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Children Exposed
to Domestic Violence
Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA
Study Group o...
Topics
 ACE Program
 Complex Trauma & Attachment
Relationships
 Applications of Resilience Theory
 Common Factors Mode...
ACE
 Services begin before age 10
 Strategies: bring resources to children
& families
relationship most important resou...
Complex Trauma
 What is trauma?
 DV rarely is the only trauma children
experience
Comple
x
Trauma
Sexual
Abuse Physical
Abuse
Witnessing Rape
& Physical
Assault of Mother
Emotional
Abuse &
Physical Abuse
...
Neurobiology
 Experiences encoded in brain circuits
 Traumatic experiences not processed
through the seat of reasoning, ...
Four General Ways of
Coping
• Coping as Process
• Resilience as Process
• Requires corrective experiences
Memory Fragment: Hot Button
Dysregulation
Human Agency/Automatic Activation of Schemas
Outcome
Pro-social Anti-Social
Self...
Resilience
 Capacities to cope with, adapt to, and
overcome adversities
 Effective social service programs
promote resil...
The ACE Children 
 
                                 Not ACE                         ACE  
hi resources
lo adversities
lo ...
The Common Factors Model
 Extratherapeutic Factors (40%) [events external
to service provision]
 Relationships (30%)
 O...
Two Case Studies:
Jacinta & Ian
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=zyyy9U5U2ec
Discussion & Implications
 Complex trauma requires long-term
relationships of trust
 Centrality of relationships in good...
Children and Domestic Violence: Responding to Complex Trauma
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Children and Domestic Violence: Responding to Complex Trauma

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Children exposed to domestic violence rarely have one adversity in their lives. There are many other trauma associated with domestic violence. This powerpoint covers the following topics: complex trauma, neurobiology of trauma, attachment, resilience, self-regulation, and the common factors model. Two case studies show how these ideas work in practice.

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Children and Domestic Violence: Responding to Complex Trauma

  1. 1. Children Exposed to Domestic Violence Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA Study Group on Child Abuse & Neglect Tel Aviv, Israel 24 June 2014 jgilgun@umn.edu
  2. 2. Topics  ACE Program  Complex Trauma & Attachment Relationships  Applications of Resilience Theory  Common Factors Model  Case Studies: Jacinta & Ian  Discussion
  3. 3. ACE  Services begin before age 10  Strategies: bring resources to children & families relationship most important resource  Goals: to promote optimal development and to keep kids out of juvenile justice system
  4. 4. Complex Trauma  What is trauma?  DV rarely is the only trauma children experience
  5. 5. Comple x Trauma Sexual Abuse Physical Abuse Witnessing Rape & Physical Assault of Mother Emotional Abuse & Physical Abuse Educational Neglect Physical & Medical Neglect Emotional Neglect
  6. 6. Neurobiology  Experiences encoded in brain circuits  Traumatic experiences not processed through the seat of reasoning, which is the prefrontal cortex
  7. 7. Four General Ways of Coping • Coping as Process • Resilience as Process • Requires corrective experiences
  8. 8. Memory Fragment: Hot Button Dysregulation Human Agency/Automatic Activation of Schemas Outcome Pro-social Anti-Social Self- destructivei Inappropriate Noxious Event Search for Coping Strategies
  9. 9. Resilience  Capacities to cope with, adapt to, and overcome adversities  Effective social service programs promote resilience  Marshall resources to deal with adversities
  10. 10. The ACE Children                                     Not ACE                         ACE   hi resources lo adversities lo resources hi adversities hi resources hi adversities lo resources lo adversities
  11. 11. The Common Factors Model  Extratherapeutic Factors (40%) [events external to service provision]  Relationships (30%)  Optimism, Motivation, Capacities (15%)  Skills, techniques (15%)
  12. 12. Two Case Studies: Jacinta & Ian https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=zyyy9U5U2ec
  13. 13. Discussion & Implications  Complex trauma requires long-term relationships of trust  Centrality of relationships in good outcomes  Identify and build upon client resources in multiple settings  Power of external influences

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