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1
MindWorks Ventures is a Hong Kong venture capital firm with investments in early and expansion-stage technology start-up...
Blockchain Trends 2017
2
1. Introduction to Blockchain
1.1 Payment Example
1.2 Asset Registry Example
1.3 Smart Contract E...
A distributed database where information is public and verifiable
Traditional ledgers are centralized
and use intermediari...
1.1 Payment Example
In order for a transaction
to occur, there must be a
digital wallet to send and
receive currencies. Ea...
Tokens on the blockchain
can digitally represent an
asset’s intrinsic value. The
value of a token correlates to
a commitme...
Smart contracts are
lines of code in a
blockchain that
perform actions
depending on specific
inputs. This allows
contracts...
“This is it. This is the thing we’ve been waiting for. The distributed trust network the internet
always needed and never ...
Creates a true
sharing
economy
Eliminates the
remittance rip-
off
Enables citizens
to own and
monetize their
data & protec...
Image Source: howmuch.net
1.6 Putting the World’s Money into Perspective
9
1.6 Putting the World’s Money into Perspective
Revenue Created through Blockchain
Technology
2016 2021
$210.2m
$2.3 billion
Source: Research and Markets (“Blockchain Mar...
1. Banking, financial services, and insurance sector predicted to dominate the market
2. Media and entertainment vertical ...
U.K. research firm Juniper Research:
➢ 57% of world's big corporations
(over 20,000 employees)
consider to adopt blockchai...
Banks that are working on blockchain projects
The World Economic Forum estimates:
➢ 80% of banks are exploring blockchain ...
➢ Address problems of fraud, clearance, data
management, and settlement etc in financial
institutions
2.2 Industry Trends ...
In total of 868 cryptocurrencies with a combined market cap of
US$150B as of Sept 12, 2017 (CoinMarketCap.com)
➢ Real time...
 Cryptocurrency and blockchain solutions for
merchants and sellers
 Eliminate intermediary financial institutions
 Redu...
ICO:
• Trust is created through smart contracts
• Eliminate middlemen
• Raise fund with shorter time frame and lower fee
•...
 Permanent record of transactional histories
 No single party could manipulate or change the
items’ history
 Transparen...
 Eliminate the need for central location to handle
communication for IOT devices
 Devices communicate directly to update...
 Mitigate the lemons problem
 Verify many types of data in insurance contracts such
as the authenticity of customers, po...
 Allow both parties to arrange terms and
condition without third party providers
 Very low or zero fees
 Transaction da...
Real Estate
• Reduces the need for paper-based record keeping
• Assists in the tracking and verifying ownership of propert...
3. Blockchain Funding History 2013-2017
23
Data source from Architect Partmers
The blockchain innovations category accounts for 33% of venture funding and 17% of total
companies in the blockchain techn...
Data source from venture scanner
25
3.2 Blockchain Startups Funding Event Count
Crypto Exchanges Bitcoin Mining Crypto Wallets
Crypto Payments Bitcoin Infrastructure Blockchain Innovation
Big DataTrust
...
3.4 Top 10 VC-Backed Blockchain Startups
Company Industry Total Funding ($M)
1. Coinbase Wallets & Crypto Trading & Exchan...
3.4 Top 10 VC-Backed Blockchain Startups
As of Sep 2017
28
3.5 Top 5 ICO-Backed Blockchain Startups
Company Industry Total...
Supportive:
have initiatives that
support the transactions of
cryptocurrencies
Opposed:
regulatory bodies do not
view cryp...
June 2014
Swiss Federal Council issues
report stating there is no need
for legislative measures
against virtual currencies...
National Internet Finance Association of China
Unauthorized by regulators as some of the ICOs are suspected of fraud, ille...
September 14, 2017
China’s oldest bitcoin exchange, BTC China, states that it will suspend trading for all China-based
cus...
Essential Stakeholders
Government
• People’s Bank of China vows to push for blockchain technology in the Five Year Plan
Re...
United States General Services Administration’s Emerging Citizen Technology program launched
the U.S. Federal Blockchain p...
