Wide shot – you are establishing the environment where the events of your story will be taking place. This will help the audience orientate themselves within the story. Medium shot – engages the viewer to the characters of the story – shows who the story will be focusing on. Close-up shot – Shows the details of the story – pieces that make of the story elements.
I wanted to orientate the 4-H TV youth in the building at the fairgrounds. The story is not centered on the building, so I did not need a large establishing shot. This scene is just about one youth teach another how to use the camera.
The medium shot is not that different from the wide, but it does focus the viewer specifically on our two youths and what they are discussing.
The close up is simply the detail of what they are talking about. Notice, the camera is about as large as they were in the medium shot. A wider shot over the youths shoulder would not have illustrated that the camera is what they are discussing – that detail would have been lost in all of the information of the wider image.
Side by side.
The should in the right hand corner helps orientate the viewer.
How to Tell a Story Visually (Litchfield)
How to Tell a Story Visually Jed Findlay
How to tell a story visually• Knowing your audience• Determining the message• Deciding on a form• Pre, Production and Post• Technical tips
Audience• WHO – Who are they? What do we know about them? What do we want them to think and do?
Audience• HOW DO I APPLY THIS – Length of film - Age appropriate language – pacing – style – delivery – music – form – colors
Determining the Message• What is the purpose?• What are the outcomes / call to action?• What will the audience think, know, feel, and do as a result?
Choosing a Form• Documentary• Short Film• Abstract
Documentary• Narrator• Interviews• What is your role as the filmmaker?• Watch