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SPG B&W Photography

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SPG B&W Photography

  1. 1. Black & White Photography By: Janella Datu
  2. 2. Overview • Powerpoint – History of Photography – Components of a camera – Black and white Fundamentals – B&W film photography • Portfolio – Print – http:// janelladatu.carbonmade.com • Sun Printing – Inside: Layout – Outside: Expose and Fix • Conclusion
  3. 3. Personal Relevance Personal
  4. 4. Audience Relevance 4
  5. 5. Thesis: After understanding the mechanics of a camera and the fundamentals of black and white photography, not only will an appreciation for monochromatic be created, but also, appealing photos will a result.
  6. 6. How it all 6
  7. 7. Photograp hy
  8. 8. Photograp hy phōtó s
  9. 9. Photograp hy phōtó s of light
  10. 10. Photograp hy + phōtó s of light
  11. 11. Photograp hy +graphi phōtó s a of light
  12. 12. Photograp hy +graphi phōtó s a of drawin light g
  13. 13. Photograp hy +graphi phōtó s a drawin g of light
  14. 14. Photograp hy +graphi phōtó s a drawinof g light
  15. 15. “The camera obscura was a building block in the development of the camera. (Ang, Tom 74)”
  16. 16. World’s First
  17. 17. World’s First Daguerreotype 10
  18. 18. Calotype that allowed for multiple copies
  19. 19. Calotype that allowed for multiple copies Glass plate with smoother coating for clearer
  20. 20. Calotype that allowed for multiple copies Glass plate with smoother coating for clearer Collodion (wet) Process reduced exposure time to
  21. 21. Calotype that allowed for multiple copies Glass plate with smoother coating for clearer Collodion (wet) Process reduced exposure time to Dry Plate Process increased convenience.
  22. 22. Calotype that allowed for multiple copies Glass plate with smoother coating for clearer Collodion (wet) Process reduced exposure time to Dry Plate Process increased convenience. Mass manufacturing of very thin celluliod as a
  23. 23. George Eastman
  24. 24. Compone nts of the
  25. 25. The body Compone nts of the
  26. 26. The body The len Compone nts of the
  27. 27. The body The len The shutter Compone nts of the
  28. 28. The Body The Body
  29. 29. The Camera Body • A light-tight container • Designed to… – Hold the film – Provide a system of viewing and focusing.
  30. 30. The Camera Body: Viewing & Focusing Systems • Common viewing and focusing systems: – Viewfinder – Rangefinder – Single lens reflex (SLR) – Twin lens reflex (TLR) – View and press camera (Hornstein, 13)
  31. 31. Viewing and Focusing Systems: Viewfinder http:// http://www.stsite.com/camera/ magnetiquemtl.files.wordpress.com/ images/parallex.gif 2008/08/polaroid-camera.jpg
  32. 32. Viewing and Focusing Systems: Rangefinder • Contains two mirrors • Unlike viewfinder, focusing is necessary http://images.trustedreviews.com/images/article/inline/ 2102-1.jpg (Hornstein, 11)
  33. 33. Viewing and Focusing Systems: Single Lens Reflex (SLR) • Complex mechanism used to allow for through-the-lens viewing. http://www.vintagephoto.tv/saletradeimages/canonfx1.j (Ang, 94)
  34. 34. Viewing and Focusing Systems: Twin Lens Reflex (TLR) • TLR cameras have two lenses. – Top lens- viewing lens – Bottom lens- taking lens http://www.freestylephoto.biz/images/prod/ 30131.jpg (Ang, 94)
  35. 35. Viewing and Focusing Systems: View and Press • Produce more detail and sharpness by using large film formats • Drawback: http://www.electricedge.com/gordon.coale/ extremely bulky photography/equipment/lfh/images/ speed_graphic-350.jpg (http://www.ted.photographer.org.uk/camera_types.htm)
  36. 36. The
  37. 37. - Focus The
  38. 38. - - Amount of Focus Light The
  39. 39. - - Amount of Focus - Depth of Light Field The
  40. 40. NOT in in focus
  41. 41. Effect of Light Not Too 24
  42. 42. Effect of Light Not Too 24
  43. 43. • Aperture: an adjustable hole that allows light through. Name used to indicate the aperture size opening (Hornstein, 22)
  44. 44. • Depth of field: the zone form the point closest to the camera to the point farthest that is SMALL DEPTH OF LARGE DEPTH OF
  45. 45. • Depth of field: the zone form the point closest to the camera to the point farthest that is SMALL DEPTH OF - Aperture LARGE DEPTH OF
  46. 46. • Depth of field: the zone form the point closest to the camera to the point farthest that is SMALL DEPTH OF - - Aperture Distance LARGE DEPTH OF
  47. 47. • Depth of field: the zone form the point closest to the camera to the point farthest that is SMALL DEPTH OF - - Aperture -Focal Distance LARGE length DEPTH OF
  48. 48. Depth of Field: f 1.4 f 22 Focal length: Focal length: 50mm 50mm
  49. 49. Depth of Field: f5 f5 Focal length: 50mm Focal length: 50mm
  50. 50. Wide Angle Focal length: 10mm Normal Focal length: 17mm Telephoto Focal length: 70mm
