steel frame,which pierces the old cottage, and is tied to newinterior concrete footings. The addition is thenframed conventionally in wood. A folded planewraps around the new interior forming thefaceted roof, which is shaped to provide agenerous interior volume and to minimizeshadow on neighbouring properties. Rooftopclerestory with a generous overhang gathersheat from the winter sun and shades theinterior in summer. PHASE 1 PRECEDENT>>> IDENTIFY
  64. 64. >>>AEW ARCHITECTS THE UNITE HOUSE-SHORTLISTED FOR THE NATIONAL BRITISH HOME AWARD 2008The Unite house is built to cope with its owners,however fit or frail: disabled access comes as astandard and a ground-floor office can be turned into abedroom; it can also be extended upwards for familiesneeding more space.Owners can personalise their home by using the roofand roof terrace differently or in changes to the glazedfront.The houses are built with hempcrete, a mixture of hempfibres and lime mortar that is lighter and provides betterinsulation than concrete, and a timber frame.There is a green roof and solar hot water, a rooftopwind cowl for natural ventilation and a louvered,double-skin facade for shading and natural ventilation.They can also be configured as detached, semi-detachedor in terraces. PHASE 1 PRECEDENT>>> IDENTIFY
  65. 65. >>>HTA ARCHITECTS-HANHAM HALL ECO-VILLAGE BRISTOLBuilt on the site of a former hospital, Hanham Hall will be England’sfirst eco-village. The site is owned by the Homes and CommunitiesAgency and is being developed by Barratt Homes.The development will comprise 195 new homes, of which 65 will beaffordable. It will also include retail and employment space andimproved public realm in the form of two parks.Allotment gardens and greenhouses will be provided to encourageresidents to grow their own fruit and vegetables, and existinghedgerows, meadows and orchards will be retained and extended.The new homes, designed by HTA Architects, will be prefabricatedfrom energy efficient materials, designed to very high insulationstandards and orientated towards the sun to maximise passivesolar heating. An on-site biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP)plant will deliver energy to all homes, and aggregate from thedemolition of existing buildings will be recycled in the newdevelopment.>Notable design features• On-site car club reduces the need to own a car on site andprovides two electric vehicles• Lockable storage for 172 bicycles• Solar water heating• High standards of insulation reduce heating bills• Large, south facing windows provide daylight & solar warmth• Water butts collect rain water for use in the garden PHASE 1 PRECEDENT>>> IDENTIFY
  66. 66. Community Place Natural Resources Connections Feasibility VisionStrengthening the community of Holbeck >>>THE NEED OF THE COMMUNITYCreating places of distinctionHarnessing intrinsic site assets andresourcesIntegrating with surroundingsEnsuring feasibilityProviding vision INITIAL STRATEGY>>> PROPOSE
  67. 67. Initial thoughts.....Nurturing the community- The City CommuterHolbecks close proximity to Leeds city centre, makes it an ideal location for providinghousing that caters to the needs of the City Commuter.This open plan studio, inspired by theArt Deco style, presents ideal modernliving for the occupant, whilst providingpanoramic views with its raised designand curved glazed facade acrossHolbeck Moor and beyond.On entering the accommodation fromground floor level, their is securestorage for the commuters push bike.Climbing the stairs, the resident thenenters the open plan living space;offering a large living area, work andsleeping space, as well as a kitchen andining area and shower room.The surrounding grounds have beendesigned to offer privacy to theoccupant on entering their dwelling,with a curved green wall landscapingthe edge. There is ample car parkingspace below the studio , as well as agrassed area adjoining the property. INITIAL STRATEGY: HOUSING>>> SUPPOSE
  68. 68. Although this dwelling is designedfor the City Commuters immediateneeds, what happens when thatpersons lifestyle and thereforeneeds change?.......Over the years it has becomeacceptable to uproot our livescompletely; with personalpreferences being pushed asideand short time fixes becomingaccustomed to.The question is how can we createa habitat that alters to better suitour needs rather than having to‘re-build’ our lives elsewhere?The idea behind theseprefabricated panels is to allowthe user to alter theiraccommodation as they see fit, tobetter suit their needs, thuscreating the expandable house.The ‘dovetail panels’ interlock withone another. There design meansthat further panels can be addedon all elevations, so the user canbuild on the same level orvertically, creating a newdimension. INITIAL STRATEGY: HOUSING>>> SUPPOSE
