Dental Hygiene, Degree

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Dental Hygiene, Degree

  1. 1. Proposed 2007 Standards Revisions Dental Hygiene Associate Degree Proposed Revisions: The Dental Hygiene Working Committee, in collaboration with the Dental Hygiene, degree State Technical Committee, recommends the revisions to standards stated in the attached Dental Hygiene, degree Probe Report. Recommended Action – DTAE Staff: It is recommended that the proposed revisions to standards be approved as listed . Recommended Action – VPI Council: Enter Recommendation(s) Recommended Action – Presidents Council: Enter Recommendation(s) Recommended Action – DTAE Board: Enter Recommendation(s) Summary of Credit Hour Changes: Dental Hygiene, Associate Degree Hours Current Proposed Difference Total Credit 123 124 +1 Recommended: DTAE 123 124 +1 VPI Council                   Presidents Council                   State Board                   Summary of Credit Hour Changes: Program Name, Award Level Hours Current Proposed Difference Total Credit current proposed difference Recommended: DTAE             VPI Council             Presidents Council             State Board             Summary of Credit Hour Changes: Program Name, Award Level Hours Current Proposed Difference Total Credit current proposed difference Recommended: DTAE             VPI Council             Presidents Council             State Board             ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 1 of 25
  2. 2. 2007 Standards Revision Project An Industry-Driven Report of Standardized Programs In Georgia Technical Colleges Dental Hygiene, Degree Probe Report March 2007 Georgia Department of Technical and Adult Education Facilitator(s): Kathie Ivester ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 2 of 25
  3. 3. Quality Improvement Initiative The program standards and guides materials, which form the basis for instruction in Georgia’s technical colleges, are developed to support industry driven needs. Faculty and local program advisory committees review programs, each year, to ensure the latest technology and employment needs are addressed for the program. Through the Instructional Faculty Consortium Committee (IFCC) process, programs are reviewed and, if needed, recommendations are made to update competencies found in the program. Given the accelerating changes in technology and the workplace, a major systematic updating of all standardized programs in the technical colleges, with business and industry involvements, is needed. A joint IFCC Executive Board and State Technical Committee (STC) meeting was held in March 9, 2007 to examine the Dental Hygiene, degree, program. A working committee composed of instructors and state technical committee members met in March 30, 2007 to discuss and respond to recommendations made by the IFCC Executive Board and STC members. Currently, the Probe process is being initiated for program revisions recommended by the State Technical Committee. The following sections are included in this Probe document:  a listing of the IFCC Executive Board  a listing of the State Technical Committee members  a list of the Working Committee members and  recommendations made by the IFCC Executive Board and STC The recommended changes/revisions made in this document apply to the Dental Hygiene, degree program(s). The deleted items are reflected with a strikethrough while new material is boldfaced. Course number and course title changes are recommended to more accurately describe the course level and content of the affected courses and enhance transferability. The appropriate sections from the program standards are included, showing recommended revisions, and a revised curriculum sequence illustrates the impact of revisions on scheduling. IFCC Executive Board Dr. David Byers, Chair, Lanier Technical College Carol Johnson, Vice-chair, West Central Technical College Dr. Barbara Jansen, Secretary, Director Middle Georgia Technical College Renee’ Graham, Director Valdosta Technical College Jennifer Gramiak, Director Southeastern Technical College Tina Grile, Director Athens Technical College Marsha McCrimmon, Director Central Georgia Technical College Jan Jones, Director Columbus Technical College State Technical Committee Dr. David Byers, Chair, Lanier Technical College Carol Johnson, Vice-chair, West Central Technical College Dr. Barbara Jansen, Secretary, Middle Georgia Technical College Dr. John Daniel, Representative West Georgia Technical College Cynthia Lambert, Representative Lanier Technical College Hope Arnold,Representative Valdosta Technical College Linda Carr, Representative Columbus Technical College Ginger Morton, Representative Athens Technical College Debbie Harkins, Representative Middle Georgia Technical College Melanie Bryson, Representative Southeastern Technical College Jana Spivey, Representative Valdosta Technical College ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 3 of 25
  4. 4. Working Committee ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 4 of 25
