Environmental science 2nd lecture


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Environmental science 2nd lecture

  1. 1. Environmental Science 2 nd Lecture FEU Makati
  2. 2. Environmental Jurisprudence <ul><li>“ Instruction from the Law Maker” </li></ul><ul><li>Law is defined as an ordinance of reason promulgated for the common good by Him who is charge. ( St. Augustine) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment is an intricate system of relationship which links plants, animals, air, water an other life forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental law has evolved to protect our surroundings. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Environmental Law <ul><li>In 1972 UN Stockholm Conference declares the following agreements among nations for the World Environment: </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous Level of Pollution in Water and Air; Earth and Living Being </li></ul><ul><li>Undesirable Disturbance to the Ecological Balance of the Biosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction and Depletion of the Irreplaceable Resources. </li></ul>
  4. 4. International Treaties <ul><li>International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil. </li></ul><ul><li>International Plant Convention of the Regulation of Whaling </li></ul><ul><li>International Plant Protection Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Protection Agreement for South East Asia and the Pacific Region </li></ul><ul><li>Vienna Convention on Civil Liability of Nuclear Damages and Optional Protocol Concerning the Compulsory Settlements of Disputes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>6. Treaty Banning Nuclear Test in the Atmosphere in Outer Space and Water </li></ul><ul><li>7. Convention on the Prohibition of the Development Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and on Destruction </li></ul><ul><li>8. Convention on the International Trade on Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora </li></ul><ul><li>9. Convention on the Prevention of Marine pollution by Dumping Waste and other Matter </li></ul><ul><li>10. Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Environmental Protection Laws of the Philippines <ul><li>Presidential Decree no. 1151 </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Environmental Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Environmental Code </li></ul><ul><li>-Water Quality Management </li></ul><ul><li>-Air Quality Management </li></ul><ul><li>-Land Use Management </li></ul><ul><li>-Natural Resources Management and Conservation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Natural Resources Management and Conservation <ul><li>1. Fisheries and Aquatic Resources </li></ul><ul><li>2. Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>3. Forestry and Soil Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>4. Flood Control and Natural Calamities </li></ul><ul><li>5. Energy Development </li></ul><ul><li>6. Conservation and Utilization of Surface and Ground Water </li></ul><ul><li>7. Mineral Resources </li></ul>
  8. 8. Executive Order no.192 1987 reorganization of DEENR - DENR <ul><li>Forest Management Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Land Management Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Mines and GeoSciences Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau </li></ul>
  9. 9. Laws Created: <ul><li>Law on Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Law on Flood Control and Natural Calamities </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry Law </li></ul><ul><li>Land Use Planning and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution and Traffic Management </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Laws on Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Water and Water Quality Management </li></ul>
  10. 10. Decrees and RA related to the Environmental Protection Law <ul><li>The Environmental Council </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippine Environmental Policy Decree </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippine Environment Code </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippine Water Code </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippine Clean Air Act 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control act of 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of </li></ul><ul><li>2000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Air Quality Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide inputs to the Technical Working Group on the pre-feasibility study of Bus Rapid Transit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote initiatives on non-motorized transport/ pedestrianization and other sustainable transportation options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support efforts for cleaner, more efficient tricycles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support efforts on the use of cleaner fuels, e.g., CME, CNG, ethanol, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support enforcement of the ban on open burning </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Water Quality Management <ul><li>HARD FACTS (Philippines ) </li></ul><ul><li>9 major cities are at risk /vulnerable to experiencing significant water constraints (Master Plan 1998). </li></ul><ul><li>18 river systems are below water quality standards (Philippine Environment Monitor 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>50 rivers (12%) of the 421 rivers in the country are considered biologically dead (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003). </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Only a third or 36% of the country’s river systems are classified as sources of public water supply (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 58% of groundwater sampled is contaminated with coliform and needs treatment (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>Many areas experience a shortage of water supply during the dry season </li></ul><ul><li>Per capita water availability is 1,907 cu.meter per year ( second lowest in Southeast Asian ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hard Facts Continuation <ul><li>Economic losses due to water pollution: Phil. Environment Monitor 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated annual losses due to water borne diseases is P3.3 B . </li></ul><ul><li>Annual average losses due to degradation of fisheries environment is estimated at P17 B. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic losses to tourism is P47 B. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Declining Water Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization and industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Indiscriminate land use and development </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing volume of solid wastes, pollutants and hazardous wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Unabated extraction of groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate Sewerage and Sanitation facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Watershed degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Deteriorating health of river and coastal systems </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Key Issues and Concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing incidence and intensity of water related risks such as Typhoons, Floods, Droughts and Landslides </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>What are co-benefits? </li></ul><ul><li>Realisation of multiple objectives within a single strategy </li></ul>Land Use Management Economic Benefits Social Benefits Environmental Benefits Co- Benefits
  18. 18. Natural Resource Management & Conservation <ul><li>SO: Biodiversity Conserved in Selected Protected Areas and Their Buffer Zones </li></ul><ul><li>Program: Biodiversity Conserved in Indigenous Areas (CAIMAN) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>SO: Improved Natural Resources Management in Targeted Bio diverse Areas by and for the Stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Program: Conservation of Resources through Enterprise (CORE) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>SO: Natural Assets Managed for Rural Development and Sustainable Growth </li></ul>
  21. 21. Assignment : Conduct a detailed study and explain the following P.D. <ul><li>Air Quality Management </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Management </li></ul><ul><li>Land Use Management </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources Management and Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Submit it in short bond paper not less 8 pages Arial font 12 </li></ul>