Jason RutterSchool of Mass Communications ResearchCatholic University of LeuvenLeuven 3000BelgiumJason.Rutter@soc.kuleuven...
Not all players are gamers...
60                                                 Aarseth                                          Ludology              ...
‘The deviant is one to whom     that label has successfully            been applied’                                      ...
gamer‘The deviant is one to whom that label has successfully        been applied’
The concept of a ‘magic circle,’ which is    based on a clear separation between     ‘play reality’ and ‘everyday reality,...
For these gamers, digitalplay was often a routine  activity intertwined  with other everyday        routines.
Harvey Sacks   Erving Goffman   Harold Garfinkel
‘organized artful practices of             everyday life.’ (Garfinkel, 1986: 309)Garfinkel, H., 1967. Studies in Ethnomethod...
Not all players are gamers...All #Portal2 single player campaign achievementsdone... Now i need @XXXXX to find some time to...
Not all players are gamers...11 users of ‘player’: 12 uses of ‘gamer’   6 uses of ‘gamer’ in usernames        1 in hashtag...
Not all players are gamers...Hard to believe that Portal 2 players on PS3 haventbeen able to try online co op yet. Fantast...
We are gamers - they are        players
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7Y4f6VtjIo
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
I got #Portal2 :-)       http://dailybooth.com/u/        9ctto
About to play #portal2 I have no doubt in my mindthat it will be good but I think the term epic needs tofuck off and dieI ...
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
Listening and playing The National - Exile Vilify - this        is for a video game soundtrack. Yup.        wudr.udayton.e...
For 6+ hr flight to LA. Screw the ridiculous $5 itunesmovie rentals, I’m buying #Portal2. Just hope theplane has a power ou...
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
Just beat #portal2 http://twitpic.com/4w0aea
Just completed #Portal2 single player on #Xbox.Fantastic game well worthy of all the critical acclaimit’s received. A 10/1...
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
To bed! But before I do, I’ll leave this here: http://bit.ly/lH7GTB No #Portal2 references here!Thank you for going down #...
planning gaming  doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming   not gaming
#portal2 is pretty fucking brilliant! Now to watch       #GameOfThrones with the honey :)
#Finals y u no let me play #Portal2Going to try writing tonight-having the #Portal2ending theme stuck in my head won’t hel...
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
#Portal2 is a most excellent video game!Creating a new existence of “WTF!”, second only topunching god in the face for tak...
One of the most beautifully poignant moments in      videogame history: http://t.co/BR7o2i6 ( #Portal2                    ...
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
Portaaaaal ! #portal2 #gamerFUCK. TURRENTS. #portal2SPAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACE! #portal2@XXXXX SPAAAAAAAAAACE!!!! #Portal2#...
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
I will burn your house down... WITH LEMONS #portal2http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f2vNuaBQNKE
“We can continue testing for the rest of your life.After that, I may take up a hobby. Reanimating thedead, maybe.” #Portal...
GLaDOS & Chell http://twitpic.com/       4vy087 #Portal2
Ooooh they were supposed to get Richard Aoyade for Wheatley!!     But Stephen Merchants pretty good too :D #portal2
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
RT @hydeandgeek: Portal 2s Atlas and P-body in  LEGO form: http://tumblr.com/x2f2gqweqc              #Portal2 #Portal
My birthday companion  cube cake #portal2 #hugesuccess http:// twitpic.com/4w0x74
Whoah! It looks like #Portal2 is releasing theirauthoring tools? http://cot.ag/kWbasi #FBHell yes, couldn’t come any soone...
evaluation     exclamation  textual referenceuser generated content      commerce
LOOOL http://store.valvesoftware.com/product.php?     i=CP201 #PORTAL2 (cc @limitedmage )
Just took advantage of @gamestopcanada’s awesometrade in deal and got #portal2 free by trading in#oblivion and #bulletstor...