  5. 5. Dr. David Byers, Chairperson, Co-Director Lanier Technical College Carol Johnson, Vice-Chairperson, Director West Central Technical College – absent Dr. Barbara Jansen, Secretary, Director Middle Georgia Technical College Dr. Stuart Beardsley, Faculty Middle Georgia Technical College Stephanie Krajewski, Faculty Middle Georgia Technical College April Williams, Faculty Middle Georgia Technical College Crista Hill, Co-Director Lanier Technical College Ruth Thompson, Faculty Lanier Technical College Jan Jones, Director Columbus Technical College Becky Prielozny, Faculty Columbus Technical College Marsha McCrimmon, Director Central Georgia Technical College Jennifer Gramiak, Director Southeastern Technical College Renee’ Graham, Director Valdosta Technical College Tina Grile, Director Athens Technical College – absent Cherie Rainwater, Faculty West Central Technical College – absent Valerie Crane, Faculty West Central Technical College – absent Dr. John Daniel Acworth, GA – absent Cynthia Lambert Gainesville, GA – absent Hope Arnold Hahira, GA – absent Linda Carr Cataula, GA – absent Ginger Morton, Representative Bogart, GA – absent Debbie Harkins, Representative Kathleen, GA – absent Melanie Bryson, Representative Mount Vernon, GA – absent Jana Spivey, Representative Valdosta, GA - absent Phil G. Petty DTAE, Atlanta, GA State Technical Committee Recommendations The State Technical Committee made the following 20 recommendations that were approved by the Dental Hygiene IFCC. 1. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that the content of AHS 104 is more geared to basic knowledge of all health professions. Course content should de-emphasize common skill sets and increase awareness of the interdependence of other health professions. Rationale: It is desirable for AHS 104 to include basic knowledge that pertains to all health professions. 2. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that a separate course be developed (Introduction to Dental Hygiene) -1 credit hour (3 clinic hours) to address specific topics and procedures needed prior to DHY 104/105-Preclinic Lecture and Lab. Rationale: This new course will enable the programs to more efficiently address the additional clinical skills needed on the new ADHLEX clinical exam. It will include a redistribution of the competencies in the courses DHY 104/105 (Preclinic Lecture and Lab) and DHY 110/111 Clinic I Lecture and Lab) allowing the students more time to practice instrumentation technique prior to patient care. 3. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that Psychology and Sociology be recommended as separate core courses for those students interested in Bachelors or higher degrees; however, students could elect to take a combined Psychology/Sociology course (Introduction to Behavioral Sciences) to fulfill the requirement should they choose to not further their education beyond the Associates degree level. Rationale: This option will give students the option of fewer required course hours to obtain their degree. This option would equate to a savings of 5 credit/ 3 semester credit hours. This can be a beneficial ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 5 of 25
  6. 6. alternative for students relying on funding from the Hope Scholarship and Pell grant programs. 4. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that a minimum grade of 75 be required for all dental hygiene courses. Rationale: This recommendation is based on the required minimum passing score of 75 on both the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination and the ADHLEX clinical exam. Both examinations must be successfully completed with a passing grade in order for the graduate to obtain licensure from the Georgia Board of Dentistry. It is the general consensus of the working committee that students must be able to pass the program coursework with a grade of 75 to properly prepare them to gain their licensure. All grades obtained in the program are still to be scored as per the DTAE grading scale, but the minimum score of 75 will be required to continue in the program. 5. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that DHY 112 (Biochemistry) be combined with DHY 212 (Nutrition) into one 3-hour course since curriculum content is similar. (New course number to be assigned by DTAE upon posting). Rationale: The content of these two courses have been noted by students and faculty to contain an overlap of information. The combination of these two courses is an attempt to reduce redundancy and to minimize the total credit hours required for program completion. 6. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that one additional credit hour be added to DHY 108 (Radiology) to be reflected in lecture time for the course. This would increase the course from 3 to 4 credit hours. Rationale: Increasing the course an additional hour will allow more time to gain knowledge in radiology theory and digital imaging. The faculty currently teaching this course agree that additional lecture time is already required to properly cover the material. 7. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that DHY 108 (Radiology) be taught in two separate quarters or in a sequence where radiology theory is taught first followed by radiographic technique. Two separate grades would be required for both radiology theory and technique to ensure competency in each segment. DTAE will assign two unique course numbers for the theory and technique courses in Radiology. Rationale: Offering Radiology as two separate courses, where the lecture and lab components are divided, would allow dental assistants or those previously trained in dental radiography to test out (exempt) the technique course and would allow the educational process to be more seamless. 8. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that digital radiography be added as a specific competency listed in the Standard for DHY 108 (Radiology). Rationale: Digital radiography has become commonplace in the private practice sector. Graduates must be well versed with the theory and practice of using digital radiography to meet the needs of the community. In addition to teaching the theory of digital radiography, the dental hygiene programs should budget for digital radiography equipment including computer support in the clinical and radiology areas. 9. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that the minimum age of 18 be required to enter the dental hygiene program. This change is to ensure that students entered in the program meet the minimum age requirements by law to operate radiography equipment. Rationale: Although the Georgia Board of Dentistry requires dental hygiene applicants to be 18 years of age to obtain licensure, the working committee could find no evidence prohibiting persons under the age of 18 ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 6 of 25
  7. 7. from learning to use ionizing radiation. The dental hygiene programs agree that applicants to enter the dental hygiene program, who will be under the age of 18 at the time of graduation, must be advised of the fact that they will not be able to gain licensure until they attain the age of 18. 10. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that DTAE Standards state that dental hygiene graduates of Georgia DTAE schools receive an Associate of Applied Science degree instead of the Associate of Applied Technology degree. Mr. Petty indicated that this recommendation has already been approved. Rationale: The type of degree has already been changed and needs to be reflected in the Standards. 11. The STC committee supports the current minimum quarter hours listed in DTAE Standards. The previous minimum quarter hours listed in the DTAE Standards for graduation from the Dental Hygiene Program was 123 quarter hours. With the changes requested the new minimum quarter hours will be 124 quarter hours. Rationale: The Commission on Dental Accreditation mandates Standards that dictate course content that must be met within the dental hygiene programs. The specific Standards from CODA regarding course content are Standard 2-10, 2-11, 2-12, 2-13, 2-14, 2-15, and 2-16. 12. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that time management be added as a specific competency listed in the Standards for DHY 114 (Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lab) and DHY 221 (Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lab). Rationale: This competency is added to assist the student in developing time management skills allowing them a smoother transition into the private practice sector. 13. It was recommended by the State Technical Committee that specific competencies regarding pain control be added to the Standard for DHY 206 (Pharmacology and Pain Control). Rationale: Although all the DTAE dental hygiene programs include pain control as part of the DHY 206 (Pharmacology) course, there was no specific competency covering pain control. This subject needs to be added as a competency. 14. The State Technical Committee engaged in discussion centered on whether an additional hour should be added to DHY 106 (Pharmacology). No recommendations were made at the time of the STC meeting. The Working Committee considered the issue and decided to request the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend changing the credit and contact hours for DHY 106 (Pharmacology) from 3 hours to 4 hours. Rationale: Increasing the course an additional hour will allow the proper lecture time required to properly cover the subject material. 15. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend removing the competency “Impression and Study Cast Techniques” from DHY 110 / DHY 111 (Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lecture and Lab). Rationale: The competency concerning “Impression and Study Cast Techniques” is taught to clinical competency during the demonstration lab for DHY 103 (Dental Materials). The rationale for removing it from DHY 110 / DHY 111 (Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lecture and Lab) is to reduce redundancy within the program. ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 7 of 25
  8. 8. 16. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend adding the competency “Applied Techniques” to DHY 111 (Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lab), DHY 202 (Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lab), and DHY 209 (Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lab). Rationale: This is apparently a typographical error from the earlier Standards since the competency “Applied Techniques” is listed as a specific competency for all other clinical laboratory sessions where live patient care is a component of the course. 17. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend correcting the D. Lab hours reflected for DHY 113 (Microbiology) from 3 hours to 2 hours. Rationale: This is apparently a typographical error from the earlier Standards since the laboratory session f or DHY 113 (Microbiology) is a demonstration lab instead of a participation lab. 18. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend removing the competency “Amalgam Polishing/Recontouring” from DHY 201/202 (Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lecture and Lab). Rationale: Amalgam polishing and recontouring are considered to be dated procedures, and should no longer be required as a specific competency within the program. 19. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend removing the competency “PSR Index” from DHY 213/214 (Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lecture and Lab). Rationale: Students need to be well versed in obtaining different types of indices, but there is no reason for there to be a specific competency using the PSR index. 20. The Working Committee requested the Dental Hygiene Program’s Advisory Boards to recommend adding the competency “Dietary Assessment” to DHY 213 (Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lecture). Rationale: “Dietary Assessment” is an important component of dental hygiene education. It is already taught within the programs and it appears on the National Board examination. “Dietary Assessment” should be added as a specific competency. ProbeTemplate.081105.Dot Page 8 of 25
  9. 9. State Board Approved Dental Hygiene Curriculum Current and Proposed Changes Associate Degree Program Title: Dental Hygiene, Associate Degree Program Description: The Dental Hygiene program is a sequence of courses that prepares students for positions in the dental profession. Learning opportunities develop academic, technical, and professional knowledge and skills required for job acquisition, retention, and advancement. Registered dental hygienists work in a variety of professional settings. The public is most familiar with dental hygienists in the private dental office, where they perform numerous critical services designed to detect and prevent diseases of the mouth. These include oral prophylaxis; examining the head, neck, and oral areas for signs of disease; educating patients about oral hygiene; taking or developing radiographs; and applying fluoride or sealants. In this setting, registered dental hygienists play a vital role in protecting the oral health of the American public. Program graduates receive a Dental Hygiene Associate of Applied Technology degree. Program graduates receive a Dental Hygiene Associate of Applied Science degree. Core Course (a) General Core Courses Course Code General Core Course Title Class Hours D/ Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours CHM 191 Chemistry I [P] Program admission level math achievement 4 0 3 7 5 ENG 191 Composition and Rhetoric [P] Program admission level language competency or ENG 098 5 0 0 5 5 ENG 193 Literature and Composition [P] ENG 191 with C or better 5 0 0 5 5 OR HUM 191 Introduction to Humanities [P] ENG 191 with C or better (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) ENG 195 Technical Communications [P] ENG 191 with C or better 5 0 0 5 5 OR SPC 191 Fundamentals of Speech [P] Program admission level language competency or ENG 098 (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) MAT 191 College Algebra [P] Program admission level math achievement 5 0 0 5 5 OR MAT 196 Contemporary Mathematics [P] Program admission level math achievement (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) PSY 191 Introductory Psychology [P] Program admission 5 0 0 5 5 SOC 191 Introduction to Sociology [P] Program admission 5 0 0 5 5 OR DSO? XXXX Introduction to Behavioral Science [P] Program admission This course can replace PSY 191 and SOC 191 only at the Associate Degree level (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) Minimum Required Hours: 34 0 3 37 35
  10. 10. (b) Occupational Courses Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours AHS 104 Introduction to Health Care [P] Provisional admission 2 0 3 5 3 BIO 193 Anatomy and Physiology I [P] Provisional admission 4 3 0 7 5 BIO 194 Anatomy and Physiology II [P] BIO 193 4 3 0 7 5 DHY 100 Tooth Anatomy and Root Morphology [P] Program admission 2 2 0 4 3 DHY 101 Oral Embryology and Histology [P] Program admission 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 102 Head and Neck Anatomy [P] Program admission 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 103 Dental Materials [P] Program admission 2 2 0 4 3 DHY 104 Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lecture [P] DHY 100 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 105 Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lab [P] DHY 100 0 0 6 6 2 DHY 108 Radiology [P] DHY 102 2 0 3 6 3 DHY 110 Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lecture [P] DHY 104 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 111 Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lab [P] DHY 105 0 0 9 9 3 DHY 112 Biochemistry Fundamentals for Dental Hygienists [P] CHM 191 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 113 Microbiology and Infection Control in the Dental Profession [P] CHM 191 3 4 0 7 5 DHY 200 Periodontology [P] DHY 111 4 0 0 4 4 DHY 201 Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lecture [P] DHY 110 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 202 Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lab [P] DHY 111 0 0 12 12 4 DHY 205 Oral Pathology [P] DHY 101, DHY 102 4 0 0 4 4 DHY 206 Pharmacology and Pain Control [P] Program admission 3 4 0 0 3 4 3 4 DHY 207 Community Dental Health [P] None 2 4 0 6 4 DHY 208 Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lecture [P] DHY 201 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 209 Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lab [P] DHY 202 0 0 12 12 4 DHY 212 Nutrition [P] None 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 213 Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lecture [P] DHY 208 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 214 Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lab [P] DHY 209 [P/C] DHY 213 0 0 12 12 4