State owned Vnesheconombank launches research center as Russia continues
its push into blockchain technology.
4.7 Russian ...
• Blockchain technology and marketplace lending could present risks to financial stability
• Risks may not emerge until bl...
We believe:
• Amidst regulatory uncertainty, the adoption of blockchain technology will become ubiquitous
• The adoption o...
Focus on all three layers of
blockchain
5.2 MindWorks Investment Parameters
Source: World Economic Forum
38
5.2 MindWorks ...
Targeting industries that:
• are built on legacy systems
• exhibit high potential for widespread
disruption
• will be ince...
Thank You
David Chang
Managing Partner
40
Joe Chan
Partner
Wayne Chu
Principal
Cassidy Wong
Associate
cassidy@mindworks.vc...
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Blockchain Report 2017

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MindWorks Ventures presents 'Blockchain Report 2017' which includes an introduction to blockchain, industry trends, relevant blockchain startups, and potential risks and regulations.

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Blockchain Report 2017

  1. 1. 1 MindWorks Ventures is a Hong Kong venture capital firm with investments in early and expansion-stage technology start-ups in the Southeast Asia and Greater China region. mindworks.vc BLOC KC HAIN REPORT SEPT 2017
  2. 2. Blockchain Trends 2017 2 1. Introduction to Blockchain 1.1 Payment Example 1.2 Asset Registry Example 1.3 Smart Contract Example 1.4 New Internet 3.0 1.5 New Age of Blockchain 1.6 Putting the World’s Money into Perspective 1.7 Market Potential 1.8 Growth Fueled by Cost Savings 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2. Industry Trends 2.1 Industry Trends- Banking 2.2 Industry Trends- Financial Services 2.3 Industry Trends- Cryptocurrency Trading, Wallets and Exchanges 2.4 Industry Trends- Merchant Services 2.5 Industry Trends- Crowdfunding/ ICO 2.6 Industry Trends- Supply Chain Management 2.7 Industry Trends- IOT 2.8 Industry Trends- Insurance 2.9 Industry Trends- P2p Lending/ Marketplaces 2.10 Industry Trends- Other Blockchain Application Examples 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 3. Blockchain Startups Funding History 3.1 Blockchain Startups Funding by Category 3.2 Blockchain Startups Funding Event Count 3.3 923 Blockchain Companies with Total $2.2B Funding 3.4 Top 10 VC- Backed Blockchain Startups 3.5 Top 5 ICO-Backed Blockchain Startups 23 24 25 26 27 28 4. Potential Risks and Regulations 4.1 International Views Towards Cryptocurrencies 4.2 Timeline of Key Events from Regulators 4.3 China PBOC Declares ICO Illegal 4.4 China’s Top Exchanges Suspend Trading 4.5 China Pushes to Explore Blockchain 4.6 USA GSA Ramps up Blockchain Exploration 4.7 Russian Bank Announces Opening of Blockchain Research Center 4.8 Regulations are Necessary to Foster Long Term Adoption 29 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 5. MindWorks Paradigm Fund Focus 5.1 Our Ethos 5.2 MindWorks Investment Parameters 5.3 MindWorks Investment Focus 37 37 38 39
  3. 3. A distributed database where information is public and verifiable Traditional ledgers are centralized and use intermediaries to approve/record transactions Blockchain distributes ledger across network - no central authority is required 1. Introduction to Blockchain 3
  4. 4. 1.1 Payment Example In order for a transaction to occur, there must be a digital wallet to send and receive currencies. Each user with a wallet is able to initiate transactions. Because many transactions occur in the network simultaneously, these pending transactions are grouped into a block. Each block is unique and it references to the previous block. Miners compete to verify each transaction. Each verification is done through solving complex cryptographic problems. Once the block is verified and added to the blockchain, the transaction is complete and ownership of tokens have changed. The miner who verified the block receives some of the cryptocurrency token as a prize, as payment for the work. 4 1.1 Payment Example
