Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 1. LEADERS AND LEADERSHIPByJAVED IQBAL ANJUM PDT PDCN FOR EDIP PROJECT GORIKOTE CLUSTER 1 04/09/12 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM LOGO
  2. 2. Contents Learning Outcomes What is Leadership Leadership Requirements Leadership model Types of Leadership Leadership Vs Management Leadership Theories04/09/12 2 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  3. 3. Learning Outcomes By the end of the session; Discuss the definition and theories of leadership. Develop their understanding about the characteristics of leadership. Differentiate between leaders and managers. 04/09/12 3 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  4. 4. What is Leadership An influence relationship among leaders and their collaborators who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes. A relational process of people together attempting to accomplish change or make a difference to benefit the common good. Ability to inspire other people to accomplish things. Leadership is the ability to establish and manage a creative climate where people are self motivated towards the achievement of long term goals in an environment mutual respect compatible with personal values 04/09/12 Dr. Robert H. The ten minute guide 4to educational leadership JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  5. 5. Cont… The process of persuasion or example by which an individual induces a group to pursue objectives held by the leader or shared by the leader and his or her followers. Those who see the ends in the beginning do not become embarrassed at the end. (Rumi) A true leader always prepare a leader for future to replace him. 04/09/12 5 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  6. 6. Leading people isnt easy; Good leaders arent born; - they learn and develop their skills like any other expert04/09/12 6 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  7. 7. Leadership requires: Vision  Courage Commitment to Excellence  Focus Ability to Communicate Ability to Motivate  Determination Ability to Listen  Honesty/Integrity Flexibility 04/09/12 7  Team Building JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  8. 8. Leadership Models04/09/12 8 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  9. 9. Types of Leadership Autocratic:  Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else  High degree of dependency on the leader  Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff  valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly Democratic:  Encourages decision making leadership may be emphasised throughout the organisation Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken  Persuasive: Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct 04/09/12 9 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  10. 10. Cont…. Laissez-Faire: ‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important Can be highly motivational, as people have control over their working life Can make coordination and decision making time-consuming and lacking in overall direction  Relies on good team work  Relies on good interpersonal relations Paternalistic:  Leader acts as a ‘father figure’  Paternalistic leader makes decision but may consult  Believes in the need to support staff 04/09/12 10 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  11. 11. School Leadership School Leadership is also not much different from other leadership. As John Dewy Says, “School is not a preparation for life, it is life in itself”. School leadership is viewed in many different ways:Empowering Teachers  Involve teachers and all staff in problem–solving activities.  Ask them how they feel about things rather than telling them how they will happen.  Share as much management information as possible to help foster their commitment.  Ask staff what system/procedures are preventing them from delivering quality to their costumers-students, parents, co- workers. 04/09/12 11 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  12. 12. Leadership vs Management However There is a Clear distinction b/w them.  Management involves power by position.  Leadership involves power by influence. Abraham Zaleznik (1977), for example, showed differences between leadership and management. He saw leaders as inspiring visionaries, concerned about substance; while managers he views as planners who have concerns with process. Leader is someone who knows where to go. Management skills are how they actually get there. “Management is a kind of leadership in which the achievement of organizational goals is paramount.” (Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K.) 04/09/12 12 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  13. 13. Leadership vs Management  Warren Bennis (1989) further explicated difference between managers and leaders. He drew twelve distinctions between the two groups: Leaders Managers •Innovate •Administer •Ask What and Why •Ask How and When •Focus on People •Focus on system •Do the right things •Do things Right •Develop •Maintain04/09/12 13 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  14. 14. Leadership vs Management Managers Leaders •Have a short term view •Have a long term view •Copy •Show Originally •Provide Recourses •Provide Vision •Reduce Risks •Pursue Opportunities •Interact Rationally with •Emotional other people Relationship with other people04/09/12 14 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  15. 15. Leadership Theories Great Man Theory  Assumptions: Leaders are born and not made. Great leaders will arise when there is a great need Behavioral Theory  Assumptions: Leaders can be made, rather than are born Trait Theory  Assumptions: People are born with inherited traits. People who make good leaders have the right (or sufficient) combination of trait Participative Theory  Assumptions: The ideal leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account. 04/09/12 15 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  16. 16. Cont… Contingency Theory  Assumptions: According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations Situational Theory  Assumptions: The best action of the leader depends on a range of situational factors Transactional Theory  Assumptions: Focus on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance. People are motivated by reward and punishment Transformational Theory  Assumptions: Focus upon the connections formed between leaders and followers. People will follow a person who inspires them 04/09/12 16 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  17. 17. Food for ThoughtA LEADER IS ONE WHO KNOWS THE WAY, GOES THE WAY, AND SHOWS THE WAY04/09/12 17 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM
  18. 18. decide to Lead Questions Please18 04/09/12 JAVED IQBAL ANJUM LOGO

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