Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 1

Chapter 15 :

Health & Safety
Advice at Work

Presented by:
Jean F. Baylon
...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 2

Outline:


Introduction





Why health and safety is important
o Hazard...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 3

Introduction
There are risks associated with every workplace. In some indus...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 4

The Cost of Safety Failure
The reason there are not even more
accidents and...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 5

of regulations and there is a lot of supporting guidance, but the underlyin...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 6

that you have identified the main things in your business which could cause...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 7

the use of personal protective equipment - like respirators or protective f...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 8

Working Together
Although if you are the person in overall
control of your ...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 9

Nestle’s safety, health and environment department picked up the award for ...
Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 10

seen a 75 per cent drop in its recordable accident frequency rate – from 6...
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Health and Safety in the Workplace

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for Mgnt. 2 subject - Human Resource and Development

Pasig Catholic College

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Health and Safety in the Workplace

  1. 1. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 1 Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work Presented by: Jean F. Baylon BSBA4 – Mktg. Mgnt Instructor: Mrs. L. Fernandez
  2. 2. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 2 Outline:  Introduction   Why health and safety is important o Hazards at Work o The Cost of Safety Failure o Underlying Principles o Risk Control Measures o ‘Where Are You Now?’ o Working Together o Don’t Delay - Get Started Today! Case Study  References
  3. 3. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 3 Introduction There are risks associated with every workplace. In some industries, the outcome of a typical incident may be relatively slight, for example an office worker shaken and upset by slipping on a wet floor. In other industries a typical incident can have far more severe consequences, such as a farmer pinned beneath an overturned tractor, a building worker hurt in a fall, or a factory worker caught up in machinery. Industrial accidents create not only personal grief and distress but also huge fin ancial costs and unwelcome negative publicity for the organisation and industry concerned. They are of great interest and concern to all of the organisation’s stakeholders eg employees, managers, shareholders, local residents and businesses, and suppliers. In a modern society, people will not allow organisations to ignore the impact of their activities on surrounding communities. Not all of the stakeholders have the same interests. In meeting their health, safety and environmental responsibilities, businesses have to strike a balance between conflicting interests. When a firm puts forward a safety recommendation, its shareholders will want to know the cost of implementing it, whilst employees are more likely to ask how many illnesses, injuries or deaths it is likely to prevent each year. Why health and safety is important? Hazards at Work Whatever sort of business you are, there is always the possibility of an accident or damage to someone’s health. All work exposes people to hazards, be they: loads which have to be manually handled; dangerous machinery; toxic substances; electricity; working with display screen equipment or even psychological hazards such as stress.
  4. 4. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 4 The Cost of Safety Failure The reason there are not even more accidents and diseases caused by work is because systems of prevention are in place which have been built up over generations. Safety does not come about by accident: most accidents happen because they have not been prevented. Yet despite all the precautions that are taken in the UK, there are still over 600, 000 workplace injuries every year as well as 1.8 million cases of ill health caused or made more by work. In 2010/11 26.4 million working days were lost due to workrelated illness and workplace injury. Even small businesses have accidents. Accident rates in small businesses can be higher than in large operations(for instance the fatality rate in SME manufacturers is twice that of large ones. Underlying Principles Attention to health and safety is not just about being socially responsible. It also makes good business sense and you should regard it as just as important as the achievement of any other key business objective. Of course, working out what modern health and safety law means for your business can be quite a headache. But don’t be put off. Yes, on the face of it there do seem to be a lot
  5. 5. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 5 of regulations and there is a lot of supporting guidance, but the underlying principles are really quite straightforward. Essentially you have to ensure absence of risk to safety and health of employees and others ‘so far as is reasonably practicable’.  System in place to Manage Health & Safety You have to have a system (e.g. have a policy, designate people and have clear procedures) in place to manage health and safety (and, if you employ more than five people, set this out in a written health and safety policy statement). You need to be able to show how you plan, organise, control, monitor and review preventative measures. And you need to appoint a competent person(s) to help you comply with your legal obligations.  Identify hazards You have to identify your main hazards (things that could cause harm).  Assess Risk You have to assess your risks (the probability that significant harm will occur) and again, if you employ more than five, record the results of your assessment. Risk assessment is the key to working out what needs to be done - but don’t make it over-complicated. Remember, although you have to do it by law, it is really only any use if it can be used as a working tool - to help you prove to yourself and your employees
