Paulconnettmasccc2014zerowastesolutions

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Presentation at Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference

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Paulconnettmasccc2014zerowastesolutions

  1. 1. Zero Waste: A Stepping Stone to Sustainability Paul Connett, PhD Executive Director (AEHSP) AmericanHealthStudies.org pconnett@gmail.com Lowell, April 17, 2014
  2. 2. Sostenibilita’
  3. 3. OUTLINE 1) A few words about Sustainability 2) Ten Steps to Zero Waste 3) The Fourth R 4) Linking Zero waste with other steps to sustainability
  4. 4. 1. A few words about Sustainability
  5. 5. We are living on this planet as if we had another one to go to!
  6. 6. Sustainability n  We would need FOUR planets if every one consumed as much as the average American n  We would need TWO planets if every one consumed as much as the average European n  Meanwhile, India, China etc. are copying our consumption patterns n  Something has got to change and the best place to start is with waste
  7. 7. As far as sustainability is concerned Every ton of waste that we landfill or incinerate takes us in the wrong direction Whereas, every ton we Compost, Reuse, Recycle, or Avoid Takes us in the right direction
  8. 8. The modern incinerator (or gasifier) is attempting to perfect a bad idea n  Our task in the 21st Century is not to find better ways to destroy discarded materials n  But to stop making packaging and products that have to be destroyed!
  9. 9. The Waste problem will not be solved with better technology n But with n Better organization n Better education n and better industrial design
  10. 10. 6. Waste Reduction Initiatives 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting 8. Residual Separation & Research Center 9. Better Industrial Design 7. Economic Incentives 10. Interim Landfill 2020
  11. 11. STEP 2.
  12. 12. The San Francisco system Once a week pick-up FRAZIONE RESIDUA FRAZIONE ORGANICO MULTI- MATERIALE
  13. 13. In Wales, some communities are serviced by collection systems which sort at kerb
  14. 14. Capannori LUNEDI ORGANICO MARTEDI MULTIMATERIALE MERCOLEDI CARTA GIOVEDI FRAZIONE RESIDUA VENERDI ORGANICO SABATO MULTIMATERIALE
  15. 15. Hernani en Europa
  16. 16. Calidad del compost Pureza del 99,76 %
  17. 17. STEP 3.
  18. 18. 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting
  19. 19. The Composting plant Serving San Francisco
  20. 20. Local farmers use compost
  21. 21. The fruit and vegetables go back to restaurants in San Francisco
  22. 22. Local farmers use compost Over 200 vineyards use the compost
  23. 23. We must involve restaurant owners
  24. 24. STEP 5.
  25. 25. Reuse and Repair Centers (Community Centers)
  26. 26. n  Grossing $3 million per year n  27 full-time well-paid jobs n  Urban Ore operating for 30 years
  27. 27. ReSource, Burlington, Vermont
  28. 28. ReSource, Burlington, Vermont
  29. 29. Kretsloppsparken – the Reuse Park in Gottenburg, Sweden. KretsloppsparkenKretsloppsparken
  30. 30. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.
  31. 31. 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting
  32. 32. San Francisco n  Population = 850,000 n  Very little space n  50% waste diverted by 2000 n  80% waste diverted by 2011 n  ZERO WASTE by 2020 (or very close!)
  33. 33. Italy n Over 200 communities achieving over 70% diversion- n  and some very quickly
  34. 34. Italy n Salerno (near Naples, pop 145,000) 18% to 72% in two years!
  35. 35. Flanders This whole province in Belgium (population 6 million people) is getting 73% diversion
  36. 36. STEP 6.
  37. 37. Waste Reduction Initiatives
  38. 38. Ireland n Government put a 15 cent tax on plastic shopping bags n reduced use by 92% in one year!
  39. 39. In Ontario, Canada n They have been REUSING glass beer bottles for over 60 years!
  40. 40. In Ontario, Canada n They have been REUSING glass beer bottles for over 60 years!
  41. 41. L’esperienza effecorta a cura di Pietro Angelini, scio fondatore ed ideatore effecorta Capannori, 23-01-2010 www.effecorta.it Effecorta, A food store in Capannori, Tuscany, Italy