  5. 5. Tokens on the blockchain can digitally represent an asset’s intrinsic value. The value of a token correlates to a commitment made by the asset issuer. These tokens are mostly used with digital assets e.g. a document. The document itself is not stored on the blockchain. Instead, the token that contains information regarding the ownership of the document is stored on the blockchain. Everyone on the network then agrees on the ownership of the token when it is placed on the blockchain. To change ownership the ownership of the document, only the token can be sold or exchanged. Consequently, the ownership information is updated once the transaction of the token is verified. 5 1.2 Asset Registry Example
  6. 6. Smart contracts are lines of code in a blockchain that perform actions depending on specific inputs. This allows contracts to be automated between two parties. For example, an option contract between two parties can be written as code on the blockchain. They can remain anonymous but the contact is the public ledger. A triggering event like an expiration date or strike price occurs and the contract executes itself according to the coded terms. 6 1.3 Smart Contract Example
  7. 7. “This is it. This is the thing we’ve been waiting for. The distributed trust network the internet always needed and never had.” Marc Andreessen The Internet of Information The Internet of Assets 1.4 New Internet 3.0 7 1.4 New Internet 3.0
  8. 8. Creates a true sharing economy Eliminates the remittance rip- off Enables citizens to own and monetize their data & protect privacy Protects rights through immutable records Ensures compensation for the creators of value 1.5 New Age of Blockchain 8 1.5 New Age of Blockchain
  9. 9. Image Source: howmuch.net 1.6 Putting the World’s Money into Perspective 9 1.6 Putting the World’s Money into Perspective
  10. 10. Revenue Created through Blockchain Technology 2016 2021 $210.2m $2.3 billion Source: Research and Markets (“Blockchain Market”) $45 billion 2027 Mainly driven by: ➢ more seamless payment processes ➢ more secure digital identities 1.7 Market Potential 10 1.7 Market Potential
  11. 11. 1. Banking, financial services, and insurance sector predicted to dominate the market 2. Media and entertainment vertical is expected to have highest growth rate 3. Healthcare and life sciences vertical will also show considerable growth Santander estimates that over $20 billion in costs can be saved annually by 2022 through the usage of blockchain technology as it: • bypasses current rigid, redundant legacy frameworks • reduces administrative costs • streamlines processes to increase industry-wide operational efficiency 1.8 Growth Fuelled by Cost Savings 11 Source: The Fintech Paper 2.0: Rebooting Financial Services 1.8 Growth Fueled by Cost Savings
  12. 12. U.K. research firm Juniper Research: ➢ 57% of world's big corporations (over 20,000 employees) consider to adopt blockchain technology ➢ Two thirds of 400 surveyed companies will integrated blockchain technology into their systems by the end of 2018 2. Industry Trends Startups Large Scale Pioneers Disruptors Average Funding AverageAge Bitcoin Mining Bitcoin Trust & Verification Crypto Services Crypto Wallets Crypto Payments Crypto Exchanges Blockchain Innovation Crypto Infrastructure Financial Services Crypto News & Data Crypto Gambling Data source from venture scanner 12
  13. 13. Banks that are working on blockchain projects The World Economic Forum estimates: ➢ 80% of banks are exploring blockchain opportunities IBM study 2017: ➢ 15% of 200 surveyed global banks will implement blockchain technology by 2017 ➢ 91% of banks are investing in blockchain for deposit-taking Accenture Report 2017, banks that utilise blockchain technology could: ➢ reduce 30% banking infrastructure costs ➢ save $8-12 billion annually 2.1 Industry Trends - Banking 13 2.1 Industry Trends - Banking
  14. 14. ➢ Address problems of fraud, clearance, data management, and settlement etc in financial institutions 2.2 Industry Trends - Financial Services ● Offer a global real-time payment system that enables banks and financial institutions to directly transact with each other without the need for a central correspondent ● Raised $93.6M ● Provider of blockchain technologies, on the forefront of work in cryptography and distributed systems ● Solve problems that undermine trust in today's financial systems ● Raised $126M 14 2.2 Industry Trends - Financial Services