  69. 69. Nurturing the community-Replenishing Holbeck livingBeyond the need to revitalise theplentiful back to back housing stock inHolbeck, is the opportunity to replenish itwith a new residential area. This is to besituated on the former Matthew MurraySchool site; adjacent to the back-to-backhousing and the newly restoredallotments. Utilising this neglected areanot only invigorates the town, but alsotakes advantage of a key location; closeto the Ingram Primary & New HighSchool, as well as local amenities andattractions.The new development will comprise ofmixed use housing, which in turn willcater for a broader demand. The housingaims at providing a more self sufficientand sustainable lifestyle for theresidents, incorporating into its designsuch features as......A curved ‘leaf’ roof-providing a largesurface area, ideal for rainwaterharvestingBike storage-encouraging sustainablemeans of transportLarge, south facing windows-providingdaylight & solar warmthFood ladder-south facing, verticaltimber ladder, allowing food to begrown and picked by the family. INITIAL STRATEGY: HOUSING>>> SUPPOSE
  70. 70. FOLIAGE -processes solar energy -channels rainwater down CURVED ‘LEAF’ BRANCHES OF -filters heat from light ROOF SUPPORT CANOPY -channels -cantilevered CANOPY -provides rainwater living quarters -grows shade down -provides support foliage and cycle -produces storage0 oxygen BRANCHES-support canopy -regulate FOOD temperature LADDER fluctuation -provides home- grown food LOUVRESROOT SYSTEM supply-self -regulates-constant heat sufficiency temperature exchange GEOTHERM providing sustains live AL PROBES natural processes -closed loop ventilation -extracts ground heat nutrition and exchange water from WATER WELL system soil -provides supply for irrigation and gray water systems -with further mineralisation treatment provides safe water for the household The diagram demonstrates how the house design As we are well aware, a large percentage endorses natural strategies to promote a more of the housing stock in Holbeck is comprised sustainable way of living. of back to back terrace houses. The terrace The proposal for the replenishment of Holbecks form is a step in the right direction when it housing stock, was to create a new residential comes to creating a more ‘self sufficient’ area which caters for all different needs; the lifestyle. existing community and a new generation of residents. The structure can take advantage of shared This scheme at present demonstrates how the elevations, which in turn can reduce heating housing can be composed as a detached dwelling. bills and overall living costs. In addition to In order for this design to truly endorse a more this the layout encourages social cohesion sustainable way of living then we need to develop within the area. this further….. GROWING A HELTHY COMMUNITY>>> SUPPOSE
  71. 71. BedZED is the UK’s largest mixed use, carbon- neutral development. When it was built in 2002, it setVillage square at the centre of BedZED new standards in sustainable building. BedZED comprises 82 affordable dwellings in a mixture of flats, maisonettes and town houses, and approximately 2500 m2 of workspace/ office, and is built on a Brownfield site. The BedZED urban system reconciles high-density with amenity, providing each dwelling with a sky garden or terrace. A combination of passive measures and proven, cost effective active technologies form the strategy of an integrated, sustainable development. A rigorous specification process helped reduce the environmental impact of the construction process. The scheme includes a biomass combined heat and power plant, an onsite sewage treatment and rainwater recycling system, and natural wind driven ventilation. The idea was to show how it was possible to combine workspace with housing whilst matching the residential densities of the surrounding dormitory suburb, and actually increasing overall standards of amenity - particularly gardens and public open space. This was achieved by matching south facing rows of single aspect residential terraces with north facing live / work units or workspace. By placing gardens on the workspace roof, it was possible to give almost every home a garden or terrace, whilst achieving high levels of cool northlight within the office space. Bridges linking sunspaces and skygardens Most bulk materials and labour were sourced within a 50 mile radius of the site, enabling the completed embodied carbon to compare favourably with that of a volume housebuilders industry standard product - despite having thicker walls and considerably higher thermal mass. On balance over a year, if the plant performs reliably, with only its planned maintenance downtime - then slightly more power is generated than is actually required on site. If this surplus power is between 5 and 15 % of annual demand, it should be possible to pay off both the embodied initial construction carbon and the planned maintenance / replacement carbon footprint. BEDZED-ZEDFACTORY>>> PRECEDENT