  11. 11. Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 220 Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lecture [P] DHY 213 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 221 Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lab [P] DHY 214 0 0 12 12 4 SCT 100 Introduction to Microcomputers [P] Provisional admission 1 4 0 5 3 DHY 107 Radiology Lecture 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 109 Radiology Lab 0 0 3 3 1 DHY 106 Introduction to Dental Hygiene 0 0 3 3 1 DHY 211 Biochemistry and Nutrition 3 0 0 3 3 Minimum Required Hours: 54 55 22 69 72 146149 88 89 d) Program Final Exit Point Dental Hygiene, Associate Degree e) Credits Required for Graduation 123 124 minimum quarter hours credit required for graduation Proposed course changes in the Dental Hygiene, Associate Degree DHY 104 – Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lecture Course Description Provides fundamental skills to be utilized in the delivery of optimum patient care by the dental hygienist. Topics include: Professionalism, asepsis, patient assessment, emergencies, instrumentation, charting, patient and clinician positioning, ethics, and oral health education, occlusion, and caries. Competency Areas Hours Professionalism Class 2 Asepsis D. Lab 0 Patient Assessment P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Emergencies Credit 2 Instrumentation Charting Patient /Clinician Positioning Ethics Oral Health Education Occlusion Caries Prerequisite: DHY 100, DHY 106 (Introduction to Dental Hygiene) Corequisite: DHY 105 DHY 105 – Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lab Course Description
  12. 12. Provides fundamental skills to be utilized in the delivery of optimum patient care by the dental hygienist. Topics include: asepsis, patient assessment, emergencies, instrumentation, charting, patient and clinician positioning, ethics, oral health, and occlusion, and caries. Competency Areas Hours Asepsis Class 0 Patient Assessment D. Lab 0 Emergencies P. Lab/O.B.I. 6 Instrumentation Credit 2 Charting Patient and Clinician Positioning Ethics Oral Health Education Occlusion Caries Prerequisite: DHY 100, DHY 106 (Introduction to Dental Hygiene) Corequisite: DHY 104 DHY 108 – Radiology Course Description Emphasizes the application of radiology principles in the study of the teeth and their surrounding structures. Topics include: radiation physics principles, radiation biology, radiation safety, radiographic quality assurance, imaging theory, radiographic interpretation, radiographic need, legal issues of dental radiography, and digital radiography principles and techniques. Competency Areas Hours Radiation Physics Principles Class 2 3 Radiation Biology D. Lab 0 Radiation Safety P. Lab/O.B.I. 3 Radiographic Quality Assurance Credit 3 4 Imaging Theory Radiographic Interpretation Radiographic Need Legal Issues of Dental Radiography Digital Radiography Principles and Techniques Prerequisite: none Corequisite: none DHY 110 – Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lecture Course Description Continues the development of knowledge in patient care. Topics include: caries, prevention, occlusion, instrumentation, dental appliances, patient management, impression and study cast techniques, and interdental care. Competency Areas Hours Caries Class 2 Prevention D. Lab 0 Occlusion P Lab/O.B.I. 0
  13. 13. Instrumentation Credit 2 Patient Management Dental Appliances Impression and Study Cast Techniques Interdental Care Prerequisite: DHY 104 Corequisite: DHY 111 DHY 111 - Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lab Course Description Continues the development of student skills in patient care. Topics include: caries, prevention, occlusion, instrumentation, patient management, dental appliances, impression and study cast techniques, interdental care, and applied techniques, and applied techniques. Competency Areas Hours Caries Class 0 Prevention D. Lab 0 Occlusion P.Lab/O.B.I. 9 Instrumentation Credit 3 Patient Management Dental Appliances Impressions and Study Cast Techniques Applied Techniques Interdental Care Applied Technicques Prerequisite: DHY 105 Corequisite: DHY 110 DHY 112 - Biochemistry Fundamentals for Dental Hygienists Course Description Provides a basic introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Topics include: molecular structure, carbohydrates, proteins, DNA and RNA, nutrition and digestion, and bioenergetics. Competency Areas Hours Molecular structure Class 3 Carbohydrates D. Lab 0 Proteins P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 DNA and RNA Credit 3 Nutrition and Digestion Bioenergetics Prerequisite: CHM 191 Corequisite: DHY 113 – Microbiology and Infection Control in the Dental Profession Course Description
