2.1

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2.1

  1. 1. Introduction to HealthIntroduction to Health CareersCareers
  2. 2. Educational RequirementsEducational Requirements The educational requirements of careersThe educational requirements of careers in the medical professions:in the medical professions:  Depend on many factorsDepend on many factors  Can vary from state to stateCan vary from state to state  Some basic standards do existSome basic standards do exist
  3. 3. Secondary EducationSecondary Education Refers to basic preparation in high schoolRefers to basic preparation in high school Should include the sciences, socialShould include the sciences, social studies, English and mathstudies, English and math General typing and accounting skills areGeneral typing and accounting skills are important and can be utilized in manyimportant and can be utilized in many health careershealth careers
  4. 4. Health Occupations EducationHealth Occupations Education HOEHOE Secondary vocational program in healthSecondary vocational program in health occupationsoccupations Prepare student for immediatePrepare student for immediate employment in many health careersemployment in many health careers Also prepare students for additionalAlso prepare students for additional education after graduationeducation after graduation
  5. 5. Post-Secondary EducationPost-Secondary Education Education received after graduation fromEducation received after graduation from high schoolhigh school Includes education in vocational-technicalIncludes education in vocational-technical schools, community colleges andschools, community colleges and universitiesuniversities
  6. 6. Types of DegreesTypes of Degrees Associate’s degreeAssociate’s degree  Awarded by a vocational-technical school orAwarded by a vocational-technical school or community collegecommunity college  Requires completion of prescribed two-yearRequires completion of prescribed two-year course of studycourse of study Bachelor’s degreeBachelor’s degree  Awarded by college or universityAwarded by college or university  Requires completion of prescribed course ofRequires completion of prescribed course of study that usually lasts for four or more yearsstudy that usually lasts for four or more years
  7. 7. Types of DegreesTypes of Degrees Master’s degreeMaster’s degree  Awarded by college or universityAwarded by college or university  Requires completion of one or more yearsRequires completion of one or more years beyond a bachelor’s degreebeyond a bachelor’s degree Doctorate or Doctor’s degreeDoctorate or Doctor’s degree  Awarded by college or universityAwarded by college or university  Requires completion of two or more yearsRequires completion of two or more years beyond a bachelor’s or master’s degreebeyond a bachelor’s or master’s degree  Some require 4 to 6 years of additional studySome require 4 to 6 years of additional study
  8. 8. Certification, Registration andCertification, Registration and LicensureLicensure Methods used to ensure skill and competency ofMethods used to ensure skill and competency of health care personnel and protect consumer orhealth care personnel and protect consumer or patientpatient Usually graduation from an accredited programUsually graduation from an accredited program required before certification, registration and/orrequired before certification, registration and/or licensure will be grantedlicensure will be granted Ensures that program of study meetsEnsures that program of study meets established quality competency standardsestablished quality competency standards Important to make sure the school hasImportant to make sure the school has accredited programs before enrollingaccredited programs before enrolling
  9. 9. CertificationCertification Issued by a professional association orIssued by a professional association or government agency that regulates a particulargovernment agency that regulates a particular careercareer Certificate or statement is issued if person fulfillsCertificate or statement is issued if person fulfills requirements of education and performance andrequirements of education and performance and meets standards and qualifications establishedmeets standards and qualifications established Ex – certified dental assistant, certifiedEx – certified dental assistant, certified laboratory technician, certified medical assistantlaboratory technician, certified medical assistant
  10. 10. RegistrationRegistration Required in some health careersRequired in some health careers Done by regulatory body in a health careDone by regulatory body in a health care areaarea Administer examinations and maintainAdminister examinations and maintain current list (the “registry”) of qualifiedcurrent list (the “registry”) of qualified personnelpersonnel Ex – registered dietitian, registeredEx – registered dietitian, registered respiratory therapist, registered animalrespiratory therapist, registered animal techniciantechnician