  72. 72. FCB Studios was engaged in 2005 to develop a masterplan for the majority of the Major Development Area (MDA) site in Waterlooville, Hampshire. The vision for Newlands Common is to create a sustainable development which is compatible with lifestyles of the 21st century. The scheme presents a great opportunity to establish a strong link between Waterlooville and the countryside, and to create new parkland for the new and existing residents. Working within the development brief, we reorganised the initial, rejected masterplan to create a wonderful central parkland instead of a series of disparate peripheral open spaces. Their strategy was to see the existing natural features of the site as assets to be exploited, rather than as constraints. Existing features were used to create a unique setting for a new community, establishing a strong identity and adding value to the overall development. The West of Waterlooville Major Development Area comprises a settlement of 2,000 homes, 30 hectares of workspace, retail, health and community facilities, set within a high quality public open space network on a 245 hectare site. Newlands Common will include 1,550 homes, a primary school, a local centre, leisure and health facilities and up to 100,000 sq m of commercial space. The key challenge is to stitch into the existing town of Waterlooville, repairing its edges and connecting it into the surrounding countryside.NEWLANDS COMMONFEILDEN CLEGG BRADLEY>>> PRECEDENT
  73. 73. Growth Homes Groeiwoningen, Almere, Netherlands Herman Hertzberger, 2002 Flexibility can mean the capacity of a building’s interior to adapt, but the term can also be used to show that a building can be extended without difficulty. These ‘growth homes’ designed by Herman Hertzberger are a good example of that latter category. All the units in this project have the same basic unit plus a variable zone that can be fitted our at the “Modifying is about occupants’ discretion. excluding as well as The majority of occupants chose a glass-enclosed zone, including.....” although a few tried out other scenarios such as an extra living room on the ground floor or an additional bedroom upstairs. Both the architect and the developer expected occupants to modify the zones in the fullness of time and add them to their house, but there have been few alterations as yet. Interestingly, one of the zones was built without the glazing at the occupants’ request.GROWTH HOMES-HERMAN HERTZBERGER>>> PRECEDENT
  74. 74. >>>Matthew Murray ResidentialDevelopment-Initial Ideas NEW RESIDENCY>>> SUPPOSE
  75. 75. NURTURING THE COMMUNITY>>> PROPOSE
  76. 76. Introducing a place for higher education- Rejuvenating the existingworking in conjunction with the existing allotment area; educating theIngram Primary School ,providing an community and providingopportunity for the community to further them with the tools to led atheir potential healthier lifestyle. Shared Space –improving the urban environment Urban Forest-providing an ideal environment for outdoor activities The City Commuter-an ideal location in close proximity to the city centre with the opportunity to expand thus creating a lifetime home. Revitalising the existing back to back terraces-enhancing social cohesionA new way ofliving-creating anew residentialarea which strivestowards reducingits carbon footprintand providing asustainable way oflivingNURTURING THE COMMUNITY>>> PROPOSE
  77. 77. HolLink-the green way to City 8 4 3 Ingram Primary Holbeck Moor Allotments School 5 Brown Lane 2 Top Moorside-leading to Beeston 1 6 7 Former MatthewMurray School site Back to Back terrace HousingA key aspect of my regeneration proposal is to strengthen the image and pride thatpeople have in their area. Key to this is genuine community engagement, the creationof ‘a sense of place’ and by making sure that decisions on the area’s future aretransparent and sustainable. INITIAL STRATEGY>>> PROPOSE
  78. 78. 1. Revitalising the back to back housing stock -knocking through individual dwellings to form one larger, more suitable living environment -creating alternating green spaces between terrace rows → pedestrianising and privatising one row- creating a communal garden and allowing access for services on the opposite side. 2. Utilising the area recently demolished adjacent to Brown Lane: -creating a landscaped ‘core’ to the community leading off from the shared space of Top Moorside and Holbeck Moor. -this area increases the number of green spaces available to the community, as well as a place for communal events to be held. 3. The proposal for a new high school/college for the community-to be situated adjacent to the existing Ingram Primary School. 4. Extending the allotment area to provide greater 8 opportunity for the whole community to be part of a more sustainable and healthy lifestyle. 4 5. Revitalising Holbeck Moor-creating an ‘urban forest’ 3 5 6. Greening over the motorway-reconnecting the north of Holbeck to the surrounding areas. This includes reconfiguring the road to the south of Top 2 Moorside eliminating direct access to the motorway at this point and reducing traffic flow within the residential area. 6 1 7. Opportunity to replenish the housing stock within7 the area; utilising the former Matthew Murray School site to create a new residential area. 8. Utilising the old viaduct and creating a direct green link for pedestrians and cyclists to the city centre. INITIAL STRATEGY>>> PROPOSE
