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Anzac Symbols World War 1

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Powerpoint on Anzac Symbols for year three, based on symbols found at the Mudgeeraba Light Horse Museum

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Anzac Symbols World War 1

  1. 1. Commemora'on  Program   Year  3  History   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum   Hey  Woody,  What   do  the  symbols   mean?   They  are  reminders   of  who  the  ANZACs   were  and  what  they   did   ‘Where’s  Woody  the  War  Horse?’  ac'vity   Discover  the  Symbols  of  the   ANZACS  and  Light  Horse  
  2. 2. Red  Cross  Flag   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc.    
  3. 3. Red  Cross  Flag   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc.      This  par'cular  flag  is    WW2  flag  from  the  General  Hospital  in  Brisbane   The  flag  is  displayed   in  the  kitchen  of  the   Schmidt  farmhouse   The  red  cross  on  the  white  background    known  across  the  world.    When  the  flag   is  flying  it  means  it  is  a  place  where  people  can  find  safety  and  help  
  4. 4. Which  is  the  real  ANZAC  biscuit?   Photo  on  leT    courtesy  of  Australian  War  Memorial  Rel29200   Hmm.    I  know   which  one  I’d   rather  eat.    What   about  you?  
  5. 5. The  photo  shows  a  ‘Real’   ANZAC  Biscuit  from  World   War  I.    This  is  what  the   ANZACs  ate  in  the  trenches.   These  were  made  by  ArnoWs   Biscuit  factory.    Soldiers  ate   the  biscuits  instead  of  bread.   Bread  was  not  easy  to   transport,    and  it  didn’t  last   for  very  long.    These  biscuits   were  not  sweet  at  all.    Not  at   all  like  the  ones  you  get  in   your  lunch  box!   Look  closely  –  what  does  it   say  on  the  biscuit?   ✔ANZAC  Biscuit   Photo  courtesy  of  Australian  War  Memorial  Rel29200  
  6. 6. Slouch  Hat   Photo  taken  Milne  Bay  museum   Reckon  I’d   look  good  in   that  hat?  
  7. 7. Slouch  Hat   The  slouch  hat  –  long  'me  symbol  of  the  Aussie  Digger.    It  is  turned  up  at  the  side   to  make  it  easier  for  soldiers  to  aim  their  weapon.    When  riding  long  distances  it   would  be  turned  down  to  give  beWer  protec'on  from  the  sun.     There’s  another  symbol  on  the  side  of  the  hat  –  do  you  know  what  it  is?  
  8. 8. Bayonets  were  aWached  to  the  end  of  rifles.    They  could  also  be  held.   No'ce  the  sheaf  for  the  bayonet,  lying  beside  it.  I  protects  the  bayonet  to  help   keep  it  sharp  and  stops  accidental  injuries.   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc   Bayonets  
  9. 9. Bayonets  were  aWached  to  the  end  of  rifles.    They  could  also  be  held.   No'ce  the  sheaf  for  the  bayonet,  lying  beside  it.  I  protects  the  bayonet  to  help   keep  it  sharp  and  stops  accidental  injuries.   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc   Bayonets  
  10. 10. The  Brodie  helmet  protected  soldiers  from  shrapnel  –  fragments  or  pieces  of   exploded  bombs  and  ar'llery  shells.    The  helmet  was  named  aTer  its  inventor,   John  Brodie.    He  was  inspired  by  the  KeWle  Hat  worn  by  Medieval  troops.   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc   Brodie  Helmets   Can  you  see   what   inspired  the   design?  
  11. 11. Bayonets  were  aWached  to  the  end  of  rifles.    They  could  also  be  held.   No'ce  the  sheaf  for  the  bayonet,  lying  beside  it.  I  protects  the  bayonet  to  help   keep  it  sharp  and  stops  accidental  injuries.   Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum  Inc   Bayonets   There  were  lots  of  other  names  for  the  Brodie   Helmet.     Shrapnel     Helmet   Tommy   Helmet   The  Germans   called  it  a   salad  bowl!   Tin  Hat   Dishpan  hat   Tin  pan  hat   Washbasin   BaWle   Bowler  (if   worn  by   officers)  
  12. 12. Haversack   A  haversack  is  a  canvas  bag  with  a   shoulder  strap.  It  was  used  in   World  War  I  to  carry  ammuni'on.     It  could  be  folded  up  when  empty   so  was  easy  to  carry.   Photo  taken  Milne  Bay  museum                                        Photographer  Janis  Hanley   What  other   things  that   soldiers   used  were   made  of   canvas?     You  can  try  on   a  haversack   and  helmet  at   the  museum  
