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Neo-Impressionism and Post-Impressionism.

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Classwork by Javier Alberca done in the 4º of ESO.

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Neo-Impressionism and Post-Impressionism.

  1. 1. Javier Alberca Ramírez 22/04/2012
  2. 2.  Neo-Impressionism  Artists in Neo-Impressionism  Description of a work of art: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte Post-Impressionism  Artists in Post-Impressionism  Description of a work of art: Starry Night Bibliography
  3. 3.  It was a term developed in 1886 by Félix Fénéon, an art critic. This term describes the art style of the end of the 19th century. It was founded by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac. They were the first to show new works with this style. Félix Fénéon 
  4. 4.  They evolved in the use of colours with respect to Impressionism. They used a lot of dots of pure colours. This is a technique called “pointillism”. With the use of these coloured dots, looking at the painting from a little distance, your eyes mix the colours, achieving a lot of colours and contrasts. The best moment of this movement was between 1886 and 1891, but it didnt end with Seurat´s death. It continued for around a decade more.
  5. 5.  Georges Seurat made important paintings, such as Bathers at Asnières, The Circus, The Eiffel Tower and A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. He was the most important Neo- Impressionist painter. The Circus   The Eiffel Tower  Georges Seurat  Bathers at Asnières
  6. 6.  Paul Signac, he was the other man featured in this period. He was also one of the first artists to exhibit paintings with features of this style. His most important paintings are The Papal Palace at Avignon, Grand Canal in Venice. Paul Signac  The Papal Palace at Avignon Grand Canal The Port of Saint-in Venice  Tropez 
  7. 7.  There were some other Neo-impressionism artists such as Charles Angrand and his painting The Western Railway at its Exit from Paris. Maximilien Luce, with his painting Montmartre, de la Rue Cortot, vue vers Saint-Denis. Or Anna Boch, with her painting Falaise – Côte de Bretagne. The Western Railway at its Exit from Paris    Charles Anna Boch AngrandMaximilien Falaise – Côte deLuce  Bretagne  Montmartre, de la Rue Cortot, vue  vers Saint-Denis
  8. 8.  A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. Created by Georges-Pierre Seurat between 1884 and 1886. Oil on canvas. Located in the Art Institute of Chicago.
  9. 9.  It’s considered to be one of the best examples of Neo-Impressionism for the use of pointillism. The use of this technique helps the painting to have brighter colours and contrasts in the parts with light and shadows. Seurat paid much attention to shapes, colours and contrasts. The painting represents people in the Island of La Grande Jatte. Most of them are relaxed. Peoples faces are represented without expression. Thats because the colours are in charge of provoking the reactions on the viewer instead of the people represented. As a curiosity, Seurat used a new pigment, yellow zinc, for the zones with much light, but as time went by this pigment has become brown.
  10. 10.  It describes the art and style of the paintings used at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. It developed after Impressionism. It was a term invented by Roger Fry, a British critic, after having seen an exhibition in London in 1910. This movement is considered to be an extension of Impressionism. For that reason the painters continued following its characteristics, but they included some more features, such as the use of new colours and they presented the world in a more subjective way. They tried to give more emotion and expression to their paintings, using a lot of colours with different kinds of strokes. The Olive Trees. Vincent Van Gogh  Roger Fry
  11. 11.  Paul Gauguin was one of the first artists of this style. Some of his most important paintings are The Yellow Christ, Where do we come from? What we are? Where are we going? He used large surfaces painted with the same colour and he simplified shapes. His use of the colour was very symbolic. Paul The Gauguin Where do we come Yellow  from? What we are? Christ Where are we going?  
  12. 12.  Henry de Toulouse-Lautrec was also an important Post- Impressionist painter. He painted some works of art such as La Toilette, La Goulue, Aristide Bruant. He often went to brothels and cabarets, to represent the life during the night in Paris. He was a person with a very weak health and he had a lot of problems for this reason. He had a very varied colour palette. Henry de La Tolouse- Goulue Lautrec   La Toilette  Salon at Aristide the Rue Bruant des Moulins  
  13. 13.  Paul Cézanne anticipated Cubism. Some of his most important paintings are Card Players, Sainte Victoire Mountain. Boy in a red Paul waistcoat Cézanne   The Card Players  Sainte Victoire Mountain 
  14. 14.  Vincent Van Gogh was another one of the developers of Post-Impressionism. He had a very difficult life and a very special personality. Some of his paintings are The potato eaters, The Starry Night. Vincent Van Gogh The Potato  Eaters Bedroom in Arlés The Sower 
  15. 15.  Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh Created by Vincent Van Gogh in 1889. Oil on Canvas. Located in the Museum of Modern Art of New York.
  16. 16.  The painting is considered to be Van Gogh´s magnum opus. On it we can see a lot of strokes that form the painting. With its special use of colour, the painting expresses a lot of emotions. For Van Gogh, the stars of the sky made him dream and he asked himself why the millions of dots of the sky are not accessible for the people. The representation of the village, located in the lower part, is partly invented. The cypresses, located in the left part, are painted with a form that can remind to fire flames. The sky is the part where most of the “magic” of this painting is located. The painting shows the landscape from a window of the sanatorium of Saint-Rémy- de-Provence in France. He was interned there for six months after cutting his (right) left ear off near a brothel. After that, on May 1889 he was interned there because he wanted. He had psychological problems and he knew it.
  17. 17.  Books:Blanco, Cristina; Pérez, Paqui (2011), Social Sciences History. 4º ESO, Campo de Criptana. Websites: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. Wikimedia Foundation. 15 April 2012 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-impressionism>Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. Wikimedia Foundation. 15 April 2012 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Sunday_Afternoon_on_the_Island_of_La_Grande_Jatte>Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. Wikimedia Foundation. 15 April 2012 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postimpressionism>Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. Wikimedia Foundation. 15 April 2012 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starry_Night>Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. 2012. Wikimedia Foundation. 15 April 2012 <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoimpresionismo>Galería de Arte online de Eva. Molero, Eva. 2012. 18 April 2012. <http://www.galeriaeva.com/grandespintores/neoimpresionistas/index.html>The art institute of Chicago. 2012. The Art Institute of Chicago. 18 April 2012. <http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/27992>MoMA. 2010. The Museum of Modern Art of New York. 18 April 2012. <http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79802>Art Movements. Art Industry Group. 18 April 2012 <http://www.artmovements.co.uk/postimpressionism.htm>Yalosabes. 2012. Yalosabes.com. 21 April 2012. <http://www.yalosabes.com/vincent-van-gogh-su-obra-su-locura-y-su-oreja.html>Educaex – Escuela 2.0. Junta de Extremadura, Consejería de Educación. 21 April 2012. < http://recursos.educarex.es/escuela2.0/Humanidades/Historia/impresionismo/xhtml/05posimp/05c.html>El Historial del Diseño. Carolina Costas. 2008. WordPress.com. 21 April 2010. < http://carocostas.wordpress.com/2008/05/10/el-estilo-de-toulouse-lautrec/>

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