Control Ornithology  Understanding the Situation  with Nuisance Birds Utilizing the Solutions  in Dealing with Nuisance Bi...
Why Birds Are a Problem? <ul><li>Birds seek sites that accommodate their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Roosting  ▫  Life Suppor...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Roosting :  </li></ul><ul><li>Daily, with seasonal variations, birds will repeatedly visit ...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Night Time Roosting :   </li></ul><ul><li>Night time roosting is a specific behavior where ...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support :  </li></ul><ul><li>All birds harbor particular preferences/tolerances when f...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support :  </li></ul><ul><li>Some situations provide opportunities for birds to access...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support :  </li></ul><ul><li>Birds adjust their patterns based upon changes in the sit...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Reproduction : </li></ul><ul><li>The strongest behaviors for birds: </li></ul><ul><li>   C...
Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Reproduction : </li></ul><ul><li>Species-Specific reproductive behavior is predetermined.  ...
Three Facets Affecting Bird Activity Birds always react to change and new inputs! Birds always make value judgments and ch...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Urban Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds have adapted to the urban environment. </li></ul><...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Industrial Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>Most industrial and commercial sites create habitat, ...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Industrial Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>Bird excrement creates many problems, both in site an...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Agriculture Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds cause crop losses and product damages! </li>...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>There is an avian revolution in America, and in many places, the birds are winning! </li></ul>...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>There are only two types of bird control: </li></ul><ul><li>Lethal   :  Non-lethal </li></ul><...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Non-Lethal Control  takes two general forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion   :  Aversion </li></...
Control Ornithology <ul><li>Nuisance Bird Aversion Strategies fall into three categories. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aversio...
<ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world...
<ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world...
<ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world...
Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world!   As with other vertebrate pests, nuisance birds can produ...
<ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology If you have questions about your site… If ...
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Control Ornithology2009

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Why do certain birds celcet and thrive in man-made sites? The answers can be codified. Once you know a successful action plan can be formulated.