  14. 14. Provides students with a foundation in basic microbiology, with emphasis on microbial form and function. Topics include: introduction to microorganisms; microbial physiology, metabolism and genetics; control of microorganisms; infection and host response; and microbial, viral, and parasitic diseases of human organ systems. Competency Areas Hours Introduction to Microorganisms Class 4 Microbial Physiology D. Lab 3 2 Metabolism and Genetics P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Control of Microorganisms Credit 5 Infection and Host Response Microbial Diseases of Human Organ Systems Prerequisite: Program admission Corequisite: DHY 200 - Periodontology Course Description Provides fundamental information on periodontal anatomy, pathogenesis of the periodontal diseases, and an introduction to modern rational periodontal therapy, including preventive, nonsurgical, and surgical methods. Topics include: tissues of the periodontium, epidemiology, the classification of periodontal diseases and conditions, disease prevention, disease treatment and management, drug therapy, immunology, microorganisms associated with periodontology, surgical and nonsurgical treatment, principles of periodontal surgery, periodontal/endodontic emergencies, and implantology and maintenance of implants. Competency Areas Hours Tissues of the Periodontium Class 4 Epidemiology of Periodontal Diseases D. Lab 0 Periodontal Diseases P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Disease Prevention and Treatment Planning Credit 4 Nonsurgical Periodontal Disease Therapy Drug Therapy Immunology and Host Defense Mechanism Microorganisms Associated with Periodontology The Principles of Periodontal Surgery Periodontal/Endodontic Emergencies Implantology and Maintenance of Implants Prerequisite: DHY 101 Corequisite: DHY 201 - Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lecture Course Description Continues the development of student knowledge in treating patients and preventing oral disease. Topics include: instrument sharpening, patient assessment, treatment planning, antimicrobial use, amalgam polishing/recontouring, pulp vitality testing, treatment of hypersensitivity, whitening, implant care, tobacco cessation, pit and fissure sealants. Competency Areas Hours Instrument sharpening Class 2 Patient assessment D. Lab 0 Antimicrobial use P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Amalgam polishing/recontouring Credit 2
  15. 15. Pulp vitality testing Treatment of hypersensitivity Whitening Implant care Tobacco cessation Treatment planning Pit and fissure sealants Prerequisite: DHY 111, DHY108, DHY 107 Corequisite: DHY 202 DHY 202 - Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lab Course Description Continues the development of student knowledge in treating patients and preventing oral disease. Topics include: instrument sharpening, patient assessment, treatment planning, antimicrobial use, amalgam polishing/recontouring, pulp vitality testing, treatment of hypersensitivity, whitening, implant care, tobacco cessation, pit and fissure sealants, and applied techniques. Competency Areas Hours Instrument sharpening Class 0 Patient assessment D. Lab 0 Antimicrobial use P. Lab/O.B.I. 12 Amalgam polishing/recontouring Credit 4 Pulp vitality testing Treatment of hypersensitivity Whitening Implant care Tobacco cessation Treatment planning Pit and fissure sealants Applied Techniques Prerequisite: DHY 111, DHY108, DHY 107 Corequisite: DHY 201 DHY 206 - PHARMACOLOGY AND PAIN CONTROL Course Description Introduces principles of basic pharmacology as they pertain to the practice of dentistry and dental hygiene. Emphasizes actions and reactions of medications commonly used in the dental office or taken by dental patients. Topics include: pharmaceutical referencing, legal and ethical considerations, drug effects, contraindications, drug related emergencies, dental related anesthesia, and pain control. Competency Areas Hours Pharmaceutical Referencing Class 3 4 Legal and Ethical Considerations D. Lab 0 Drug Effects P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Contraindications Credit 3 4 Drug Related Emergencies Dental Related Anesthesia Pain Control Prerequisite: DHY 110 Program admission
  16. 16. Co requisite: DHY 209 - Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lab Course Description Continues the development of student skills necessary for treatment and prevention of oral disease. Topics include: Scaling, debridement and root planing, oral irrigation and antimicrobial agents, special needs patients, and ultrasonics and air polishing and applied techniques.       Competency Areas Hours Scaling, debridement and root planing Class Oral Irrigation and Antimicrobial Agents D. Lab Special Needs Patients P Lab/O.B.I. 12 Ultrasonics and air polishing Credit 4 Applied Techniques Prerequisite: DHY 202 Corequisite: DHY 208 DHY 212 - Nutrition Course Description Familiarizes students with the role of nutrition in the human body with an emphasis on the dental hygienist's role as a nutrition educator. Topics include: nutritional aspects, nutritional disorders, and diet assessment. Competency Areas Hours Nutritional Aspects Class 2 Nutritional Disorders D. Lab 0 Diet Assessment P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Credit 2 DHY 213 – Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lecture Course Description Continues the development of student knowledge necessary for treatment and prevention of oral disease. Topics include: PSR index, recare systems, special needs, and dietary assessment. Competency Areas Hours PSR Index Class 2 Recare Systems D. Lab 0 Special Needs P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Dietary Assessment Credit 2 Prerequisite: DHY 208 Corequisite: DHY 214 – Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lab Course Description
