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Sawayume Kenya Smile Latrine Project Sanitation Marketing presentation

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Community Led Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing Efforts in Homa Bay County, Kenya.

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Sawayume Kenya Smile Latrine Project Sanitation Marketing presentation

  1. 1. Smile Toilet Project HOMABAY COUNTY, KENYA Japan Habitat Association and SAWA YUME KENYA Presented by: Javan Okello Bsc. Environmental Health MBA ( Operations Management)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Smile latrine project is a partnership between SawaYume Kenya, Japan Habitat Association ( JHA) and the County Government of Homabay Ministry of Health. Our aim is to provide sustainable sanitation options to all Our target population are the people at the bottom of the pyramid that live in rural and peri-urban areas of Kenya We currently carry out Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and Sanitation Marketing activities in Homabay County
  3. 3. http://www.un.org/sustainable development/water-and- sanitation/ By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management Targets
  4. 4. Rural Sanitation Situation in Kenya  47% of Rural dwellers in Kenya have no access to improved sanitation  17 % share latrines  16% are open defecators (using bush or fields)  Kenya has only allocated 0.2 percent of GDP to sanitation as compared to the global target of 0.9 percent and eThekwini Declaration commitment of at least 0.5 percent of GDP to sanitation and hygiene  Rate of attainment of the universal accessto improved sanitation 0.75%  At this rate it would take us 133 years to achieve our target
  5. 5. Impact of poor sanitation in Kenya  Unsafewater and sanitation (5.3 percent) is the second leading riskfactorand contributor to all mortality (deaths) and morbidity burden (DALY) in Kenya 1  More than 50% of the population, is at risk of diseases and death, attributable to unsafe water and sanitation  Diarrheal diseases contributes to at least 40% of deaths among under-five children. 2  Economically, Kenya loses an estimated KES 27 billion (USD 365 million) annually ( 1% GDP) due to poor sanitation. Open defecation costs Kenya US$ 88 millionper year. 3
  6. 6. WELCOME TO HOMABAY COUNTY
  7. 7. ⇦ Homabay County, Western Kenya on Lake Victoria
  8. 8. Population (2009 Census) 963,794 Major economic activities Agriculture and Fishing % of population on permanent employment 14% % living below poverty line 44% Education 17% have secondary level 20% have no formal education % of Adult Population with HIV/AIDS 22.1% % of population with access to improved sources of water 28% Homa Bay County Profile
  9. 9. Sanitation Challenges 1. Households without latrines - Semi- permanent house - With metallic doors - With solar panel on the roof - A sizable next door kitchen - But no latrine.
  10. 10. Open defecation sites in the village
  11. 11. 2. Latrines that do not meet the minimum standards of improved sanitation
  12. 12. 3. Poor hand washing practices
  13. 13. 4. Poorly designed / constructed latrines
  14. 14. The intervention
  15. 15. Smile Toilet Project Intervention  One and a half years ago……..  With the generous support of Japan Habitat Association. We launched the smile latrine project in Kamolo Village Homa Bay County to help communities without latrines construct and use their own latrines.  We conducted a baseline survey of the situation of the village targeting 200 households.  From the survey only 65% had functional latrines, 35% were either defecating in bush or sharing with the neighbors  Among the 65% of the households that had latrines, only 45% were satisfied with the latrines and would use them constantly  83% reported the problem of bad smell and houseflies from the latrine  About 60% of the surveyed households reported that at least one or more of the occupants had diarrhea in the previous one month.
  16. 16. Smile Latrine Project Smile Toilet project combines community led total sanitation strategies with sanitation marketing to improve the sanitation situation in the rural communities Project components Community led total sanitation Sanitation Marketing Micro-financing and savings
  17. 17. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)  Based on the findings of the baseline we conducted community led total sanitation to sensitize the households on the importance of building and using their own latrines.  The training emphasized on behavior and attitude change as key to achieving improved sanitation Community Mobilization for Triggering Demonstration of Fecal Contamination Reflection and disgust at the thought of eating feaces
  18. 18. Advocacy for sanitation Community Health Volunteers marching during World Toilet Day 2017 to sensitize people on the importance of toilets
  19. 19. Round Slabs Square slabs  We train masons to make concrete slabs that are durable, affordable, easy to clean and are re-usable.  We use Lixil’s Sato Pan and stool that eliminates bad smell and prevents houseflies from accessing the pit  Sato Stools allows individuals to sit in the latrine  We provide hand washing cans and train communities on how to make and use tippy tap Sanitation Marketing Women Group Trained Masons displaying Lixil Sato Pan and Stool
  20. 20. Training of Masons
  21. 21. Concrete slabs Production of reusable concrete slabs
  22. 22. Provision of Hand Washing cans A CHV delivering Hand washing can Making Tippy Tap Washing hands on the Tippy Tap
  23. 23. Income Improvement and Micro Finance Groups  To boost economic income of households we use the shed net technology to grow high impact vegetables that may be used for family consumption and for sale.  We have set up micro finance groups to help members save and borrow money to invest in sanitation facilities. Members are grouped in five and each saves Kshs 100 every week towards latrine construction or upgrading. Every month they are able to save Kshs 2500 which is then used to provide a latrine slab to one of the members. Within 5 months all the five members were able to improve their latrines. Kale grown with organic manureAgricultural training Shade nets protect vegetables from sun damage and animals Micro finance group
  24. 24. Project Achievement After Project  97% of the village households have functional latrines  Advocacy for sanitation has made the county government to begin constructing public toilets in two market places that previously had none  Cleaner environment without the previously rampant sighting of openly defecated feces.  Children now find it easier to go to the latrines  Hand washing after visiting the latrine is taking root. About 63 % of households now have hand washing cans up from 31% from the baseline survey.
  25. 25. Latrine Transformation
  26. 26. Before Smile Toilet Project intervention Latrine floorLatrine Super structure
  27. 27. After Smile Toilet Project Intervention Latrine Super structure Latrine floor
  28. 28. LATRINE EVOLUTION
  29. 29. Next Steps/ Sustainability Plans  We are now in the process of designing a modern latrine model suitable for rural communities including both households and schools  We are looking for micro-finance institutions to help us fund the investments in water and sanitation to enable rural communities have their dream sanitary facilities through flexible means of payments ( Installments).  To operationalize sanitation centers that stock all the sanitation products and have well trained staff that provide relevant information on the available and suitable improved sanitation options for rural communities  To provide desludging and waste treatment services to convert waste resources into useful products.
  30. 30. The Smile Latrine Project Team

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