  79. 79. A key aspect of my regeneration proposal to Holbeck, after genuine community engagement, is enhancingsocial inclusion thus enabling disadvantaged people to connect with employment opportunities, key localservices, social networks and goods, through improved accessibility, availability of housing, amenities andservices, affordability and acceptability by enhancing social inclusionIt is important to create a space that ‘extends’ the occupants living space to the outdoor environment. Aspace that strike a balance between the natural and man-made environment and utilise each site’s intrinsic,resources such as the climate, landform, landscape and ecology, to maximise energy conservation andamenity. Replenishing the housing stock within Holbeck-creating a new residential area that incorporates mixeddevelopment catering for a broader demand as well as a sustainable way of living, taking advantage ofHolbeck’s close proximity to Leeds City Centre and introducing a housing scheme that caters for the CityCommuter, a single occupancy dwelling that is ideal for city workers and the like, while allowing the user toalter their accommodation as they see fit, to better suit their needs, thus creating the expandable house.A sustainable expandable house that incorporates and comply with sustainable design principles and codescovering energy/CO2, pollution, water, health and well-being, materials, management, surface waterharvesting, ecology and waste. The expandable house façade is articulated vertically, its vertical greenery,on trellis work, enriches the street-scape and shades the interior.Sustainable design objectives are achieved through a variety of complimentary strategies. At the urbandesign scale, building on a disused site intensifies the city and increases density without incurring additionalinfrastructural cost or triggering a larger urban footprint.The houses are highly insulated and incorporate passive solar heating thermal storage and solar domestichot water systems as well as a comprehensive rain water harvesting system. The high living space andmultiple level high stairs well set up natural convection cooling crowned by a wind catcher or malqaf aidingnatural ventilation. Trellises and screens block summer sun and help to keep the interior cool during thesummer, while the low winter sun is allowed in under these sun breaks to provide a natural radiant heatsource for capture by the thermal mass of the floor and the green roof all working together to offset heatingrequirements and reduce the carbon footprint.The Edible Terrace, green roof and local allotment gardens are a sustainable interpretation of the traditionalVictorian terrace house. These self-sustaining features are designed to reduce food miles and energyconsumption and encourage urban food production and healthy eating.The Flexible house is built to cope with its owners; it can be extended upwards for families needing morespace. Owners can personalise their home by altering the internal light weight demountable partitions,using the roof and roof terrace differently or by applying changes to the facade. They can also beconfigured as detached, semi-detached or in terraces.The new homes will be constructed from energy efficient materials, designed to very high insulationstandards and orientated towards the sun to maximise passive solar heating. Whilst the new homes can beprefabricated, it is envisaged to use local labour for training, up skilling and enhancing social inclusion.The Flexible house is so versatile that it can be used in high density housing layouts achieving 50 units perhectare as well as low density housing of 15 to 20 units per hectare, thus .accommodating various design andsocial needs criteria REVITALISING HOLBECK>>> PREFACE