  15. 15. In total of 868 cryptocurrencies with a combined market cap of US$150B as of Sept 12, 2017 (CoinMarketCap.com) ➢ Real time processing of payment with very low fees ➢ Maintain audit trail ➢ High security and prevent fraud Data source from coinmarketcap.com 2.3 Industry Trends - Cryptocurrency Trading, Wallets and Exchanges ● Digital currency wallet service that allows traders to buy and sell digital currency ● Raised $217.21M ● Digital currency wallet and platform where merchants and consumers can transact with new digital currencies ● Raised $136M 15 2.3 Industry Trends – Cryptocurrency, Wallets and Exchanges
  16. 16.  Cryptocurrency and blockchain solutions for merchants and sellers  Eliminate intermediary financial institutions  Reduce chargebacks and increase profit margins ● Offer solutions for SMEs to send and receive payments ● Eliminate need for intermediary banks with blockchain ● Raised $ 44.25M ● Offer an enterprise-grade, multi-sig, multi-user Bitcoin wallet, as well as API access to its underlying security platform ● Raised $ 12M 2.4 Industry Trends - Merchant Services ● Blockchain payment service provider ● 3000 merchants will be able to accept bitcoin through its partnership with POS ● Raised $4M ● Offer fraudless worldwide payment processing to businesses ● Raised $8 M 16 2.4 Industry Trends – Merchant Services
  17. 17. ICO: • Trust is created through smart contracts • Eliminate middlemen • Raise fund with shorter time frame and lower fee • Release own tokens that can be exchanged for products, services or cash • Pace of ICO fundraising surpassed angel & seed VC funding Coindesk data: • $1.366 billion was raised in ICOs in 2017 • $295 million was raised in ICOs between 2014 and the end of 2016 2.5 Industry Trends - Crowdfunding/ ICO Source: CoinSchedule, CB Insights, Goldman Sachs Global Investment Research 17 2.5 Industry Trends – Crowdfunding / ICO
  18. 18.  Permanent record of transactional histories  No single party could manipulate or change the items’ history  Transparency of cost of goods 2.6 Industry Trends - Supply Chain Management ● Add greater visibility and efficiency across the entire supply chain to deliver higher value to your customers and trading relationships with IBM Blockchain 18 2.6 Industry Trends – Supply Chain Management
  19. 19.  Eliminate the need for central location to handle communication for IOT devices  Devices communicate directly to update software, bugs and monitor usage  IBM invested $200 M in blockchain- powered IOT  IBM dedicated 2000 employees to blockchain powered IOT projects 2.7 Industry Trends - IOT ● IBM Watson IoT™ Platform enables IoT devices to send data to private blockchain ledgers for inclusion in shared transactions with tamper-resistant records ● Secure smart home IoT ecosystems by storing biometric and authentication data on a private blockchain ● Offers an integrated hardware and software solution that enables self-forming wireless mesh networks over long-range radio ● Raised $22.37M ● Leverages blockchain and smart labels to create an open system of authenticity, ownership, provenance & connectivity for assets ● Raised $4.83M 19 2.7 Industry Trends – IOT
  20. 20.  Mitigate the lemons problem  Verify many types of data in insurance contracts such as the authenticity of customers, policies and transactions etc  More data can be collected via IoT to develop more accurate actuarial models  Provide usage based insurance 2.8 Industry Trends - Insurance ● Insurance products on a scalable blockchain platform that enables high bandwidth transacting, smart contracts, and decentralized oracles ● Raised 24.33 M in ICO ● Specialising in property and casualty insurance ● Blockchain-based smart contracts are met ● Raised 60 M in 4 rounds 20 2.8 Industry Trends – Insurance
  21. 21.  Allow both parties to arrange terms and condition without third party providers  Very low or zero fees  Transaction data will not be owned by any third party provider 2.9 Industry Trends - P2p Lending / Marketplaces ● P2p lending using bitcoin ● $13M volume, 15,000 loans serviced ● Raised $9.2M ● A free online marketplace to buy and sell goods / services using Bitcoin. ● P2p e commerce platform with no fees or restrictions. ● Raised 4.2 M in 3 rounds 21 2.9 Industry Trends – P2p Lending / Marketplaces
