Table of contents
 What

are Floods? Along with the

facts
 Different types of Floods
 Causes of Floods
 Both Positive...
What is Flooding?
IS AN OUTFLOW OF AN EXPANSE OF
WATER THAT SUBMERGES LAND.
OR
A TEMPORARY COVERING BY WATER OF
LAND NOT N...
Facts about Floods


Sewerage systems may overflow causing
drinking water to become contaminated
resulting in a outbreak ...
Facts Cont’d


When the soil gets saturated, landslide
may occur;



Six inches of fast moving water can
sweep a person ...
Types of Floods
 Riverine

flooding:
Types Cont’d
Flash

Floods:
Types of floods Cont’d
Groundwater flooding:
Surface flooding:
Causes of
Flooding


Earthquakes



Hurricanes



Climatic Factors



Tsunamis
Unnatural Causes
Blasting

Failure

of hydraulic and
other control structures
Deforestation
Destruction of dams
Destruction of dams -
Effects of floods
Floods impact on both individuals and
communities, have social, economical,
and environmental consequenc...
POSITIVE EFFECTS OF
FLOODS


Renewal of Ground Water and Wetlands



Maintaining Land Mass Elevation



Recharging low ...
NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF
FLOODING
FLOODING CAN AFFECT VARIOUS
ASPECTS OF LIFE SUCH AS:


ECONOMIC



SOCIAL



ENVIRONMENT
ECONOMIC EFFECT
 Job

loss
 Loss of investment
 Loss of property
SOCIAL EFFECT
 Damage

to and destruction of
buildings
 Loss of life's
 Health related illnesses
 Damage to local infr...
ENVIRONMENT EFFECT
 Damage

to plant communities
 Loss of wildlife, including land
and aquatic species
 Soil erosion
Which of the following Negative
factors does the video Fall
under?
 A)Economic
 B)Social

 C)Environment
 D)All

of th...
On October 2010 grounds in Haiti
were flooded due to a number of
reasons and with it resulted in a lot
of effects.
CAUSES ...
EFFECTS
 Loss of lives and properties
 Diseases which will eventually
lead to death
 Damage to infrastructure
 Land sl...
Mitigation Strategies at the
Community level
Persons can seek to reduce damage of
floods by implementing these strategies:...
Tips and Precaution
If a flood warning is given or heavy rain
has been experienced for several days,
you will need to:
 K...
Tips and Precaution Cont’d
 Ensure
 Listen

the radio is in good working.

to your radio to keep informed
about all that...
Safety Action After a Flood


Listen to your radio to keep informed
about all that’s happening.



Do not listen to rumo...
Group 6
Group Leader :Jarvis Dacres
Members:
Dwayne Walker
Jonnelle Johnson
Shanay Campbell
Shanaree Prehay
Monique Gallim...
Flooding presentation For Caribbean Studies
Flooding presentation For Caribbean Studies
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Flooding presentation For Caribbean Studies

  1. 1. Table of contents  What are Floods? Along with the facts  Different types of Floods  Causes of Floods  Both Positive and Negative effects of Floods  Case study  Mitigation strategies
  2. 2. What is Flooding? IS AN OUTFLOW OF AN EXPANSE OF WATER THAT SUBMERGES LAND. OR A TEMPORARY COVERING BY WATER OF LAND NOT NORMALLY COVERED BY WATER
  3. 3. Facts about Floods  Sewerage systems may overflow causing drinking water to become contaminated resulting in a outbreak in disease;  People and livestock may be killed, especially when flash floods occur;  As little as 12 inches of fast moving waters can sweep away a car;
  4. 4. Facts Cont’d  When the soil gets saturated, landslide may occur;  Six inches of fast moving water can sweep a person away;
  5. 5. Types of Floods  Riverine flooding:
  6. 6. Types Cont’d Flash Floods:
  7. 7. Types of floods Cont’d Groundwater flooding:
  8. 8. Surface flooding:
  9. 9. Causes of Flooding  Earthquakes  Hurricanes  Climatic Factors  Tsunamis
  10. 10. Unnatural Causes Blasting Failure of hydraulic and other control structures Deforestation Destruction of dams
  11. 11. Destruction of dams -
  12. 12. Effects of floods Floods impact on both individuals and communities, have social, economical, and environmental consequences. The consequences of floods, both negative and positive, vary greatly depending on the location and extent of flooding, and the vulnerability and value of the natural and constructed environments they affect.
  13. 13. POSITIVE EFFECTS OF FLOODS  Renewal of Ground Water and Wetlands  Maintaining Land Mass Elevation  Recharging low or dying water supplies  Returning nutrients to soil
  14. 14. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF FLOODING FLOODING CAN AFFECT VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LIFE SUCH AS:  ECONOMIC  SOCIAL  ENVIRONMENT
  15. 15. ECONOMIC EFFECT  Job loss  Loss of investment  Loss of property
  16. 16. SOCIAL EFFECT  Damage to and destruction of buildings  Loss of life's  Health related illnesses  Damage to local infrastructure i.e. road, bridges
  17. 17. ENVIRONMENT EFFECT  Damage to plant communities  Loss of wildlife, including land and aquatic species  Soil erosion
  18. 18. Which of the following Negative factors does the video Fall under?  A)Economic  B)Social  C)Environment  D)All of the above
  19. 19. On October 2010 grounds in Haiti were flooded due to a number of reasons and with it resulted in a lot of effects. CAUSES OF FLOODING IN HAITI:  Hurricane - TOMAS  DEFORESTATION
  20. 20. EFFECTS  Loss of lives and properties  Diseases which will eventually lead to death  Damage to infrastructure  Land slippages
  21. 21. Mitigation Strategies at the Community level Persons can seek to reduce damage of floods by implementing these strategies:  Organize a community task force.  Organize simple EARLY WARNING SIGNS.  Ask reliable volunteers to observe the water level.
  22. 22. Tips and Precaution If a flood warning is given or heavy rain has been experienced for several days, you will need to:  Keep emergency supply.  Wrap all important personal items
  23. 23. Tips and Precaution Cont’d  Ensure  Listen the radio is in good working. to your radio to keep informed about all that’s happening.
  24. 24. Safety Action After a Flood  Listen to your radio to keep informed about all that’s happening.  Do not listen to rumours and do not pass any along.  Report illnesses to the nearest health centre or doctor.  Boil drinking water or purify until given further instructions.
  25. 25. Group 6 Group Leader :Jarvis Dacres Members: Dwayne Walker Jonnelle Johnson Shanay Campbell Shanaree Prehay Monique Gallimore Josimar Lattibeaudiere

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