  17. 17. Continues the development of student skills necessary for treatment and prevention of oral disease. Topics include: PSR index, dietary assessment, recare systems, applied techniques, and time management. Competency Areas Hours PSR Index Class 0 Dietary Assessment Implementation D. Lab 0 Recare Systems P. Lab/O.B.I. 12 Applied Techniques Credit 4 Time Management Prerequisite: DHY 209 Corequisite DHY 213 DHY 221 – Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lab Course Description Continues the development of student skills necessary for treatment and prevention of oral disease. Topics include: applied techniques, and time management. Competency Areas Hours Applied Techniques Class 0 Time Management D. Lab 0 P. Lab/O.B.I. 12 Credit 4 Prerequisite: DHY 214 Corequisite: DHY 220 DHY 106 – Introduction to Dental Hygiene Course Description Provides fundamental skills in the dental environment. The course focuses on infection control procedures and exposure management. Topics include: asepsis, dental terminology, ethics, professionalism, emergencies, patient assessment, and patient and clinician positioning. Competency Areas Hours Asepsis Class 0 Dental Terminology D. Lab 0 Ethics P. Lab/O.B.I. 3 Professionalism Credit 1 Emergencies Patient Assessment Patient and Clinician Positioning Prerequisite : Program admission Corequisite: None DHY 107 – Radiology Lecture Course Description Emphasizes the application of radiology principles in the study of the teeth and their surrounding structures. Topics include: radiation physics principles, radiation biology, radiation safety,
  18. 18. radiographic quality assurance, imaging theory, radiographic interpretation, radiographic need, legal issues of dental radiography, and digital radiography techniques and principles. Competency Areas Hours Radiation Physics Principles Class 3 Radiation Biology D. Lab 0 Radiation Safety P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Radiographic Quality Assurance Credit 3 Imaging Therapy Radiographic Interpretation Radiographic Need Legal Issues of Dental Radiography Digital Radiography Principles and Techniques Prerequisite : Program admission Corequisite: None DHY 109 - Radiology Lab Course Description Emphasizes the application of radiology principles in the study of the teeth and their surrounding structures. Topics include: radiation safety, radiographic quality assurance, imaging theory, radiographic interpretation, radiographic need, and digital radiography principles and techniques. Competency Areas Hours Radiation Safety Class 0 Radiographic Quality Assurance D. Lab 0 Imaging Theory P. Lab/O.B.I. 3 Radiographic Interpretation Credit 1 Radiographic Need Digital Radiography Principles and Techniques Prerequisite : Program admission Corequisite: DHY 107 DHY 211 – Biochemistry and Nutrition Fundamentals for Dental Hygienists Course Description Provides a basic introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Familiarizes students with the role of nutrition in the human body with an emphasis on the dental hygienist’s role as a nutritional educator. Topics include: molecular structure, carbohydrates, proteins, nutrition and digestion, bioenergetics, nutritional aspects, nutritional disorders, and diet assessment. Competency Areas Hours Molecular structure Class 3 Carbohydrates D. Lab 0 Proteins P. Lab/O.B.I. 0 Nutrition and Digestion Credit 3 Bioenergetics Nutritional Aspects Nutritional Disorders Diet Assessment
  19. 19. Prerequisite : CHM 191 Corequisite: None
  20. 20. Curriculum Model Suggested Course Sequence The standard curriculums for Dental Hygiene, degree program are set up on the quarter system. A suggested sequence for the programs is given below with area of specialization. Technical colleges may implement the program by using the sequences listed below or by using a locally developed sequence designed to reflect course prerequisites and/or corequisites. Suggested Sequence Enter Program Name, Award Level First Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours BIO 193 Anatomy and Physiology I 4 3 0 7 5 DHY 100 Tooth Anatomy and Root Morphology 2 2 0 4 3 DHY 101 Oral Embryology and Histology 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 106 Introduction to Dental Hygiene 0 0 3 3 1 ENG 191 Composition and Rhetoric 5 0 0 5 5 MAT 191 College Algebra 5 0 0 5 5 OR MAT 196 Contemporary Mathematics (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) Minimum Required Hours: 18 5 0 3 23 26 20 21 Second Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours BIO 194 Anatomy and Physiology II 4 3 0 7 5 DHY 102 Head and Neck Anatomy 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 103 Dental Materials 2 2 0 4 3 DHY 104 Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lecture 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 105 Preclinical Dental Hygiene Lab 0 0 6 6 2 CHM 191 Chemistry I 4 0 3 7 5 Minimum Required Hours: 15 5 9 29 20 Third Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours AHS 104 Introduction to Health Care 2 0 3 5 3 DHY 107 Radiology Lecture 3 0 0 3 3