  22. 22. Real Estate • Reduces the need for paper-based record keeping • Assists in the tracking and verifying ownership of property, ensuring the accuracy of property deeds and documents Music • Musicians are able to be paid directly from fans without splitting revenue with distributors • Smart contracts prevent licensing issues and enables creators to catalog their own songs Cloud Storage • Open source blockchains can break up, encrypt and distribute files among many different nodes in a network Ride Sharing • Smart contracts allow car owners and passengers to arrange terms and condition securely without any third party provider 2.7 Real Estate2.10 Other Blockchain Application Examples 22 2.10 Other Blockchain Application Examples
  23. 23. 3. Blockchain Funding History 2013-2017 23 Data source from Architect Partmers
  24. 24. The blockchain innovations category accounts for 33% of venture funding and 17% of total companies in the blockchain technology sector Data source from venture scanner 3.1 Blockchain Startups Funding by Category 24
  25. 25. Data source from venture scanner 25 3.2 Blockchain Startups Funding Event Count
  26. 26. Crypto Exchanges Bitcoin Mining Crypto Wallets Crypto Payments Bitcoin Infrastructure Blockchain Innovation Big DataTrust Bitcoin Financial Services Financial Services GamblingNews 3.3 923 Blockchain Companies with Total $2.2 B Funding 26 3.3 923 Blockchain Companies with Total $2.2 B Funding
  27. 27. 3.4 Top 10 VC-Backed Blockchain Startups Company Industry Total Funding ($M) 1. Coinbase Wallets & Crypto Trading & Exchange 217.2 2. Circle Wallets & Crypto Trading & Exchange 136 3. Blockstream Blockchain Infrastructure 126 4. 21 Inc IOT 121 5. Ripple Financial Services 96 6. Bitfury Blockchain Infrastructure 90 7. Blockchain Wallets & Crypto Trading & Exchange 70 8. Digital Asset Financial Services 67 9. Veem Merchant Services 44 10. Chain Financial Services 43 As of Sep 2017 27 3.4 Top 10 VC-Backed Blockchain Startups
  28. 28. 3.4 Top 10 VC-Backed Blockchain Startups As of Sep 2017 28 3.5 Top 5 ICO-Backed Blockchain Startups Company Industry Total Funding ($M) 1. Filecoin Blockchain p2p 257 2.Tezos Blockchain Infrastructure 232 3. Bancor Crypto Trading & Exchange 153 4. The DAO Blockchain Infrastructure 152 5. Status Blockchain Innovation 108
  29. 29. Supportive: have initiatives that support the transactions of cryptocurrencies Opposed: regulatory bodies do not view cryptocurrencies as an asset Uncertain 4.1 International Views Towards Cryptocurrencies Source: http://36kr.com/p/5092390.html 29 4.1 International Views Towards Cryptocurrencies
  30. 30. June 2014 Swiss Federal Council issues report stating there is no need for legislative measures against virtual currencies November 2016 Japan Exchange Group leads establishment of the Japanese blockchain consortium June 2016 Singapore government set up ‘Regulatory Sandbox’ which allows blockchain companies to experiment with expedited legal processes September 2017 Chinese regulatory authorities ban ICOs, identifying them as an illegal form of fundraising amidst fraud claims May 2017 US Securities and Exchanges Commission rejects application of bitcoin exchange-traded fund 4.2 Timeline of Key Events from Regulators Source: http://36kr.com/p/5092390.html 30 September 2017 BTC China, one of China’s top exchanges, suspends trading following instructions from the government 4.2 Timeline of Key Events from Regulators
  31. 31. National Internet Finance Association of China Unauthorized by regulators as some of the ICOs are suspected of fraud, illegal equity offerings and fundraising “ICO projects have unclear assets, no investor suitability standards and gravely lack information disclosure and therefore have relatively high risks” China's Central Bank Declares Initial Coin Offerings Illegal A total of $1.6 billion has been raised globally via ICOs China PBOC says all ICOs must be stopped and refunds provided 4.3 China PBOC Declares ICO Illegal Source: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-04/china-central-bank-says-initial-coin-offerings-are-illegal 31 4.3 China PBOC Declares ICO Illegal
