evolved as a reaction of a society against
the Baroque period, and was perceived as a
way of rescuing from the past the styles of
the classical periods that's why buildings
and sculptures have aspects in common
with that area.
- revival of classical architecture during the 18th and early 19th
- The movement concerned itself with the logic of entire classical
volumes, unlike Classical revivalism which tended to reuse
- Characterized by grandeur of scale, simplicity of geometric
forms, Greek especially Doric or Roman detail, dramatic use of
columns, and a preference for blank walls.
- In United States it continued to flourish throughout the 19th
- The style also spread to Colonial Latin America.
- Neoclassicism is also known as "Age of
Enlightenment" while the Romanticism is a
term that describes changes within the art from
about 1760 - 1870.
- The visual arts of neoclassicism were serious,
unemotional and heroic while in Romanticism,
nature was a dominant theme.
- Neoclassicism often referred to as Augustan
Age resulted from a self-conscious imitation of
the Augustan writers. The main contributors to
this movement are Alexander Pope, Jonathan
Swift, and Daniel Defoe.
- Romanticism has a wild and spiritual view on
nature. Romanticism movement cover so many
themes, styles, and content in literature.
- Neoclassicism emphasized on structure, restraint, and
- Neoclassicism gave importance to logic and reason.
- Neoclassicism examined society
- Neoclassicism draws its inspiration from the culture of Ancient
Greece and Rome
- Neoclassicism writers used a calm, rational tone on the flip side
while the Romantic writers used a spontaneous and moody
came later by the hand of the French and
the Industrial Revolutions. We could say
that Romanticism is in general words the
opposite of Neoclassicism, it is: passionate,
sensitive, emotional, imperfect,
spontaneous, natural, ideal, heroical,
exciting, active, complex, disordered,
imaginative, and fantastic.
Romanticism is an attitude or intellectual orientation that
characterized many works of literature, painting, music,
architecture, criticism, and historiography in Western
civilization over a period from the late 18th to the mid-19th
century. Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts
of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealization, and rationality
that typified Classicism.
Romanticism was the general exaltation of emotion over reason and of the senses over
intellect; a turning in upon the self and a heightened examination of human
personality. An emphasis upon imagination as a gateway to transcendent experience
and spiritual truth. A preoccupation with the genius, the hero, and the exceptional
figure in general.
#1 LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE #2 THE RAFT OF THE MEDUSA
#3 THE THIRD OF MAY 1808
Romanticism in English literature began in the
1790s with the publication of the Lyrical
Ballads of William Wordsworth and Samuel
Taylor Coleridge. William Blake was the third
principal poet of the movement's early phase
in England. The first phase of the Romantic
movement in Germany was marked by
innovations in both content and literary style.
Second phase of Romanticism was marked by
a quickening of cultural nationalism and an
attention to national origins. Sir Walter Scott
is considered to have invented the historical
novel. English Romantic poetry reached its
zenith in the works of John Keats, Lord Byron,
and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
SIR WALTER SCOTT
Germaine de Staël
WHAT IS REALISM?
- Realism movement took place in the second half of the
19th century and was very similar to naturalism.
Realism is a direct contrast to Romanticism, as it does
not beautify or make things more appealing
- Realism was a reaction to extravagant, romantic
ideals characteristics of the late 18th and early 19th
century. Realism even attacked romantic and
transcendentalist ideas in their literary works.
- First, Realism was created to instruct and entertain the
American audiences of the mid-19th century, and
furthermore. It emphasized that character comes from
experience and relationships with others(Reuben)
THE FOUR TYPES OF
Realism entails a spectrum of ideas,which tend to
revolve around several central propositions, such as:
Realism entails a State-centrism: states are the central actors in international
politics, rather than leaders or international organizations;
Anarchy: the international political system is anarchic, as there is no supranational
authority to enforce rules;
Rationality and/or egoism: states act in their rational self-interest within the
international system; and
Power: states desire power to ensure self-preservation of ideas,which tend to revolve
around several central propositions, such as:
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