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Hazmat

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Hazmat

  1. 1. Hazmat Awareness
  2. 2. Hazmat <ul><li>What is a hazardous material? </li></ul><ul><li>A hazardous material is a material, that in any quantity, poses a threat to life, health or property. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hazmat <ul><li>More than four billion tons of materials classified as hazardous are shipped throughout the United States each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials commonly shipped in the United States include: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hazmat <ul><li>explosives (materials that combust or detonate) compressed gases (pressurized flammable or nonflammable gas) </li></ul><ul><li>flammable liquids (those with a flash point of less than 100 degrees Fahrenheit) </li></ul><ul><li>combustible liquids (those with a flash point greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit) </li></ul><ul><li>flammable solids (nonexplosive solid material that burns vigorously and can be ignited readily) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hazmat (cont) <ul><li>oxidizers (substances that give off oxygen or act like oxygen and stimulate combustion) </li></ul><ul><li>poisonous gases, corrosives, (materials that destroy skin) </li></ul><ul><li>radioactive materials! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Emergency <ul><li>An incident involving hazardous materials is a true emergency and you should call </li></ul><ul><li>9-1-1 immediately . </li></ul><ul><li>Contact The supervisor, safety coordinator, and Manager on duty </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hazmat <ul><li>If there is an incident involved with a hazardous material everyone is to stay clear of the spill. </li></ul><ul><li>If the substance is unknown then stay clear at least 100 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>If some one is in the center of the spill or leak to not try and go in after them. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hazmat Zones <ul><li>There are 3 zones in dealing with hazmat </li></ul><ul><li>Hot zone </li></ul><ul><li>Warm zone </li></ul><ul><li>Cold zone </li></ul>
  9. 9. Size up Priority <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Incident stability (stable vs. unstable) </li></ul><ul><li>Property conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to people, and property. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run off, or wind carry of substance. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Size up special considerations <ul><li>Personal risk of exposure, or contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed product effects </li></ul><ul><li>The topography </li></ul><ul><li>Wind direction </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 zones </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the incident located on the facility </li></ul>
  11. 11. NFPA 704 <ul><li>NFPA- national fire protection agency </li></ul><ul><li>704- is the diamond </li></ul>
  12. 12. NFPA 704 HEALTH 4 = Too dangerous to enter 3 = Extreme danger—Full protective clothing 2 = Hazardous—Breathing apparatus 1 = Slight hazard 0 = No hazard FIRE 4 = Extremely flammable 3 = Ignites at normal temperatures 2 = Ignites when moderately heated 1 = Must be preheated to burn 0 = Will not burn
  13. 13. NFPA 704 REACTIVITY 4 = May detonate—Evacuate area if fire present 3 = Shock, heat may detonate—Take cover 2 = Violent chemical change possible 1 = Unstable if heated 0 = Normally stable SPECIFIC HAZARD OX = Oxidizer ACID = Acid ALK = Alkali (Base) COR = Corrosive W = Use NO Water
  14. 14. DOT Labels <ul><li>Placed on packages/containers </li></ul>
  15. 15. Other Sensory Information <ul><li>What do you see? Hear? Smell? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a vapor cloud? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a fire? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you hear escape of pressurized gas ? </li></ul><ul><li>Any unusual odors? </li></ul><ul><li>Are your eyes watering, burning? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there dead animals, birds, fish observable? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Hazmat <ul><li>Hazmat is a very dangerous product if not handled correctly. No one is to attempt any kind of rescue or enter the warm or hot zone if a spill is present unless the hazardous martial is identified as stable. Hazmat incidents should be handled by professionals….. </li></ul>
  17. 17. THE END <ul><li>Open for Discussion!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>

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