Animals Communication

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Animals Communication

  1. 1. ANIMAL LANGUAGECOMMUNICATION Group Members: Ahsen Aamir Murad Jawaria Hameed Kanza Afzal Saad Nasir Chandna Presented to: Dr. Zeenat Ismael Dated : 25th November 2010
  2. 2. Communication “Communication consists of exchanges of information between a sender and a receiver using a code of specific signals that usually serve to meet common challenges (reproduction, feeding, protection) and, in group-living species, to promote cohesiveness of the group.” (Vauclair,1996)
  3. 3. Characteristics of language interchangeability specialization discreteness arbitrariness of units displacement semanticity productivity traditional (cultural) transmission
  4. 4. Concept of animalcommunication Without question, nonhuman animals DO communicate. Most species send signals, issue warnings, respond to threats, share the location for food etc. While a concept of communication is too broad, a concept of “speech” is too narrow for considering the form of information transferring in animals.
  5. 5. ApproachesThree main experimental approaches have been employed for studying animals language communication. Direct decoding of animals‟ communication Use of intermediary languages for communication with animals. Application of ideas and concepts of information processing theory.
  6. 6. First approach (decoding of animals‟ communication) Two types of natural communication systems have been deciphered till now: Fragments of honeybees “dance language” Acoustic signalization in various species The decoded “words” concern alarm calls, calls for cohesion and signals about food. Honeybees appear to interpret the meaning of messages they receive. The wild acoustic communication does not meet several important linguistic criteria such as displacement and productivity.
  7. 7. Second approach(dialogue with animals)  An intermediary language is devised to communicate with animals in language- training programs.  Dialogue with animals has revealed astonishing „linguistic potential‟ in them.  Properties of developed- language such as categorization, creativity and displacement have been observed.
  8. 8. Third approach (information processing theory) This approach is designed to study quantitative characteristics of natural communicative systems and important properties of animal intelligence. This approach proves that ants,like honeybees, are able to inform their nest mates about remote events,and their communication system is rather rational and flexible.
  9. 9. Examples of animalcommunication Bees dance when they have found nectar. Chimpanzees greet each other by touching hands. Prairie dog calls for four predators—human, hawk, coyote and domestic dog by different vocal signals. Rhesus macaques produce five acoustically distinctive vocalizations when they find food.
  10. 10. RESEARCH ON ELEPHANTCOMMUNICATION
  11. 11. Analysis of animal languagestudies Non-human animals cannot use language in ways that are considered unique and they have a limited range of ideas. Comprehension of human language by non- human animals might just be a result of operant conditioning. The imitation of human symbols could only be to achieve rewards. But still current evidence suggests that animals can learn and use many forms of
  12. 12. THE ENDArticle reference: zhanna reznikovaJournal: EbcohostReceived: 6 September 2006 / Revised: 22 December2006 / Accepted: 9 January 2007 / Published online: 3February 2007© Springer-Verlag and ISPA 2007

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