  11. 11. LicensureLicensure Government agency authorizes individualsGovernment agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupationto work in a given occupation Occupations requiring licensure vary fromOccupations requiring licensure vary from state to statestate to state Usually require a person to:Usually require a person to:  Complete an approved educational programComplete an approved educational program  Pass a state board testPass a state board test  Maintain certain standard to obtain and retainMaintain certain standard to obtain and retain licensurelicensure
  12. 12. LicensureLicensure Ex – physicians, dentists, physicalEx – physicians, dentists, physical therapists, registered nurses and licensedtherapists, registered nurses and licensed practical/vocational nursespractical/vocational nurses
  13. 13. Continuing Education UnitsContinuing Education Units CEUsCEUs Required to renew licenses or maintainRequired to renew licenses or maintain certification or registrationcertification or registration Individual must obtain additional hours ofIndividual must obtain additional hours of education in the specific health careeducation in the specific health care career during a specified period of timecareer during a specified period of time Individuals should be aware of the stateIndividuals should be aware of the state requirement regarding CEUsrequirement regarding CEUs Arkansas requires 15 CEUs per renewalArkansas requires 15 CEUs per renewal period (renewal every 2 years)period (renewal every 2 years)
  14. 14. 4 Main Levels of Training4 Main Levels of Training 1.1. ProfessionalProfessional • Usually requires four or more years ofUsually requires four or more years of college and an advanced degreecollege and an advanced degree • Ex – medical doctor, dentistEx – medical doctor, dentist 1.1. Technologist or therapistTechnologist or therapist • Requires 3 to 4 years of college plus workRequires 3 to 4 years of college plus work experience, usually bachelor’s degreeexperience, usually bachelor’s degree • Ex – medical laboratory technologist, physicalEx – medical laboratory technologist, physical therapist, speech therapisttherapist, speech therapist
  15. 15. 4 Main Levels of Training4 Main Levels of Training 3.3. TechnicianTechnician • Usually requires 2-year associates degree, specialUsually requires 2-year associates degree, special health occupations education or 3 to 4 years OJThealth occupations education or 3 to 4 years OJT • Ex – dental lab technician, medical lab technician,Ex – dental lab technician, medical lab technician, surgical techniciansurgical technician 4.4. Assistant or aideAssistant or aide • Usually requires up to 1 or more years of trainingUsually requires up to 1 or more years of training that combines classroom and/or OJTthat combines classroom and/or OJT • Ex – dental, medical or nurse assistantsEx – dental, medical or nurse assistants
  16. 16. Multi-competent or Multi-skilledMulti-competent or Multi-skilled WorkerWorker New trend in health occupationsNew trend in health occupations Workers perform in a variety of occupationsWorkers perform in a variety of occupations Eliminates the need for employing specialists forEliminates the need for employing specialists for every aspect of careevery aspect of care At times, workers trained in one field receiveAt times, workers trained in one field receive additional education to work in second or thirdadditional education to work in second or third occupationoccupation In other cases, educational programs prepareIn other cases, educational programs prepare multi-competent workersmulti-competent workers
  17. 17. Multi-competent or Multi-skilledMulti-competent or Multi-skilled WorkerWorker ExamplesExamples  Combine electrocardiograph technician withCombine electrocardiograph technician with electroencephalographic technologistelectroencephalographic technologist  Combine basic skills of radiology, medicalCombine basic skills of radiology, medical laboratory and respiratory therapylaboratory and respiratory therapy
  18. 18. EntrepreneurEntrepreneur Individual who organizes, manages andIndividual who organizes, manages and assumes the risk of a businessassumes the risk of a business Opportunity available in many healthOpportunity available in many health occupationsoccupations However, even as entrepreneurs, manyHowever, even as entrepreneurs, many health professional must still work underhealth professional must still work under the direction or guidance of doctorsthe direction or guidance of doctors Involves risks and requires certain level ofInvolves risks and requires certain level of education and abilityeducation and ability
  19. 19. EntrepreneurEntrepreneur Satisfying to individual who is wellSatisfying to individual who is well motivated, self-confident, responsible,motivated, self-confident, responsible, creative and independentcreative and independent ExamplesExamples  Doctors, dentists, optometrists, physicalDoctors, dentists, optometrists, physical therapiststherapists

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