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Control Ornithology2009

  1. 1. Control Ornithology Understanding the Situation with Nuisance Birds Utilizing the Solutions in Dealing with Nuisance Birds Flock Fighters USA PO Box 6553 Fort Wayne, IN 46896 (800) 489-0982 © Copyright 2009
  2. 2. Why Birds Are a Problem? <ul><li>Birds seek sites that accommodate their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Roosting ▫ Life Support ▫ Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Nuisance birds produce negative consequences in man-made sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Bird populations and their effects are growing! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Roosting : </li></ul><ul><li>Daily, with seasonal variations, birds will repeatedly visit a particular site/perch for lounging and resting. </li></ul><ul><li>This visitation has nothing to do with feeding/breeding behaviors, but is usually periodic, i.e. the same time of day. </li></ul><ul><li>This behavior is reinforced with each visit and has increased intensity when it is communal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Night Time Roosting : </li></ul><ul><li>Night time roosting is a specific behavior where birds return to </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Roost”. </li></ul><ul><li>Same bird to the same feature; each night, for the whole night. </li></ul><ul><li>Many birds can not see at night, thus they are driven to be in the roost at sunset. </li></ul><ul><li>Night time roosting can produce significant problems in the site due to the repetitive behavior and the total numbers of birds associated to the site. </li></ul><ul><li>Night time roosting can be a major safety, hygiene and maintenance concern. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support : </li></ul><ul><li>All birds harbor particular preferences/tolerances when feeding/drinking. These preferences are based upon: </li></ul><ul><li> ingrained species-specific behavior </li></ul><ul><li> the site’s parameters </li></ul><ul><li> any learned behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>The birds MUST work within these limits . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support : </li></ul><ul><li>Some situations provide opportunities for birds to access a site. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the site’s character inhibits birds from selecting it. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes certain characteristics of the site create enough </li></ul><ul><li>insecurity for the birds to not select it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Life Support : </li></ul><ul><li>Birds adjust their patterns based upon changes in the site due to climate, season or site dynamic and alterations. </li></ul><ul><li>Every day, birds make value judgments and behave accordingly. </li></ul><ul><li>Birds’ feeding/drinking/roosting behaviors can produce huge financial costs to sites. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Reproduction : </li></ul><ul><li>The strongest behaviors for birds: </li></ul><ul><li> Courtship and breeding </li></ul><ul><li> Nest establishment </li></ul><ul><li> Brooding and rearing of young </li></ul><ul><li>Until eggs are hatched, the babies’ flight feathers are grown, and fledglings can fend for themselves, the parents are relentless in their site focus to produce progeny. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bird Behaviors Defined <ul><li>Reproduction : </li></ul><ul><li>Species-Specific reproductive behavior is predetermined. </li></ul><ul><li>There is very little latitude for variation. </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the birds must work within these limits . </li></ul><ul><li>Sites with nesting populations can incur large inconveniences, especially for communal nesting bird species. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Three Facets Affecting Bird Activity Birds always react to change and new inputs! Birds always make value judgments and choose accordingly. . How does each species of bird balance and blend the three facets? Environmental Physiological Behavioral
  11. 11. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Urban Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds have adapted to the urban environment. </li></ul><ul><li>- Bird droppings are organic and produce slipping issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Manure composition is dependent on species and diet. </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds vector disease for humans! </li></ul><ul><li>Over 30 human diseases are harbored by pigeons, starlings and sparrows and can be transmitted directly with droppings contact! </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds pollute buildings, landscapes and equipment! </li></ul><ul><li>Bird droppings are acidic and are corrosive to metal, marble and limestone. Bird manure (and any pathogens) on walkways can be carried on shoes into a building. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Industrial Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>Most industrial and commercial sites create habitat, which cultivates bird focus and bird population growth. These sites concentrate and localize the negative, i.e. manure. </li></ul><ul><li>Some species of birds introduce nesting material can introduce increased fire hazards. If birds place nests near or on energized hardware, arcing and outages are the result. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Industrial Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>Bird excrement creates many problems, both in site and hygiene risks. </li></ul><ul><li> Employee safety concerns, due to slippage, are created by the organic content of the bird droppings, particularly in rainy locations. </li></ul><ul><li> Bird manure (and any pathogens) on walkways are carried on shoes into buildings, thereby polluting areas with no birds present. </li></ul><ul><li> Health and hygiene risks; both from pathogens and the dry manure, which aggravates asthma and allergies, are real, constant and can grow with the deposits. </li></ul><ul><li> Maintenance/repair costs to structures and equipment polluted by birds can be substantial. Bird droppings are acidic and corrosive to metal and limestone. Accumulated nitrogen in wood timbers creates heighten fire hazards. </li></ul><ul><li> Birds manure soils raw materials, finished products and warehoused supplies. </li></ul><ul><li> Slurries from liquid cleanup, power washing, can produce storm water quality issues and produce environmental citations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Agriculture Realities : </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds cause crop losses and product damages! </li></ul><ul><li>What is the value of your lost crops due to birds? </li></ul><ul><li>100 small birds consume 50+lbs of berries a day! </li></ul><ul><li>100 pigeons - 500 black birds can eat a ton of corn a month. </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds produce filth in buildings and on equipment! </li></ul><ul><li>Bird droppings are corrosive to metal and accumulated nitrogen. In timbers it creates heightened fire hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>- Birds vector disease for animals and humans! </li></ul><ul><li>The #1 vectored bovine disease, the most common source of reduced milk production and calf death, is solely bird vectored. </li></ul><ul><li>Many mosquito borne diseases are harbored in local birds. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Control Ornithology <ul><li>There is an avian revolution in America, and in many places, the birds are winning! </li></ul><ul><li>In response to the adverse consequences birds can bring to sites, bird control services and products have become a substantial industry in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuisance Bird control has become a requirement, but </li></ul><ul><li>How is nuisance bird control implemented? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Control Ornithology <ul><li>There are only two types of bird control: </li></ul><ul><li>Lethal : Non-lethal </li></ul><ul><li>Lethal control is predation. </li></ul><ul><li>Society today frowns on lethal control, and usually prohibits its implementation - In fact, only 5 species of birds can be killed without federal permits. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-lethal control affects the bird without mortality. </li></ul><ul><li>It introduces “change” which impacts bird behavior. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Non-Lethal Control takes two general forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion : Aversion </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion is the creation of a barrier to prohibit site usage. </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion alters the site/feature to make it less attractive or insulated from the bird usage. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything which inhibits the birds from utilizing a feature is exclusion: netting, spikes, wires, shock track, cavity fillers, caulks. </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion is the practice of using a negative medium to alter behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion ‘attacks’ the bird, or a specific behavior, to change the desire for a specific feature; the bird then modifies the targeted behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>All noise, visual, and chemical products are aversion. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Control Ornithology <ul><li>Nuisance Bird Aversion Strategies fall into three categories. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aversion : The Scarecrow Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Predator figures, Balloons, Mylar tape </li></ul><ul><li>New visual stimulus to the environment causes the bird to ‘fright flight’; an ingrained response to anything new, but resistance always follows! The birds learn there is no threat and ignore it. </li></ul><ul><li>Noise Aversion : Pots and Pans Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Screech machines, Cannons, Horns, Pyrotechnics, </li></ul><ul><li>Noise, in various forms, creates confusion and the birds choose to leave a site initially, but resistance always develops. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Aversion : Smells and Tastes Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Scented Oils, Methyl Anthranilate </li></ul><ul><li>Repellents affect the bird physiologically, creating discomfort. The birds learn that the site is uncomfortable and choose to evacuate. </li></ul><ul><li>They do not develop resistance. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world! In the natural context, every bird species adds beauty interest richness to landscapes and community settings. Every bird fits into an environmental strata and contributes to both bio-diversity the overall mechanism of its micro-environment context and continuation. Flock Fighters USA Fort Wayne, Indiana www.flockfighters.com 800.489.6651 © Copyright 2009
  20. 20. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world! Exotic (non-native) birds: Pigeons Starlings English Sparrows Monk Parakeets Muscovy Ducks are no different, they fit within a specific environmental niche. However, the growth of acceptable habitat (urbanization) and the lack of natural predation creates a population explosion, with all its consequences. Flock Fighters USA Fort Wayne, Indiana www.flockfighters.com 800.489.6651 © Copyright 2009
  21. 21. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world! Some native birds create issues too: Canada Geese Coots Ravens Crows Grackles Vultures Seagulls all have adapted to man-made sites. Their population growth creates negative issues for the human populations, who constructed and now utilize the sites. Flock Fighters USA Fort Wayne, Indiana www.flockfighters.com 800.489.6651 © Copyright 2009
  22. 22. Control Ornithology Birds are in every eco-system in our world! As with other vertebrate pests, nuisance birds can produce  significant direct and indirect costs  real risk, both short and long term which makes control a requirement , rather than an option.
  23. 23. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul><ul><li>or CONCERNS? </li></ul>Control Ornithology If you have questions about your site… If you have questions about “your” birds… If you have questions about your control options… Flock Fighters USA is available to answer them. We have expelled more birds than any other applicator, and we supply products and services around the world. We would be happy to discuss the requirements of your site. Flock Fighters USA Fort Wayne, Indiana www.flockfighters.com 800.489.6651 © Copyright 2009

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