Mathematical models can describe data using meaningful parameters from only a few values. These models are useful for making inferences about data as the formal logic of mathematics allows derivation of properties not obvious from the data alone. The history of statistics includes Thomas Bayes' seminal work in the 1700s, the development of maximum likelihood and other frequentist methods in the 1900s, and more recent utilization of Bayesian and other computational methods as capabilities increased in the 2000s.