Informationist or Information Specialist in Context:  Who is this? <ul><li>Jean P. Shipman </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Libra...
How did the concept begin? <ul><li>Davidoff and Florance article in 2000 –  </li></ul><ul><li>----------------------------...
Why the Need? <ul><li>Clinical questions should be answered on the basis of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Health care provide...
What’s different about this person? <ul><li>more specialized clinical training than health sciences librarians typically h...
Concept Sat Until… <ul><li>Scott Plutchak, then editor of the BMLA, issued a call for action to MLA members </li></ul><ul>...
Initial Exploration <ul><li>MLA Task Force charged in May of 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia conference and JMLA sympo...
Initial Exploration continued… <ul><li>Conference summary – </li></ul><ul><li>Shipman JP ,  Cunningham DJ ,  Holst R ,  Wa...
Resulting Action Agenda <ul><li>Agenda presented to MLA Board Sept. 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Plan posted on MLANET </li></ul...
Further Conversations <ul><li>Web chat held May 9, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Open Forum held at Dallas MLA meeting 2002 </li>...
Change of Name <ul><li>Board addressed comments received at January 2003 meeting </li></ul><ul><li>ISIC – Information Spec...
Consultant Report  <ul><li>Released May 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Created  5 scenarios for different arenas </li></ul><ul><li...
Consultant Findings <ul><li>Provided results of surveys, focus groups and interviews with practicing informationists (n s ...
MLA Implementation of Report <ul><li>Started May 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Divided recommendations among units for further ac...
Theme 1 <ul><li>Clarify informationist definitions and identify and promulgate descriptive roles for these professionals, ...
Strategies <ul><li>1.1 Support testing of the informationist concept  </li></ul><ul><li>1.2  Inventory and critically anal...
Strategies <ul><li>1.3 Develop practice protocols and standards for informationist activities </li></ul><ul><li>1.4  Ident...
Theme 2 <ul><li>Encourage systematic evaluation and dissemination of findings on the costs and benefits of providing in co...
Strategies <ul><li>2.1 Support research to determine the financial aspects of an informationist </li></ul><ul><li>2.2  Sup...
Strategies <ul><li>2.3  Encourage NLM to fund evaluation studies on the cost and benefits of an informationist </li></ul><...
Theme 3 <ul><li>Promote and support the entry of health sciences librarians and other interested health professionals into...
Strategies <ul><li>3.1  Publicize the role and accomplishments of in-context information specialists </li></ul><ul><li>3.2...
Strategies <ul><li>3.3  Encourage early adoption of the informationist concept by creating educational opportunities for k...
Theme 4 <ul><li>Obtain funding to implement objectives and fund pilots. </li></ul>
Strategies <ul><li>4.1  Identify potential funding agencies </li></ul><ul><li>4.2 Encourage the funding of informationists...
Theme 5 <ul><li>Identify and publicize opportunities for informationists training. </li></ul>
Strategies <ul><li>5.1  Explore and test various training methods </li></ul><ul><li>5.2  Develop critical mass of faculty ...
Strategies <ul><li>5.4  Develop model curricula for professionals who wish to enter information specialties </li></ul><ul>...
Meanwhile… <ul><li>NLM funded 2-year fellowships to test models (2004+, individual throughout] </li></ul><ul><li>Training,...
Jobs are being offered <ul><li>AAHSL survey   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(July 21 , 2006; n=34; clinical & research focused] </...
More Information Needed? <ul><li>Consult: </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.mlanet.org/research/ </li></ul><ul><li>information...
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Ifla Informationist Final

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  • Ifla Informationist Final