Tweets are not part of games   but construct gaming
Talk by tweet shares:     Gaming experience      Gaming process        Enthusiasm   Game-related resources
Gaming practice takes places outside the games
A ‘practice’ (Praktik) is a routinized type of  behaviour which consists of several elements,  interconnected to one other...
homo economicus                    homo sociologicus                      homo ludens   ‘There is nothing particularly mag...
Harvey Sacks   Erving Goffman   Harold Garfinkel The mundane has to be accomplished,      renewed and maintained.
‘   Interconnectedness’Bigger the individual gamers    More than the game     Includes non-play Defines gaming as practice
http://www.scribd.com/jason_rutter     http://www.slideshare.net/Jasieboy     http://madebyjase.com/     @JaseRutter     @...
Finding Gamers in 140 Characters: Talk of Games on Twitter
Finding Gamers in 140 Characters: Talk of Games on Twitter
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Finding Gamers in 140 Characters: Talk of Games on Twitter

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Keynote presentation prepared for Under the Mask 2011, University of Bedfordshire, 3rd June 2011.
http://underthemask.wikidot.com/.
The draft paper on which this presentation is based is available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/57687332/Doing-gaming-on-Twitter-Exploring-140-characters-of-digital-gaming-practice

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Finding Gamers in 140 Characters: Talk of Games on Twitter

  1. 1. Jason RutterSchool of Mass Communications ResearchCatholic University of LeuvenLeuven 3000BelgiumJason.Rutter@soc.kuleuven.beFinding Gamersin 140 charactersTalk of games on Twitter
  2. 2. Not all players are gamers...
  3. 3. 60 Aarseth Ludology 45 Juul Player/s 30 Crawford Exp 15 Psychology Barlett & Anderson Sociology Bushman & Gibson Bryce & Rutter 0 0 15 30 45 60 Gamer/sAarseth, E. 2003. ‘Playing Research: Methodological approaches to game analysis’Barlett, C.P. and Anderson, C.A., 2009. ‘Violent video games and public policy’Bushman, B. J., & Gibson, B., 2011. ‘Violent video games cause an increase in aggression long after the game has been turnedoff’Bryce, J. and Rutter, J., 2003. ‘Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming’Crawford, G., 2006. ‘The cult of Champ Man: The culture and pleasures of Championship Manager/Football Manager gamers’Juul, J., 2008. ‘The magic circle and the puzzle piece’
  4. 4. ‘The deviant is one to whom that label has successfully been applied’ Becker, 1963: 9Becker, H., 1963. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance
  5. 5. gamer‘The deviant is one to whom that label has successfully been applied’
  6. 6. The concept of a ‘magic circle,’ which is based on a clear separation between ‘play reality’ and ‘everyday reality,’ does not apply. For these gamers, digital play was often a routine activity intertwined with other everyday routines. Kallio et al. (2010: 2)Kallio, K.P., Mayra, F. and Kaipainen, K., 2010. ‘At least nine ways to play:Approaching gamer mentalities’, Games and Culture
  7. 7. For these gamers, digitalplay was often a routine activity intertwined with other everyday routines.
  8. 8. Harvey Sacks Erving Goffman Harold Garfinkel
  9. 9. ‘organized artful practices of everyday life.’ (Garfinkel, 1986: 309)Garfinkel, H., 1967. Studies in Ethnomethodology
  10. 10. Not all players are gamers...All #Portal2 single player campaign achievementsdone... Now i need @XXXXX to find some time todestroy the co-op wit meI just saved science #portal2 co-op completed.Now for single player fun to begin . . .Just finished #Portal2 single player. heheh...Hilarious! :) I want to throw out a few fav quotes, but@XXXXX hasn’t finished yet!
