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Deductive qualitative analysis (DQA) is a way of developing and testing theory using qualitative data. With roots in the Chicago School of Sociology, DQA is related to analytic induction, but has important differences as well. Differences include no claim that findings are universal and an acknowledgment that the method is primarily deductive. The method is important for PhD students who must do a lit review before they do their dissertation research as well as for other researchers who want to begin their studies with theory.