Cataloging Fiction With Audio


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Cataloging Fiction With Audio

  1. 1. Cataloging Fiction by Sergio Ragno Rebecca Slinger Beth Theobald Jason Vey Jasmine Woodson K.Currier, J.Oh, R.Riter, LIS 2005
  2. 2. Effective Cataloging <ul><li>Effectively cataloging fiction still a challenge.  </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of genres and sub-genres exist. </li></ul><ul><li>New varieties invented daily. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>If a customer wants a book about a vampire heroine, where do you point them? </li></ul><ul><li>Just some of the possibilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supernatural romance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supernatural thriller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plain horror </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy  </li></ul></ul>“ Which Section?”
  4. 4. Genres <ul><li>Fiction identifiers less concrete than non-fiction. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogers forced to rely on subjective metadata </li></ul><ul><li>What about genre crossing works? </li></ul>
  5. 5. { Classification Today } <ul><li>Catalogers seek out aspects of fiction deemed worth indexing. </li></ul><ul><li>General classification systems focus on concrete facts.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some schemes expanded to include classes of subject matter.  </li></ul>horror action romance
  6. 6. <ul><li>Literary type, publication date and region remain useful bases for classification for academia. </li></ul><ul><li>however… </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure readers don’t know where to find a book if the book isn’t classified by its content. </li></ul>The Problem
  7. 7. Finding a Solution <ul><li>Many scholars have devised ways to classify fiction with the reader in mind. </li></ul><ul><li>But there is no easy solution to perfectly organize fiction. </li></ul>Note: This is a real bookshop. For more info: http://
  8. 8. An Attempt at Progress <ul><li>In the early 1980s Annelise Pejtersen and Jutta Austin developed the AMP Classification System . </li></ul><ul><li>It took into account the subjectivity of fiction. </li></ul><ul><li>The AMP system is better for indexing not shelving. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pejtersen’s Categories <ul><li>These categories are divided into connotative and denotative characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Connotative: Subject, frame and author’s intent </li></ul><ul><li>Denotative: physical characteristics </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Different Two Categories <ul><li>Rebecca Green’s method classified by subject and attribute (i.e. author’s intended audience).  </li></ul><ul><li>The attribute is supposed to reflect the user’s needs and ideas —too subjective. </li></ul>Teens! Kids!
  11. 11. They Don’t Fit <ul><li>Why don’t these system work? </li></ul><ul><li>because: </li></ul><ul><li>Information systems built on existing standards (MARC formats). </li></ul><ul><li>Forces fiction to fit standards developed for non-fiction. </li></ul><ul><li>Value is personal and badly fits the traditional values of indexing and classifying.  </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Nature of Terminology <ul><li>Value judgments must be made when choosing the right terms. </li></ul><ul><li>The author’s intentions and attitudes must be divined and reflected in the vocabulary. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Baby Steps <ul><li>Michael Burgess developed an evaluative code. </li></ul><ul><li>Today people would question the cataloger’s judgments. </li></ul><ul><li>The system is too basic. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How Dewey Works <ul><li>for example: </li></ul><ul><li>The 808 class is devoted to literary genres (poetry, drama, satire, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-class 809 for history and criticism of literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Further sub-classes for national literatures. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dewey Is Useful for Academia <ul><li>Within each sub-class are more genre and sub-classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for study but don’t deal with the content in fiction. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Searching Beyond <ul><li>The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC)’s Fiction Finder. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows users to retrieve content information.  </li></ul><ul><li>Searches beyond formal characteristics. </li></ul>
  17. 17. { Continued Challenges } <ul><li>The challenge of helping readers find books easily has always existed. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s been a topic in library literature since at least 1933, when Frank Haigh’s fiction classification scheme was proposed and tested. </li></ul><ul><li>So where do we go from here? </li></ul>“ False Ceiling” by Richard Wentworth
  18. 18. Can Shelves Ever Be More Than 2D? <ul><li>Indexing systems in the future? </li></ul><ul><li>Can point users to a location on the shelf. </li></ul><ul><li>Shelving classifications are two-dimensional and limited. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Future <ul><li>There is a long way to go before (if ever) we establish an effective classification method. </li></ul>
  20. 20. the end