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1. 1. MAP Reading By Arif Ibrahim PDT H/S Gorikote and Javed Iqbal PDT AKU-IED, PDCN for EDIP Project
3. 3. Outline• SLOs• Definition of Map• Types of Map• Latitude and Longitude• Main feature of a Map
4. 4. Session Learning Outcomes• By the end of this session C.Ps could be able to; – Discuss the definition and types of maps. – Differentiate between latitude and longitude – Develop a rough map of an area
5. 5. What is Map? • A Map is a birds eye view of the surrounding area to help guide us from one place to another. • A traveller needs a map to help them find their way around more easily.
6. 6. Types of Map• Political Map• Physical Map• Weather Map• Arial Map• Road Map• Climatic map
7. 7. Types Maps Political Map Physical Map Climatic Map
8. 8. Types Maps Road Map Whether Map Arial Map
9. 9. Guess About the Arial Map of Area
10. 10. Latitude and Longitude• The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude
11. 11. Latitude• The lines that run from left to right, or west to east, are called lines of latitude. The equator is in the exact middle of the latitude lines. These lines are always the same distance apart, and never cross. Lines of latitude are also called parallels, as they are "parallel" to the equator.
12. 12. Longitude• The lines run from top to bottom or the north pole to the south pole lines of longitude. . The distance between lines of longitude is greatest at the equator, and gets smaller as they move towards the poles, where they touch. This means they are not parallel. Sometimes lines of longitude are also called meridians. The Prime Meridian separates the Eastern Hemisphere from the Western Hemisphere.
13. 13. Cont….
14. 14. Cont…• Longitude lines run north and south.• Latitude lines run east and west.• The lines measure distances in degrees. Latitude Longitude
15. 15. Main features of Map• Definitions• equator: an imaginary line that goes all the way around the earth, dividing it into two equal halves, a northern half and a southern half• Northern Hemisphere: the half of the earth that is north of the equator• Southern Hemisphere: the half of the earth that is south of the equator• Prime Meridian: an imaginary line that goes all the way around the earth, dividing it into two equal halves, an eastern half and a western half• Eastern Hemisphere: the half of the earth that is east of the Prime Meridian• Western Hemisphere: the half of the earth that is west of the Prime Meridian• North Pole: the point on the earth which is furthest north• South Pole: the point on the earth which is furthest south• lines of latitude: imaginary parallel lines, that run east and west around the earth, also called parallels• parallels: another name for lines of latitude• lines of longitude: imaginary lines that run north and south around the earth, they are not parallel, and are also called meridians• meridians: another name for lines of longitude
16. 16. Food for Thoughts Thanks for sparing time and sharing ideas