  42. 42. 60 taps
  43. 43. No plastic bags used
  44. 44. REUSABLE PAMPERS
  45. 45. STEP 7.
  46. 46. $$$ Economic Incentives
  47. 47. 1 2 3 free free The “ Pay by bag” system
  48. 48. 1 2 $ free free The more you make the more you pay! The “ Pay by bag” system
  49. 49. Italia n Villafranca d’Asti (population = 3,000) went from 70% to 85% using “pay by bag” system
  50. 50. Step 8 Is the most important step For Zero Waste
  51. 51. 8A. The Residual Screening Facility
  52. 52. Nova Scotia, Canada n  These are built IN FRONT of the landfills n  No waste can go directly to the landfill. It must first go through the screening facility
  53. 53. TOSSICI IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA PIU’ RICICLABILI FRAZIONE ORGANICA SPORCA DISCARICA TEMPORANEA Operating in Nuova Scotia Canada Compostaggio
  54. 54. Nova Scotia, Canada
  55. 55. TOSSICI IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA PIU’ RICICLABILI FRAZIONE ORGANICA SPORCA DISCARICA TEMPORANEA Operating in Nuova Scotia Canada Compostaggio
  56. 56. TOSSICI IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA PIU’ RICICLABILI FRAZIONE ORGANICA SPORCA DISCARICA TEMPORANEA Operating in Nuova Scotia Canada Compostaggio
  57. 57. MORE TOXICS RESIDUAL SCREENING FACILITY MORE RECYCLABLES DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION
  58. 58. TOSSICI IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA PIU’ RICICLABILI FRAZIONE ORGANICA SPORCA DISCARICA TEMPORANEA Operating in Nuova Scotia Canada Compostaggio
  59. 59. FRAZIONE RESIDUA FRAZIONE ORGANICO MULTI- MATERIALE
  60. 60. TOSSICI IMPIANTO DI SEPARAZONE della FRAZIONE RESIDUA PIU’ RICICLABILI FRAZIONE ORGANICA SPORCA DISCARICA TEMPORANEA Operating in Nuova Scotia Canada Compostaggio
  61. 61. MORE TOXICS RESIDUAL SCREENING FACILITY MORE RECYCLABLES DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION INTERIM LANDFILL for non-recyclable and stabilized organic fraction BIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION
  62. 62. 8B. THE ZERO WASTE RESEARCH CENTER
  63. 63. MORE TOXICS NON-RECYCLABLE FRACTION RESIDUAL SCREENING & RESEARCH FACILITY MORE RECYCLABLES DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION ZERO WASTE RESEARCH CENTER
  64. 64. NON-RECYCABLE MATERIALS Local University Or Technical College ZERO WASTE RESEARCH CENTER
  65. 65. THE RESIDUAL SEPARATION AND ZERO WASTE RESEARCH CENTER COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY INDUSTRIAL RESPONSIBILITY
  66. 66. The Message to Industry: •  If we can’t reuse it, recycle it or compost it, •  Industry shouldn’t be making it •  We need better industrial design for the 21st Century
  67. 67. The 4th R
  68. 68. The 4th R = RE-DESIGN
  69. 69. Community Responsibility = Reduce, Reuse, Recycle/ Compost Industrial Responsibility = Re-Design ZERO WASTE
  70. 70. STEP 9.
  71. 71. 9. Better Industrial Design
  72. 72. 10. An interim landfill for biologically stabilized dirty organic fraction
  73. 73. 6. Waste Reduction Initiatives 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting 8. Residual Separation & Research Center 9. Better Industrial Design 7. Economic Incentives 10. Interim Landfill 2020
  74. 74. 6. Waste Reduction Initiatives 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting 8. Residual Separation & Research Center 9. Better Industrial Design 7. Economic Incentives 10. Interim Landfill 2020
  75. 75. Zero Waste 2020 Education For Sustainability Sustainable Economic development Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable Community development Sustainable Energy Sustainable industries & Jobs Sustainable Architecture
  76. 76. This plan 1) Is better for the Economy… MORE JOBS 2) Is better for our HEALTH… LESS TOXICS 3) Is better for our UNIVERSITIES MORE MEANING 4) Is better for the PLANET… MORE SUSTAINABLE 5) Is better for our CHILDREN… MORE HOPE
  77. 77. Extra Slides

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