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Name
Institution
Date
The Fourth Crusade
Synopsis
The original and main objective of the fourth crusade as initiated by Po...
during the crusade (Peters, 387). But by the summer of 1202 only a third of the amount had been
presented to them. To fore...
consolidate their ships and made the battle front stronger leading to the collapse of Byzantine
resistance that allowed th...
He took advantage of the westerners’ lack of money and warriors and convinced them to attack
the Byzantium with a promise ...
Work Cited
Jonathan Phillips. “The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople”. Published in History
Today Volume: 54, ...
Work Cited
Jonathan Phillips. “The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople”. Published in History
Today Volume: 54, ...
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Fourth crusade

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Fourth crusade

  1. 1. Name Institution Date The Fourth Crusade Synopsis The original and main objective of the fourth crusade as initiated by Pope Innocent III was to conquer the Muslim controlled Jerusalem through invasion of Egypt. The history dates back to the year 1054 when there were wrangles between the two religious groups due to the dissimilarity of their teaching doctrines (Jonathan, 3). However, the aim of the crusade was not achieved as stated; instead there were attacks and counterattacks amongst the Christians themselves. Pope Innocent III launched the recruitment of the crusade leadership availing highly experienced fighters such as Count Thibaut, Count Hugh, Count Louis, Count Baldwin and Marquis Boniface of Montferrat (Jordan, 185). He also contacted Venetians warriors for support to strategically capture and conquer the Nile Delta. The Venetian soldiers were highly experienced and had the most advanced and sophisticated naval technology during the times (Jordan, 185). And so in the autumn of 1202, about 25,000 Venetians soldiers left for the Nile Delta adorned with weapons and pennants as they sail to capture the Muslims (Jordan, 185). The inadequacy of enough capital and warriors were the major challenges that befell the crusaders even before getting to the war front. Initially, the two parties (crusaders and Venetians) had signed an agreement of paying 85,000 silver marks to Venetians soldiers for their support
  2. 2. during the crusade (Peters, 387). But by the summer of 1202 only a third of the amount had been presented to them. To forestall their payment, the Venetians under the leadership of Doge Dandolo, suggested on attack of Zara (Jonathan, 5). This however, drew controversies from the crusaders owing to the fact that Zara was a Catholic city therefore attacking fellow Christians was not accepted by some of them (Jonathan, 5). However, others believed the expedition would not be successful without the assistance of the Venetians, therefore took part in November 24th , 1202 took part in the attack. This was followed by the excommunication by Innocent III that was later by the French crusaders. In early 1203, Prince Alexius a claimant of Byzantine title promised the crusader additional number of 10.000 warriors and 200,000 marks but on condition of reinstating him in Constantinople (Peters, 387). Though once again, the prospects of turning against their fellow Christians dismayed many of the crusaders and some chose to leave, others however, continue with the attack of the Greeks (Jordan, 185). An onslaught was however not observed from the crusaders opponents were watched as they move from the battle line. Ten months later, the crusaders were to break into Constantinople again so as to obtain the Prince’s promise (Peters, 388). After this entry, they were disappointed due to the failure to receive additional warriors and money as promised by the Prince. Instead, the crusaders remained desperate in a very hostile place far away from home (Peters, 389). To fend for themselves they organized for another attack on the walls along Golden Horn on April 1204. This time, the Byzantine were more prepared and had built additional walls to prevent the crusaders from gaining entry(Jonathan, 7). The Venetians and crusaders were observed failing and had lost hopes of remaining as captives under the Greeks. However, just after midday of 12th April, the crusaders’ ships moved closer to the Golden wall being aided by the Northern wind (Jonathan, 9). The crusaders were able to
  3. 3. consolidate their ships and made the battle front stronger leading to the collapse of Byzantine resistance that allowed them entre into the city (Jonathan, 9). Further attacks by the crusaders led to loose of several properties and lives of the Byzantines giving them a win that they believed was manifested by God. Key players Crusaders They were western Europe Christians mainly of the catholic religion that organized an attack to conquer Jerusalem by invasion of Egypt. Venetians They were the warriors that agreed to offer support to the crusaders to achieve their objective. They were to be paid by the crusaders for their support Byzantium These are the Greeks of Constantinople mainly of the Orthodox Church who were attacked by the venetians and the crusaders in the process of assisting Prince Alexius Angelos acquire Byzantine title. Pope Innocent III He organized the leadership and the warriors that were to attack and conquer Jerusalem Prince Alexius Angelos
  4. 4. He took advantage of the westerners’ lack of money and warriors and convinced them to attack the Byzantium with a promise of giving then money and warriors to assist them achieve their objective. Significance The fourth crusade had both instant and eventual significance. Firstly, the crusaders’ sack of Constantinople and their ultimate settlement in the city weakened the Byzantine Empire and further strengthened the schism between western and eastern churches. In addition to weakening the Byzantine Empire, the crusade shrunk it leading to the loss of several territories, reducing its population to up to about 30000, losing the empires wealth, important cultural artifacts and eventual significance in the European region. While this went on European cities such as Venice and Genoa expanded economically becoming the most significant economic cities. Moreover, the destruction of the Empire resulted to change in trade routes within Europe as well as its long term buffer role in trade between the Muslim Middle East and the west. Furthermore, the fourth crusade created a distinctive ideological split between the orthodox Christianity and the Catholic Europe which never got to be resolved
  5. 5. Work Cited Jonathan Phillips. “The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople”. Published in History Today Volume: 54, 5 (2004): 1-14 Jordan, William Chester. "An Ungodly War: The Sack of Constantinople and the Fourth Crusade. By W. B. Bartlett. Phoenix Mill, U.K.: Sutton, 2000. Xviii + 229 Pp. $29.95 Cloths." Church History 71.01 (2002): 185. Peters, E. "Book Review: The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople." War in History 13.3 (2006): 387-389. Print.
  6. 6. Work Cited Jonathan Phillips. “The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople”. Published in History Today Volume: 54, 5 (2004): 1-14 Jordan, William Chester. "An Ungodly War: The Sack of Constantinople and the Fourth Crusade. By W. B. Bartlett. Phoenix Mill, U.K.: Sutton, 2000. Xviii + 229 Pp. $29.95 Cloths." Church History 71.01 (2002): 185. Peters, E. "Book Review: The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople." War in History 13.3 (2006): 387-389. Print.

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