    1. 1. Informationist or Information Specialist in Context: Who is this? <ul><li>Jean P. Shipman </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Library Association (U.S.] </li></ul><ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. How did the concept begin? <ul><li>Davidoff and Florance article in 2000 – </li></ul><ul><li>---------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Davidoff F, Florance V. The informationist: a new health profession? [editorial]. Ann Int Med. 2000 Jun 20. 132(12):996–8. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why the Need? <ul><li>Clinical questions should be answered on the basis of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Health care providers don’t take time to review evidence – time, vast amounts, retrieval skills, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Clinicians need concise, synthesized review of literature that is readily available </li></ul>
    4. 4. What’s different about this person? <ul><li>more specialized clinical training than health sciences librarians typically have </li></ul><ul><li>informationist takes part in a nationally recognized standard curriculum, has appropriate training and accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>answers directly to clinical directors and chiefs of staff, and their services will be paid for directly, as is done for other health care providers. </li></ul><ul><li>model is clinic driven, not library driven. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Concept Sat Until… <ul><li>Scott Plutchak, then editor of the BMLA, issued a call for action to MLA members </li></ul><ul><li>---------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>T. Scott Plutchak , Informationists and librarians. Bull Med Libr Assoc. 2000 October; 88(4): 391–392. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Initial Exploration <ul><li>MLA Task Force charged in May of 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia conference and JMLA symposia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>J Med Libr Assoc. 2002 January; 90(1 ] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Invitational conference , April 4-5, 2002 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Initial Exploration continued… <ul><li>Conference summary – </li></ul><ul><li>Shipman JP , Cunningham DJ , Holst R , Watson LA . </li></ul><ul><li>The informationist conference: report. </li></ul><ul><li>J Med Libr Assoc. 2002 Oct ; 90 (4) : 458-64. </li></ul><ul><li>MLANET.org website has rich content of events including video clips of conference </li></ul>
    8. 8. Resulting Action Agenda <ul><li>Agenda presented to MLA Board Sept. 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Plan posted on MLANET </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more than just MLA involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many partners needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will take time to implement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will require funding sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>actions may change as progress is made </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Further Conversations <ul><li>Web chat held May 9, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Open Forum held at Dallas MLA meeting 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter Roundtables held at MLA 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Individual institutions addressed topic </li></ul>
    10. 10. Change of Name <ul><li>Board addressed comments received at January 2003 meeting </li></ul><ul><li>ISIC – Information Specialist in Context birthed </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed Implementation Task Force </li></ul><ul><li>Approved hiring a consultant for further review of concept – Vanderbilt U -3/04 </li></ul>
    11. 11. Consultant Report <ul><li>Released May 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Created 5 scenarios for different arenas </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians and health providers polled </li></ul><ul><li>Results posted on MLANET members site </li></ul><ul><li>Results shared at MLA 2006 Open Forum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions – how do we get there? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More acceptance of concept </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Consultant Findings <ul><li>Provided results of surveys, focus groups and interviews with practicing informationists (n s =274, 39] </li></ul><ul><li>Presented training and assessment frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Addressed funding and communication mechanisms for role diffusion </li></ul>
    13. 13. MLA Implementation of Report <ul><li>Started May 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Divided recommendations among units for further action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing education key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating and Publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually – evaluation and R.O.I. value </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Theme 1 <ul><li>Clarify informationist definitions and identify and promulgate descriptive roles for these professionals, be they health sciences librarians or other information specialists working in context. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Strategies <ul><li>1.1 Support testing of the informationist concept </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 Inventory and critically analyze current examples of in-context information specialists and their funding </li></ul><ul><li>-------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>… Definition still unclear or uniformly applied </li></ul><ul><li>… Lots of variations on the theme </li></ul><ul><li>… 1.2 did recently with AAHSL listserv </li></ul>
    16. 16. Strategies <ul><li>1.3 Develop practice protocols and standards for informationist activities </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 Identify potential ideal backgrounds and traits for informationists </li></ul><ul><li>----------- </li></ul><ul><li>… consultant report outlines perceived skills and educational needs </li></ul>
    17. 17. Theme 2 <ul><li>Encourage systematic evaluation and dissemination of findings on the costs and benefits of providing in context information specialist services. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Strategies <ul><li>2.1 Support research to determine the financial aspects of an informationist </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 Support research to determine the impact of an informationist </li></ul>
    19. 19. Strategies <ul><li>2.3 Encourage NLM to fund evaluation studies on the cost and benefits of an informationist </li></ul><ul><li>2.4 Identify experts to assist with research / evaluation design of informationists </li></ul><ul><li>------------- </li></ul><ul><li>… Too early to do serious evaluation </li></ul>
    20. 20. Theme 3 <ul><li>Promote and support the entry of health sciences librarians and other interested health professionals into informationist positions. Effectively articulate informationist expertise domains to potential employers. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Strategies <ul><li>3.1 Publicize the role and accomplishments of in-context information specialists </li></ul><ul><li>3.2 Gather and highlight successful outcomes; include anecdotal evidence of improvement </li></ul>
    22. 22. Strategies <ul><li>3.3 Encourage early adoption of the informationist concept by creating educational opportunities for key adopters </li></ul><ul><li>3.4 Identify potential partners to promote/market the concept </li></ul><ul><li>----------- </li></ul><ul><li>… jobs are being offered </li></ul><ul><li>… of interest to second career individuals </li></ul><ul><li>… MLA News articles highlight informationists </li></ul>
    23. 23. Theme 4 <ul><li>Obtain funding to implement objectives and fund pilots. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Strategies <ul><li>4.1 Identify potential funding agencies </li></ul><ul><li>4.2 Encourage the funding of informationists </li></ul><ul><li>4.3 Outline and promote financial support models for an informationist based on research </li></ul><ul><li>------- </li></ul><ul><li>… NLM Fellowships </li></ul><ul><li>… Positions within institutions </li></ul>
    25. 25. Theme 5 <ul><li>Identify and publicize opportunities for informationists training. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Strategies <ul><li>5.1 Explore and test various training methods </li></ul><ul><li>5.2 Develop critical mass of faculty to support informationist training </li></ul><ul><li>5.3 Identify organizations already providing or willing to provide specialty training for informationist and encourage partnerships </li></ul>
    27. 27. Strategies <ul><li>5.4 Develop model curricula for professionals who wish to enter information specialties </li></ul><ul><li>5.5 Encourage NLM to fund training for informationists in the various arenas and curricular development </li></ul><ul><li>----- </li></ul><ul><li>… still institutional-based </li></ul><ul><li>… NLM Long Range Planning Report 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>… MLANET list of institutions willing to host fellows </li></ul>
    28. 28. Meanwhile… <ul><li>NLM funded 2-year fellowships to test models (2004+, individual throughout] </li></ul><ul><li>Training, a practicum, and research project </li></ul><ul><li>3 librarians, 3 other types of professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Types of models funded: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Health – Hopkins, U Michigan, U of Iowa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer Health/Social Work – VCU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Practice – Hopkins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research – North Carolina Central U </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Jobs are being offered <ul><li>AAHSL survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(July 21 , 2006; n=34; clinical & research focused] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Institutes of Health (16) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Pittsburgh [8] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U of Florida [2] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Houston Academy of Medicine, UTHSCSA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Indiana </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northwestern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UCSF, UCSD, USC, Stanford University </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>International – more advanced ? </li></ul>
    30. 30. More Information Needed? <ul><li>Consult: </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.mlanet.org/research/ </li></ul><ul><li>informationist/ </li></ul>

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