Unit 6

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Terms and Identify

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  • Unit 6

    1. 1. Unit 6People and Terms IdentifyJanelle Miller
    2. 2. Part 1Pancho VillaFranz FerdinandAlliesCentral PowersSussex PledgeZimmermann telegram
    3. 3. Pancho VillaLed a group of guerrillas—an armed band thatuses surprise attacks and sabotage rather thanopen warfareBurned the town of Columbus, New Mexico, andkilled a number of Americans6,000 U.S. troops were sent in to capture him butthey were unable to
    4. 4. Franz FerdinandAustro-Hungarian ArchdukeAssassinated with his wife by Gavrilo Princip, amember of the “Black Hand”
    5. 5. AlliesFranceRussiaGreat BritainItaly (1915)Against the Triple Entente
    6. 6. Central PowersAfter Italy joined the Allies in 1915, it leftGermany and Austria-Hungary as the CentralPowers
    7. 7. Sussex PledgeGermany’s promise not to sink anymoremerchant shipsMet the foreign-policy goals of both Germanyand President Wilson by keeping the UnitedStates out of the war a little longer
    8. 8. Zimmermann telegram Arthur Zimmermann cabled the Germanambassador in Mexico, instructing him to makean offer to the Mexican government.Zimmermann proposed that Mexico ally itselfwith Germany in the event of war betweenGermany and the United States. In return,Mexico would regain its “lost territory in Texas,New Mexico, and Arizona” after the warBritish intersepted it and showed the U.S. it andit was the final straw for the U.S.Caused the U.S. to join the war
    9. 9. Part 2War Industries BoardBernard BaruchLiberty BondVictory BondCommittee on Public Information
    10. 10. War Industries BoardJuly 1917Coordinated the production of war materialsBernard Baruch was appointed to run it
    11. 11. Bernard BaruchBernard Baruch was appointed to run the WarIndustries BoardWall Street stockbroker
    12. 12. Liberty BondTaxes could not pay for the warTo raise money, the government borrowed over$20 billion from the American people by sellingLiberty Bonds and Victory BondsThe government agreed to repay the money withinterest in a specified number of years
    13. 13. Victory BondTaxes could not pay for the warTo raise money, the government borrowed over$20 billion from the American people by sellingLiberty Bonds and Victory BondsThe government agreed to repay the money withinterest in a specified number of years
    14. 14. Committee on Public Information A new government agency Had the task of “selling” the war to the American people The head of the CPI was journalist George Creel Recruited advertising executives, commercial artists, authors, songwriters, entertainers, public speakers, and motion picture companies to help sway public opinion in favor of the war distributed pamphlets and posters, issued press releases, and arranged for thousands of short patriotic talks, called “four-minute speeches,” to be delivered at movie theaters and public halls and gathering places
    15. 15. Part 3Vladimir LeninTreaty of Brest-LitovskFourteen PointsLeague of NationsTreaty of Versailles
    16. 16. Vladimir LeninThe leader of the Bolshevik PartyOverthrew the Russian government andestablished a Communist government inNovember 1917His goal was to make a Communist StateTreaty of Brest-Litovsk
    17. 17. Treaty of Brest-LitovskBetween Russia and Germany on March 3, 1918Russia lost substantial territory, giving upUkraine, its Polish and Baltic territories, andFinlandRemoved the German army from the remainingRussian landsWith the Eastern Front settled, Germany wasnow free to concentrate its forces in the west.
    18. 18. Fourteen PointsPresented to congress in January 1918Based on “the principle of justice to all peoples and nationalities”In the first five points, the president proposed to eliminate the generalcauses of the war through free trade, disarmament, freedom of the seas,impartial adjustment of colonial claims, and open diplomacy instead ofsecret agreements.The next eight points addressed the right of self-determination.They also required the Central Powers to evacuate all of the countriesinvaded during the war, including France, Belgium, and Russia.The fourteenth point, perhaps the most important one to Wilson, calledfor the creation of a “general association of nations” known as theLeague of Nations
    19. 19. League of Nations“General association of nations”The League’s member nations would helppreserve peace and prevent future wars bypledging to respect and protect each other’sterritory and political independence
    20. 20. Treaty of VersaillesSigned by Germany on June 28, 1919Weakened or discarded many of Wilson’sproposalsGermany was stripped of its armed forces forced to pay reparations for the war forced to acknowledge guilt for the outbreak and devastation of World War I
    21. 21. Part 4Red ScareA. Mitchell PalmerJ. Edgar Hoover
    22. 22. Red ScareU.S. 1919Nation wide panic that the communists mighttake overIn April the postal service intercepted more than30 parcels addressed to leading businesspeopleand politicians that were triggered to explodewhen opened
    23. 23. A. Mitchell PalmerUnited States Attorney GeneralIn June eight bombs in eight cities explodedwithin minutes of one another, suggesting anationwide conspiracy, one of them damaging A.Mitchell Palmers home in D.C.He established a special division within theJustice Department, the General IntelligenceDivision
    24. 24. J. Edgar HooverHeaded the General Intelligence DivisionLater known as the FBI

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