PresentacióN Building Materials


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PresentacióN Building Materials

  1. 1. Building Materials
  2. 2. Stony Materials <ul><li>There are two types of stones that are used:
  3. 3. Compact rocks: stones of limy rock that are used in the construction of houses and monuments.
  4. 4. Disintegrated rocks: they are fragments of stones with differrents sizes, as clays or arid arids. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Binder Materials <ul><li>They are materials that when they are mixed with water they get doughy and when they get solid they acquire rigidity.
  6. 6. There are 4 types: Lime, plasters, cement and concret. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ceramic M aterials They are pieces made with clay and molded and cooked in ovens. There are two types of ceramic; the bricks and the tiles.
  8. 8. Other Materials <ul>Metals Wood </ul>
  9. 9. Metals They are materials characterized for being good drivers of the heat and the electricity, have high density, and are solid in normal temperatures. There are three types: Steel Aluminium Cooper
  10. 10. Wood <ul><li>Its presence is diminishing, but it is a common material in roofing, doors, windows and wall covering and flooring. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Mat erials <ul>Plastics Glass </ul>
  12. 12. Plastics The use of plastic is increasing in the construction. They are found in water pipes, electrical wiring, electrical insulation and cladding windows, etc.
  13. 13. Glass They are used in many types of windows, doors, decorations, fences, etc.
  14. 14. Construction of a building The construction of a building is a long and complex process involving several stages, employs large numbers of materials and involves the work of a large group of professionals.
  15. 15. Preparation of the ground Consists in organizing the ground for the construction, through demolition, overburden and leveling. Bulldozer Crushing
  16. 16. Grounding There is the placing of the elements that form the base of the building. They are all made of concrete. Types: Footings Foundation piles Mat foundations
  17. 17. Structures Consist of the construction of slabs and pillars. Pillars Beams Vaults
  18. 18. Covering of Water It is the placement of the roof of a building. Tiles Slate Sheet Fibrocement
  19. 19. Siding <ul>They are exterior walls of buildings. </ul>
  20. 20. Flooring and Cloisonne Flooring: consists of the construction of floors inside the building . Cloisonne: involves the placement of interior walls of the building. Cloisonne Flooring
  21. 21. Finishes Exterior finishes: they are applied with stones, mortars and paints. Interior finishes: plaster is applied on all walls and performs painting and interior carpentry. Exterior finishes Interior finishes
  22. 22. Other Installations <ul><li>There are 6 main installations:
  23. 23. - Plumbing: Set of tubes that carries and distributes the water.
  24. 24. - Heating: Set of devices designed to heat a house or a room.
  25. 25. - Air conditioning: climate conditioning of a room.
  26. 26. - Electrical Installation: is to adapt the building for it can use electricity.
  27. 27. - Alarm and Reception: serve to alert the around that you're being robbed.
  28. 28. - Communications: consist of installing the telephone, television and the radio to use them as communications mediums. </li></ul>