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Doing a Cultural Genogram: Hardy & Laszloffy

Doing a Cultural Genogram: Hardy & Laszloffy

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This presentation describes the cultural genogram according to the work and thought of Hardy & Laszloffy. Doing a cultural genogram is an important part of becoming a competent helping professional. Emotional and psychological boundaries are central to effectiveness. Doing a cultural genogram raises subconscious processes to awareness, and thus professionals are much less likely to put their stuff on other people, including people who may be their clients and who are vulnerable.

This presentation describes the cultural genogram according to the work and thought of Hardy & Laszloffy. Doing a cultural genogram is an important part of becoming a competent helping professional. Emotional and psychological boundaries are central to effectiveness. Doing a cultural genogram raises subconscious processes to awareness, and thus professionals are much less likely to put their stuff on other people, including people who may be their clients and who are vulnerable.

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Doing a Cultural Genogram: Hardy & Laszloffy

  1. 1. Cultural Genograms According to Hardy & Laszloffy Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW School of Social Work University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 1404 Gortner Avenue St. Paul, MN 55108 USA jgilgun@umn.edu http://www.cehd.umn.edu/ssw/people/profiles/GilgunJ.asp
  2. 2. Topics Terminology Preparing a cultural genogram Questions to consider Putting it together
  3. 3. Awareness & Sensitivity •Awareness: a cognitive kind of noticing things •Sensitivity: noticing and responsiveness
  4. 4. Ethnicity & Culture Ethnicity: The groups from which we are descended Culture: Ethnicity, Social Class, Religion, Politics, Beliefs & Practices That are Widespread
  5. 5. Preparing a Cultural Genogram • Define one’s culture of origin • Identify constructs that define your ethnic groups (do the exist other than as stereotypes?) • Identify pride issues connected to ethnicity • Identify shame issues connected to ethnicity • Selecting symbols • Selecting colors • Identifying interethnic marriages
  6. 6. Questions to Consider •Migration patterns • Early conditions of life in new country, if other than American Indian? • Language issues • Opportunities for jobs, housing, and integration into social life? • Expreriences with discrimination & oppression? •
  7. 7. Questions to Consider • Issues that divided your ethnic group(s), if any • Significance of race, skin color, and hair • Roles of religion and spirituality • Roles of regionality and geography? •Gender role issues in your ethnicity? • Sexual orientation?
  8. 8. Questions to Consider • Stereotypes and prejudgments • Does your group have about itself? • Do others have about your ethnic groups? • How do your parents and other adults in your ethnic groups respond to these? • Do members of your groups have about other ethnic groups? • Patterns of naming • Occupations and their significance
  9. 9. Putting it Together • Create a cultural framework chart: List the major organizing principles, the pride/shame issues and the symbols that represent them • Construct a three-generation genogram or more
  10. 10. Discussion Questions • What do you think? • Is this kind of work feasible with clients? • How important are cultural genograms to your work with service users? • How might cultural genograms help you to be more sensitive to service users? • Is it possible not to have an ethnic identity? • How about people who came to the US on the Mayflower? • Under what conditions might ethnic identity be a salient identity?
  11. 11. References • Butler, J.F. (2008). The family diagram and genogram: Comparisons and contrasts. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 36, 169-180. • Foster, Martha A., Gregory J. Jurkovic, Lisa G. Ferdinand & Lindi A. Meadows (2002). The impact of the genogram on couples: A manualized approach. The Family Journal: Counseling and therapy for couples and families. 10(1), 34-40. • Gilgun, Jane F. (2014). Resilience is relational. Amazon. • Hardy, K. & Laszloffy, T.A. (1995). The cultural genogram: Key to training culturally competent family therapists. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 21(3), 227-237.

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