  80. 80. The UK builds the smallest homes in Europe, >>>Average floor space of newly builtaccording to the government’s adviser on homes-Floor space (m2)architecture. How do British new-builds stack upinternationallyAdequate space is a pre-requisite for basic living. Thereshould be enough room for residents to cook, eat,relax and socialise. There should be sufficient space forfurniture and the storage of personal possessions.If homes are to have a long life, they must offerfunctional and adaptable spaces that meet the needsof families, children, older people and disabledresidents.But there are no national minimum space standards,and neither building regulations nor the planningsystem specify minimum floor space for privatelydeveloped homes in England. The result has beenprivate housing which does not consistently providewhat CABE would consider to be adequate space?Adaptable and sustainable homes:Inadequate space means that many homes are notadaptable, so will be unsustainable in future Thisresearch suggests that the size of new homes is likelyto affect the provision of flexible, adaptable spacesthat can respond to the changing needs of occupants,future lifestyle changes and the needs of differentcommunities.CABE found......Based on our sample, the average new home inEngland is only 92% of the recommended minimum size.For example, the average three bedroom home fromour sample of 3,418 homes across 71 sites is 88 sqm. It is 8sqm short of the recommended minimum for a twostorey, three bedroom home for five residents.8 sqm is just a number. But in lifestyle terms it means…The equivalent of a single bedroom and the furnitureyou’d expect to fit comfortably within it. 7 sqm is theequivalent of a galley kitchen and a coffee table. A NEW WAY OF LIVING>>> IDENTIFY
  81. 81. >>>Matthew Murray Residential Development-Final Design >>>Exploded AxonometricSecond Floor PlanFirst Floor PlanGround Floor Plan Option1Ground Floor Plan Option2 >>>Floor Plans (NTS) >>>Longitudinal Section The Flexible house is built to cope with its owners; with a split level design allowing floors to added and so expanding upwards for families needing more space. Owners can personalise their home by altering the internal light weight demountable partitions, using the roof and roof terrace differently or by applying changes to the facade. They can also be configured as detached, semi-detached or in terraces, enabling a mixed development-catering for all needs. NEW RESIDENCY>>> PROPOSE
  82. 82. Inspired by Herman Hertzberger, the 75m3 → prefabricated kit frame ‘blocks’ → added atinfluence behind the Dutch structuralist the occupiers discretionmovement of the 1960s, who believedthat the architects role was not toprovide a complete solution, but toprovide a spatial framework to beeventually filled in by the users. “Rise up & keep the street”The Flexible house is built to cope withits owners; it can be extendedupwards for families needing morespace. Owners can personalise theirhome by altering the internal lightweight, demountable partitions, usingthe roof and roof terrace differentlyor by applying changes to the facade.They can also be configured asdetached, semi-detached or interraces.The top three things people lookfor when moving home are.....→ Outside space (49%) Typical 3 bedroom house configuration → each→ The size of the rooms (42%) proprietor is allocated a 100sqm plot (5m by 20m as seen below). Each house has the same footprint of 45sqm;→ Proximity to local services (42%) which in a standard arrangement would comprise of two floors, totalling 90sqm, which can then be added toAllocated 100sqm plot → this by the occupier at their own discretion.comprises of a 45sqm buildingfootprint, along with 25sqm private The recommended space for such a dwelling is in factgreen space., orientated on an East 96sqm, however with the additional sky garden space,West axis for maximum solar gain. the users needs are more than adequately met.Space in new homes: what residents think (CABE, HATC, Ipsos MORI, 2009)Leishman C, Aspinall P, Munro M and Warren F J, Preferences, quality and choice in new-build housing,(Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2004), page 15.Average floor space of newly built homes-Policy exchange, CABE, US Census Bureau A SUSTAINABLE STRATEGY>>> PROPOSE
  83. 83. Inspired by Herman Hertzberger, the influence behind the Dutchstructuralist movement of the 1960sm, who believed that thearchitects role was not to provide a complete solution, but toprovide a spatial framework to be eventually filled in by the users. “Rise up & keep the street”The Flexible house is built to cope with its owners; it can beextended upwards for families needing more space. Owners canpersonalise their home by altering the internal light weightdemountable partitions, using the roof and roof terrace differentlyor by applying changes to the facade. They can also be configuredas detached, semi-detached or in terraces. Second Floor Here it is possible First Floor to visualise how street elevations can vary, as each individual user Ground Floor meets their personal needs,Ground floor options-exploiting the whilst adhering tofootprint of the house or reducing the a standard set ofliving space to accommodate a car. preliminaries,First floor provides two bedrooms -one administered priordouble, one single, a work space- to construction…..situated off the landing- utilising thenatural daylight through the atriumskylight and a family bathroom.Second Floor houses a master bedroomwith the option of an en-suite if the userso requires. Exploded AxonometricON THE UP: VERTICAL LIVING>>> PROPOSE
