A rule that expresses that no law may be enforced by the government unless it complies with specific
universal principles of fairness, morality, and justice is known as the "rule according to a higher law." In
cases of political or economic decision-making where a government, despite acting in accordance with
clearly defined and properly enacted legal rules, still produces results that many observers find unfair or
unjust, the rule according to a higher law may serve as a practical legal criterion.