  11. 11. Not all players are gamers...11 users of ‘player’: 12 uses of ‘gamer’ 6 uses of ‘gamer’ in usernames 1 in hashtag #gamer 1 in url 1 as ‘gamertag’
  12. 12. Not all players are gamers...Hard to believe that Portal 2 players on PS3 haventbeen able to try online co op yet. Fantastic part of thegame. #portal2Watching a #Portal2 Let’s Play and this guy is acompetant player that knows when to shut up.Awesome.Scratch that about the competence. This guy have aproblem with puzzles. #Portal2’
  13. 13. We are gamers - they are players
  14. 14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7Y4f6VtjIo
  15. 15. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  16. 16. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  17. 17. I got #Portal2 :-) http://dailybooth.com/u/ 9ctto
  18. 18. About to play #portal2 I have no doubt in my mindthat it will be good but I think the term epic needs tofuck off and dieI imagine there’s going to be a huge crush of peopletrying to play #mortalkombat and #portal2 when#PSN is turned on again. Good luck!Very intrigued by this #Portal2 game. Might have topick that one up.Watching some of the previous series’ #DoctorWho,then hopefully I can find someone to play some#Portal2 co-op with me!
  19. 19. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  20. 20. Listening and playing The National - Exile Vilify - this is for a video game soundtrack. Yup. wudr.udayton.edu #WUDR #Portal2
  21. 21. For 6+ hr flight to LA. Screw the ridiculous $5 itunesmovie rentals, I’m buying #Portal2. Just hope theplane has a power outlet.#Portal2 and a nice #bourbon to end the night. Shityeah it’s cool.Fact: It is dumb to try to work to #Portal2soundtrack. Remote & controller are still sittin righthere iz too much for my puny human will#Portal2 and #Food and #LOST and #Tattoos and#Food. Awesome night. Would only be better with acutie to talk to. Heeeeeeee =}
  22. 22. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  23. 23. Just beat #portal2 http://twitpic.com/4w0aea
  24. 24. Just completed #Portal2 single player on #Xbox.Fantastic game well worthy of all the critical acclaimit’s received. A 10/10 for me tooFinished #Portal2. I thought it was very good, not tooshort, but I’m slow and took a week break in middleof playing!Its late... But I’v completed #portal2! HUZAH! Greatsense of #accomplishment right now... Until I realiseI’m in work early.... #whoopsi accidentally just finished #Portal2 for the fourthtime... all in one evening. #didntmeantodothat
  25. 25. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  26. 26. To bed! But before I do, I’ll leave this here: http://bit.ly/lH7GTB No #Portal2 references here!Thank you for going down #steam. I can finally getsome sleep after playing too much #portal2 co-op.There are some interesting Portal 2 theories outthere. I love it when a game makes you considerthem that deeply after you finish. #portal2
  27. 27. planning gaming doing gamingcompleting gaming quitting gaming not gaming
  28. 28. #portal2 is pretty fucking brilliant! Now to watch #GameOfThrones with the honey :)
  29. 29. #Finals y u no let me play #Portal2Going to try writing tonight-having the #Portal2ending theme stuck in my head won’t help, alas,entertaining as it is.I wish I had someone to play #portal2 coop with :(Hard to believe that Portal 2 players on PS3 haven’tbeen able to try online co op yet. Fantastic part of thegame. #portal2
  30. 30. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  31. 31. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  32. 32. #Portal2 is a most excellent video game!Creating a new existence of “WTF!”, second only topunching god in the face for taking the last beer &pizza! #Portal2 , #Brink , #E3 n JuneWhat a great fucking game. Portal is what gamesshould be! #portal2 rules!#Portal2 is as addictive as caffeine. Love me someGLaDOS snark.
