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Unit 6

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Unit 6

  1. 1. Unit 6People and Terms IdentifyJanelle Miller
  2. 2. Part 1Pancho VillaFranz FerdinandAlliesCentral PowersSussex PledgeZimmermann telegram
  3. 3. Pancho VillaLed a group of guerrillas—an armed band thatuses surprise attacks and sabotage rather thanopen warfareBurned the town of Columbus, New Mexico, andkilled a number of Americans6,000 U.S. troops were sent in to capture him butthey were unable to
  4. 4. Franz FerdinandAustro-Hungarian ArchdukeAssassinated with his wife byGavrilo Princip, a member ofthe “Black Hand”His death triggered a warbetween Serbia and theAustro-Hungarian Empire
  5. 5. AlliesFranceRussiaGreat BritainItaly (1915)Against the Triple Entente
  6. 6. Central PowersItaly left the Triple Entente in 1915Italy joined the Allies in 1915Germany and Austria-Hungry
  7. 7. Sussex PledgeGermany’s promise not to sink anymoremerchant shipsMet the foreign-policy goals of both Germanyand President Wilson by keeping the UnitedStates out of the war a little longer
  8. 8. Zimmermann telegram Arthur Zimmermann cabled the German ambassador inMexico, instructing him to make an offer to the Mexicangovernment. Zimmermann proposed that Mexico ally itselfwith Germany in the event of war between Germany andthe United States. In return, Mexico would regain its “lostterritory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona” after the warBritish intersepted it and showed the U.S. it and it was thefinal straw for the U.S.Caused the U.S. to join the war
  9. 9. Part 2War Industries BoardBernard BaruchLiberty BondVictory BondCommittee on Public Information
  10. 10. War Industries BoardJuly 1917Coordinated theproduction of war materialsBernard Baruch wasappointed to run it
  11. 11. Bernard BaruchBernard Baruch was appointedto run the War IndustriesBoardWall Street stockbrokerTold manufacturers what toproduceControlled the flow of rawmaterials, ordered theconstruction of new factories,and occasionally, with thepresident’s approval, setprices
  12. 12. Liberty BondTaxes could not pay for the warTo raise money, the governmentborrowed over $20 billion fromthe American people by sellingLiberty Bonds and Victory BondsThe government agreed to repaythe money with interest in aspecified number of years
  13. 13. Victory BondTaxes could not pay for thewarTo raise money, thegovernment borrowed over$20 billion from the Americanpeople by selling LibertyBonds and Victory BondsThe government agreed torepay the money with interestin a specified number of years
  14. 14. Committee on Public Information A new government agency Had the task of “selling” the war to the American people The head of the CPI was journalist George Creel Recruited advertising executives, commercial artists, authors, songwriters, entertainers, public speakers, and motion picture companies to help sway public opinion in favor of the war distributed pamphlets and posters, issued press releases, and arranged for thousands of short patriotic talks, called “four-minute speeches,” to be delivered at movie theaters and public halls and gathering places
  15. 15. Part 3Vladimir LeninTreaty of Brest-LitovskFourteen PointsLeague of NationsTreaty of Versailles
  16. 16. Vladimir LeninThe leader of the Bolshevik PartyOverthrew the Russiangovernment and established aCommunist government inNovember 1917His goal was to make aCommunist StateTreaty of Brest-Litovsk
  17. 17. Treaty of Brest-LitovskBetween Russia and Germany on March 3, 1918Russia lost substantial territory, giving up Ukraine, itsPolish and Baltic territories, and FinlandRemoved the German army from the remaining RussianlandsWith the Eastern Front settled, Germany was now freeto concentrate its forces in the west.
  18. 18. Fourteen PointsPresented to congress in January 1918Based on “the principle of justice to all peoples and nationalities”In the first five points, the president proposed to eliminate the generalcauses of the war through free trade, disarmament, freedom of the seas,impartial adjustment of colonial claims, and open diplomacy instead ofsecret agreements.The next eight points addressed the right of self-determination.They also required the Central Powers to evacuate all of the countriesinvaded during the war, including France, Belgium, and Russia.The fourteenth point, perhaps the most important one to Wilson, calledfor the creation of a “general association of nations” known as theLeague of Nations
  19. 19. League of Nations“General association of nations”The League’s member nations would helppreserve peace and prevent future wars bypledging to respect and protect each other’sterritory and political independence
  20. 20. Treaty of VersaillesSigned by Germany on June 28,1919Weakened or discarded many ofWilson’s proposalsGermany was stripped of its armed forces forced to pay reparations for the war forced to acknowledge guilt for the outbreak and devastation of World War I
  21. 21. Part 4Red ScareA. Mitchell PalmerJ. Edgar Hoover
  22. 22. Red ScareU.S. 1919Nation wide panic that thecommunists might take overIn April the postal serviceintercepted more than 30parcels addressed to leadingbusinesspeople andpoliticians that weretriggered to explode whenopened
  23. 23. A. Mitchell PalmerUnited States Attorney GeneralIn June eight bombs in eightcities exploded within minutes ofone another, suggesting anationwide conspiracy, one ofthem damaging A. MitchellPalmers home in D.C.He established a special divisionwithin the Justice Department,the General Intelligence Division Later known as FBI
  24. 24. J. Edgar HooverHeaded the General IntelligenceDivisionLater known as the FBI

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