• Born on January 22, 1561
• Second child of Sir Nicholas Bacon
and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon
• Studied at Trinity College,
Ca...
• Summa cum laude at Harvard
(1943)
• PhD in Physics concerning on
application of quantum
mechanics to solid state
physics...
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Bacon and Kuhn

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little background on Bacon and Kuhn

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Bacon and Kuhn

  1. 1. • Born on January 22, 1561 • Second child of Sir Nicholas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon • Studied at Trinity College, Cambridge and Gray's Inn, London Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) • Became Lord Chancellor under the reign of James I (1918) • Used as a scapegoat for the Duke of Buckingham and was impeached (1621) • Died of pneumonia while studying the effects of snow in meat preservation Career and Death • The Great Instauration (1620) 1. The Divisions of the Science 2. The New Organon 3. The Phenomena of the Universe 4. The Ladder of Intellect 5. The Forerunners 6. The New Philosophy Main Work Ipsa Scientia Potestas est (Knowledge itself is power) - Bacon's Meditationes Sacrae (1597) • The Theory of Induction • Induction is a slow and faithful toil which gathers information from things and brings it into understanding • The Theory of Idols (Tribe, Cave, Market Place & Theater) • Idols are mad habits of mind that cause people to fall into error. • The Book of Nature is God’s work and The Book of God is God’s will. Franciscus de Verulamio Summi Angliae Cancellaris Instauratio magna (1620) Bacon’s Philosophy Klein, Jürgen, "Francis Bacon", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/francis-bacon/>
  2. 2. • Summa cum laude at Harvard (1943) • PhD in Physics concerning on application of quantum mechanics to solid state physics (1949) • Professor of History of Science at the University of California at Berkeley (1961) Thomas Kuhn (1992-1996) • One of the most cited academic book • Sold about 1.4 million copies (like Harry Potter) • Great impact on how we view Science The Structure of Scientific Revolutions • Set of alternating "normal" and "revolutionary" phases • Normal science: common intellectual framework solving anomalies • Revolutionary science: replacement of an old paradigm with a new one Development of Science Bird, Alexander, "Thomas Kuhn", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2013/entries/thomas- kuhn/>. The Paradigm Shift

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