  33. 33. One of the most beautifully poignant moments in videogame history: http://t.co/BR7o2i6 ( #Portal2 Spoilers)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kPyGvqNn4Y
  34. 34. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  35. 35. Portaaaaal ! #portal2 #gamerFUCK. TURRENTS. #portal2SPAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACE! #portal2@XXXXX SPAAAAAAAAAACE!!!! #Portal2#SuchANerdSpace! Space! Im in space! Space! #portal2Finishhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhed! #portal2#finallythinkingwithportals
  36. 36. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  37. 37. I will burn your house down... WITH LEMONS #portal2http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f2vNuaBQNKE
  38. 38. “We can continue testing for the rest of your life.After that, I may take up a hobby. Reanimating thedead, maybe.” #Portal2“Think of it not as a death trap, but as a deathoption!” #portal2To help you remain calm in the face of almost certaindeath, smooth jazz will be deployed in 3...2...1...#portal2“I know how humans make more humans and,frankly, it’s ridiculous.” #GLaDOS #Portal2
  39. 39. GLaDOS & Chell http://twitpic.com/ 4vy087 #Portal2
  40. 40. Ooooh they were supposed to get Richard Aoyade for Wheatley!! But Stephen Merchants pretty good too :D #portal2
  41. 41. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  42. 42. RT @hydeandgeek: Portal 2s Atlas and P-body in LEGO form: http://tumblr.com/x2f2gqweqc #Portal2 #Portal
  43. 43. My birthday companion cube cake #portal2 #hugesuccess http:// twitpic.com/4w0x74
  44. 44. Whoah! It looks like #Portal2 is releasing theirauthoring tools? http://cot.ag/kWbasi #FBHell yes, couldn’t come any sooner, SDK beta http://www.thinkwithportals.com/blog.php?id=5443&p=1#Portal2Niiiice! Valve releases Authoring Tools for #Portal2Time to make levels with many, many companioncubes. http://ow.ly/4REy6FREE Portal 2 SDK/Authoring tools now available onSteam :-) #portal2
  45. 45. evaluation exclamation textual referenceuser generated content commerce
  46. 46. LOOOL http://store.valvesoftware.com/product.php? i=CP201 #PORTAL2 (cc @limitedmage )
  47. 47. Just took advantage of @gamestopcanada’s awesometrade in deal and got #portal2 free by trading in#oblivion and #bulletstorm :)LOOOL http://store.valvesoftware.com/product.php?i=CP201 #PORTAL2 (cc @XXXXX )Minerva’s Den (#Bioshock2) is 50% off this week!Finally bought it, as a result. I’ll get to it after I beat#Portal2. Still ... EXCITED!Get Portal2 game at http://greatgamingprices.com#portal2 #xbox@thinkgeek Where are these missing #portal2 actionfigures? These robots? We must have these figuresback!
  48. 48. Tweets are not part of games but construct gaming
  49. 49. Talk by tweet shares: Gaming experience Gaming process Enthusiasm Game-related resources
  50. 50. Gaming practice takes places outside the games
  51. 51. A ‘practice’ (Praktik) is a routinized type of behaviour which consists of several elements, interconnected to one other: forms of bodily activities, forms of mental activities, ‘things’ and their use, a background knowledge in the form of understanding, know-how, states of emotion and motivational knowledge. Reckwitz (2002: 249)Reckwitz A., 2002. ‘Toward a theory of social practices: a development in culturalist theorizing’,European Journal of Social Theory, 5(2), 243-63.
  52. 52. homo economicus homo sociologicus homo ludens ‘There is nothing particularly magic about the magic circle, it is, rather mundane.’ (Crawford,2009: 2)Crawford, G., 2009. ‘Forget the magic circle (or towards a sociology of video games)’,Under the Mask 2009, University of Bedfordshire, Luton, 5th June 2009.
  53. 53. Harvey Sacks Erving Goffman Harold Garfinkel The mundane has to be accomplished, renewed and maintained.
  54. 54. ‘ Interconnectedness’Bigger the individual gamers More than the game Includes non-play Defines gaming as practice
  55. 55. http://www.scribd.com/jason_rutter http://www.slideshare.net/Jasieboy http://madebyjase.com/ @JaseRutter @DigiplayProjectJason RutterSchool of Mass Communications ResearchCatholic University of LeuvenLeuven 3000BelgiumJason.Rutter@soc.kuleuven.be

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