  6. 6. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 6 that you have identified the main things in your business which could cause harm and that you are doing everything you should to prevent that harm from happening.  Risk Control Measures You have to make sure that your risk control measures are adequate and that they are used and maintained and that they continue to work. (You also have to put in place any back up measures that may be needed like health surveillance or emergency procedures). And you have to inform, train and supervise employees. For the most part the law sets out certain health and safety goals to be achieved and indicates appropriate ‘benchmarks’ to help you work out whether your controls are up to ‘reasonably practicable’ standards. There is an underlying requirement to reduce or eliminate hazards at source, or isolate people from them (for example, by guarding machinery) before using other forms of control. Relying on the use of personal protective equipment - like respirators or protective footwear - is a last resort and is only acceptable when all other options have failed. o Risk Control Measures For the most part the law sets out certain health and safety goals to be achieved and indicates appropriate ‘benchmarks’ to help you work out whether your controls are up to ‘reasonably practicable’ standards. There is an underlying requirement to reduce or eliminate hazards at source, or isolate people from them (for example, by guarding machinery) before using other forms of control. Relying on
  7. 7. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 7 the use of personal protective equipment - like respirators or protective footwear - is a last resort and is only acceptable when all other options have failed. ‘Where Are You Now?’ Armed with the knowledge you have gained, try to answer the following questions: "When it comes to health and safety, where are we now as a company?" and "Where do we want to be this time next year?"  Start by looking at your firm’s health and safety policy statement. It should be the basis of your firm’s health and safety action plan.  Ask yourself whether you have an effective health and safety management system in place - in other words, a planned way of tackling problems.  Have you got clear policies and objectives for health and safety?  Have you organised key people to achieve them?  What training do they need?  Have you appointed a competent person to help you comply with your duties?  Have you identified your main hazards and assessed the risks involved?  Have you selected the right control measures to tackle these main risks  Are they adequate or do you need to do more?  Are they actually being applied in practice?  Are you monitoring progress - for example, by inspecting the workplace regularly or investigating accidents and ‘near misses’ - to learn from your mistakes?  Have you set a date to review your health and safety performance against your plans?
  8. 8. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 8 Working Together Although if you are the person in overall control of your business, ‘the buck stops with you’, you cannot achieve a safe and healthy working environment on your own. It has to be a team effort and you need to consult your employees and, where appointed, their safety representatives. You need to get proper health and safety co-ordination going with other businesses with which you come into contact such as clients, customers, suppliers or contractors. You need to build ownership and commitment to safety throughout your workforce. Don’t Delay - Get Started Today! Above all, you need to remember that besides protecting people and the environment, action on health and safety can also make a major contribution to business success. Not only will it help stop accidents and work related ill health among your staff, but it will reduce your accident losses, improve your profit and loss statement and help you become more efficient. Don’t think accidents and occupational ill health can’t happen in your company. Above all don’t wait for things to go wrong and then go for the ‘quick fix’. Build health and safety in from the start. Don’t delay - make time and space to get started today! Case Study Nestlé has designs on health and safety NESTLE Confectionery’s York factory has won a national health and safety award for reducing the frequency of accidents involving its workers by over a third.
  9. 9. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 9 Nestle’s safety, health and environment department picked up the award for its design stage risk assessments scheme, a system which tackles the risk of injury and ill health caused by equipment and processes in the food industry, at the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health event in Harrogate. By spotting hazards before machinery and processes are designed, engineered, and installed in the factory, the company has made its workplace safer from the start. Nicola Callaghan, safety, health and environment manager at Nestlé’s York factory, said: “The project has had a huge impact on reducing the frequency of accidents to our workers. From 2009 until September just gone, we saw our rate drop by 38 per cent – down from 81.5 accidents per one million hours worked, to 50.8 – a really big achievement for us. And we believe we can still do better.” Nestlé York, one of the world’s largest confectionery factories and home of Kit Kat, has also
  10. 10. Chapter 15 : Health & Safety Advice at Work 10 seen a 75 per cent drop in its recordable accident frequency rate – from 6.5 to 1.6 – which includes occupational illnesses and accidents that require treatment beyond first aid. As part of the design stage risk assessment process, a team of managers, craftsmen and workers carry out detailed checks on any design proposals at the Nestlé factory. They have a checklist to assess whether equipment or process have the potential to cause accidents or ill-health. She said: “It’s been great to get input from our workers – they operate the systems and have the knowledge, experience and ideas. In turn, that’s helped to improve their morale. “The cost of putting the scheme in place has been minimal and we’re seeing savings as efficiency is up, but injury and ill-health-related lost-time is down. But the best thing is knowing the workforce is safer.” References 1. Health and Safety Executive Annual Statistics Report 210/11 (www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/sources/index.htm) 2. Making an impact on SME compliance behaviour: An evaluation of the effect of interventions upon compliance with health and safety legislation in SMEs, Prepared by Kings College London for Health and Safety Executive 2005 http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr366.pdf the

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