Ideology of different political parties


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
1 Comment
  • Hi there nice blog on Shiromani Akali Dal
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ideology of different political parties

  1. 1. POLITICAL PARTY • A political party is an organized group of citizens who profess to share the same political views and who by acting as a political unit, try to control the government. - GILCHRIST
  2. 2. FEATURES OF A POLITICAL PARTY • A political party is a fairly large group of people. • Members of a political party have similar political views or fait in one political ideology. • A political party always tries to get the power to form the government and to rule the country. • A political party has full faith in peaceful methods. In always acts through peaceful means, like elections, for fulfilling its aim. • It fields its candidates, organizes election campaigns and tries to win more and more seats in the elections. • A political party is actively involved in politics either as a ruling party or as an opposition party. • Political party which run the govt. is called ruling party. When several, essentially more than two political parties are actively involved in politics, the system is called Multi-party system
  3. 3. FEATURES OF A POLITICAL PARTY • In a democratic state, several political parties freely participate in the political process. The people have the right and freedom to organize their political parties. • A political party always works for the promotion of interests of the nation as a whole. • A political party always acts according to the provisions of the constitution and rules laid down by laws.
  4. 4. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES • They educate the masses, through their meetings and propaganda , about the various problems facing the country at a particular time. They helps in the formation of public opinion. • They fight elections and try to get the maximum number of their candidates elected. • The party which gets an absolute majority in the legislature, forms the government and runs the administration of the country. • Other parties form the opposition. They criticize the wrong policies of the government and check it form becoming despotic. • They serve as a link between the government and the people. • These also perform several social welfare functions and help the people during natural calamities like earthquakes, floods, famines, Tsunami and others.
  5. 5. Registration and Classification of Political Parties • The Election Commission recognizes each party either as a national party, or a regional party to a local party or registered and recognized party. The Election Commission grants such recognition on the basis of the achievement of various parties is elections, which are held from time to time. • A party is recognised as a national party by the Election Commission on the basis of a formula. The political party which has secured not less than four percent of the total validvotes in the previous general elections at least in four states, is given the status of a national party. • A regional parity is an active party in one or two states. • The Constitution of India has granted to the people of India the fundamental right to freely organize their political parties.
  6. 6. MAJOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES National Party 1.Bhartiya Janta Party ( BJP ) 2.Bahujan Samaj Party ( BSP ) 3.Communist Party of India ( C PI ) 4.Communist Party of India ( C PM ) 5.Indian National Congress 6.Nationalist Congress Party ( NCP )
  8. 8. Mayawati(BSP)
  9. 9. Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan(CPI)
  10. 10. Prakash Karat(CPM)
  11. 11. Sonia Gandhi(INC)
  12. 12. Sharad Pawar(NCP)
  13. 13. REGIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES IN INDIA PARTY RESERVED SYMBOL 1 Assam Gan Parishad Elephant 2 Telugu Desam Party Bicycle 3 DMK Rising Sun 4 All-India Anna DMK Two Leaves 5 Shiv Sena The Bow and Arrow 6 National Conference Plough 7 Shiromani Akali Dal Scales 8 Rastriya Janta Dal Lalten 9 Samajwadi Party Cycle
  14. 14. Ideology of bharatiya Janta Party • The Bharatiya Janata Party ( Indian People's Party) was founded in 1980 . The concept of Hindutva has a special place in its ideology, with the party aiming to transform India in to a modern, progressive and enlightened nation which draws inspiration from India's ancient Hindu culture . "The party is pledged to build up India as a strong and prosperous nation, which is modern, progressive and enlightened in outlook and which proudly draws inspiration from India's ancient culture and values and thus is able to emerge as a great world power playing an effective role in the commity of Nations for the establishment of world peace and a just international order. • The Party aims at establishing a democratic state which guarantees to all citizens irrespective of caste, creed or sex, political, social and economic justice, equality of opportunity and liberty of faith and expression. • A Ban on Cow Slaughter, to honor the Hindu tradition of not consuming the flesh of cow, and prohibiting the consumption of beef.
