Brackets - Used in the Tabular List to enclose synonyms, alternative wording, or explanatory phrases. Used in the Index to identify manifestation codes. Parentheses - Used to enclose supplementary words that may be present or absent in the statement of a disease or procedure without affecting the code number to which it is assigned. Nonessential modifiers. Colons - Used after an incomplete term which needs one or more of the modifiers following the colon to make it assignable to a given category And - Represents and/or Other - For use when the information in the medical record provides detail for which a specific code does not exist Unspecified - For use when the information in the medical record is insufficient to assign a more specific code
Includes – Appears immediately under a 3-digit code title to further define, or give examples of, the content of the category Inclusion – Conditions for which that code is to be used. May be synonyms of the code title or are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code Excludes 1 – Indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes 1 note Excludes 2 – Indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, but a patient may have both conditions at the same time
And – Should be interpreted to mean and/or With – Sequenced immediately following the main term, not in alphabetical order See – indicates that another term should be referenced See Also – instructs that there is another main term that may also be referenced that may provide additional index entries that may be useful
The Main Index to Diseases and Injuries has two tables Neoplasm table Table of Drugs and Chemicals There is an additional index for External Causes of Injury
Block/sections – Three digit categories that represent diseases or conditions that are similar Categories – First character of a 3-digit category is a letter, and each letter is associated with a particular chapter except for D and H. The 2 nd and 3 rd characters are numbers. Subcategory – 4 or 5 characters or further subdivided into 5 or 6 characters. Either letters or numbers. Final character may be a letter or number. Valid Code – The letter x in ICD-10-CM is a dummy placeholder. 5 th and 6 th character positions. Used for future code expansion.
Categories – Each letter is associated with a particular chapter except for D and H. D can be found in Chapters 2 and 3; H can befound in Chapters 7 and 8. Chapter 19 uses both letters S and T.
Codes in ICD-10-CM can be 3 to 7 characters in length. When a placeholder exists, the x must be used for the code to be considered valid. Some categories have 7 th characters. If a code in these categories is not 6 characters in length, a dummy placeholder must be added before the 7 th character.
Main and subterms are alphabetized. Numbers appear first under the main term or subterm. Connecting words: With and without Associated with Due to In With mention of With and without appear first Main terms – are bold print and flush with left margin Subterms – indented to the right of the main term. You can have subterms of a subterm. It is sometimes difficult to follow the indentation. Carryover lines are used when text won ’ t fit on one line
The indented format saves space Beware of changes within the indents as you move from column to column and page to page
These are the conventions that we are going to discuss
Index abbreviations: NEC “ Not elsewhere classifiable ” represents “ other specified ” when a specific code is not available for a condition. Tabular abbreviations: NEC “ Not elsewhere classifiable ” represents “ other specified ” when a specific code is not available for a condition. NOS “ Not otherwise specified ” is the equivalent of unspecified when a more specific code is not available.
[ ] Brackets: synonyms, alternative wording or explanatory phrases. Brackets are used in the index to identify manifestation codes. ( ) Parentheses are in both the index and tabular. They enclose supplementary words; conditions may be present or absent; they do not affect code assigned; terms within the parentheses are referred to as nonessential modifiers. : Colons are used in the Tabular List after an incomplete term that needs one or more of the modifiers following the colon.
Includes and Excludes Notes and Inclusion terms: Usually appear immediately under a three-digit code title; further define, or give examples of, the category. Inclusion Terms: Define conditions for which that code may be used. May be synonyms. May be a list of various conditions that are assigned to that code (the list is not necessarily a complete list).
Excludes : The terms excluded from the code are to be coded elsewhere
In most cases the manifestation codes will have “in disease classified elsewhere” in the title. When this terminology is used these codes are never to be used first. If the manifestation codes do not have this terminology but do have a “use additional code” note the same sequencing rules apply as for “in diseases classified elsewhere.” In the Index, manifestation codes will be listed together with the etiology code first, followed by the manifestation code in brackets. The code in brackets is always sequenced second. When there is not an etiology/manifestation combo but the terms “code first” and “use additional code” are used, the same sequencing rules apply.
“ And ” means either “ and ” or “ or ” QUESTION: Must you have both conditions to code from this category? (No) “ With ” in the Alphabetic Index is sequenced immediately following the main term, not in alphabetical order.
“ See ” – another term should be referenced. It is necessary to follow the “ see ” note to locate the correct code. “ See also ” – another main term MAY also be referenced. MAY provide additional index entries that may be useful. NOT necessary to follow the “ see also ” if the original main term provides the necessary code.
CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS : Go around the room and ask students to give examples of the topics covered: If no interest – ask the following: QUESTION: True or false? Physician services use CPT and HCPCS codes for procedures and do not use ICD-10-PCS . (True) QUESTION: True or false? All ICD-10 books have the same notations and edits. (At this point only one publisher has published ICD-10 but Elsevier will be coming out with an edition soon – so this would be False at that time) QUESTION: True or false? “ See ” and “ See Also ” do not mean the same thing . (True – for “ see ” you must look elsewhere, for “ see also ” you may not have to look elsewhere) QUESTION: Yes or No? You have found a term in the Alphabetic Index. You take the code you find and go to the Tabular List, and it is not listed there, although the conditions seem to be similar. There are no excludes that list your term. Do you use the code you found in the Index? (Yes. Additional terms found only in the Index may also be assigned to a code.)