  84. 84. Replenishing the housing stock within Holbeck-creating a new residential area that incorporates mixed development catering for a broader demand as well as a sustainable way of living, taking advantage of Holbeck’s close proximity to Leeds City Centre and introducing a housing scheme that caters for the City Commuter, a single occupancy dwelling that is ideal for city workers and the like, while allowing the user to alter their accommodation as they see fit, to better suit their needs, thus creating the expandable house. BUILDING A BETTER FUTURE>>> PROPOSEA typical street view in the new sustainable residential district of Holbeck
  85. 85. BUILDING A BETTER FUTURE>>> PROPOSELocal residents enjoying the outdoor space surrounding their new homes
  86. 86. BUILDING A BETTER FUTURE>>> PROPOSEA revitalised community-utilising the abundant green space and leading a healthier lifestyle
  87. 87. It is important to createa space that ‘extends’the occupants livingspace to the outdoorenvironment. A spacethat strikes a balancebetween the naturaland man-madeenvironment and utiliseeach site’s intrinsic, The Edible Terrace, green roof and localresources such as the allotment gardens are a sustainableclimate, landform, interpretation of the traditional Victorianlandscape and ecology, terrace house. These self-sustaining featuresto maximise energy are designed to reduce food miles and energyconservation and consumption and encourage urban foodamenity. production and healthy eating. In addition to this the skygardens provide a private greenspace for each household to enjoy. A NATURAL BALANCE>>> PROPOSE A view of the skygardens-green living overlooking Leeds
  88. 88. A sustainable expandable house that incorporates Longitudinal Section through Pand comply with sustainable design principles and dwellingcodes covering energy/CO2, pollution, water, health Rand well-being, materials, management, surfacewater harvesting, ecology and waste. OThe expandable house façade is articulated vertically, Pwith its vertical greenery further enriching the street- VERTICAL AXIS WINDscape, whilst shading the interior and offering privacy. TURBINE OSustainable design objectives areachieved through a variety of SOLAR THERMAL & PV Scomplimentary strategies. PANELS E >>At the urban design scale, building RAINWATER COLLECTIONon a disused site intensifies the cityand increases density without Aincurring additional infrastructuralcost or triggering a larger urbanfootprint. MALQAF-WIND S CATCHER U S T TRANSOM WINDOWS A I N A B L LOW FLUSH WC E S T LOW-E LIGHTING & APPLIANCES R SEPTIC TANK (SEWAGE A TREATMENT AREA) RAINWATER STORE BIOFUEL-CHP T ELECTRICITY E G FOUL WATER TREATMENT HOT WATER
  89. 89. The new homes will be constructed from Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT)energy efficient materials, designed to veryhigh insulation standards and orientatedtowards the sun to maximise passive solarheating. Whilst the new homes are designed Roof mountedto be prefabricated, it is envisaged that local Photovoltaics &labour will be used for training, up skilling Solar thermaland enhancing social inclusion. evacuated tubesThe Flexible house is so versatile that it can Wind catcherbe used in high density housing layouts (malqaf) unit withachieving 40 units per hectare as well as low timber louversdensity housing of 15 to 20 units per hectare, Pre-fabricatedthus .accommodating various design and timber stairssocial needs criteria.A density of 40 dph (dwellings per hectare)has been achieved, creating a walkablecommunity. Sedum roof-These panels skygardens Glulam-glued laminatedare incredibly timber post and beamstrong and can constructionbe used forboth the loadbearing andnon load Kit framebearing wallsof almost any Internal thermalbuilding SIP-Structural mass floor: pre- Insulation stressed concrete Panels with finishing options available- reclaimed tiles, sustainablyExternal leaf construction sourced timber(alternative options available flooringto users preference-locallysourced stone, timber or tilecladding, brickwork orsand/cement render onbrickworkThermal inertia is used to keep internal conditionscomfortable. Dense concrete blockwork and Thermal mass concrete floorconcrete floor slabs provide thermal mass thatabsorbs heat during warm periods and releasesheat at cooler times. LIFETIME HOMES>>> PROPOSE ANTICIPATED METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION

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