  21. 21. Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 109 Radiology Lab 0 0 3 3 1 DHY 110 Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lecture 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 111 Clinical Dental Hygiene I Lab 0 0 9 9 3 DHY 113 Microbiology and Infection Control in the Dental Profession 3 4 0 7 5 Minimum Required Hours: 9 10 4 15 28 29 16 17 Fourth Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 200 Periodontology 4 0 0 4 4 DHY 201 Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lecture 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 202 Clinical Dental Hygiene II Lab 0 0 12 12 4 DHY 205 Oral Pathology 4 0 0 4 4 DHY 206 Pharmacology and Pain Control 3 4 0 0 3 4 3 4 Minimum Required Hours: 13 14 0 12 25 26 17 18 Fifth Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 112 Biochemistry Fundamentals for Dental Hygienists 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 211 Biochemistry and Nutrition 3 0 0 3 3 DHY 207 Community Dental Health 2 4 0 6 4 DHY 208 Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lecture 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 209 Clinical Dental Hygiene III Lab 0 0 12 12 4 ENG 193 Literature and Composition 5 0 0 5 5 OR HUM 191 Introduction to Humanities (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) Minimum Required Hours: 12 4 12 28 18 Sixth Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 212 Nutrition 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 213 Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lecture 2 0 0 2 2
  22. 22. Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 214 Clinical Dental Hygiene IV Lab 0 0 12 12 4 ENG 195 Technical Communications 5 0 0 5 5 OR SPC 191 Fundamentals of Speech (5) (0) (0) (5) (5) Minimum Required Hours: 9 7 0 12 21 19 13 11 Seventh Quarter Course Code Occupational Course Title Class Hours D Lab Hours P/ Lab/OBI Hours Contact Hours Credit Hours DHY 220 Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lecture 2 0 0 2 2 DHY 221 Clinical Dental Hygiene V Lab 0 0 12 12 4 PSY 191 Introductory Psychology 5 0 0 5 5 SOC 191 Introduction to Sociology 5 0 0 5 5 SCT 100 Introduction to Microcomputers 1 4 0 5 3 Minimum Required Hours: 13 4 12 29 19 Suggested Equipment List Adaptations for handicapped Aglinate impression material Aglinate trays Air compressor Air driven handpiece Air polisher/powder Air tips for units Amalgam Amalgam carrier Amalgam carver Amalgam condenser Amalgam polishing kit Anesthetic 3% no epinephrine mepivacaine Anesthetics, lidocaine Antimicrobial soap APF fluoride-gel topical, 5 flavors Applicator sticks, 6" cotton tipped Apron, lead Apron, patient Articulating paper Aspirating syringe Aspirators Autoclave Auxiliary plaque control devices Ball-shaped applicator Bitewing x-ray tab or loop Burnisher Cabinet, instrument (fixed or mobile) Cabinet, storage
  23. 23. Calcium hydroxide Calculator Central vac system Charts/posters Clamp forceps Coin envelopes Composite Composite placement instrument Computer Computers in clinic to enable digital radiography Computer software to support digital radiography Copal varnish Copy machine Cotton pliers Cotton roll holders Cups and brushes (assorted) Cups, plastic 5oz. Curettes Curing light Current Physicians Desk Reference Cuttle disk Dark room equipment Dental amalgamators Dental chair Dental engines Dental floss Dental lathe and splash pan Dental unit Desensitizing liquid Desk Digital radiography equipment and software Disclosing tablets/solutions, Red-cote (concentrate) Dishes, dappen (pumice) Disinfectant cleaner Educational materials for patients Emergency kit Explorers Filing cabinet Film drier Film processing machine (automatic) Film viewer Finishing strips (disposable) Floss holder Floss refill for dispenser, unwaxed Floss refill for dispenser, waxed Floss sampler Floss threaders Fluoride-gel trays, large Fluoride-gel trays, medium Fluoride-gel trays, small Gauze squares, 2x2 Gauze squares, 4x4 Glass mixing slab Gloves medium, latex/vinyl Gloves, small Handpiece oil and cleaner Handpieces, spray-a-day Handpieces, straight Headrest covers (disposable) Infection control armamentarium Instrument and supply case Instrument sharpener
  24. 24. Laboratory stone Laboratory stool Latex gloves Masks, procedure Matrix band Mechanical retainer Medication cups Mirror, hand Mirror, mouth Mixing pad Mobile hygiene cart Model trimmer Models (anatomical) Mouthwash Napkin holder Napkins, patient (disposable) Needles Needles, metal hub anesthetic Operating light Oral hygiene supplies Oxygen Pamphlets Panoramic x-ray machine Patient education cassette Periodontal dressing Periodontal probes Petroleum jelly Plaster and stone bins Plaster dispensing bin Plastic matrix strip Porte-polishers Processing tank Projector, audiovisual Prophy brush, pointed young Prophy brush, young Prophy cup, grey Prophy paste, coarse Prophy paste, fine Prophy paste, medium Prophy paste, plus Prophy-jet powder Prophylaxis angle Pumice Refrigerator Ring holder for cups Round burs Rubber dam frame Rubber dam lubricant Rubber dam napkin Rubber dam punch Rubber points, cups, and disks Rubber stimulator tips Rubber wheel Safety glasses Saliva ejectors Scalers, six to eight designs Scissors Scrub brush Sealant etchant gel Sealants Self-seal sterilization pouches Sharpening oil
  25. 25. Topical anesthetic gel Tray covers, rectangular Trays, alginate impression Trays for instrument set ups Ultrasonic cleaner concentrate for instruments Ultrasonic scaler and tips VCR Vibrators View box (x-ray) Wedges White stone Whitening Winged clamp Wingless clamps Wordprocessing computer packages Work counter Work station X-ray cassette X-ray developer X-ray film adhesive tabs X-ray film holders X-ray film placing devices X-ray film, size 0, 2, and 4 X-ray fixer X-ray machine Zinc-oxide Zinc-phosphate

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