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By : JAY
INTRODUCTION
Blu-ray (BD) is a next-generation optical disc format.
The format was developed to enable recording, rewriting and
playback of high-definition video (HD), as well as storing large
amounts of data.
The companies that have jointly established the BD specifications
are
 Hitachi, Ltd
 LG Electronics
 Matsushitha Electrical Industrial Co. Ltd
 Mitsubishi Electric Corporarion
(Contd…)
 Pioneer Corporation
 Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd
 Sony
 Thomson
 Royal Phillips Electronics
 Sharp Corporation
The name Blu-ray is derived from the blue-violet laser it uses
to read and write to the disc.
The “e” was intentionally left out of the name due to
trademark restrictions
HISTORY
1st
GENERATION:
Compact disc (CD): --- 650/700 MB
It is with us for over 20 years.
Wavelength of laser which reads data: 780 nm
Color of laser: Red
2nd
GENERATION:
Digital versatile disc (DVD): --- 4.7 GB
It offers high quality sound and video than CD.
Wavelength of laser which reads data: 650 nm
Color of laser: Red
HISTORY
3rd
GENERATION:
Blu-ray disc (BD): --- 25/50 GB
-Next generation optical disc format.
-Developed by blu-ray disc association (which includes Apple, Hitachi,
HP, LG, Panasonic, Pioneer, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony)
-Wavelength of laser which reads data: 405 nm
-Color of laser: Blue-violet which was developed by
SHUJI NAKAMURA
at NICHIA CORPORATION
CHARACTERISTICS OF BLU-
RAY
Life Span
Content Protection
Cost
Capacity
Robustness of disc
Compatible
Life Span
In the case of ordinary discs, the disc life is less .
In the rewritable versions, as re-writing is done repeatedly to one
area of the disc most probably, the inner perimeter limiting the disc
life.
BDFS (Blu-ray Disc File Structure is designed so as to avoid this
problem, by using a system that uses free disc spaces with equal
frequency
Content Protection
Strongest content and copy protection schemes ever developed
Incorporation of Robust copy mechanism
Cost
Long term Profitability model for content
Providers
Cheapest Production cost
Capacity
The Blu-ray disc enables the recording, rewriting and playback of
HD video up to 27 GB of data on a single sided single layer. It is
enough to put 2.5 hours of HDTV recording on it. It also can
record over 13 hours of standard TV broadcasting
Robustness of Disc
Stronger resistance to scratches and fingerprints The protective
layer is hard enough to prevent accidental abrasions and allows
fingerprints to be removed by wiping the disc with a tissue.
Compatible
The BD drives are designed to be backward
compatible, i.e. CDs and DVDs work equally well with
the BD drives.
FORMAT OF BD
It comes in four different formats:
BD-ROM (read only) : for reading recorded content.
BD-R (recordable) : for PC data storage.
BD-RW (rewritable) : for PC data storage.
BD-RE (rewritable) : for HDTV (high definition
television) recording.
TYPES OF BD:
SINGLE LAYER :
- Can hold data up to 25/27 GB that means 2 hrs of HD
video or about 13 hrs of standard video.
DOUBLE LAYER :
- Can hold data up to 50 GB that means 4.5 hrs of HD video
or more than 20 hrs of standard video.
THE TECHNOLOGY
Pits : spiral grooves that run
from the centre of the disc
to its edges
Bumps : other sides of these
edges.
Track pitch : it is the distance
between the two tracks (of
pits) on the surface.
--------------------------------
Disc store digitally encoded
data in PITS.
--------------------------------
THE TECHNOLOGY
So, in blu-ray disc:
Pit size – 0.15 microns
( more than twice as small
as the pits on DVD )
Track-pitch is : 0.32 microns
Laser needed : blue-violet laser
(405 nm)
Data transfer rate : 36 Mbps
COMPARISON IN BUILDING BD
AND DVD
BD
 Data is placed on top of a 1.1 mm
thick polycarbonate layer
 Doesn’t suffer from
BIREFRINGENCE
 Doesn’t suffer from DISC TILT
 Hard coating is placed outside to
protect from scratches or
fingerprints
DVD
 Data is sandwiched b/w two
polycarbonate layers, each 0.6 mm
thick
 Suffer from BIREFRINGENCE
 Suffer from DISC TILT
 No such hard coating is placed
BLU RAY ‘S DURABILITY
ADVANTAGE
Various hard coating technologies make Bly ray
disc most durable and family -friendly”
Hard-coating technology provides resistance to:
- Finger prints
- Marks
- Scratches
- Dust
Much more ROBUST than today’s
polycarbonate-based CD/DVD’s (and HD DVD’s)
FEATURES OF BD
With BD we can:
Record HDTV without any quality loss
Instantly skip to any spot on disc
Record one program while watching other on the disc
Create playlists
Edit or reorder programs recorded on disc
Automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid
recording over a program
Access to web to download subtitles and other extra features
And many more…
BLY-RAY’S DENSITY
ADVANTAGE
Higher density enables
better data seek times
Shorter to travel for
same amount of data
results in faster data seek
Better for random access
of data
THE NAME
The blu-ray name is a combination of “blue”, for the color
of the laser that is used and “ray” for optical ray.
The “e” in “blue” was purposefully left off, according to the
manufacturers, because an everyday word cannot be a
trademark.
On GAURD
Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVD’s. They
come equipped with a secure encryption system– a unique
ID that protects against video piracy and copyright
infringement.