  51. 51. The Shutte
  52. 52. The Shutte
  53. 53. The Shutte
  54. 54. Black and White
  55. 55. “It creates a grayscale map of brightness distribution of the subject, losing color information in the process
  56. 56. “Many photographers still choose to work in black and white because they appreciate its abstract qualities and the way in which it removes the distractions
  57. 57. Black and White 35
  58. 58. Black and White • Shoot in low 35
  59. 59. Black and White • Shoot in low 35
  60. 60. Black and White • Find • Shoot in low 35
  61. 61. Black and White • Find • Shoot in low 35
  62. 62. Black and White • Find • Shoot in low • Frame to 35
  63. 63. Black and White • Find • Shoot in low • Frame to 35
  64. 64. Film Photography
  65. 65. Preparing the
  66. 66. Fast forward of the • video
  67. 67. Making prints • video
  68. 68. Sun Print Paper • Step 1- Layout your design (not on the paper) • Step 2- Open the plates and lay your objects on the blue side of the paper and then cover with the plate • Step 3- Let’s go outside! Expose the paper (take of the top cover plate) and allow it to sit in the sun for about 1-2 minutes or until you see that the paper has turned a bit lighter 40
  69. 69. Work Cited • http://digital-photography-school.com/5-black-and-white-photography-tips • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/aperture • http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-lenses.htm • (http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/beginnin.htm) • (http://www.fromoldbooks.org/Richter-NotebooksOfLeonardo/section-2/images/0071- q75-644x596.jpg) • (http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/beginnin.htm) • http://digital-photography-school.com/5-black-and-white-photography-tips • http://www.luminous-landscape.com/columns/portfolio-8.shtml • http://www.docstoc.com/docs/679539/The-Wonderful-World-of-Early-Photography • http://www.digitalphotographysecrets.com/masteringapertureandshutterspeed.htm • http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/product/1354 • http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/beginnin.htm • http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2008/06/09/beautiful-black-and-white-photography/ • http://www.photogs.com/bwworld/bwfilmdev.html • http://www.darkroomsource.net/tech-bw-film.shtml
  70. 70. Work Cited • http://www3.telus.net/drkrm/filmdev.htm • http://caughtinamoment.net/album/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/DSC4849.jpg • http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1015/693204745_5067bccd3d_o.jpg • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sir_John_Herschel_with_Cap_by_Julia_Margaret_Cameron_ %28detail%29.jpg • http://courses.essex.ac.uk/lt/lt204/camera_obscura.gif • http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/beginnin.htm • http://media.ebaumsworld.com/mediaFiles/picture/684679/80668577.jpg • http://classes.design.ucla.edu/Spring07/9-1/uploaded_images/first-daguerreotype-791116.jpg • http://z.about.com/d/inventors/1/0/e/4/kodak_camera.jpg • http://flickrcc.bluemountains.net/index.php?terms=camera+b%26w&edit=yes&page=1 • http://magnetiquemtl.files.wordpress.com/2008/08/polaroid-camera.jpg http://www.stsite.com/camera/images/parallex.gif • http://images.trustedreviews.com/images/article/inline/2102-1.jpg • http://www.freestylephoto.biz/images/prod/30131.jpg • http://www.electricedge.com/gordon.coale/photography/equipment/lfh/images/speed_graphic-350.jpg • (http://www.digitalphotographysecrets.com/images/camera%20lens%20up%20close.JPG) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aperures.jpg)
  71. 71. Work Cited • http://enginova.com/B_W%20Photography.htm • http://www.ilfordphoto.com/home.asp • http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/depth-of-field.htm • http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/camera-metering.htm • http://www.dofmaster.com/dofjs.html • http://www.digicamhelp.com/camera-features/advanced-settings/aperture/ • http://www.digitalphotographysecrets.com/flowerphotography.htm • http://digital-photography-school.com/photography-101-lenses-light-and- magnification • http://photo.net/learn/making-photographs/exposure • http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/camera.htm •
  72. 72. Work Cited • http://www.livingroom.org.au/photolog/tips/ night_and_low_light_digital_photography_tips.php • http://www.portfolio.mvm.ed.ac.uk/studentwebs/session2/group60/sciencefilm %20development.htm • http://flickrcc.bluemountains.net/index.php?terms=35mm%20film %20negatives&page=2&edit=yes&com=no • http://www.ted.photographer.org.uk/camera_types.htm • http://www.kodak.com/global/en/corp/historyOfKodak/1878.jhtml?pq-path=2699 44

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