  15. 15. Ideology of Bahujan Samaj Party • The BSP acquired the status of a national party in 1996 .The ideology of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is "Social Transformation and Economic Emancipation" of the "Bahujan Samaj ", which comprises of the Scheduled Castes (SCs), the Scheduled Tribes (STs), the Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Religious Minorities such as Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Buddhists which account for over 85 per cent of the country's total population. • It's ideology is based on the argument that the majority are oppressed by the select upper class. It aims to change this using the government power. The Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the other Backward Castes, and the minorities, are the most oppressed and exploited people in India. Keeping in mind their large numbers, such a set of people in India is known as the Bahujan Samaj. The Party organize these masses. • The party work for these down trodden masses to- a. to remove their backwardness; b. to fight against their oppression and exploitation; c. to improve their status in society and public life; d. to improve their living conditions in day to day life. • The social structure of India is based on inequalities created by caste system. The movement of the Party is geared towards changing the social system and rebuild it on the basis of equality and human values.
  16. 16. Communist Parties • The two communist parties are the Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI(M)] next to the Congress. They are supporting the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at the Centre from outside. • The Communist Party is the oldest in India. The communist movement began in the early twenties and the Communist Party was founded in 1925. • The communists assert that the people should be economically equal and the society should not be divided into classes of rich and poor. The workers and peasants and other toiling people who do most of the productive work for the society, should be given due recognition and power.
  17. 17. Indian National Congress • Indian National Congress (INC) or generally known as the Congress Party is prominent political player in India. INC came in to existence in 1885 in Bombay. W.C. Bonnarjee was the first President of the Indian National Congress. The congress is ideologically committed to socialism, secularism and democracy. • Their special emphasis is on the planned economic development of country in which the Govt, is expected to play a key role. • The party enjoyed the support of the common people and played a very significant role in the freedom struggle. Thus, party supports common people and ensures development of a country as a whole.
  18. 18. • They try to inculcate a feeling of national unity to eradicate the notion of race, creed and provincial prejudices. • Seek the co-operation of all the Indians in its efforts and allow them to take part in the administrative affairs of the country. • Eradicate poverty has been a slogan of the Indian National Congress for long. Their main motive is to find a solution to the social problems of the country.
  19. 19. Nationalist Congress Party The Nationalist Congress Party became a registered political party when the Election Commission of India accorded registration to the party as a political party on 5th June 1999 under section 29A of the Representation of Peoples' Act.
  20. 20. Ideology of NCP Party • Maintaining the unity and integrity of India by building up on the concept of unity in diversity and by strengthening federalism and decentralisation of power consistent with the Gandhian concept of taking it right down to the village level; • Promoting economic growth and prosperity through competition, self-reliance, individual initiative and enterprise with emphasis on equity and social justice; • Strengthening the Rule of Law and Constitutional Order based on Parliamentary and participatory democracy; • Empowerment of the weaker sections through affirmative actions in favour of the disadvantaged sections of the society like Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, Women and the Disabled. • Promoting science and technology, including by drawing upon traditional indigenous know- how and constantly adapting the same to the changing needs of modern Indian society; monitoring the application of science and technology so adapted, immediately for the overall betterment of the people and ultimately for generation, amongst them, of the spirit of inquiry and scientific temper; • Strengthening the forces of peace within the country and in the world; attempting to secure universal, non-discriminatory disarmament; maintaining an independent Indian position and identity in world affairs; and committing to resolving international conflicts through a strengthened and truly representative United Nations; • Ensuring institutionalised and democratic functioning of the Party at all levels by encouraging free exchange of views and permitting the members of the Party to make their best individual contribution to enrich the lives of the people in all spheres;
  21. 21. CRISIS OF INDIAN PARTY SYSTEM 1. Multiple Party system 2. One Dominant Party System 3. Rise of Effective Opposition Party 4. Independent Members 5. Lack of Continuous Contact with the Masses 6. Absence of Clear-cut Ideology 7. Criminalisation of Politics 8. Existence of many Cummunal and Regional Parties -