DO MORE WITH BLU…
More capacity, Density and Performance
More Industry Support/Consumer Reach (BDA has 140+
members)
More Durable
More Interactive User Experience
More Flexible Content Protection: AAC, BD+
Renewability Technology and ROM Mark

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Blu Ray Disc

  • 2. INTRODUCTION Blu-ray (BD) is a next-generation optical disc format. The format was developed to enable recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video (HD), as well as storing large amounts of data. The companies that have jointly established the BD specifications are  Hitachi, Ltd  LG Electronics  Matsushitha Electrical Industrial Co. Ltd  Mitsubishi Electric Corporarion
  • 3. (Contd…)  Pioneer Corporation  Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd  Sony  Thomson  Royal Phillips Electronics  Sharp Corporation The name Blu-ray is derived from the blue-violet laser it uses to read and write to the disc. The “e” was intentionally left out of the name due to trademark restrictions
  • 4. HISTORY 1st GENERATION: Compact disc (CD): --- 650/700 MB It is with us for over 20 years. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 780 nm Color of laser: Red 2nd GENERATION: Digital versatile disc (DVD): --- 4.7 GB It offers high quality sound and video than CD. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 650 nm Color of laser: Red
  • 5. HISTORY 3rd GENERATION: Blu-ray disc (BD): --- 25/50 GB -Next generation optical disc format. -Developed by blu-ray disc association (which includes Apple, Hitachi, HP, LG, Panasonic, Pioneer, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony) -Wavelength of laser which reads data: 405 nm -Color of laser: Blue-violet which was developed by SHUJI NAKAMURA at NICHIA CORPORATION
  • 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF BLU- RAY Life Span Content Protection Cost Capacity Robustness of disc Compatible
  • 7. Life Span In the case of ordinary discs, the disc life is less . In the rewritable versions, as re-writing is done repeatedly to one area of the disc most probably, the inner perimeter limiting the disc life. BDFS (Blu-ray Disc File Structure is designed so as to avoid this problem, by using a system that uses free disc spaces with equal frequency
  • 8. Content Protection Strongest content and copy protection schemes ever developed Incorporation of Robust copy mechanism Cost Long term Profitability model for content Providers Cheapest Production cost
  • 9. Capacity The Blu-ray disc enables the recording, rewriting and playback of HD video up to 27 GB of data on a single sided single layer. It is enough to put 2.5 hours of HDTV recording on it. It also can record over 13 hours of standard TV broadcasting
  • 10. Robustness of Disc Stronger resistance to scratches and fingerprints The protective layer is hard enough to prevent accidental abrasions and allows fingerprints to be removed by wiping the disc with a tissue. Compatible The BD drives are designed to be backward compatible, i.e. CDs and DVDs work equally well with the BD drives.
  • 11. FORMAT OF BD It comes in four different formats: BD-ROM (read only) : for reading recorded content. BD-R (recordable) : for PC data storage. BD-RW (rewritable) : for PC data storage. BD-RE (rewritable) : for HDTV (high definition television) recording.
  • 12. TYPES OF BD: SINGLE LAYER : - Can hold data up to 25/27 GB that means 2 hrs of HD video or about 13 hrs of standard video. DOUBLE LAYER : - Can hold data up to 50 GB that means 4.5 hrs of HD video or more than 20 hrs of standard video.
  • 13. THE TECHNOLOGY Pits : spiral grooves that run from the centre of the disc to its edges Bumps : other sides of these edges. Track pitch : it is the distance between the two tracks (of pits) on the surface. -------------------------------- Disc store digitally encoded data in PITS. --------------------------------
  • 14. THE TECHNOLOGY So, in blu-ray disc: Pit size – 0.15 microns ( more than twice as small as the pits on DVD ) Track-pitch is : 0.32 microns Laser needed : blue-violet laser (405 nm) Data transfer rate : 36 Mbps
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. COMPARISON IN BUILDING BD AND DVD BD  Data is placed on top of a 1.1 mm thick polycarbonate layer  Doesn’t suffer from BIREFRINGENCE  Doesn’t suffer from DISC TILT  Hard coating is placed outside to protect from scratches or fingerprints DVD  Data is sandwiched b/w two polycarbonate layers, each 0.6 mm thick  Suffer from BIREFRINGENCE  Suffer from DISC TILT  No such hard coating is placed
  • 19. BLU RAY ‘S DURABILITY ADVANTAGE Various hard coating technologies make Bly ray disc most durable and family -friendly” Hard-coating technology provides resistance to: - Finger prints - Marks - Scratches - Dust Much more ROBUST than today’s polycarbonate-based CD/DVD’s (and HD DVD’s)
  • 20. FEATURES OF BD With BD we can: Record HDTV without any quality loss Instantly skip to any spot on disc Record one program while watching other on the disc Create playlists Edit or reorder programs recorded on disc Automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid recording over a program Access to web to download subtitles and other extra features And many more…
  • 21. BLY-RAY’S DENSITY ADVANTAGE Higher density enables better data seek times Shorter to travel for same amount of data results in faster data seek Better for random access of data
  • 22. THE NAME The blu-ray name is a combination of “blue”, for the color of the laser that is used and “ray” for optical ray. The “e” in “blue” was purposefully left off, according to the manufacturers, because an everyday word cannot be a trademark.
  • 23. On GAURD Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVD’s. They come equipped with a secure encryption system– a unique ID that protects against video piracy and copyright infringement.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. DO MORE WITH BLU… More capacity, Density and Performance More Industry Support/Consumer Reach (BDA has 140+ members) More Durable More Interactive User Experience More Flexible Content Protection: AAC, BD+ Renewability Technology and ROM Mark