  32. 32. September 14, 2017 China’s oldest bitcoin exchange, BTC China, states that it will suspend trading for all China-based customers, causing the value of the cryptocurrency to fall drastically. The move follows pressure from the Chinese government and regulatory bodies in a bid to stamp out potential financial risk. 32 4.4 China’s Top Exchanges Suspend Trading Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-bitcoin-btcc/bitcoin-exchange-btcchina-says-to-stop-trading-sparking-further-slide-idUSKCN1BP1J8 4.4 China’s Top Exchanges Suspend Trading
  33. 33. Essential Stakeholders Government • People’s Bank of China vows to push for blockchain technology in the Five Year Plan Regulators • China Banking Regulatory Commission plans to implement rules for blockchain in finance sector • People’s Bank of China will provide specific regulatory framework for Ethereum industry 4.5 China Pushes to Explore Blockchain Source: http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2017-06/27/content_5205951.htm 33 4.5 China Pushes to Explore Blockchain
  34. 34. United States General Services Administration’s Emerging Citizen Technology program launched the U.S. Federal Blockchain program for federal agencies and U.S. businesses who are interested in exploring distributed ledger technology and its implementation within government. 4.6 USA GSA Ramps Up Blockchain Exploration Source: https://www.gsa.gov/portal/content/168102 34 4.6 USA GSA Ramps Up Blockchain Exploration
  35. 35. State owned Vnesheconombank launches research center as Russia continues its push into blockchain technology. 4.7 Russian Bank Announces Opening of Blockchain Research Center Source: https://www.financemagnates.com/cryptocurrency/news/russian-bank-announces-opening-blockchain-research-center/ 35 4.7 Russian Bank Announces Opening of Blockchain Research Center
  36. 36. • Blockchain technology and marketplace lending could present risks to financial stability • Risks may not emerge until blockchain solutions are deployed at scale • Unregulated blockchain systems may be vulnerable to fraud through collusion • Blockchain-based systems may operate over multiple regulatory jurisdictions or national boundaries In the next few years, there will be more coordination between companies and regulators to ensure safe and reliable adoption of blockchain technologies Almost all countries are working to improve certification behind cryptocurrencies as the collective attitude towards blockchain adoption is positive 36 4.8 Regulations are Necessary to Foster Long Term Adoption
  37. 37. We believe: • Amidst regulatory uncertainty, the adoption of blockchain technology will become ubiquitous • The adoption of blockchain will disrupt several industries 5.1 Our Ethos 37
  38. 38. Focus on all three layers of blockchain 5.2 MindWorks Investment Parameters Source: World Economic Forum 38 5.2 MindWorks Investment Parameters
  39. 39. Targeting industries that: • are built on legacy systems • exhibit high potential for widespread disruption • will be incentivized to adopt due to cost savings • are aligned with government and regulatory goals • have processes reliant on B2B SaaS models Banking & Payments Cryptocurrency Trading, Wallets and Exchanges Merchant Services Insurance 39 5.3 MindWorks Investment Focus
  40. 40. Thank You David Chang Managing Partner 40 Joe Chan Partner Wayne Chu Principal Cassidy Wong Associate cassidy@mindworks.vc Jeffrey Wu Associate jeff@mindworks.vc Disclaimer: MindWorks Ventures has made every attempt to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information provided in this report. However, the information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. MindWorks Ventures does not accept any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, content, completeness, legality, or reliability of the information contained in this report. No warranties, promises and/or representations of any kind, expressed or implied, are given as to the nature, standard, accuracy or otherwise of the information provided in this report nor to the suitability or otherwise of the information to your particular circumstances. We shall not be liable for any loss or damage of whatever nature (direct, indirect, consequential, or other) whether arising in contract, tort or otherwise, which may arise as a result of your use of (or inability to use) this report, or from your use of (or failure to use) the information in this report.

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