  13. 13. Poppies   This  photo  shows  Poppies  growing  wild   in  France.  These  flowers  sprung  up   across  the  Flanders  baWle  fields    when   the  war  ended.    Now  these  flowers   remind  us  of  soldiers  who  have  died  in   war.   We  wear  poppies  on  Remembrance  Day   to  honour  the  signing  of  the  Armis'ce  –   (peace  treaty)  at  the  11th  hour,  of  the   11th  day,  of  the  11  month.       Lest  we  Forget.   Photo  taken  The  Somme,  France            Photographer  Brian  Bertwistle  
  14. 14. In  Flanders  Field   In  Flanders  fields  the  poppies  blow   Between  the  crosses,  row  on  row,   That  mark  our  place;  and  in  the  sky   The  larks,  s'll  bravely  singing,  fly   Scarce  heard  amid  the  guns  below.   We  are  the  Dead.  Short  days  ago   We  lived,  felt  dawn,  saw  sunset  glow,   Loved  and  were  loved,  and  now  we  lie,   In  Flanders  fields.   Take  up  our  quarrel  with  the  foe:   To  you  from  failing  hands  we  throw   The  torch;  be  yours  to  hold  it  high.   If  ye  break  faith  with  us  who  die   We  shall  not  sleep,  though  poppies  grow   In  Flanders  fields.     John  McCrae  (1872-­‐1918)   This  is  the  grave  of  Jack  McDowell  in  France.    He  is  one  of  the   heroes  whose  story  you  will  hear  at  the  museum  Photo  taken  The  Somme,  France            Photographer  Brian  Bertwistle  
  15. 15. Rosemary   Rosemary  is  easy  to  iden'fy  with  its   grey-­‐green  spiky  leaves  and  its  pungent   smell.    Since  ancient  'mes  it  is  believed   to  improve  memory.   Sprigs  of  rosemary  are  worn  on  ANZAC   day  as  it  grew  wild  at  Gallipoli,  and  is  a   symbol  of  remembrance.   Photographer  Janis  Hanley   Maybe  some   rosemary  will  help   me  remember  my   'mes  table?    There’s   rosemary  growing  at   the  museum.  
  16. 16. Beersheba   ‘Waving  bayonets  overhead,  they   charges  across  six  kilometers  of  open   ground.    The  light  horsemen  rode  hard,   chea'ng  bombs,  shells  and  bullets.     They  captured  the  Turkish  trenches  of   Beersheba  in  a  hand-­‐to-­‐hand  combat.   This  was  a  turning  point  in  World  War  1.’       (adapted  from  Paul  Daley’s  Beersheba(   Photo  taken  Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum    Photographer  Janis  Hanley   I  so  wish  I   could  get  in   and  play   with  those   horses   The  charge  of  the  Light  Horse  brigade  at  Beersheba   was  a  huge  success  for  the  ANZAC  Light  Horsemen.     The  Diorama  at  the  museum  helps  to  tell  the  story.  
  17. 17. Bugle   For  soldiers,  the  bugle  sounds  at  the   start  and  end  of  each  day  with  Reveille   and  at  the  end  of  each  day  with  The   Last  Post.   Click  to  hear  Reveille  here   Click  to  hear    the  Last  Post  here   Photo  taken  Milne  Bay  museum                                        Photographer  Janis  Hanley   Bugler  playing  the  last  post  at  sundown   Photograph  courtesy  AWM  010451   I  don’t  think   I  could  be  a   bugler  –  I   like  sleeping   in  too  much!  
  18. 18. Colour  Patches   During  the  war,  Australian    soldiers   wore  colour  patches  of  various   shapes  and  colours.  They  showed   which  unit  they  belonged  to.   Patches  were  sown  by  hand  in   World  War  1  and  were  worn  on  the   sleeve.    Today  they  are  worn  on  the   slouch  hat.     Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum    Photographer  Janis  Hanley   14th  Light  Horse   Australian  Light  Horse  patches  World  War  1   Australian  Army  patches   I’d  like  to  wear   a  patch.     Maybe  a   horseshoe   shape?  
  19. 19. Rising  Sun   Rising sun hat badge worn through World War I and World War II. The main elements are the crown, the bayonets, the scroll, the shape of the rising sun. Photo  badge  souvenier  set,  Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum        Photographer  Janis  Hanley  
  20. 20. Rising  Sun   This badge has changed over time. What’s the same? What’s different? Photo  badge  souvenier  set,  Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum        Photographer  Janis  Hanley   First  Hat  badge   1899   Hat  badge  worn  through  World  War  I  and  World  War  II   Current  Hat  badge   Since  1991  
  21. 21. Mudgeeraba  Light  Horse  Museum   Come  discover  some  of  the  symbols   of  the  ANZACS  and  Light  Horse   Cu  @the   Mudgeeraba   Light  Horse   Museum   That’s  all  folks!  

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